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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

Botanical inventory and phenology in relation to foraging behaviour of the Cape honeybees (Apis mellifera capensis) at a site in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Merti, Admassu Addi. January 2003 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--Rhodes University, 2003. / Title from PDF t.p. (viewed on June 9, 2006). Includes bibliographical references (p. 110-122).
32

Urban tree phenology a comparative study between New York City and Ithaca, New York /

Dhami, Ishwar. January 2008 (has links)
Thesis (M.S.)--West Virginia University, 2008. / Title from document title page. Document formatted into pages; contains vii, 49 p. : ill. (some col.), col. maps. Includes abstract. Includes bibliographical references (p. 37-45).
33

Genetic variation and phenotypic stability among three elevational sources of coastal Douglas-fir from southwest Oregon /

Mangold, Robert. January 1987 (has links)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Oregon State University, 1988. / Typescript (photocopy). Includes bibliographical references (leaves 97-102). Also available on the World Wide Web.
34

Migratory timing, fitness, and behaviour in a Neotropical migrant songbird: insights from long-term data and experiments

McKellar, ANN 25 September 2012 (has links)
Migratory birds face the distinct challenge of travelling between widely separated and environmentally distinct areas for their breeding and non-breeding periods. They may be faced with different pressures at different points in their life cycle, and a solid understanding of the drivers of individual fitness and population demography is crucial to understanding the ecological and evolutionary trajectories of their populations. In this thesis, I combine long-term data and experimental manipulations to study migratory patterns and arrival dynamics, density dependence, and reproductive behaviour in a long-distance migratory bird, the American redstart. First, I show that non-breeding season weather is associated with redstart phenology on the breeding grounds. Greater winter rainfall corresponds to earlier arrival and egg-laying dates at both the population and individual level, indicating that individual birds may be able to adjust their phenology in response to conditions in winter. Furthermore, I demonstrate these associations independently at two breeding populations at opposite sides of the redstart breeding range and their corresponding putative non-breeding areas: greater rainfall in Jamaica and Mexico was associated with advanced redstart phenology in Ontario and Alberta, respectively. Second, I performed a manipulation experiment to delay the arrival of male redstarts to the breeding grounds. I show that delayed males suffer reduced fledging success in comparison to early-arriving males that bred early or late, but equivalent success in comparison to males that arrived and bred late. These results provide evidence against the importance of either timing or individual quality, but instead suggest that other aspects of quality, namely mate and territory quality, may be important factors driving the success of early-arriving males. Third, I examine the consequences of density dependence for reproductive success and mating behaviour in a population of redstarts for which I showed density-dependent population growth over a period of 11 years. Greater breeding density, both at an annual scale and at a local scale, was associated with reduced success and greater paternity loss. Overall, my findings contribute to a broader understanding of the selective pressures and regulatory mechanisms acting on migratory birds, from the individual up to the population level. / Thesis (Ph.D, Biology) -- Queen's University, 2012-09-25 13:17:33.172
35

Ácido salicílico na qualidade pós-colheita de frutos, hortaliças folhosas e flores

Borsatti, Fabiana Chiamulera 27 February 2014 (has links)
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do ácido salicílico (AS) aplicado em pós-colheita de amora-preta, acerola, couve manteiga, espinafre e rosas sobre a conservação e a indução de resistência. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, com quatro repetições e os tratamentos foram baseados nas concentrações das soluções com AS 0,0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; e 2,0 mM. As culturas foram imersas nas soluções com os diferentes tratamentos e após armazenadas a 8°C. Para as frutas (amora-preta e acerola) as avaliações realizadas foram perda de massa da matéria fresca, teores de sólidos solúveis totais (SST), acidez titulável (AT), ácido ascórbico e incidência de podridões. Nos intervalos de 24, 48, 96 e 192 horas após a aplicação dos tratamentos, retirou-se amostras de frutos para determinação de proteínas totais, antocianinas, flavonóides e atividade das enzimas fenilalanina amônia-liase (FAL), quitinases e β-1,3-glucanase. Tais análises foram realizadas para todos os tratamentos, com exceção de quitinase e β-1,3-glucanase, sendo estas avaliações feitas somente para frutos tratados com 2,0 mM e a testemunha. Para as hortaliças (couve manteiga e espinafre) as avaliações foram perda de massa da matéria fresca, podridões, teor de vitamina C e clorofilas. Em intervalos de 24, 48, 96 e 192 horas após a aplicação dos tratamentos, determinou-se o teor de proteínas, fenóis totais, atividade da FAL e peroxidases. Para as rosas foram realizadas análises visuais de curvatura do pedúnculo, turgescência e escurecimento de pétalas. Ao final do experimento, avaliaram-se a perda de massa da matéria fresca, e teor de clorofilas nas folhas. Com intervalos de 24 horas, retirou-se uma amostra das pétalas para determinação de proteínas totais e atividade da FAL e peroxidases. Para amoras-pretas houve aumento do teor de proteínas e ativação da β-1,3-glucanase com a aplicação de AS. Os teores de antocianinas e flavonóides e a atividade da FAL, tiveram alterações no decorrer do experimento em função da aplicação de AS. Os tratamentos não foram significativos para perda de massa da matéria fresca, AT, SST, incidência de podridões, ácido ascórbico e atividade de quitinase para essa fruta. Para acerolas, a AT foi maior e os SST foram menores naquelas tratadas com AS. Os tratamentos não foram significativos para perda de massa da matéria fresca e ácido ascórbico de acerola. Houve redução da incidência de podridões em frutos com aplicação de AS, ativação das enzimas quitinases, β-1,3-glucanase e FAL e, aumento nos teores de antocianinas e flavonoides para acerola. Para couve manteiga a aplicação de AS manteve os teores de proteínas e fenóis totais em níveis mais elevados, e interferiu na atividade das peroxidases. Não houve significância para perda de massa da matéria fresca, teor de vitamina C, clorofilas, podridões e atividade de FAL. Para espinafre as maiores concentrações de AS diminuíram a perda de massa da matéria fresca e mantiveram os teores de proteínas mais elevados. Os tratamentos não interferiram no teor de clorofilas, fenóis totais, e atividade da peroxidases e FAL. Houve efeito nos teores de proteína totais, atividade da FAL e peroxidase nas hastes das rosas com a aplicação de solução contendo AS. As rosas tratadas com a maior concentração de AS mantiveram-se com as notas mais elevadas para curvatura de haste, turgescência e escurecimento de pétalas, ou seja, com melhor aspecto visual. / The aim of this work was to evaluate the salicylic acid (SA) effect applied in the blackberry, acerola, kale, spinach and roses postharvest for the conservation and resistance induction. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four replications and the treatments were based on the solutions concentrations with SA 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mM. The vegetable organs from the cultures were immersed in the solutions with different treatments and after it was stored at 8 °C. For the fruit (blackberry and acerola) the fresh matter weight losses, total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), ascorbic acid and rot incidence were evaluated. During the intervals of 24, 48, 96 and 192 hours after treatment application, fruit samples were separated for total protein, anthocyanins, flavonoids and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase enzymes activities were determinate. These analyzes were applied for all treatments, with the exception of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase, which were evaluated only for fruits treated with 2.0 mM concentration and control treatment. For the vegetables (kale and spinach) the fresh mass losses, rot incidence, vitamin C and chlorophyll were evaluated. During the intervals of 24, 48, 96 and 192 hours after treatment application, the total protein, total phenols, phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and peroxidase enzimes were evaluated. For roses the peduncle curvature, turgescence and petals darkening were visual evaluated. When the experiment time finished, the fresh weight losses and the leaf chlorophyll content were evaluated. During 24 hour intervals, collected a petals sample to determine the total protein and PAL and peroxidase activities. For blackberries there was an increase of protein level and the β-1,3-glucanase activation with the application of SA. The anthocyanins and flavonoids contents and the PAL activity, had changes during the experiment due to the SA application. The treatments were not significant for fresh mass losses, TA, TSS, rot incidence, ascorbic acid and chitinase activities for this fruit. In the acerola, the TA was higher and TSS were lower in the fruit treated with SA. The treatments were not significant for fresh mass losses, of ascorbic acid content. There was a reduction in the fruit rots incidence with application of SA and an activation of chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase and PAL activity enzymes, and it increased anthocyanins and flavonoids contents for acerola. The SA application in the kale kept the protein and total phenol with higher levels and it interfere in the peroxidases activity. There was no significant treatment effect for fresh weight losses, vitamin C, chlorophyll, rot incidence and PAL activity. The highest SA concentrations decreased the fresh weight losses and they kept the higher proteins contents for spinach. The treatments did not affect the chlorophyll content, total phenolics and peroxidase and PAL activities.There wasn't treatment effect about total protein content, PAL and peroxidase activity in the roses stems. The rose treated with the highest SA concentration presented higher grade evaluation for peduncle curvature, turgescence and petals darkening, ie, the best visual aspect.
36

Ácido salicílico na qualidade pós-colheita de frutos, hortaliças folhosas e flores

Borsatti, Fabiana Chiamulera 27 February 2014 (has links)
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do ácido salicílico (AS) aplicado em pós-colheita de amora-preta, acerola, couve manteiga, espinafre e rosas sobre a conservação e a indução de resistência. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, com quatro repetições e os tratamentos foram baseados nas concentrações das soluções com AS 0,0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; e 2,0 mM. As culturas foram imersas nas soluções com os diferentes tratamentos e após armazenadas a 8°C. Para as frutas (amora-preta e acerola) as avaliações realizadas foram perda de massa da matéria fresca, teores de sólidos solúveis totais (SST), acidez titulável (AT), ácido ascórbico e incidência de podridões. Nos intervalos de 24, 48, 96 e 192 horas após a aplicação dos tratamentos, retirou-se amostras de frutos para determinação de proteínas totais, antocianinas, flavonóides e atividade das enzimas fenilalanina amônia-liase (FAL), quitinases e β-1,3-glucanase. Tais análises foram realizadas para todos os tratamentos, com exceção de quitinase e β-1,3-glucanase, sendo estas avaliações feitas somente para frutos tratados com 2,0 mM e a testemunha. Para as hortaliças (couve manteiga e espinafre) as avaliações foram perda de massa da matéria fresca, podridões, teor de vitamina C e clorofilas. Em intervalos de 24, 48, 96 e 192 horas após a aplicação dos tratamentos, determinou-se o teor de proteínas, fenóis totais, atividade da FAL e peroxidases. Para as rosas foram realizadas análises visuais de curvatura do pedúnculo, turgescência e escurecimento de pétalas. Ao final do experimento, avaliaram-se a perda de massa da matéria fresca, e teor de clorofilas nas folhas. Com intervalos de 24 horas, retirou-se uma amostra das pétalas para determinação de proteínas totais e atividade da FAL e peroxidases. Para amoras-pretas houve aumento do teor de proteínas e ativação da β-1,3-glucanase com a aplicação de AS. Os teores de antocianinas e flavonóides e a atividade da FAL, tiveram alterações no decorrer do experimento em função da aplicação de AS. Os tratamentos não foram significativos para perda de massa da matéria fresca, AT, SST, incidência de podridões, ácido ascórbico e atividade de quitinase para essa fruta. Para acerolas, a AT foi maior e os SST foram menores naquelas tratadas com AS. Os tratamentos não foram significativos para perda de massa da matéria fresca e ácido ascórbico de acerola. Houve redução da incidência de podridões em frutos com aplicação de AS, ativação das enzimas quitinases, β-1,3-glucanase e FAL e, aumento nos teores de antocianinas e flavonoides para acerola. Para couve manteiga a aplicação de AS manteve os teores de proteínas e fenóis totais em níveis mais elevados, e interferiu na atividade das peroxidases. Não houve significância para perda de massa da matéria fresca, teor de vitamina C, clorofilas, podridões e atividade de FAL. Para espinafre as maiores concentrações de AS diminuíram a perda de massa da matéria fresca e mantiveram os teores de proteínas mais elevados. Os tratamentos não interferiram no teor de clorofilas, fenóis totais, e atividade da peroxidases e FAL. Houve efeito nos teores de proteína totais, atividade da FAL e peroxidase nas hastes das rosas com a aplicação de solução contendo AS. As rosas tratadas com a maior concentração de AS mantiveram-se com as notas mais elevadas para curvatura de haste, turgescência e escurecimento de pétalas, ou seja, com melhor aspecto visual. / The aim of this work was to evaluate the salicylic acid (SA) effect applied in the blackberry, acerola, kale, spinach and roses postharvest for the conservation and resistance induction. The experimental design was completely randomized, with four replications and the treatments were based on the solutions concentrations with SA 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mM. The vegetable organs from the cultures were immersed in the solutions with different treatments and after it was stored at 8 °C. For the fruit (blackberry and acerola) the fresh matter weight losses, total soluble solids (TSS), titratable acidity (TA), ascorbic acid and rot incidence were evaluated. During the intervals of 24, 48, 96 and 192 hours after treatment application, fruit samples were separated for total protein, anthocyanins, flavonoids and phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL), chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase enzymes activities were determinate. These analyzes were applied for all treatments, with the exception of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase, which were evaluated only for fruits treated with 2.0 mM concentration and control treatment. For the vegetables (kale and spinach) the fresh mass losses, rot incidence, vitamin C and chlorophyll were evaluated. During the intervals of 24, 48, 96 and 192 hours after treatment application, the total protein, total phenols, phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) and peroxidase enzimes were evaluated. For roses the peduncle curvature, turgescence and petals darkening were visual evaluated. When the experiment time finished, the fresh weight losses and the leaf chlorophyll content were evaluated. During 24 hour intervals, collected a petals sample to determine the total protein and PAL and peroxidase activities. For blackberries there was an increase of protein level and the β-1,3-glucanase activation with the application of SA. The anthocyanins and flavonoids contents and the PAL activity, had changes during the experiment due to the SA application. The treatments were not significant for fresh mass losses, TA, TSS, rot incidence, ascorbic acid and chitinase activities for this fruit. In the acerola, the TA was higher and TSS were lower in the fruit treated with SA. The treatments were not significant for fresh mass losses, of ascorbic acid content. There was a reduction in the fruit rots incidence with application of SA and an activation of chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase and PAL activity enzymes, and it increased anthocyanins and flavonoids contents for acerola. The SA application in the kale kept the protein and total phenol with higher levels and it interfere in the peroxidases activity. There was no significant treatment effect for fresh weight losses, vitamin C, chlorophyll, rot incidence and PAL activity. The highest SA concentrations decreased the fresh weight losses and they kept the higher proteins contents for spinach. The treatments did not affect the chlorophyll content, total phenolics and peroxidase and PAL activities.There wasn't treatment effect about total protein content, PAL and peroxidase activity in the roses stems. The rose treated with the highest SA concentration presented higher grade evaluation for peduncle curvature, turgescence and petals darkening, ie, the best visual aspect.
37

Frugivoria e germinação de sementes após passagem pelo sistema digestivo de masupiais em floresta estacional semidecidual

Leiva, Maristela [UNESP] 09 April 2010 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:27:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2010-04-09Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T20:16:47Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 leiva_m_me_botib.pdf: 524607 bytes, checksum: 6be14091f581fd60f9bd4d9666b997c7 (MD5) / A dispersão de sementes é uma parte essencial da biologia reprodutiva das plantas, na qual a zoocoria é a principal forma de dispersão em florestas tropicais. Isto revela sua extrema importância para a regeneração e manutenção das florestas, sendo que os marsupiais podem agir como dispersores efetivos de plantas neotropicais através da ingestão de sementes. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as espécies de marsupiais ocorrentes e as espécies de plantas utilizadas como recurso em um fragmento de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, localizado nos arredores do município de Botucatu, SP. O presente estudo também objetivou estudar a viabilidade e o comportamento germinativo das sementes após a passagem pelo sistema digestivo destes animais. Os marsupiais foram capturados de agosto de 2008 a julho de 2009 com armadilhas do tipo alçapão e de interceptação e queda. Suas fezes foram coletadas diretamente das armadilhas, durante o manuseio do animal ou ainda após a manutenção em cativeiro por 24 horas. Depois as amostras fecais foram triadas em laboratório. Foram realizados testes de germinação de sementes com dois tratamentos: (1) sementes retiradas das fezes e (2) sementes retiradas dos frutos maduros. O teste de tetrazólio foi aplicado para verificar a viabilidade das sementes de Piper amalago que não germinaram. Foi caracterizada a fenologia reprodutiva de 14 espécies vegetais utilizadas pelos marsupiais, sendo que quatro estavam presentes nas fezes. O período de maior disponibilidade de frutos prevaleceu dentro da estação chuvosa. Foram encontradas 11 espécies vegetais presentes nas amostras fecais dos marsupiais, sendo parte de plantas pioneiras. O marsupial Didelphis albiventris foi a espécie mais abundante e os frutos mais consumidos por ele foram as piperáceas: Piper hispidinervum (36% das amostras), seguido de Piper aduncum (19%) e Piper amalago (17%)... / Seed dispersal is an essential stage on plant reproductive biology, and zoochory is the main process of dispersion in tropical rain forests. Therefore, seed dispersal is very important to forest conservation and regeneration, and the marsupials may act as seed dispersers of neotropical plants by ingesting seeds. The main goal of this study was to determine the marsupial species as well as their food plants occurring in a semi-deciduous seasonal forest fragment located near the city of Botucatu, SP. This study also investigated seed viability and germination after passage through the marsupial guts. The animals were collected from August to July 2008 by using live and pitfall traps. Their feces were collected from traps, during animal handling or when the animals were kept in captivity for 24 hours. In the laboratory, seeds were removed from feces. Germination tests were carried out following two treatments: (1) seeds from feces and (2) seeds removed from mature fruits. The tetrazolium test was applied on nongerminated seeds of Piper amalago to determine their viability. The reproductive phenology of 14 plant species used by marsupials was also recorded, from which four were observed in the marsupial’s feces. Most fruits were available to the marsupials during the rainy season. A total of 11 plant species were found in the feces samples, and some of them was consisted of pioneering plants. Didelphis albiventris was the predominant marsupial species, and fruits of Piper hispidinervum (36%), Piper aduncum (19%) and Piper amalago plants (17%) were preferably consumed. The germination tests were carried out considering those plant species with high abundances on feces: P. aduncum, P. amalago, P. hispidinervum and Psidium guajava. The passage of P. amalago, P. aduncum and P. guajava seeds through the D. albiventris gut did not change the germination percentage when comparing with... (Complete abstract click electronic access below)
38

Comparison of the benthic fauna within the littoral in two affected lakes situated in central Sweden

Rösth, John January 2016 (has links)
The benthic animals have important roles in benthic communities. Indicator organisms can tell things about a lakes status. Many of them are sensitive to acidification but there are also tolerant taxa. Some prefer eutrophic environments. The benthic fauna can therefore decide a lakes status since some species prefer different environments. The focus of this study was to compare benthic fauna within the littoral in the lakes Sidsjön and Vintertjärnen. They are situated a little south of Sundsvall, central Sweden and belong to the water system of Selångersån. The comparison was done at eight random locals in each lake at two occasions, during early and late summer to analyze if the benthic fauna differed between the two lakes and if it changed through the season. Five of the locals in each lake were protected and had soft bottoms and the remaining were exposed locals with hard bottom. Sidsjön is bigger than Vintertjärnen and has more variated bottom types so the biodiversity should be higher in Sidsjön. I also expect that the number of taxa should decrease during the later occasion due to hatchings. Three statistical analyses were done to see if these hypotheses were right or if they should be rejected. The two first analyses were ANOVA analyses, two-way with replication. The first ANOVA was for number of taxa and the second was for number of animals. The third analysis was a DCA analysis with the variables lakes, bottom types and emergent plants. ASPT index and Eq was also calculated and pH was measured during autumn for the lakes. The conclusion is that the there is no difference between the lakes but a significant effect when it comes to seasons according to the first ANOVA analysis. The second ANOVA analysis show that the lakes are not differing, that no factor is significant and there are no interactions. According to the DCA analysis there are differences between lakes and occasions when it comes to the variables. / <p>Datum för godkännande 2016-03-31</p>
39

Multisensor Translation and Continuity of Vegetation Indices Using Hyperspectral Data

Kim, Youngwook January 2007 (has links)
The earth surface is monitored periodically by numerous satellite sensors which have different spectral response functions, image acquisition heights, atmosphere correction schemes, overpass times, and sun/view angle geometries. Temporal and spatial variations of land surface properties, such as vegetation index, Leaf Area Index (LAI), land surface temperature, and soil moisture, have been provided by long-term time series of various remote sensing datasets. Inter-sensor translation equations are required to build long-term time series by the combination of multiple sensors from historical to advanced and new satellite datasets. In the first chapter, inter-sensor translation equations of band reflectances and two vegetation indices (e.g. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI)) were derived using linear regression equations relative to Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) values. The consistency and validation of inter-sensor transforms were investigated through statistical student's t-test and the root mean square error (RMSE).In the second chapter, cross-sensor extension of EVI and a 2-band EVI (without the blue band; EVI2) were investigated based on the continuity of both EVI's. Sensor specific red-blue coherencies were examined for the possibility of the EVI and EVI2 extension from MODIS sensor. The EVI continuity to MODIS was particularly problematic for the Visible Infrared Imager / Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) and the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) that have dissimilar blue bands from that of MODIS. The cross-sensor extension and compatibility of EVI2 were improved and provided the possibility to be lengthened to the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) using its translation equation.Finally, we evaluated the use of sensor-specific EVI and NDVI data sets, using a time sequence of Hyperion images over Amazon rainforest in Tapajos National Forest, Brazil for the 2001 and 2002 dry seasons. We computed NDVI, EVI, and EVI2 with the convolution data of different global monitoring and high temporal resolution sensor systems (AVHRR, MODIS, VIIRS, SPOT-VGT, and SeaWiFS) from Hyperion, and evaluated their spectral deviations and continuity in the characterization of tropical forest phenology. Our analyses show that EVI2 maintains the desirable properties of increased sensitivity in high biomass forests across all sensor systems evaluated.
40

A Phenological Comparison of NDVI Products within Contiguous United States

Chai, Jiaxun 14 July 2011 (has links)
This study computed the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) products derived from NOAA AVHRR, MODIS, and SPOT VGT sensors. NDVI products from different instruments vary in spatial resolution, temporal coverage and spectral range. As a result, multi-sensor NDVI products are rarely used in a single phenological study. In order to evaluate the difference and similarity of NDVI records from the three sensors, I used EPA Eco-region frameworks to determine the average annual Start of Season (SOS) and End of Season (EOS) of Contiguous United States, and analyzed dates among datasets. In addition, I created 1127 sample points within the study area, and compared relationship between SOS/EOS based on land cover. The objectives of this thesis are to: 1) compare multi-sensor NDVI data using phenological models, 2) define a strategy to merge multi-sensor NDVI products to a single phenological product without direct NDVI conversion. The spatial and statistical analysis revealed that the Land Surface Phenology (LSP) measurements retrieved from NDVI time series from different sensors follow linear and positive relationships where compared by either eco-region or sample point. The historical record of AVHRR combined with the modern MODIS and SPOT data provides a critical and reliable perspective on phenological patterns in Contiguous United States area. The success of this study will help LSP by providing understanding of how different instruments can be combined to generate multi-sensor NDVI data for phenology. / Master of Science

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