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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Rekonstruktiewe feminisme : 'n ondersoek na die reg as manlike struktuur en die moonlikheid van transformasie met spesifieke verwysing na pornografie

Van Marle, Karin 11 1900 (has links)
The main focus of this study is Benhabib' s concepts of the 'concrete other' and 'interactive' universalism, Cornell's 'ethical' feminist thought and Nedelsky's argument on 'rights as relationship'. The need for an affirmation of the feminine is emphasised. I argue that we should strive towards a 'new choreography of sexual difference' based on the ethical view that 'woman' cannot be described in the present. She is the beyond. My study explore the implications of ethical feminism for the possibility of the transformation of a legal system and society as a whole. In this regard it lays particular emphasis on Derrida's concept of 'justice as aporia' and justice as limit to a legal system. I discuss pornography as a concrete example of texts that may either frustrate transformation or contribute to it. I argue in . this regard that pornography should not be banned but that access to pornography should be subjected to restrictions. This approach will serve the ambigious nature of pornography as both a threat to and a vehicle for the exploration of the feminine in contemporary society. / Private Law / LL.M.

Moral Opposition to Pornography in a Nationally Representative Sample

Hoagland, Kelsie Camille January 2021 (has links)
No description available.

Experiences of an LDS Spouse when her Partner used Pornography: a Phenomenological Study

Buhler, Brandon Michael 02 October 2008 (has links)
Pornography is becoming more and more accessible to society and the pornography industry brings in billions of dollars each year. Research is now starting to focus on the effects of pornography use within the marital context. The effects on the spouse of the pornography user are beginning to show that pornography use can be damaging to marriages, how one views one's partner and how one views oneself. Within the LDS Church, pornography has been considered a violation of their beliefs about chastity and moral cleanliness. With the rise of the use of pornography within the membership of the LDS Church, it is important for the ecclesiastical leadership of the Church and clinicians alike to understand the experiences of LDS spouses of pornography users. One LDS woman, married 18 years, white, participated in a 60 minute interview. Using a qualitative method and phenomenological lens, this study explores what is like for a married woman in the LDS Church to find out that her husband is viewing pornography, and being in direct violation of the Church's stance on sexual cleanliness. Themes found include emotional/psychological processes, spiritual processes and trying to make sense of these two processes in tandem. Aspects of the LDS Church that were not helpful were identified as well as aspects of the LDS Church that were helpful are outlined. Advice for Church leaders (local and general) was provided and advice for clinicians that may work with couples that find themselves in this situation is described. / Master of Science

Online Pornography and Its Effects on the Behavior of College Students

Hassell, Michelle S. 05 1900 (has links)
The primary goal of this study was to investigate the habits of college students who use pornography. The study was designed to collect data on the use of online pornography by college students. Through the use of an online survey, the study collected general demographic data and data on the frequency with which students used online pornography. The study also collected data on the general attitudes of college students towards online pornography. Participants consisted of students enrolled at the University of North Texas during the Spring 2016 semester. The participants of the study were contacted by an email requesting the student to respond to an online anonymous survey regarding their use of online pornography. The survey consisted of thirty questions and statements, primarily utilizing a five point Likert scale. Analysis of the data collected as well as a discussion of the findings are included.

Situace v oblasti poruch sexuální identity na Slovensku / Women and pornography

Chovanec, Michal January 2017 (has links)
Aims: to explore if the consumption of pornography have influence on a relationship, if the consumption of pornography have a negative impact on a first intercourse and on a initial masturbation behavior, to find out if it is a difference between younger and older women in the frequency of pornography consumption, explore if religiosity have some impact on frequency of pornography consumption and one of the aims is to disrupt the myth about primary pornography consumption by men. Method: the representative data vere collected from 413 Slovak women, the data were based on a quota sampling by agency 2muse according to three categories (age, education and address), the sample age was from 18 to 77 years old and average age was 40 years old (SD±14,62). Results: average age of first pornography consumption is 20,01 years old (SD±7,56), the most interesting age of pornography consumption is 23,44 (SD±9,12). The frequency of pornography consummation is couple of times per year for 107 (25,9%) respondents and most often is watching less than 5 minutes per day. Religiosity has a protective factor of frequency of pornography consumption depending of strengths of religious beliefs and the frequency of implementation of religious requirements. Pornography is not an accelerating factor an initial masturbating...

What Is the Relationship Between Religiosity, Self-perceived Problematic Pornography Use, and Depression Over Time?

Maddock, Meghan Elizabeth 01 June 2019 (has links)
Previous studies suggest that religious individuals are more likely than non-religious individuals to perceive their pornography use as problematic. For our six-month longitudinal study, we recruited a sample of adults from Turkprime.com. We hypothesized that more religious individuals who use pornography at baseline would report higher self-perceived problematic pornography use at three months, which would be associated with higher depression at six months. We constructed and validated our own measure of self-perceived problematic pornography use, which included two factors: excessive pornography use and compulsive pornography use. We ran two separate structural equation models, one with excessive use at three months and the other with compulsive use at three months. Contrary to our hypothesis, religiosity was not related to self-perceived problematic pornography use in any of the models. Both models were moderated by biological sex. For men, religiosity at baseline was associated with increased pornography use at six months. For both men and women, excessive pornography use at three months was associated with increased depression at six months. For men, depression at baseline was associated with self-perceived problematic pornography use at three months. For women, higher self-perceived problematic pornography use at three months predicted lower frequency of pornography use and higher depression at six months. Women’s pornography use was more stable over time than men’s. Our findings are discussed in light of theories of depression, religious incongruence, and sexual scripts.

The Predictive Validity of General and Offence-Specific Risk Assessment Tools for Child Pornography Offenders' Reoffending

2016 January 1900 (has links)
Child pornography offenders (CPOs) are ever present in the criminal justice system, yet the research on this population of offenders is less advanced than in many other areas of corrections (Eke & Seto, 2012; Seto & Eke, 2005). In order to effectively manage CPOs, it is necessary to accurately assess their risk, and, where applicable, provide rehabilitation options targeted toward their criminogenic needs. The current study examined the both the Level of Service Inventory-Ontario Revision (LSI-OR) and a modified version of the Child Pornography Offender Risk Tool (CPORT-M) and their ability to predict child pornography (CP), sexual, violent, and general recidivism with a sample that included CPOs, other sexual offenders (SOs), and non-sexual offenders (NSOs), who are under the responsibility of the province of Ontario. The results from the ROC analyses that examined the LSI-OR with the recidivism variables, for the various groups of offenders, suggested that the LSI-OR has good predictive accuracy for general recidivism for all of the offenders, as well as good predictive accuracy of violent and sexual recidivism with only the SO and NSO groups. Further, it was found that the CPORT-M had good predictive accuracy for general recidivism among the CPOs. It is appropriate to use both the LSI-OR and the CPORT-M to assess risk of general recidivism with CPOs.

Encenações do desejo: contribuições para a iconologia do pornô / Representations of desire: contributions for the iconology of porn

Maçaranduba, Pedro Ernesto Rodrigues 27 November 2017 (has links)
A pesquisa acadêmica sobre pornografia permaneceu por um longo período monopolizada pela lógica texts and effects; ou seja, a investigação se orientava pela busca de consequências (em âmbitos individual, interpessoal e social) supostamente desencadeadas pelo consumo de materiais pornográficos. Essa linha de pesquisa contribuiu para a polarização do debate científico, fomentando a conformação de retóricas pró e antipornografia. Embora esse tipo de pesquisa ainda prevaleça nas publicações internacionais, desde o final da década de 1980 novos estudos passaram a interrogar a pornografia sob outras perspectivas. A presente pesquisa busca se filiar a esse campo de investigação recente, mas que já rendeu frutos significativos nacional e internacionalmente. A partir de um roteiro procedimental inspirado no método iconológico de Panofsky e ferramentas teórico-conceituais tomadas de empréstimo à psicanálise, elegemos a categoria \"Pornô com história\", da produtora Brasileirinhas (maior empresa do gênero em atividade no país), como fonte de dados. À época da coleta (maio-julho/2017), a categoria contava com 83 filmes, dos quais três foram excluídos do nosso estudo por serem produções estrangeiras. A decisão de trabalhar com filmes dotados de uma narrativa ficcional se deu em função da própria dimensão da pornografia que buscamos aqui dar relevo, a saber, sua natureza fantasística. A visualização de cada filme foi acompanhada da descrição iconográfica atenta a elementos como cenário, roteiro, personagens e diálogos. O material acumulado foi organizado a partir de três eixos: cenários, vocabulário pornô e representações dos sexos. A pesquisa argumenta que o pornô da Brasileirinhas constrói uma representação particular do erotismo que, ao mesmo tempo em que se dirige quase que exclusivamente ao público masculino heterossexual, busca se distanciar de práticas que fujam da heteronormatividade. Enxergamos no conjunto de palavras-fetiche que caracterizam o vocabulário da representação pornográfica manifestações de uma posição ambivalente perante o objeto sexual. Por último, argumentamos que a pornografia oferece a seu público uma solução utópica para ansiedades masculinas em tempos de crescente igualdade entre os gêneros e problematização da masculinidade. Essa solução utópica se materializa em aspectos como a representação de personagens femininas facilmente disponíveis para o sexo, o falo impassível e dotado da capacidade de proporcionar prazeres extraordinários (para si e para outrem). / Academic research related to pornography remained for a long time monopolized by the texts and effects logic. This means that scientific investigation was guided by the search of individual, interpersonal, and social consequences supposedly caused by the consumption of pornographic material. This line of research contributed to the polarization of the scientific discussion and stimulated the conformation of the rhetoric in pro/anti-pornography positions. Although this kind of research still prevails in international publications, studies began to analyze pornography under other perspectives by the late 1980s. The present work seeks to join this new line of studies that have already produced meaningful outcomes in Brazil and internationally. Following procedures based on Palofskys iconological method and managing theoretic and conceptual tools provided by psychoanalysis, we elected the Pornô com História category from Brasileirinhas website (greatest Brazilian pornographic film studio still in activity) as our data source. The category comprises 83 films; three of them were excluded from our study due to being foreign productions. The decision to work with films endowed with a fictional narrative was based on the very dimension of pornography we want to highlight, namely, its fantastical nature. The visualization of each film was followed by the iconographical description of scenarios, plots, characters and dialogues. The collected material was organized into three axes: scenarios, pornographic vocabulary and gender representations. We observed that Brasileirinhas pornographic films present a particular representation of eroticism: while addressed to a male heterosexual public, they try to keep distance from non-heteronormative practices. We also noted the presence of ambivalent behavior toward the sexual object in the fetish-words that constitute the pornographic vocabulary. Finally, we concluded that pornography offers a utopian solution for male anxieties in times of increasing gender equality and problematization of masculinity. This utopian solution is materialized in female characters easily available for sex and the impassive phallus endowed with the capacity to provide extraordinary pleasures (for itself and for others).

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for the Treatment of Compulsive Pornography Use: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Crosby, Jesse M. 01 May 2011 (has links)
Compulsive pornography use (CPU) is generally defined by the inability to control the use of pornography and the resulting negative effects on quality of life or general functioning including damaged relationships, loss of productivity, impaired performance at work or school, job loss, financial expenses, guilt/shame, and personal distress. Statistics indicate that CPU may be as common as other psychological disorders and that the effects of the behavior can be just as severe. It is estimated that 1.5% to 3% of the adult population of the United States meets the criteria for compulsive pornography use. A review of the literature found no randomized controlled investigations of psychosocial treatments for this problem. This study reports the results of a randomized clinical trial of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for the treatment of compulsive pornography use comparing an active treatment condition (n = 14) with a waitlist control (n = 14). The results showed a significant 93% decrease in self-reported hours viewed per week from pretreatment to posttreatment compared to the control condition, which experienced a 21% decrease. In a 20-week follow-up assessment, the treatment group did not change significantly from posttreatment to follow-up with an 84% decrease, indicating relative maintenance of the treatment gains. The control condition received the active treatment after the waiting period and was combined with the treatment group to calculate an overall effect size from pretreatment to posttreatment of 1.86. This is supported by clinical effectiveness data that shows 54% of the participants completely stopped viewing at posttreatment and another 39% of participants reduced viewing by at least 70% of pretreatment levels by posttreatment. Additional measures of quality of life, sexual compulsivity, and negative outcomes of sexual behavior were also completed and support the behavioral self-report results. These results are significant because they provide the first randomized group evidence of an effective treatment for compulsive pornography use. Implications and future directions are discussed.

The Effects of Sexually-Explicit and/or Violent Stimuli on the Use of Physical or Sexual Coercion Within Dating Relationships

Monk, Michelle Colleen 01 December 1994 (has links)
No description available.

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