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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Using eXtreme Programming in a StudentEnvironment: A Case Study

Becker, Christian Heinrich January 2010 (has links)
With the advent of shorter time to market of software products there an increasing requirement for techniques and methods to improve the productivity levels in software development together with a requirement for increased flexibility and the introduction of late changes. This in turn has lead to the introduction of a set of techniques known as ―Agile methods which include one methodology known as ―eXtreme Programming. This is a collection of values, principles, and practices. Since these methods are becoming more common in industry, is has become more important to introduce these ideas in the undergraduate curriculum. This case study analysed whether or not it is possible to teach eXtreme Programming at a university by means of a course that presents a mixture of theory and practice within eXtreme programming. In this context, a case study was carried out to determine which of the practices of eXtreme Programming are more appropriate to university projects. The case study indicates that it is worth investing the effort to teach eXtreme Programming to students to enable them to apply eXtreme Programming or at least some of its practices in future business and university projects.
2

Using eXtreme Programming in a StudentEnvironment: A Case Study

Becker, Christian Heinrich January 2010 (has links)
<p><em>With the advent of shorter time to market of software products there an increasing requirement for techniques and methods to improve the productivity levels in software development together with a requirement for increased flexibility and the introduction of late changes. This in turn has lead to the introduction of a set of techniques known as ―Agile methods which include one methodology known as ―eXtreme Programming. This is a collection of values, principles, and practices. Since these methods are becoming more common in industry, is has become more important to introduce these ideas in the undergraduate curriculum. This case study analysed whether or not it is possible to teach eXtreme Programming at a university by means of a course that presents a mixture of theory and practice within eXtreme programming. In this context, a case study was carried out to determine which of the practices of eXtreme Programming are more appropriate to university projects. The case study indicates that it is worth investing the effort to teach eXtreme Programming to students to enable them to apply eXtreme Programming or at least some of its practices in future business and university projects.</em></p>
3

A avaliação de políticas públicas como processo de aprendizagem

Schindler, Eduardo January 2013 (has links)
O presente trabalho objetiva contribuir com a ligação entre teoria e prática da avaliação de políticas públicas. Para tanto, busca descrever um mecanismo de avaliação que constitua a base de um processo de aprendizagem em um sistema de políticas públicas. Entende-se por aprendizagem o fenômeno de aproveitamento das informações geradas pelos processos avaliativos de modo a responder às demandas e suportes no sentido de se reorganizar em busca dos objetivos da política pública. A descrição do mecanismo é feita a partir de uma revisão teórica sobre a modelagem de sistemas, o Modelo Lógico, a pesquisa avaliativa e a avaliação de quarta geração. Considera-se que a combinação dessas técnicas torna mais provável o aproveitamento das informações da avaliação, constituindo, desta forma, um mecanismo de aprendizagem. / This paper intends to contribute with the connection between theory and practice on public policy evaluation. Thereby, it seeks to describe an evaluation procedure that meets the requirements of a learning process in a public policy system. It defines learning process as the phenomenon of application of information generated by the evaluative process in order to meet the demands and supports towards a self rearrangement in pursuit of public police stated goals. The mechanism description is made after a theoretical revision on modeling, on Logic Model, on evaluative research and fourth generation evaluation. It also considers that the combination of these techniques’ improves the use of evaluative information, constituting, thus, a learning mechanism. / Este trabajo tiene como objetivo contribuir con la conexión entre teoría y práctica en la evaluación de políticas públicas. Para tanto, busca describir un mecanismo de evaluación que forma la base de un proceso de aprendizaje en un sistema de políticas públicas. Se entiende por aprendizaje el fenómeno de aprovechamiento de las informaciones generadas por los procesos evaluativos de modo a responder a las demandas e suportes en sentido de cambiarse en busca de los objetivos de la política pública. La descripción del mecanismo es hecha a partir de una revisión teórica sobre modelaje de sistemas, Modelo Lógico, pesquisa evaluativa y evaluación de cuarta generación. Se considera que la combinación de estas técnicas favorece el aprovechamiento de las informaciones de la evaluación, constituyendo, de esta forma, un mecanismo de aprendizaje.
4

A avaliação de políticas públicas como processo de aprendizagem

Schindler, Eduardo January 2013 (has links)
O presente trabalho objetiva contribuir com a ligação entre teoria e prática da avaliação de políticas públicas. Para tanto, busca descrever um mecanismo de avaliação que constitua a base de um processo de aprendizagem em um sistema de políticas públicas. Entende-se por aprendizagem o fenômeno de aproveitamento das informações geradas pelos processos avaliativos de modo a responder às demandas e suportes no sentido de se reorganizar em busca dos objetivos da política pública. A descrição do mecanismo é feita a partir de uma revisão teórica sobre a modelagem de sistemas, o Modelo Lógico, a pesquisa avaliativa e a avaliação de quarta geração. Considera-se que a combinação dessas técnicas torna mais provável o aproveitamento das informações da avaliação, constituindo, desta forma, um mecanismo de aprendizagem. / This paper intends to contribute with the connection between theory and practice on public policy evaluation. Thereby, it seeks to describe an evaluation procedure that meets the requirements of a learning process in a public policy system. It defines learning process as the phenomenon of application of information generated by the evaluative process in order to meet the demands and supports towards a self rearrangement in pursuit of public police stated goals. The mechanism description is made after a theoretical revision on modeling, on Logic Model, on evaluative research and fourth generation evaluation. It also considers that the combination of these techniques’ improves the use of evaluative information, constituting, thus, a learning mechanism. / Este trabajo tiene como objetivo contribuir con la conexión entre teoría y práctica en la evaluación de políticas públicas. Para tanto, busca describir un mecanismo de evaluación que forma la base de un proceso de aprendizaje en un sistema de políticas públicas. Se entiende por aprendizaje el fenómeno de aprovechamiento de las informaciones generadas por los procesos evaluativos de modo a responder a las demandas e suportes en sentido de cambiarse en busca de los objetivos de la política pública. La descripción del mecanismo es hecha a partir de una revisión teórica sobre modelaje de sistemas, Modelo Lógico, pesquisa evaluativa y evaluación de cuarta generación. Se considera que la combinación de estas técnicas favorece el aprovechamiento de las informaciones de la evaluación, constituyendo, de esta forma, un mecanismo de aprendizaje.
5

O Processo de Implantação do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS): estudo de caso em município de gestão semi-plena / The process of implantation of the Single System of Health (SUS): study of case in a city of semiplenum management

Claudio Gastão Junqueira de Castro 12 April 1999 (has links)
Objetivo. Este trabalho está inserido no campo de estudos do processo de implantação do Sistema Único de Saúde, tendo como referência um dos seus princípios básicos, o da descentralização da gestão para o poder municipal. Para tanto foi escolhido o município de São José dos Campos, no Estado de São Paulo, por sua participação ativa no processo da Reforma Sanitária no sentido de formulação e implantação do SUS e sua habilitação como gestor do Sistema Municipal de Saúde na condição de gestão semi-plena, em final de 1994, conforme os termos da Norma Operacional Básica SUS n° 1/93 (NOB SUS n° 1/93). O pressuposto básico é o de que os termos da NOB SUS n° 1/93, na medida em que exigia requisitos e conferia responsabilidades e prerrogativas para o gestor municipal, era uma estratégia válida para implementar o processo de implantação do SUS, dando concretitude aos princípios e diretrizes do mesmo. Método. A metodologia adotada para este estudo é a de um Estudo de Caso Único, e tem como referencial teórico ou conceitual a Pesquisa Avaliativa, nas categorias de Análise da Implantação e Análise dos Efeitos, envolvendo o eixo das mudanças estruturais e organizacionais visando o modelo de gestão e o eixo das mudanças no processo de trabalho, visando o Modelo de Atenção. Foi analisado basicamente o período de 1993 a 1997 e como fontes de dados foram utilizados dados documentais, como relatórios de gestão, planos municipais de Saúde, atos administrativos, além de entrevistas com os Secretários Municipais de Saúde do período e o DATA/SUS - Ministério da Saúde, com os seus Sistemas de Informação Ambulatorial (SIA/SUS) e de Internação Hospitalar (SIH/SUS). Resultados. O estudo concluiu que efetivamente ocorreram mudanças tanto na dimensão do Modelo de Gestão como no do Modelo de Atenção, como resultado de um esforço municipal que vinha ocorrendo e que foi potencializado em função da habilitação do município na gestão semi-plena do sistema, nos termos da NOB SUS nº 1/93. Por outro lado, o estudo, nos termos de sua concepção metodológica, poderá ser referencial para a realização de outros estudos neste campo temático. / Objective. This work is inserted in the field of studies of the process of implantation of the SUS*, having as reference one ofits basic principIes, that of the decentralization of the management to the municipal authority. For this purpose was chosen the city of São José dos Campos, in the State of São Paulo, due its active participation in the process of the Sanitary Reformation in the direction of formularization and implantation of the SUS and its qualification as manager of the Municipal System of Health in the condition of semiplenum management, by the end of 1994, according to terms of Basic Operational Norm SUS n° 1/93 (NOB SUS n° 1/93). The basic assumption is that the terms of NOB SUS nº 1/93, in the measure where they demanded requirements and conferred responsibilities and prerogatives to the municipal manager, a valid strategy to implement the process of implantation of the SUS, was defined giving concretitude to the principles and lines of direction associated with the Basic Norm. Method. The methodology adopted in this study is the Study of the Single Case, and has its theoretical reference on the Evaluative Research concept, within the categories of Analysis of the Implantation and Analysis of the Effect, involving the axle of the structural and organizational changes within at the model of management and the axle of the changes in the work process, aiming at the Model of Attention. In the period of 1993-1997 were analyzed basically documentary sources of data, as management reports, Health municipal plans, Administrative acts, associated with interviews with the Municipal Autorithy of Health of the period and informations of the DATA/SUS - Health Department, with its Systems of Informação Ambulatorial (SIA/SUS) and Internação Hospitalar (SIH/SUS). Results. The study concluded that effective changes had ocurred both in the dimension of the Model of Management as in the Model of Attention, as a result of the municipal effort already in process, strengtened by the qualification of the city in the semiplenum management of the system, in the terms of NOB SUS n° 1/93. On the other hand, the study, in the terms of its metodological conception, could be refered in view of the accomplishment of other studies in this thematic field.
6

A avaliação de políticas públicas como processo de aprendizagem

Schindler, Eduardo January 2013 (has links)
O presente trabalho objetiva contribuir com a ligação entre teoria e prática da avaliação de políticas públicas. Para tanto, busca descrever um mecanismo de avaliação que constitua a base de um processo de aprendizagem em um sistema de políticas públicas. Entende-se por aprendizagem o fenômeno de aproveitamento das informações geradas pelos processos avaliativos de modo a responder às demandas e suportes no sentido de se reorganizar em busca dos objetivos da política pública. A descrição do mecanismo é feita a partir de uma revisão teórica sobre a modelagem de sistemas, o Modelo Lógico, a pesquisa avaliativa e a avaliação de quarta geração. Considera-se que a combinação dessas técnicas torna mais provável o aproveitamento das informações da avaliação, constituindo, desta forma, um mecanismo de aprendizagem. / This paper intends to contribute with the connection between theory and practice on public policy evaluation. Thereby, it seeks to describe an evaluation procedure that meets the requirements of a learning process in a public policy system. It defines learning process as the phenomenon of application of information generated by the evaluative process in order to meet the demands and supports towards a self rearrangement in pursuit of public police stated goals. The mechanism description is made after a theoretical revision on modeling, on Logic Model, on evaluative research and fourth generation evaluation. It also considers that the combination of these techniques’ improves the use of evaluative information, constituting, thus, a learning mechanism. / Este trabajo tiene como objetivo contribuir con la conexión entre teoría y práctica en la evaluación de políticas públicas. Para tanto, busca describir un mecanismo de evaluación que forma la base de un proceso de aprendizaje en un sistema de políticas públicas. Se entiende por aprendizaje el fenómeno de aprovechamiento de las informaciones generadas por los procesos evaluativos de modo a responder a las demandas e suportes en sentido de cambiarse en busca de los objetivos de la política pública. La descripción del mecanismo es hecha a partir de una revisión teórica sobre modelaje de sistemas, Modelo Lógico, pesquisa evaluativa y evaluación de cuarta generación. Se considera que la combinación de estas técnicas favorece el aprovechamiento de las informaciones de la evaluación, constituyendo, de esta forma, un mecanismo de aprendizaje.
7

Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment

Luiker, Henry George January 2008 (has links)
Doctor of Philosophy (Phd) / Despite general agreement that severely emotionally disturbed children and adolescents are an "at risk" group, and that ongoing evaluation and research into the effectiveness of services provided for them is important, very little outcome evaluation actually takes place. The absence of well-conducted and appropriately interpreted studies is particularly notable for day or residential treatment programs, which cater for the most severely emotionally disturbed youths. This thesis outlines the main areas of conceptual, pragmatic and methodological confusion and neglect which impede progress in research in this area. It argues for plurality of data analytic strategies and research designs. It then critically reviews the reported findings about the effectiveness of day and residential treatment in specialist facilities, and the predictors of good outcomes for this treatment type. This review confirms that there is very little to guide practice. Having argued for the legitimacy of its methods and the necessity to address basic questions, the thesis reports the results of a naturalistic study based on data accumulated during a decade-long evaluative research program taking place at Arndell Child and Adolescent Unit, Sydney. The study addresses the question of what child, family and treatment variables predict outcome for 159 children and adolescents treated at this facility from 1990 to 1999. Statistically significant results with large effect size were obtained. Among the most disturbed subgroup of forty three children, (a) psychodynamic milieu-based treatment was shown to be more effective than the “empirically-validated” cognitive-behavioural treatment which superseded it in 1996, and (b) children from step-families showed better outcome than those from other family structures. Furthermore, it was found for the study sample as a whole that severe school-based problem behaviours were associated with a limited trajectory of improvement in home-based problem behaviour. These results are discussed with regard to implications for treatment, research methodology, policy and further studies.
8

Predictors of outcome for severely emotionally disturbed children in treatment

Luiker, Henry George January 2008 (has links)
Doctor of Philosophy (Phd) / Despite general agreement that severely emotionally disturbed children and adolescents are an "at risk" group, and that ongoing evaluation and research into the effectiveness of services provided for them is important, very little outcome evaluation actually takes place. The absence of well-conducted and appropriately interpreted studies is particularly notable for day or residential treatment programs, which cater for the most severely emotionally disturbed youths. This thesis outlines the main areas of conceptual, pragmatic and methodological confusion and neglect which impede progress in research in this area. It argues for plurality of data analytic strategies and research designs. It then critically reviews the reported findings about the effectiveness of day and residential treatment in specialist facilities, and the predictors of good outcomes for this treatment type. This review confirms that there is very little to guide practice. Having argued for the legitimacy of its methods and the necessity to address basic questions, the thesis reports the results of a naturalistic study based on data accumulated during a decade-long evaluative research program taking place at Arndell Child and Adolescent Unit, Sydney. The study addresses the question of what child, family and treatment variables predict outcome for 159 children and adolescents treated at this facility from 1990 to 1999. Statistically significant results with large effect size were obtained. Among the most disturbed subgroup of forty three children, (a) psychodynamic milieu-based treatment was shown to be more effective than the “empirically-validated” cognitive-behavioural treatment which superseded it in 1996, and (b) children from step-families showed better outcome than those from other family structures. Furthermore, it was found for the study sample as a whole that severe school-based problem behaviours were associated with a limited trajectory of improvement in home-based problem behaviour. These results are discussed with regard to implications for treatment, research methodology, policy and further studies.
9

Profesní kompetence učitelek MŠ Chodov k výtvarným činnostem / Professional art work competencies of teachers at MS Chodov

Zámečníková, Blanka January 2016 (has links)
Following my Bachelor's Project the goal of this Thesis is to examine more deeply the contradiction between the current theory and didactics of the Art Education and the educational reality of the pre-school education. The essence of this Thesis is an evaluation research concerning the current competence conditions of individual educationalists of the particular nursery. The data collection methods triangulation including observation, unstructured interview and photo documentation of art works allows to grasp the given issue of individual views integration. My proposals and recommendations in order to improve the given practice and achieve a further professional development of the educationalists are based on this complex analysis.
10

Analyse d’implantation d’initiatives d’amélioration continue de la qualité des soins aux personnes vivant avec le VIH en Haïti

Demes, Joseph Adrien Emmanuel 10 1900 (has links)
Cette thèse vise à mieux comprendre le processus d’implantation des initiatives d’amélioration de la qualité des soins en Haïti. Un programme national d’amélioration continue de la qualité, HEALTHQUAL-Haïti, a été choisi pour la réalisation d’une analyse d’implantation. Pour être systématique dans cette recherche évaluative, le modèle logique du programme d’amélioration continue de la qualité (PACQ) HEALTHQUAL-Haïti a été réalisé. Ce modèle a permis par la suite de poser les bonnes questions pour déterminer le degré de mise en œuvre de HEALTHQUAL-Haïti. Puis les facteurs qui ont facilité ou entravé la mise en œuvre du PACQ ont été analysés. Il s’agit d’une thèse par article. Trois (3) articles constituent le cœur de cette thèse : le premier présente le processus d’élaboration du modèle logique de HEALTHQUAL-Haïti ; le second apprécie le degré de mise en œuvre du programme HEALTHQUAL-Haïti ; le troisième présente les facteurs qui influencent le degré de mise en œuvre de HEALTHQUAL-Haïti. Ce dernier montre un cadre conceptuel avec différentes perspectives théoriques pour expliquer la mise en œuvre du programme HEALTHQUAL-Haïti tenant compte de la réalité empirique. Des facteurs externes et des facteurs internes influencent la mise en œuvre du programme HEALTHQUAL : les facteurs externes, particulièrement les caractéristiques des réseaux, la capacité de négociation, la capacité de mobilisation de ressources, la capacité de vaincre les résistances au changement, l’héritage politique, les normes institutionnelles, la situation socio-politique du pays et des facteurs internes comme le leadership partagé, l’appropriation du processus par les acteurs, le jeu de pouvoir, l’apprentissage organisationnel, la structure organisationnelle, le degré de motivation des prestataires, la culture des prestataires et la disponibilité des ressources. Un résultat fondamental, c’est que les modèles du changement, pris de façon isolée, n’expliquent que partiellement la mise en œuvre. Par ailleurs, c’est une configuration de facteurs tant externes qu’internes qui déterminent le degré de mise en œuvre à un moment donné. Sept (7) modèles du changement ont été retenus : le modèle politique, néo-institutionnel, psychologique, de l’apprentissage organisationnel, du développement organisationnel, le modèle structurel et le modèle rationnel. La culture organisationnelle interagit avec les variables des différents modèles du changement soit pour faciliter ou entraver la mise en œuvre du programme HEALTHQUAL. Ces différentes combinaisons de facteurs forment des archétypes, qui, à un moment donné, déterminent le degré d’implantation du programme HEALTHQUAL. / This thesis aims to better understand the process of implementing initiatives to improve the quality of care in Haiti. We have chosen a national continuous quality improvement program, HEALTHQUAL-Haïti, to conduct an implementation analysis using case studies. To be systematic in our evaluative research, we first produced the logic model of the Continuous Quality Improvement Program, HEALTHQUAL-Haiti. This model then allowed us to ask the right questions and select the right variables to analyze the degree of implementation of HEALTHQUAL-Haïti. We then looked at the factors that facilitated or hindered the implementation of the HEALTHQUAL-Haiti program. We have opted for a thesis by articles. Three (3) articles constitute this thesis: The first presents the process of developing the logical model of HEALTHQUAL-Haiti; the second assesses the degree of implementation of the HEALTHQUAL-Haiti program; the third presents the factors that influence the degree of implementation of HEALTHQUAL-Haiti. This last one describes a conceptual framework taking into account different theoretical perspectives to explain the implementation of the HEALTHQUAL-Haïti program. External and internal factors influence the implementation of the HEALTHQUAL program: external factors, particularly the characteristics of networks, negotiation capacity, capacity to mobilize resources, capacity to overcome resistance to change, political heritage, institutional norms, socio-political situation of the country, and internal factors such as shared leadership, ownership of the process by actors, power, organizational learning, organizational structure, level of motivation of providers, culture of providers, and availability of resources. What has been found is that models of change, taken in isolation, only partially explain implementation. Furthermore, we observed that it was a configuration of both external and internal factors that determined the degree of implementation at any given time. The different variables or concepts of seven models of change were considered: the political, neo-institutional, psychological, organizational learning, organizational development, structural and rational models. Organizational culture interacts with the variables of the different change models either to facilitate or hinder the implementation of the HEALTHQUAL program. These different combinations of factors form archetypes, which at any given time determine the implementation of the HEALTHQUAL program.

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