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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

O lugar da autogestão no Governo Lula / The self-management in the housing policy of Lula´s Government

Moreira, Fernanda Accioly 17 April 2009 (has links)
Esta dissertação busca contribuir para a reflexão a cerca da produção habitacional autogestionária voltada para a população de baixa renda. Para desenvolver essa discussão, primeiro construímos uma abordagem histórica da trajetória do movimento de moradia em torno da apropriação do princípio da autogestão, a partir da política habitacional do Regime Militar ao Governo Lula. Partimos do pressuposto de que o desenho das políticas públicas, particularmente a habitacional, é resultado da disputa de interesses e da interação entre Estado, mercado e sociedade civil. E que a partir dessa interação o movimento popular se formou, amadureceu e passou a interferir na formulação das políticas habitacionais. Assim, o processo de criação do Programa Crédito Solidário, parte integrante da atual Política Nacional de Habitação, não é uma simples reivindicação pontual, mas um passo na trajetória decorrente dessa interação. Ao analisarmos os processos de pleito, elaboração, operacionalização e implementação do Programa Crédito Solidário, definido como o instrumento de análise para compreender qual a importância da autogestão na política habitacional do Governo Lula, foi possível verificar os limites e potencialidades para a efetivação do princípio da autogestão na atual ação pública habitacional. / The present dissertation is a reflection about the selfmanagement housing production directed towards the low income population in Brazil. To achieve our objective, we first devoted our research to a historical reconstruction of the popular housing movement trajectory and its relation to the selfmanagement principle, inside the national housing policies, from the Military Regime until the President Lulas Government. In this context, we assume that the construction of any public policy, and especially the housing one, is a result of the natural dispute of interests between the Government, the market, and the civil society. Furthermore, we believe that the popular housing movement is a result of this interaction, where it grew, matured, and started to interfere in the housing policies formulation. Therefore, the creation of the Program of Support Credit, as part of the National Housing Policy, is not a simple punctual claim, but another step in the trajectory resulted from this interaction. In the process of analysis of the of election, elaboration, operation, and implementation of the Program of Support Credit defined as our instrument of analysis to understand the importance of selfmanagement in the Housing Policy of Lulas Government we verified the limits and potentialities for an effective use of the selfmanagement principle in the current public housing action.
2

Selfmanagement součást zdravého životního stylu seniora / Selfmanagement constituent part of healthy lifestyle of senior

DOLEŽALOVÁ, Jana January 2015 (has links)
Lifestyle is called like an approach man to himself, to others and to our environment. By doing so, we affect our health. Self-management uses the personal potential of humans to care for their health carried by more responsibility and be a good manager himself during period of health and illness. Thanks to healthy lifestyle we are able to reduce the load to the body and prevent premature aging. Compliance with the principles of healthy lifestyle and health promotion are important elements in the modern care of the senior´s population. The main theme of this thesis is the orientation of seniors in healthy lifestyle and their ability to take responsibility for their own health. This thesis consists of theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part deals with old age and healthy lifestyle. There is also a topic that describes the role of nurses in the care of the seniors. The last topic of theoretical part is chapter of activities to promote senior´s health. This chapter is included a topic of self-management as a conscious behavior of the person aimed at encouraging his own health. For processing the empirical part of the thesis were used techniques of qualitative research. Data collection was performed by using semi-structured interviews. The research group consisted of seniors from 65 years old. The information was gathered by technique of interviews. The strategy of purposeful selection of respondents was chosen to obtain additional information necessary for the analysis. The criterion for the selection of respondents was willing to cooperate on research and a minimum age limit of 65 years of research sample consisted of twelve seniors divided into three age groups of four respondents. In each group were two women and two men. The first age group of respondents were aged 65 -70 years, in the second group aged 71 -75 years old and in the third group aged 76 and over. The sample consisted of senior´s citizens from České Budějovice and Tábor, who voluntarily agreed to give an interview and complied the criteria above. Interview contained identification questions, closed questions and open questions that allow individual replies. The aim was to identify attitude of senior people to healthy lifestyles in the timeline of senior´s age. At the beginning of the survey were asked four research questions. Do seniors know the principles of a healthy lifestyle? Are seniors able to follow the principles of healthy lifestyle? Is a medical condition of the seniors observing a healthy lifestyle better than the elderly who do not follow principles of healthy lifestyle? Is experience of self-management to a healthy lifestyle seen differently by women and men? By the interview technique was investigated senior´s attitude to healthy lifestyles, their knowledge of and complying of healthy lifestyle, how to care about health and how self-management is perceived in a healthy lifestyle by gender. The next step was an analysis of the collected data, which was an essential step to transcript of conversations followed by categorization. 11 same categories were created for each age group. For clarity, the selected categories were shown in the diagram. The research revealed that seniors have decent knowledge of the principles of healthy lifestyle. Seniors follow the principles of a healthy lifestyle by limits of their possibilities. They allow some reserves in the care of health and try to solve it. Health is more dependent on their age and their diseases. The question is how they care for their health in the past. The research revealed that women and men perceive self-management to a healthy lifestyle accordingly. Both genders tend to deal with shortcomings in the care of their health. Results of the research can help to analyze the situation of senior´s attitude to their health.
3

O lugar da autogestão no Governo Lula / The self-management in the housing policy of Lula´s Government

Fernanda Accioly Moreira 17 April 2009 (has links)
Esta dissertação busca contribuir para a reflexão a cerca da produção habitacional autogestionária voltada para a população de baixa renda. Para desenvolver essa discussão, primeiro construímos uma abordagem histórica da trajetória do movimento de moradia em torno da apropriação do princípio da autogestão, a partir da política habitacional do Regime Militar ao Governo Lula. Partimos do pressuposto de que o desenho das políticas públicas, particularmente a habitacional, é resultado da disputa de interesses e da interação entre Estado, mercado e sociedade civil. E que a partir dessa interação o movimento popular se formou, amadureceu e passou a interferir na formulação das políticas habitacionais. Assim, o processo de criação do Programa Crédito Solidário, parte integrante da atual Política Nacional de Habitação, não é uma simples reivindicação pontual, mas um passo na trajetória decorrente dessa interação. Ao analisarmos os processos de pleito, elaboração, operacionalização e implementação do Programa Crédito Solidário, definido como o instrumento de análise para compreender qual a importância da autogestão na política habitacional do Governo Lula, foi possível verificar os limites e potencialidades para a efetivação do princípio da autogestão na atual ação pública habitacional. / The present dissertation is a reflection about the selfmanagement housing production directed towards the low income population in Brazil. To achieve our objective, we first devoted our research to a historical reconstruction of the popular housing movement trajectory and its relation to the selfmanagement principle, inside the national housing policies, from the Military Regime until the President Lulas Government. In this context, we assume that the construction of any public policy, and especially the housing one, is a result of the natural dispute of interests between the Government, the market, and the civil society. Furthermore, we believe that the popular housing movement is a result of this interaction, where it grew, matured, and started to interfere in the housing policies formulation. Therefore, the creation of the Program of Support Credit, as part of the National Housing Policy, is not a simple punctual claim, but another step in the trajectory resulted from this interaction. In the process of analysis of the of election, elaboration, operation, and implementation of the Program of Support Credit defined as our instrument of analysis to understand the importance of selfmanagement in the Housing Policy of Lulas Government we verified the limits and potentialities for an effective use of the selfmanagement principle in the current public housing action.
4

Sebeřízení ředitele ZUŠ / Selfmanagement of headmaster of art school

Egermaierová, Kateřina January 2016 (has links)
This diploma thesis deals with the topic of school manager's self-management in the art schools area. Thesis aim was to ascertain what the art schools' headmasters in Pilsen and South Bohemia region reckon as part of self management, what influences their self management and how is this influence displayed in their professional and personal lives. Partial aim of this work was to find out if the headmasters educate themselves in the self management area and if yes in what way. In the theoretical part the work comes out of the human resource management and working performance area. It deals with the headmasters' competences and roles, self management, time management, delegation, burnout syndrome, stress techniques and life balance. It elaborately deals with the emotional intelligence and headmaster's career stages in connection with the self management area is influenced by them. The practise brings research results, which was realized by research and additional interviews. The research found out very interesting discoveries from the pedagogical-art schooling, from the working and personal lives of crucial persons in this educational sphere - art schools headmasters. The experiences and in some cases statements about serious consequences of not asserting the self management mechanisms are recorded...
5

Duševní hygiena v manažerské praxi / Mental hygiene in managerial practice

Blažková, Martina January 2010 (has links)
This diploma thesis focuses on problems of mental hygiene in the current managerial practices. The theoretical part reveals to readers basic concepts and background to this isme for more understanding. It deals gradually with the role of mental hygiene in an individual life, self-knowledge and selfmanagement, and last but not least, managerial practice. The main practical part presents three case studies, relating to mental hygiene and its application in the world of managers. Research objective is trough a semi-structured interviews with managers to identify to which extent they apply mental hygiene in personal and professional life. After the discovery of deficiencies will attempt to find concrete advice and recommendations needed to improve some of the monitored questions. Finally will be respondents collating and analyzing each other. The main contribution of this thesis is a real insight into the life of managers and the discovery of the importance and the role attributed to mental hygiene.
6

Egenvård vid diabetes typ 2 ur ett patientperspektiv

Sundelius, Frida, Thorén, Ingeborg January 2018 (has links)
Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 2 är en växande sjukdom utan botemedel. Det finns fleraegenvårdsåtgärder som gör att det går att utesluta mediciner längre fram och somdessutom förhindrar senkomplikationer. Omfattande kvantitativ forskning finnsinom området diabetes typ 2 och dess behandling. MEN det svårare att hittakvalitativ forskning som beskriver patienternas upplevelser kring egenvård. Syfte:Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelser kring egenvård vid diabetes typ 2.Metod: En litteraturstudie som har baserats på tio vetenskapliga studier avkvalitativ ansats. Dessa har hämtats från PubMed och CINAHL för att analyserasoch besvara syftet. Resultat: Fyra huvudkategorier identifierades: Kost, Fysiskaktivitet, Blodsockerkontroll och Information Slutsats: Att få diagnosen diabetestyp 2 framkallar flera olika känslor. Sjukdomen innebär flera livsstilsförändringardär information är en av de avgörande faktorerna för att dessa förändringar skakunna ske. / Background: Diabetes type 2 is a growing disease that lacks a cure. Thera areseveral measures of selfmanagement that can lead to the exclusion ofpharmacological treatment and prevent later-on complications. Vast quantativeresearch exists within the field of type 2- diabetes and it´s treatment. However it´smore difficult to find qualitative research describing patients experiences ofselfmanagement regarding type 2-diabetes. Purpose: The purpose was toenlighten patients experiences about selfmanagement concering type 2-diabetes.Method: A study of litterature based upon ten scientific reports with a qualitativeapproach. Theses have been gathered from PUBMED and CINAHL to beanalyzed in regards to the purpose. Results: Four main categorys were identyfied.Diet, Physical activity, Bloodsugar control and Information. Conclusion:Recieving diagnosis of type2-diabetes induces several different emotions. Thedisease requires several changes of life-style whereas information is one oft thekeyfactors leading to that theses changes really occur.
7

Uppfattningar relaterade till självhantering hos ungdomar med diabetes typ 1 : en litteraturöversikt / Perceptions related to self-management among adolescents with type 1 diabetes : a literature review

Juma Khan, Kabita, Svensson, Sara January 2022 (has links)
Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 1 är kroniskt sjukdom som kan drabba ungdomar. Ungdomar upplever att det är svårt att leva med diabetes typ 1 samt har fullt ansvar om sin sjukdom/ behandling. Diabetes typ 1 är en autoimmun sjukdom, som kan också orsakas av genetisk koppling. Sjukdomen drabbar barn och ungdomar. Komplikationer till diabetes typ 1 kan vara att drabbas av hyperglykemi eller hypoglykemi. Hyperglykemi innebär förhöjd mängd glukos i blodet. Hypoglykemi för låg blodglukos halt. Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att belysa hur ungdomar med diabetes typ 1 upplever det att ta fullt ansvar för sin sjukdom. Metod: Studien är en litteraturöversikt där 15 artiklar redovisar forskningsresultat över det valda området. Sökningar genomfördes i CINAHL och PubMed samt artiklarna är mellan år 2011- 2021. Resultat: Två huvudkategorier och sex underkategorier identifierades. Processen till självhantering (intialfas, utvecklingsfas och redo för självhantering). Påverkansfaktorer (omgivningens påverkan, oro och rädslors påverkan och att vara annorlunda). Slutsats: Genom dessa kategorier framkom olika processer. Utifrån självhantering ska ungdomar ha ökat kunskap samt erfarenhet om sin sjukdom och behandling. Ungdomarnas upplevelse av att genomgå processen försvåras av obalans då ungdomarna är mer oroliga för att anses annorlunda medan sjukvården är mer fokuserade på glukosvärden. En ökad förståelse för ungdomarnas upplevelse kan leda till bättre omvårdnad, sjuksköterskans kunskapsbas kan ge bättre vård till ungdomar med diabetes typ 1. / Background: Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect young people. Young people experience that it is difficult to live with type 1 diabetes and have full responsibility for their illness / treatment. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which can also be caused by genetic linkage. The disease affects children and adolescents. Complications of type 1 diabetes can include hyperglycemia orhypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia means an increased amount of glucose in the blood. Hypoglycaemia for low blood glucose. Aim: The purpose of this literature study is to shed light on how young people with type 1 diabetes experience taking full responsibility for their illness. Method: The study is a literature review where 15 articles report research results over the selected area. Searches were conducted in CINAHL and PubMed and the articles are between the years 2011-2021. Results: Two main categories and six subcategories are identified.The process for self-management (initial phase, development phase and ready for self-management). Influencing factors (the influence of the environment, the influence of anxiety and fear and being different). Conclusion: Through these categories, different processes emerged. Based onself-management (self-management), young people must have increased knowledge and experience of their illness and treatment. The young people's experience of undergoing the process is made more difficult by imbalance as the young people are more worried about being considered different while the healthcare is more focused on glucose values. An increased understanding of the young people's experience can lead to better nursing, the nurse's knowledge base can provide better care to young people with type 1 diabetes.

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