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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

The Development and Analysis of Low Temperature Superplasticity in AZ91 Magnesium Alloy

Lin, Hsuan-Kai 16 July 2001 (has links)
none
2

Strain localization in extruded AZ31 Magnesium alloy

Huang, Chao-Chun 06 August 2009 (has links)
none
3

Hot working behavior of AZ31 Magnesium alloys

Suen, Der-Kai 12 August 2005 (has links)
none
4

Analysis on Cavitation in AZ-Series Mg Alloys during Superplastic Deformation

Lee, Ching-Jen 24 July 2003 (has links)
none
5

Etude de la recristallisation au cours du laminage a chaud d’aciers a basse densite fer-aluminium / Study of recrystallization during hot rolling of low density iron aluminium steels

Castan, Christophe 25 October 2011 (has links)
Les directives de l'Union Européenne conditionnent la R&D du secteur automobile concernant l'utilisation de matériaux plus légers ayant pour but de réduire la consommation de carburant et une diminution de l’émission de gaz d’échappement. L’objectif est de mettre au point des aciers allégés d’au moins 10% (ρmax ≈ 7g/cm3). Les alliages fer-aluminium possèdent des propriétés physiques et mécaniques prometteuses mais présentent des défauts de surface appelés roping, apparaissant après l’emboutissage à froid. Cette étude a consisté à mieux comprendre les conditions de recristallisation au cours du laminage à chaud afin de contrôler la microstructure et ainsi limiter ces défauts. Il est généralement admis, lors d’une déformation à chaud, que les alliages ferritiques, à haute énergie de défaut d’empilement, donnent lieu aux processus de recristallisation dynamique géométrique (RDG) et de recristallisation dynamique continue (RDC). Dans cette étude, l’existence d’une transition entre les mécanismes de RDC et de recristallisation dynamique discontinue (RDD) a été mise en évidence pour des températures comprises entre 900 et 1100°C et des vitesses de déformation comprises entre 0,1 et 50s 1. La recristallisation post dynamique a aussi été étudiée afin d’observer l’évolution de la microstructure lors de maintiens en température. Un modèle développé antérieurement pour la RDC de l’aluminium a ensuite été utilisé afin de simuler une passe de laminage. Bien que la comparaison des résultats expérimentaux et simulés fasse apparaître un certain nombre de différences, ce modèle permet de reproduire qualitativement les évolutions de la microstructure. / The instructions of the European Union pilot the R&D in the automotive industry regarding the use of lightweight materials which aims at reducing fuel consumption and emission of exhaust gases.The objective is to develop steels of density reduced by at least 10% (ρmax ≈ 7g/cm3). Iron aluminum alloys display promising physical and mechanical properties but they often exhibit surface defects, referred to as roping, appearing after the deep drawing process. This study was carried out to better understand the conditions of recrystallization during hot rolling to control the microstructure and thereby limit these defects.During hot deformation, it is generally agreed that geometric dynamic recrystallization (GDRX) and continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) operate in ferritic alloys with high stacking fault energy. In this study, the existence of a transition between CDRX and the mechanism of discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (DDRX) has been brought into evidence in the temperature range 900 1100°C and strain rate range 0.1-50s-1. Post-dynamic recrystallization was also studied to observe the evolution of microstructure during holding temperatures.A model formerly developed for the CDRX of aluminum was then used to simulate a rolling pass. Comparison of computed and experimental results shows some differences but this model can reproduce microstructural changes qualitatively.
6

Etude de la cinétique de recristallisation au cours du laminage à chaud d’aciers inoxydables ferritiques stabilisés / Study of recrystallization kinetics of stabilized ferritic stainless steels during hot rolling

Jacquet, Grégoire 28 October 2013 (has links)
Les aciers inoxydables ferritiques stabilisés, aussi performants dans de nombreux domaines et moins chers que les aciers inoxydables austénitiques, souffrent cependant d’une formabilité inférieure (mise en forme + défaut de chiffonnage / roping). Il convient donc d’optimiser les microstructures et textures finales de ces produits, ce qui passe entre autres par une meilleure connaissance de l’évolution du matériau durant le laminage à chaud (LAC).Des essais de bipoinçonnement effectués sur une machine Gleeble®, simulant la compression plane à cœur du matériau durant le LAC, ont permis de simuler des schémas de laminage mono et multipasses. Les effets de la déformation, de la température, de la vitesse de déformation, de la taille de grains initiale et de la composition chimique sur les évolutions dynamiques (durant une passe de laminage) et post-dynamiques (durant un temps interpasse) ont été investigués.Une passe de LAC fragmente la microstructure en cristallites par recristallisation dynamique continue (RDC). Une partie de ces cristallites deviendront les germes de la recristallisation post-dynamique (RPD) au cours du temps interpasse. Celui-ci se caractérise par la simultanéité d’activation de nouveaux germes, de la croissance de grains recristallisés au sein de zones écrouies mais également au détriment d’autres grains recristallisés.Le couplage d’un modèle de RDC existant avec un modèle de RPD créé à partir des observations expérimentales, permet de simuler des schémas de LAC multipasses et de retranscrire les effets de la majorité des paramètres opératoires. / Stabilized ferritic stainless steels are as efficient as austenitic stainless steels in many areas and less expensive. However, they suffer from a lower formability (forming + roping defect). It is therefore necessary to optimize the final microstructures and textures of these products, which requires in particular a better understanding of the evolution of the material during hot rolling.Plane strain compression tests carried out on a Gleeble® machine, reproducing the deformation during hot rolling in the center of the material, permitted to perform single- and multi-pass rolling schedules. The effects of deformation, temperature, strain rate, initial grain size and chemical composition on dynamic (during a rolling pass) and post- dynamic (during an inter-pass time) evolutions were investigated.A hot rolling pass fragments the microstructure and creates crystallites by continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX). A part of these crystallites becomes nuclei for the post-dynamic recrystallization (PDRX) during inter-pass time. The latter is characterized by the simultaneous activation of new nuclei and growth of recrystallized grains, not only within strain-hardened zones but also at the expense of other grains already recrystallized.The coupling of an existing CDRX model with a PDRX model based on experimental results allows to simulate multi-pass hot rolling schedules and to reproduce the effects of most of the operating parameters.
7

Dependence of Microstructure Evolution, Texture, and Mechanical Behavior of A Mg Alloy on Thermo-Mechanical Input during Friction Stir Processing

Yu, Zhenzhen 01 December 2010 (has links)
In this thesis, the relationship among friction stir processing (FSP) parameters, microstructure evolution, texture development, and mechanical hehavior of AZ31B Mg alloy was investigated. First of all, in order to reveal the correlation among the deformation conditions, dynamic recrystallization (DRX) mechanisms, and microstructure evolution in the Mg alloy, hot compression tests at a wide range of Zener-Hollomon parameter (Z) values were conducted. Through optical microscopic examination, it was found out that above a critical Z value, twinning influences the DRX process resulting in a more effective grain refinement, which is manifested in a significant change in the slope of the Z-drec relationship, where drec is the recrystallized grain size. Moreover, EBSD examination revealed that the twinning also contributed to a distinct change in the recrystallization texture. Compression tests were performed along both through-thickness and in-rolling-plane directions of the plate to study the orientation dependency of twinning activities and its influence on the DRX process. X-ray line profile analysis (XLPA) provides further insights by highlighting the differences in the dislocation density/types, subgrain sizes, and twin densities during the DRX processes operating with or without the twinning. Secondly, the constitutive behaviour study was applied to the investigation of microstructure evolution during FSP. By varying the key FSP parameters systematically, i.e. rotation and travel rates of the tool, a series of FSP specimens were prepared with a wide range of thermo-mechanical inputs in terms of Z. The resulting tensile behavior in the stir zone (SZ) showed a dramatic change as a function of Z, caused by a systematic change in the texture within SZ measured by neutron diffraction. A three-dimensional transient model was developed to investigate the detailed deformation history including the temperature and strain rate profiles and material flow pattern during FSP of the Mg alloy. Such deformation history can be combined with the constitutive study from the compression tests in order to analyze the developments of micro-texture and DRX grains during FSP, which will, in turn, dominate the mechanical properties. Based on the studies above, new fundamental understandings were gained on the governing mechanisms for the deformation and recrystallization processes during FSP and the influence of thermo-mechanical input during FSP on ductility enhancement in the Mg alloy.
8

Dynamic Ferrite Transformation Behavior in 10Ni-0.1C Steel during Thermo-Mechanically Controlled Process / 10Ni-0.1C鋼の加工熱処理中に生じる動的相変態に関する研究

Zhao, Lijia 23 March 2015 (has links)
Kyoto University (京都大学) / 0048 / 新制・課程博士 / 博士(工学) / 甲第18987号 / 工博第4029号 / 新制||工||1620(附属図書館) / 31938 / 京都大学大学院工学研究科材料工学専攻 / (主査)教授 辻 伸泰, 教授 白井 泰治, 教授 松原 英一郎 / 学位規則第4条第1項該当
9

Microstructure/property relationships in three high strength wrought magnesium alloys based on elektron 675

Twier, Abdulhamied Moktar January 2011 (has links)
The object of the present investigation has been to relate the mechanical properties of a high strength Mg-Y-Gd alloy to alloy composition, extrusion parameters and microstructure. Three alloys with various Y: Gd ratios, of similar total solute content (at %) to Elektron 675, have been investigated in this study:9122: Mg – 6.5 wt % Y – 7.6 wt % Gd – 0.4 wt % Zr 9123: Mg – 8.2 wt % Y – 4.8 wt % Gd – 0.4 wt % Zr9124: Mg – 2.6 wt % Y – 13.1 wt % Gd – 0.4 wt % ZrThe three alloys were extruded at 425 and 475 °C with extrusion ratio 17: 1 to give two samples from each alloy, group a and b. Alloy 9122 was also extruded at 460 and 500 °C with extrusion ratio 10: 1 to give another two samples c and d. The as-cast microstructure of the three alloys comprised equiaxed α-magnesium grains and regions of eutectic decorating some grain boundaries formed during solidification of the ingot. Variation of extrusion parameters has resulted in a dispersion of different volume fractions of second phase particles in different groups of samples. The chemistry of second phase particles was determined by in-situ bulk energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD); magnesium yttrium was identified for near-equiaxed particles and yttrium hydride was proposed as a possible identification for cuboids. The composition of these compounds varied with variation of Y: Gd in the three alloys. Variation of extrusion ratio and extrusion temperature had a clear effect on the evolution of the extruded microstructure and the development of crystallographic texture as characterized by optical microscopy, electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) and inverse pole figures. The microstructure of the extruded samples was refined during extrusion through dynamic recrystallization (DRX). Samples of groups a, b and c exhibited a microstructure in which bands of fine, equiaxed grains in association with stringers of second phase particles (running along the extrusion direction) were formed between bands of coarse, equiaxed grains. Sample d contained only small volume fraction of second phase particles; only a few alternating bands were formed and considerable grain growth occurred. A random texture was developed during extrusion in samples of groups a, b and c; a wide spread of orientations accompanied by a (new) previously unreported texture component in which basal poles of some grains are aligned nearly parallel to the extrusion direction was developed. The new texture component was weak in sample c and entirely suppressed in sample d. The asymmetry in tensile and compressive yield stress commonly associated with magnesium extrusions was nearly eliminated in samples of group a and b. The new basal texture component was likely to be a result of nucleation of DRX on sites rotating into this orientation. This is proposed to be a result of deformation in those regions in grains was accomodated by basal, prismatic and pyramidal slip. The grains nucleated in this orientation appear to have developed a form of preferred growth which led to strengthening of this new component following solution treatment. The effect of varying solute content (Y & Gd) and different ageing temperatures 150, 200, 250 and 300 °C (T5 & T6) on the ageing response and precipitation reaction were investigated using hardness measurements and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Alloy 9122 showed the highest ageing response of the three alloys at 150, 200 and 250 °C (T5 & T6); specimens aged in the T5 gave higher hardness than the T6 treatment, a contribution of fine grain size. The three alloys did not respond to ageing at 300 °C. The precipitation reactions that occurred in alloy 9122 (at under, peak and overageing) and alloys 9123 and 9124 (at peak ageing) at 250 °C have been characterized. The precipitation sequence observed in sample 9122a can be described as: . The microstructure of peak aged specimens of alloys 9122 and 9124 were similar; both contained a homogeneous dispersion of precipitates and some metastable precipitates. Alloy 9123 contained only a homogeneous dispersion of precipitates and remnants of precipitates and no precipitates. The enhanced thermal stability of and phases are most likely responsible for the superior elevated temperature properties of Elektron 675. The effect of varying solute content (Y & Gd) and extrusion parameters on the mechanical properties were determined using tensile testing. Alloys 9122 and 9124 exhibited higher 0.2 % proof stress and UTS than alloy 9123 and alloy 9122 was the hardest alloy. Alloy 9122 exhibited the worst ductiliy (T5 and T6) among 9123 and 9124, and this was attributed to the higher volume fraction of second phase particles. The ductility of samples a, b and c in the as-extruded & T5 conditions, particularly in the transverse direction, was limited by stringers of second phase particles, whereas ductility and failure in sample d was governed by grain size and texture. The ductility and failure of all samples aged in the T6 treatment, irrespective of the extrusion history, was controlled by texture and grain size rather than stringers of second phase particles.
10

Estudo microestrutural em mineralização aurífera do tipo-veio hospedada em zona de cisalhamento : caso do depósito Sertãozinho, província Borborema, NE do Brasil /

Almeida, Harrizon Lima de. January 2003 (has links)
Orientador: Peter Christian Hackspacher / Banca: Luiz Sergio Amarante Simões / Banca: Nelson Angeli / Banca: Carlos José Archanjo / Banca: Marcos Egydio da Silva / Resumo: A zona de cisalhamento Itapetim (ZCI) desenvolveu foliação e lineação nos diferentes tipos de rochas, milonitos a ultramilonitos. Muitos dos tipos de microestruturas observadas na ZCI preservam evidências de condições metamórficas de alto grau e baixo grau de temperatura. O padrão das orientações preferenciais dos eixos [c] de quartzo, obtida a partir de agregados policristalinos deformados, mostra dois diferentes tipos de simetrias, guirlandas do tipo I e simples. A análise da textura sugere partição da deformação com cisalhamento coaxial e não coaxial na ZCI. Um veio de quartzo mineralizado em ouro encaixado em rocha ultramilonítica, constitui a zona de precipitação hidrotermal. O veio é bandado por segmentos de turmalina, o qual inclui agregados de grãos de quartzo maciço entre as bandas. Os grãos de quartzo mostram contatos poligonais e restritos limites intumescentes. O último sugere recristalização dinâmica por migração de limite de grão e os grãos poligonais (microestrutra em espuma) são melhor explicados por annealing. Os padrões de eixos [c] de quartzo obtido no veio aurífero é idêntico ao observado nos ultramilonitos da ZCI. Este padrão é interpretado como uma textura preservada formada durante o cisalhamento não coaxial. A estrutura bandada é interpretada como o resultado de variações da pressão de fluidos e a formação microfraturas, associadas a eventos de crack-seal. Mecanismos de crack-seal foram ativos antes ou durante a deformação da ZCI. As feições microestruturais suportam evidências para a última possibilidade. / Abstract: The Itapetim shear zone(ISZ) developed both foliation and lineation in the different rock types, from mylonites to ultramylonites. Most of the microstructure types observed in the ISZ preserve evidence of high temperature metamorphic conditions. The quartz [c]-axis, of deformed polycrystalline aggregates, show two distinct symmetries, type I crossed girdles and single girdles. The geometrical analysis of texture, suggest non-coaxial shear for deformation in ISZ. A gold mineralized quartz vein hosted in ultramylonitic rocks, constitutes the hydrothermal precipitation zone. The vein is banded by tourmiline segments, which include massive quartz grains aggregates between the bands. The quartz grains show polygonal contacts and minor intumescent limits. These latter suggest grain boundary migration recrystallization and the polygonal grains seem to be best explained by the annealing after stopping the shear deformation. The quartz [c]-axis obtained in the auriferous vein shows the same single girdle pattern observed in the ultramylonites of the ISZ. This pattern is interpreted as a preserved texture formed during the shear deformation. The banded structure is interpreted as the result of variations of the fluid pressure and the formation of microfractures, associated the crack-seal events. Crack-seal mechanisms can have been active previous or during the deformation of the IZS. The microstructurals features supports evidences for the last possibility. / Doutor

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