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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

The electrogenerated chemiluminescence of highly fluorescent organic chromophores and nanoparticles

Omer, Khalid Mohammad 27 August 2010 (has links)
Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) of new, highly fluorescent molecules was studied. Six novel, highly fluorescent, green emitters were synthesized by incorporating an acceptor group like 2,1,3-Benzothiadiazole between different donor groups. The structural effects on the electrochemical, spectroscopic, and ECL behavior are shown in detail. Stable electrochemistry and high PL quantum yield were observed. Most of the ECL was visible by the naked eye. Well-known, fluorescent, polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), like 9,10-diphenylanthracene derivatives, pyrene, and anthracene were incorporated between two bulky fluorene derivative groups. The fluorene substitutions block the active positions of the PAH cores, permitting the formation of stable radical ions upon electrochemical oxidation or reduction. Such a tailoring led to increase electrochemical reversibility and tuning of the ECL wavelength. Fluorene-based DPA (FDF) is characterized by a highly efficient and stable blue-cyan color. Another interesting type of molecules was star-shaped structures. The effects of structure on the electrochemistry and spectroscopy of a series of star-shaped, rigid molecules was examined. T1-T4 is composed of oligofluorene arms with truxene as a central core basically there were weak donor and weak acceptors. The ECL quantum efficiency was near 80% for the long-arm T4. One of the interesting goals in ECL is to find ECL emitters in aqueous media. Organic nanoparticles (ONPs) were chosen to achieve this goal. An organic nanoparticle (ONPs) is still challenging area in nanoscience. The key factor of such a challenge comes from the difficulty to control the size and shape of the prepared nanoparticles. ONPs of common hydrocarbon ECL emitters like rubrene and 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA) were prepared in aqueous solution using a reprecipitation method. ECL of rubrene NPs was observed when tripropylamine (TPrA) was used as a coreactant, and weaker ECL of DPA NPs was observed when the oxalate ion was used as a coreactant. The ECL of ONPs in aqueous media may open a new field in ECL, allowing the exploration of more phenomena in organic nanoscience. Organic nanoparticle ECL (especially if one able to make small size to be diffused easily) has potential application as a tag for the analysis of biologically interesting molecules. / text
2

Electrochemical and electrogenerated chemiluminescence studies of the BODIPY dyes

Nepomnyashchii, Alexander Borisovich 03 January 2013 (has links)
Electrochemical and electrogenerated chemiluminescence properties of the BODIPY (boron dipyrromethene) dyes are presented. Some specific features of the BODIPY dyes are obtained and described in the current dissertation. Separation of around 1.0-1.2 V is noticed between two oxidation and reduction waves for one center which is very different from 0.5 V seen for the polycyclic hydrocarbons. Cathodic and anodic stability is shown to depend upon absence or presence of certain degree of substitution. Different ways of electrochemical dimerization are explored and compared with the chemical dimerization. Photophysical and electrochemical properties of monomer, chemically synthesized dimer, trimer and polymer are described and the characteristic features determined. / text
3

Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence of unique organic chromophores and organic nanoparticles

Suk, Jung Don 27 June 2012 (has links)
Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) studies were performed on several interesting compounds. A series of BODIPY derivatives was examined to understand the structural effects on the electrochemical, spectroscopic, and ECL behavior. Stable electrochemistry and high fluorescence in the green to the red regions were observed. PB, MCPB, DCPB and PM580 produced intense ECL, strong enough to be seen with the naked eye in a lighted room. Unlike MCPB and DCPB, PB produced the multiple ECL peaks. Totally blocked BODIPY compound showed the improvement of fluorescence and ECL quantum yield due to the stability of radicals. Strong signal of EPR data during the oxidative electrolysis was obtained by simultaneous electrochemical-electron paramagnetic resonance technique with home-made cell. Several new antrhacene derivatives such as a variety of 2- and 4-fold anthracene-functionalized tetraarylbimesityls and a series of 9-naphthylanthracene based dimer and trimer were studied. They showed one wave on the oxidation and reduction because of a sequence, two or more electron transfers during the annihilation of the radical ions. Depended on the structure, some of them exhibited excimer formation on ECL spectra. Azide-BTA compound which consists of two triphenylamine and 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole groups at the ends bridged by a fluorene moiety was synthesized and examined. The compound is a newly synthesized D-A-[pi]-A-D molecule which had reversibility upon electrochemical oxidation and reduction, and also showed intense red fluorescence and stable red ECL emission. Using a simple reprecipitation method, well-dispersed and spherical organic nanoparticles of Azide-BTA and 9-naphthylanthracene based dimer were prepared in an aqueous solution. Controlling the preparation condition, the size of nanoparticles can be minimized to 15 nm. Especially we prepared the organic nanoparticles of 9-naphthylanthracene based dimer dispersed in organic solvent, MeCN, one of the preferred solvents for electrochemical studies and ECL. / text
4

Development of wireless DNA microarray sensors

Chow, Kwok-Fan 20 October 2011 (has links)
The development of wireless DNA microelectrochemical microarray sensors is described. The operational principles of these sensors are based on bipolar electrochemistry. Bipolar electrodes are used to fabricate the wireless microarrays in this work. The systems are configured so that DNA sensing is carried out at the cathodic end of a bipolar electrode (BPE) and the result of the sensing experiment is reported at the anodic end of the BPE. There are two types of reporting platforms developed in this study. The first type relies on the emission of electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL). The system is configured so that ECL is emitted at the anodic end of the BPE when the target DNA is hybridized to the capture probe DNA immobilized on the cathodic end of the BPE. However, when there is no hybridization reaction occurs, there is no ECL emission on the electrode surface. The second type of reporting platform developed is based on silver electrodissolution at the anodic end of a BPE. When a reduction reaction occurs at the cathodic end of a BPE, it triggers oxidation and dissolution of silver deposited at the anodic end of the BPE. The loss of silver can easily be detected by the naked eye. This detection principle is used for DNA detection: when the target DNA is hybridized to capture probe DNA on the BPE, the BPE becomes shorter. However, if target DNA does not hybridize to the electrode surface, the length of the BPE remains the same. The BPE microarrays described in this work eliminate the need for complicated microfabrication procedures and instrumentation. For example, as many as 1000 BPEs can be simultaneously controlled using just two driving electrodes and a simple power supply. To fully utilize BPE microarrays for specific sensing tasks, a method based on robotic spotting was developed to modify the cathodic end of each BPE in the array. Because each BPE in a microarray is individually addressable, this development allows each BPE to perform a particular sensing operation. / text
5

Réseaux nanostructurés de fibres optiques pour la réalisation de capteurs électrochimiques et luminescents

Adam, Catherine 29 November 2013 (has links)
La structuration et la fonctionnalisation de réseaux de fibres optiques ont été utilisées afin de réaliser différents capteurs électrochimiques et luminescents. Ce type de support permet de concevoir des capteurs capables de détecter à distance dans un milieu confiné, difficilement accessible ou dangereux. Deux capteurs pour la détection du mercure cationique (Hg2+) sont décrits dans cette thèse. Le premier utilise un dérivé de la rhodamine, qui est lié de façon covalente à la surface en verre du réseau, par silanisation. Le signal fluorescent de cette sonde est augmenté en présence de mercure ce qui permet de le quantifier. Le second capteur combine l’électrochimie sur ces réseaux de fibres optiques, grâce à une fine couche conductrice déposée à sa surface. Le réseau est ensuite modifié avec un complexe de Ruthénium(II), qui peut être électropolymérisé par l’intermédiaire de la fonction cyclopentadithiophène (CPDT). La détection du mercure est alors réalisée par électrochimiluminescence (ECL), qui est collectée à distance, grâce aux propriétés électro-modulables du film polymère. Les réseaux de fibres optiques nanostructurés ont également été utilisés pour la réalisation d’une sonde SECM, présentant un réseau dense de nanoélectrodes collectives. La réalisation d’un tel outil utilise le positionnement basé sur les forces de cisaillement et peut être utilisé pour la structuration de surfaces conductrices ou isolantes par SECM. / The structuration and the functionalisation of optical fiber bundles have been used to design different optical and electrochemical sensors. The use of these tools allows the realisation of sensors for remote detection in a confined environment, which may be dangerous or not easily accessible. Two sensors for the detection of inorganic mercury (Hg2+) are described in this thesis. The first sensor uses a rhodamine derivative, which is covalently functionalized on the surface of the glass optical fibers by silanisation. The fluorescent signal of this probe increases in presence of mercury, which allows its quantification. The second sensor uses the combination of electrochemistry on the optical fiber bundle, thanks to a thin conductive layer deposited on its surface. The bundle is then modified by electropolymerisation of a Ruthenium (II) complex through the cyclopentadithiophene (CPDT) moiety. The detection of mercury is then realised by elecrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL), which is collected through the optical fiber bundle, thanks to the optical properties of the polymer film. The nanostructured array of optical fibers has also been used to create a new SECM probe composed of a dense nanoelectrode array. Such a tool is obtained through Shearforce positioning and can be used for the structuration of conductive or insulating surfaces by SECM.
6

Transparent carbon electrodes for spectroelectrochemical studies

Walker, Erin Kate 13 November 2012 (has links)
This dissertation describes the assessment and use of carbon optically transparent electrodes (C-OTEs) based on pyrolyzed photoresist films (PPFs) as a platform for spectroelectrochemical investigations. C-OTEs are examined for use in UV-Vis spectroelectrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence and compared to non-transparent glassy carbon (GC) and the conventional transparent electrode indium tin oxide (ITO). Chapter 1 provides a general overview of transparent electrodes, carbon electrodes, and spectroelectrochemistry. Chapter 2 details a UV-Vis spectroelectrochemical investigation of electrogenerated graphitic oxides (EGO) on the surface of the C-OTE in the presence of KCl. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy are used to determine EGO composition. Several supporting electrolytes are investigated to determine the mechanism of EGO formation. Chapter 3 details experiments to electrochemically access the exciton emission from self-assembled double-walled tubular J-aggregates via electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL). Optimization of ECL intensity with respect to the coreactant concentration and the supporting electrolyte pH is performed on opaque glassy carbon electrodes. ECL and fluorescence spectra are compared, and C-OTEs are utilized to determine the source of disagreement between the spectra. Chapter 4 describes the preparation and characterization (i.e. transparency, thickness, sheet resistance, rms roughness, and electroactive surface area) of C-OTEs and explores C-OTEs for general use in ECL under a variety of conditions. Simultaneous cyclic voltammograms and ECL transients are obtained for three thicknesses of PPFs and compared to non-transparent GC and the conventional transparent electrode ITO in both front face and transmission electrode cell geometries. Despite positive potential shifts in oxidation and ECL peaks, attributed to the internal resistance of the PPFs that result from their nanoscale thickness, the PPFs display similar ECL activity to GC, including the low oxidation potential observed for amine coreactants on hydrophobic electrodes. Overall, C-OTEs are promising electrodes for spectroelectrochemical applications because they yield higher ECL than ITO in both oxidative-reductive and reductive-oxidative ECL modes, are more stable in alkaline solutions, display a wide potential window of stability, and have tunable transparency for more efficient detection of light in the transmission cell geometry. Future directions for this research are discussed in Chapter 5, which outlines several approaches to designing and improving spectroelectrochemical sensors. / text
7

Electrogenerated chemiluminescence : from mechanistic insights to bioanalytical applications / Electrochimiluminescence : de la compréhension mécanistique aux applications bioanalytiques

Sentic, Milica 26 November 2015 (has links)
La chimiluminescence électrogénérée (ECL) est une technique analytique puissante exploitée pour la détection autant au niveau industriel que dans le domaine de la recherche scientifique ou du diagnostic clinique. La sensibilité élevée et la bonne sélectivité de cette technique font de l'ECL une méthode analytique de choix pour un large éventail d'applications, dont la plus importante est son utilisation commerciale dans un grand nombre de tests immunologiques à base de billes fonctionnalisées. Dans cette thèse, nous avons cherché à étudier le phénomène ECL et son application pour le développement de nouvelles techniques analytiques.Dans la première partie de ce travail, nous utilisons les techniques d'imagerie pour étudier les mécanismes ECL se produisant sur les billes utilisées pour les tests immunologiques. La cartographie de la réactivité au niveau d'une seule microparticule fonctionnalisée avec un complexe de ruthénium fournit une nouvelle stratégie visant à tester l'efficacité du co-réactif et montre des effets optiques associés de focalisation.Dans la deuxième partie, la conception d'un test immunologique pour la détection de l'anti-transglutaminase pour le diagnostic de la maladie coeliaque est présentée en utilisant des ensembles de nanoélectrodes comme plates-formes bioélectroanalytiques. Nous avons également étudié les caractéristiques de l'ECL générée par des réseaux de nanoélectrodes dopées au bore-diamant en tant que matériaux prometteurs pour des applications biologiques ainsi que l'efficacité ECL de deux co-réactifs sur ces réseaux.L'électrochimie bipolaire est un processus sans contact que nous avons exploité pour contrôler le mouvement d'objets conducteurs exposés à un champ électrique en l'absence de contact ohmique direct. Dans la troisième partie de ma thèse, nous présentons l'ECL couplée à l'électrochimie bipolaire pour le suivi d’objets autonomes luminescents. Nous avons élargi ce concept à la détection enzymatique dynamique de glucose en utilisant l'émission de lumière ECL comme signal analytique. / Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) is a powerful analytical technique exploited for clinical, industrial and research applications. The high sensitivity and good selectivity, makes ECL a tool-of-choice analytical method for a broad range of assays, most importantly for a large number of commercialized bead-based immunoassays. In the present thesis, we aimed to study the ECL phenomenon and its application in development of new analytical methods.In the first part of this work, we used an imaging technique to investigate the ECL mechanisms operating in bead-based assays. Spatial reactivity mapping at the level of a single functionalised bead provides a new strategy to test the co-reactant efficiency and shows associated optical focusing effects.In the second part, the design of a novel anti-transglutaminase ECL immunoassay for celiac disease diagnostic is shown using nanoelectrode ensembles as bioelectroanalytical platforms. We also studied the characteristics of ECL generated by arrays of boron-doped-diamond nanoelectrodes (BDD NEAs) as a promising materials for bioapplications. The ECL efficiency of two co-reactants at BDD NEAs was investigated.Finally, bipolar electrochemistry is a ‘‘wireless’’ process that was exploited for the controlled motion of conductive objects exposed to an electric field in the absence of direct ohmic contact. In the third part of the thesis, we report ECL coupled to bipolar electrochemistry for tracking the autonomous trajectories of swimmers by light emission. We further expanded this concept for dynamic enzymatic sensing of glucose concentration gradient using ECL light emission as an analytical readout.
8

Analysis of electrogenerated chemiluminescence of PPV type conducting polymers

Janakiraman, Umamaheswari 20 May 2003 (has links)
Mit Lösungen von 9,10-Diphenylanthracen und N(C2H5)4ClO4 oder N(C4H9)4ClO4 als Leitsalz im Lösungsmittel Acetonitril wurden Elektrochemilumineszenz (ECL)-Experimente durchgeführt. Dazu wurden die Elektroden mit Folgen von jeweils drei in bestimmten zeitlichen Abständen aufeinander folgenden Potentialsprüngen polarisiert. Es wird gezeigt, dass bei entsprechender Wahl der Potentiale und der Haltezeiten anodische und kathodische ECL-Emissionen gleicher Intensität erzeugt werden können. Sodann wurde ECL in den Derivaten von Poly(p-phenylen-vinylen), MEH-PPV und DB-PPV erzeugt. Diese leitfähigen Polymere wurden als dünne Schichten auf Platin-Elektroden aufgebracht und wie bei ECL aus der Lösungsphase in Acetonitril-Elektrolyten mit Tetralkylammonium-Leitsalzen Potentialsprüngen unterworfen. Bei geeigneter Einstellung der Potentialsprünge und Haltezeiten konnten anodische und kathodische ECL gleicher Intensität erhalten werden. Dies ist das erste Mal, dass symmetrische ECL mit polymerbeschichteten Elektroden erhalten wurde. Die Kinetik der ECL weicht deutlich von der aus der Lösungsphase ab. Der ECL-Prozess verläuft langsamer als in der Lösungsphase, und der Leitelektrolyt hat einen signifikanten Einfluss auf das elektrochemische Verhalten der Polymerschicht. Die Ursachen dafür wurden über Modellrechnungen analysiert, mit denen die Ladungstransportprozesse in der Polymerschicht simuliert wurden. In derartigen Simulationsrechnungen konnten die Geschwindigkeitskonstanten der ECL-Reaktion sowohl im Polymer als auch in der Lösung bestimmt werden. Um die Stabilität der Polymerschichten zu erhöhen, wurde versucht, die Polymerketten mit Synchrotronstrahlung zu vernetzen. Diese Experimente brachten nicht das erwartete Ergebnis. Die Ursachen dafür werden auf der Grundlage von Ex-Situ-Raman-spektroskopischen Untersuchungen diskutiert. / Electrochemiluminescence (ECL) has been generated in solution phase using 9,10-diphenylanthracene (DPA) with TEAClO4 (or TBAClO4) in acetonitrile solvent. Triple potential step was used for the generation of ECL. It was found that anodic and cathodic ECL of equal intensities can be generated by proper choice of potential step magnitude, width and the waiting period (tw) between successive triple potential steps. ECL was then generated in conducting polymers poly(2-ethylhexyloxy-5-methoxy-1,4-phenylenevinylene) (MEH-PPV) and poly(2,3-dibutoxy-1,4-phenylenevinylene) (DB-PPV) by coating them on Pt electrodes and subjecting to potential steps in tetraalkylammonium salt solutions with acetonitrile. Similar to the case of solution phase ECL, symmetrical anodic and cathodic ECL could be observed by the appropriate choice of the potential step parameters. But the kinetics of the ECL was found to be different from that of the solution phase ECL. The time scale of the ECL process was found to be longer than that in the solution phase ECL. The nature of supporting electrolyte had a remarkable impact on the electrochemistry of conducting polymers. The reasons were analyzed by theoretical calculations evoking the concept of charge transport characteristics of conducting polymers. The rate constants of the ECL process were calculated by separate simulation procedure in the solution phase as well as in the polymer phase ECL. To enhance the stability of conducting polymers, synchrotron radiation induced cross-linking was performed. The effects were different from expected which were analyzed and rationalized by ex-situ Raman spectroscopic studies.
9

Electrogenerated chemiluminescence : from materials to sensing applications / Chimiluminescence électrogénérée : des matériaux à l'application de détection

Li, Haidong 29 March 2017 (has links)
Le phénomène d’électro chimiluminescence (ECL), également appelé chimiluminescence électrogénérée, consiste en la génération de l’état excité d’un émetteur suite à des réactions de transfert d’électrons se produisant initialement à la surface de l’électrode. L’état excité ainsi produit retourne à l’état fondamental en émettant de la lumière. Les réactions ECL se classent principalement en 2 grandes voies mécanistiques: les réactions d’annihilation et les réactions impliquant un co-réactif sacrificiel. Cette dernière voie a conduit à de très nombreuses applications en chimie analytique. Dans ce manuscrit, j’ai présenté mes travaux de thèse qui ont suivis 3 directions complémentaires depuis l’échelle moléculaire jusqu’à l’échelle macroscopique: la recherche de nouveaux luminophores ECL, l’étude de films d’hydrogels stimulables et le développement de nouvelles applications analytiques de l’ECL.Dans une première partie, j’ai étudié les propriétés ECL de 3 types de luminophores organiques. Ces composés ont montré des caractéristiques électrochimiques et ECL remarquables. L’efficacité ECL de ces luminophores organiques peut être modulée enjouant sur leurs structures respectives. Des luminophores de type spirofluorène ont produit une émission ECL très intense et les nanoparticules organiques correspondantes ont pu être utilisées comme nano-émetteurs ECL. L’étude des propriétés électrochimiques, photochimiques et ECL de luminophores cationiques de type triangulène et hélicène a été réalisée et présentée avec un formalisme montrant un «mur» ECL ou une cartographie ECL complète.Dans une seconde partie, la préparation de films d’hydrogels thermo-stimulables à base de poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) ou pNIPAM incorporant des centres redoxRu(bpy)3 a été réalisée sur des électrodes de carbone vitreux (GCE) et aussi sur des fibres de carbone par polymérisation radicalaire induite électrochimiquement. Les études ECL sur les GCEs modifiées ont montré que le facteur principal gouvernant les propriétés ECL est la distance entre les sites Ru(bpy)3. Le dépôt de tels films de pNIPAM-Ru(bpy)3 par électrochimie bipolaire ouvre de nouvelles possibilités pour le développement de micro-objets stimulables hybrides. Dans une dernière partie, comme la chimie analytique constitue un des plus importants attraits de l’ECL, deux applications analytiques sont présentées en utilisant,d’une part, des co-réactifs de type amine modifié par l’acide phénylboronique, et,d’autre part, des faisceaux de fibres optiques recouverts d’or. La réaction de complexation de saccharides par le groupe phénylboronique modifie les propriétés électrochimiques du co-réactif amine en rendant son oxydation à l’électrode inefficace,ce qui provoque la diminution du signal ECL. En changeant la longueur de l’espaceur de ces co-réactifs qui portent deux groupements phénylboroniques, nous avons pu mesurer sélectivement la concentration de D-glucose et de D-fructose. Mon travail a enfin porté sur le développement d’un objet analytique basé sur un faisceau de fibresoptiques doré qui est adressé sans contact par électrochimie bipolaire. L’ECL ainsi générée du système Ru(bpy)32+/TPrA a permis de réaliser un outil activable à distance permettant une mesure déportée via le faisceau. Ce nouvel objet analytique original devrait permettre d’étendre les mesures ECL à des environnements confinés ou dangereux. / Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) involves the energetic electron transfer reactions at the electrode with the generation of excited state of emitter, which then relax to the ground state and emit light. These ECL reactions can be divided into two main pathways: the annihilation and sacrificial co-reactant reactions. The latter has found a lot of applications in analytical chemistry. In this thesis, ECL studies towardt hree complementary directions are presented, ranging from the molecular scale tomacroscopic scale : the research of new ECL luminophores, the study of stimuli-responsive hydrogel films, and the development of new ECL assays.Firstly, I have studied three types of organic dyes for ECL investigations. These organic dyes exhibit interesting electrochemical and ECL properties. ECL efficiencies of the organic dyes can be tuned by the modification of the structures. Spirofluorene dyes show strong ECL emission, and thus its fluorescence organic nanoparticles(FONs) prepared in water were used as ECL nano-emitters. We also established an energetic ECL “wall” representation and then move forward creating ECL “map”upon electrochemical, photoluminescence and ECL studies on cationic triangulenes and cationic helicenes dyes, respectively.Secondly, the preparation of thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)(pNIPAM) hydrogel films covalently incorporating Ru(bpy)3 redox centers were achieved on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) or carbon fiber by electrochemically induced free radical polymerization. ECL studies on the modified GCEs have provided the main factor (the average distance of Ru(bpy)3 sites) that governs the ECL process, leading to deciphering the enhanced ECL in the films. The deposition of the films on carbon fiber by bipolar electrochemistry (BPE) has opened new route to for the development of smart hybrid micro objects. Finally, analytical application is one of the most important features of ECL. We presented two different ECL assays using either the phenylboronic acid modified amine based co-reactants or gold coated optical fiber bundle. The binding of saccharides with boronic acid modified tertiary amines makes the oxidation of amines group inefficient, which decreases ECL signal response. By changing linker length of a bis-boronic acid amine co-reactant, we are able to determine D-glucose and D-fructose selectively. We also studied the ECL generation of Ru(bpy)32+/TPrA systemon the gold coated optical fiber bundle in a wireless manner by BPE, then transmission and remote detection at the opposite end of the same object. This methodmay extend the applicability of ECL assays in the confined or hazardous environments. / 电化学发光(ECL)的发生是由于在电极表面通过电子转移反应生成了发光体的激发态跃迁到基态,并伴随着发光。这些电子转移反应可划分为两种主要的途径:正负自由基湮灭反应和共反应物反应。而后者被广泛应用于分析化学领域。在本论文中,我们在电化学发光领域中进行了广泛的研究,具体有三个研究方向:新型电化学发光光团的研究、响应水凝胶膜的制备以及电化学发光分析的研究。首先,我们选择了三种不同类型的有机荧光分子用于电化学发光的研究。这些有机荧光分子展现出许多电化学和电化学发光特性。其中,螺芴荧光分子展现出了非常强的电化学发光。而且用它制备的荧光有机纳米颗粒(FONs)在水相中也可以产生电化学发光。基于对阳离子型三角烯和阳离子型螺烯的电化学、光谱学以及电化学发光的研究,我们分别建立了鉴别电化学发光“墙”和“图谱”。其次,利用自由基电聚合的方法,我们实现了在玻碳电极和碳纤维表面上制备热刺激-响应的聚异丙基丙烯酰胺(p-NIPAM)共价嫁接三联吡啶钌Ru(bpy)3 荧光分子的水凝胶膜。通过对玻碳电极上水凝胶膜的电化学发光的研究,我们发现了控制水凝胶膜中电化学发光的主要因素,从而揭秘了水凝胶膜中电化学发光增强的成因。而且,利用双电极化学(BPE)的方法,我们将此类水凝胶膜的制备应用于碳纤维上,以发展灵敏杂化微米级器件。最后,鉴于化学分析是电化学发光最重要的特征,我们构建两种不同的电化学发光分析体系:一种是基于硼酸化学修饰的三丙胺共反应物;另一种是利用镀金光导纤维。硼酸对糖类的结合弱化了三丙胺的电化学氧化效率,因此影响电化学发光的强度。通过改变双硼酸修饰共混物之间碳链的长度,我们实现了对葡萄糖和果糖的选择性检测。我们还研究了在镀金光导纤维上三联吡啶钌/三丙胺体系的 电化学发光。此研究是在双电极体系进行的,镀金光导纤维无需外部接线,镀金部位产生的发光透过光纤传输的光纤的远端,再进行检测,因此达到了电化学发光的远程检测。这一方法可应用于狭窄危险环境中的电化学发光分析。

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