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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

ELETROCIRURGIA E CLIPES DE TITÂNIO PARA HEMOSTASIA EM PEDÍCULOS OVARIANOS DURANTE OVARIOHISTERECTOMIA VIDEOASSISTIDA COM DOIS PORTAIS EM CADELAS / ELECTROSURGERY AND TITANIUM CLIPS FOR HEMOSTASIS OF OVARIAN PEDICLES ON VIDEO-ASSISTED OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY WITH TWO PORTALS IN BITCHES

Guedes, Rogério Luizari 05 March 2012 (has links)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico / This study evaluated the use of bipolar electrosurgery and laparoscopic clip applier with respect to surgical time, blood loss and inflammatory response during video-assisted ovariohysterectomy with two portals. Two groups (n=10) assessed each of the hemostatic techniques during castration and a third group (GIII, n=6) evaluated changes in serum promoted only by the clinical and anesthetic protocols used in order to exclude the changes made by them. The surgical times, such as the volume of blood loss were significantly lower in Bipolar Group. The inflammatory response was significantly higher throughout the evaluation period after surgery, but no clinical manifestations different than those presented by the Clipador Group. There were no significant changes in packed cell volume between the groups, but among the times evaluated it reduced about 10% from initial value until four hours after the procedure, in the surgical groups and Group III. Both techniques have good execution by the video-assisted procedure, however, the use of bipolar forceps allows minor surgical times, minimal blood loss and shorter learning curve for the surgeon. The bleeding does not result in physiological changes and that one s on packed cell volume are presented because of the clinical and anesthetic protocols. / Este estudo avaliou a utilização da eletrocirurgia bipolar e do clipador laparoscópico em relação ao tempo cirúrgico, perda sanguínea e resposta inflamatória durante a ovariohisterectomia videoassistida com dois portais. Dois grupos (n=10) avaliaram cada uma das técnicas hemostáticas durante as castrações e um grupo (GIII, n=6) avaliou as alterações séricas promovidas somente pelo protocolo clínico e anestésico utilizado, a fim de excluir as alterações promovidas por estes. O tempo cirúrgico, assim como o volume de sangue perdido foram significativamente menores no Grupo Bipolar. A resposta inflamatória apresentou valores significativamente maiores durante todo o período de avaliação pósoperatório, sem manifestações clínicas diferentes das apresentadas pelo Grupo Clipador. Em relação ao hematócrito não houve alterações significativas entre os grupos, mas entre os tempos de avaliação reduziu cerca de 10% do valor inicial, até quatro horas do final do procedimento, tanto nos grupos cirúrgicos como no Grupo III. Ambas as técnicas são de boa execução através do procedimento videoassistido, porém, o uso da pinça bipolar permite menores tempos cirúrgicos, sangramento mínimo e menor curva de aprendizado do cirurgião. O sangramento não acarreta em alterações fisiológicas e as mudanças apresentadas no hematócrito são provenientes dos protocolos clínico e anestésico instituídos.
2

Effects of xylazine, romifidine and detomidine on haematology, serum biochemistry and splenic size in horses

Kullmann, Anne 30 November 2011 (has links)
Alpha 2 agonists are frequently used in equine medicine. This study focused primarily on α2 agonist-induced changes in PCV and TSP. A secondary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of α2 agonist on selected serum biochemical parameters and splenic size in order to identify potential causes for the changes seen in PCV and TSP. Four healthy adult mares were treated in a blinded, randomized, cross-over design with a single dose of xylazine (0.5 mg/kg), romifidine (0.04 mg/kg) or detomidine (0.01 mg/kg) intravenously, or detomidine (0.02 mg/kg) intramuscularly. A 1-week washout period was allowed between treatments. Haematology, TSP, COP, plasma osmolality, glucose, BUN, serum lactate, electrolytes, venous blood pH, ultrasonographic splenic size and degree of clinical sedation were evaluated at different time points post-injection and compared to baseline values. All treatments induced similar clinical sedation in the mares. A significant change over time in PCV and TSP following each treatment was identified, with overall median (range) maximal reductions compared to baseline of 20.9% (12.9 - 27.3%) and 5.8% (3.0 - 10.3%), respectively. Additionally, changes over time were significant for RBC count, BUN, COP and Ca2+, which decreased; and glucose, plasma osmolality, Na+ and splenic size, which increased, when compared to baseline. There was no significant main effect of treatment on PCV, TSP or any other parameters measured except for glucose. This study concluded that changes in PCV, TSP and other biochemical parameters induced by α2 agonists should be taken into consideration when assessing critically ill horses that received these drugs. There was evidence of splenic RBC sequestration as well as fluid shifts; therefore, the results suggest a multifactorial cause for the changes in PCV and TSP. / Dissertation (MSc)--University of Pretoria, 2011. / Companion Animal Clinical Studies / unrestricted
3

Marcadores fenot?picos para caracteriza??o de caprinos com diferentes n?veis de resist?ncia ?s endoparasitoses gastrintestinais / Phenotypic markers to characterizeE goats with different levels of resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes

Coutinho, Renata Maria Alves 28 February 2012 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-12-17T15:34:44Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 RenataMAC_DISSERT.pdf: 1125273 bytes, checksum: 6bd33833f33ca21674933995a1ccf14a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-02-28 / Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior / The aim of this study was to evaluate and characterize phenotypically goats with different levels of resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes. For a period of 93 days, 60 F2 goats originated from ? Saanen and ? Anglo- nubian animals were kept in the same area of pasture. Every seven days, feces and blood were collected for eggs per gram counts of feces (EPG) and cultures of feces and to determinate the number of eosinophils, packed cell volume and total plasma protein, respectively. On the same day, the animals were weighed and submitted to body score condition and FAMACHA method to worm control. Based on the average of EPG, the twelve animals with the highest average (susceptible group) and the twelve animals with the lowest average of EPG (resistant group) were selected, slaughtered and necropsied to recovery, counting andparasites identification. The resistant animals present lower EPG mean (P <0.0001) and 4.7 folder less parasites than susceptible animals. The resistant group presented higher mean packed cell volume (26.48%) and total plasma protein (6.24 g / dl) than susceptible one (24,04% e 5,82g/dl, respectively). The average number of eosinophils was similar in both groups The Haemonchus sp. was the most prevalent in the culture of feces, followed by Trischostrongylus sp. and Oesophagostomum sp.. The counting of nematodes in the abomasum of susceptible group was higher than in resistant one. The species identified were H. contortus in abomasums and T. colubriformis in small intestine. It can be concluded that EPG, packed cell volume and total plasma protein were useful phenotypic markers to identify animals as resistant and susceptible to gastrointestinal nematodes infections / O presente trabalho teve como objetivo de avaliar e caracterizar fenotipicamente caprinos com diferentes n?veis de resist?ncia a nematoides gastrintestinais. Em um per?odo de 93 dias, 60 caprinos F2 oriundos do cruzamento de animais ? Saanen e ? Anglo-nubiano foram mantidos em uma mesma ?rea de pastagem cultivada irrigada de capim Tanz?nia (Panicum maximum Jacq. Cv Tanz?nia). A cada sete dias, fezes e sangue foram coletados para contagem de ovos por grama de fezes (OPG), coproculturas, contagem de eosin?filos, determina??o de volume globular e prote?na plasm?tica total, respectivamente. No mesmo dia das coletas, os animais foram pesados e avaliados quanto ao escore da condi??o corporal e grau de anemia com aux?lio no cart?o FAMACHA. Com base na m?dia de OPG, os doze animais com as maiores m?dias de OPG (grupo suscept?vel) e os doze animais com as menores m?dias de OPG (grupo resistente) foram identificados e selecionados para serem abatidos e necropsiados para a recupera??o, contagem e identifica??o dos parasitos presentes. Os animais pertencentes ao grupo resistente apresentaram menor m?dia de OPG (P<0,0001) e 4,7 vezes menos parasitos adultos do que os animais do grupo suscept?vel. O grupo resistente obteve maior m?dia de volume globular (26,48%) e prote?na plasm?tica total (6,24 g/dl) do que os animais suscept?veis (24,04% e 5,82g/dl, respectivamente). A m?dia de eosin?filos foi semelhante nos dois grupos .O g?nero Haemonchus foi o mais prevalente a nas coproculturas, seguido por Trischostrongylus e Oesophagostomum. A contagem de nematoides foi maior no abomaso do grupo suscept?vel do que no grupo resistente. As esp?cies identificadas foram H. contortus no abomaso e T. colubriformis no intestino delgado. Conclui-se que OPG, volume globular e prote?na plasm?tica total foram marcadores fenot?picos eficientes para identificar animais resistentes e suscept?veis ?s infec??es causadas por nematoides gastrintestinais
4

Évaluation des effets de l'administration de fer intramusculaire sur l'anémie chez les oiseaux de proie

Dubé, Catherine 04 1900 (has links)
L’administration de fer dextran à 10 mg/kg intramusculaire (IM) est un traitement empirique couramment recommandé en médecine aviaire lors d’hémorragie ou d’anémie. L’objectif principal de cette étude était d’évaluer les effets de ce traitement sur l’anémie chez les oiseaux de proie. Deux types d’individus ont été utilisés : des crécerelles d’Amérique (Falco sparverius) où une anémie par perte de sang externe aiguë a été créée (deux phlébotomies de 20-40 % du volume sanguin total à un intervalle de 6 h) et des oiseaux de proie sauvages de différentes espèces souffrant d’anémies diverses. L’ensemble des oiseaux a été subdivisé aléatoirement en groupe traitement (fer dextran 10 mg/kg IM) et contrôle (NaCl 0,9% IM). Un suivi dans le temps a été réalisé afin d’étudier leur récupération de l’anémie, la présence d’effets secondaires au traitement et l’impact d’une administration de fer sur ces réserves. Aucune différence significative n’a été observée entre les deux groupes en ce qui concerne les signes cliniques, l’hématocrite, le pourcentage des polychromatophiles/réticulocytes, la densité cellulaire et le fer de la moelle osseuse, la créatine kinase et le fer plasmatique. La majorité des crécerelles ont présenté une myosite au site d’injection du fer. Nos résultats suggèrent qu’une administration de 10 mg/kg de fer dextran IM n’a pas d’effet sur l’érythropoïèse des rapaces souffrant d’anémie par perte de sang externe aiguë, qu’elle provoque une légère inflammation au site d’injection et qu’elle n’influence pas les réserves de fer. Le comptage des réticulocytes en anneau et des polychromatophiles semble être deux méthodes équivalentes. / A 10 mg/kg intramuscular (IM) administration of iron dextran is a common empirical treatment recommended in avian medicine for hemorrhage and anemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of this treatment on anemia in birds of prey. Two kinds of specimen were used: the American kestrel (Falco sparverius) where an acute external blood loss anemia was created (with two phlebotomies of 20-40 % of the total blood volume at 6 hours interval) and other various species of wild birds of prey suffering from different types of anemia. All subjects were randomized into a treatment (iron dextran 10 mg/kg IM) or a control (NaCl 0,9 % IM) group. Monitoring was carried out to evaluate the evolution of the anemia, presence of side effects and impact of an iron administration on their iron reserve. No significant differences were observed between the two treatment groups for clinical signs, packed cell volume, the percentage of reticulocytes/polychromatophilic erythrocytes, bone marrow cellularity and iron, plasmatic iron and creatine kinase. Most kestrels had a myositis at the iron injection site. Our results suggest that an IM injection of 10 mg/kg iron dextran has no effect on raptor erythropoiesis after an acute external blood loss anemia, that it has no effect on iron reserve, and that it can cause mild inflammation at the injection site. The polychromatophilic erythrocytes and the reticulocytes ring form count were two equivalent methods.
5

Évaluation des effets de l'administration de fer intramusculaire sur l'anémie chez les oiseaux de proie

Dubé, Catherine 04 1900 (has links)
L’administration de fer dextran à 10 mg/kg intramusculaire (IM) est un traitement empirique couramment recommandé en médecine aviaire lors d’hémorragie ou d’anémie. L’objectif principal de cette étude était d’évaluer les effets de ce traitement sur l’anémie chez les oiseaux de proie. Deux types d’individus ont été utilisés : des crécerelles d’Amérique (Falco sparverius) où une anémie par perte de sang externe aiguë a été créée (deux phlébotomies de 20-40 % du volume sanguin total à un intervalle de 6 h) et des oiseaux de proie sauvages de différentes espèces souffrant d’anémies diverses. L’ensemble des oiseaux a été subdivisé aléatoirement en groupe traitement (fer dextran 10 mg/kg IM) et contrôle (NaCl 0,9% IM). Un suivi dans le temps a été réalisé afin d’étudier leur récupération de l’anémie, la présence d’effets secondaires au traitement et l’impact d’une administration de fer sur ces réserves. Aucune différence significative n’a été observée entre les deux groupes en ce qui concerne les signes cliniques, l’hématocrite, le pourcentage des polychromatophiles/réticulocytes, la densité cellulaire et le fer de la moelle osseuse, la créatine kinase et le fer plasmatique. La majorité des crécerelles ont présenté une myosite au site d’injection du fer. Nos résultats suggèrent qu’une administration de 10 mg/kg de fer dextran IM n’a pas d’effet sur l’érythropoïèse des rapaces souffrant d’anémie par perte de sang externe aiguë, qu’elle provoque une légère inflammation au site d’injection et qu’elle n’influence pas les réserves de fer. Le comptage des réticulocytes en anneau et des polychromatophiles semble être deux méthodes équivalentes. / A 10 mg/kg intramuscular (IM) administration of iron dextran is a common empirical treatment recommended in avian medicine for hemorrhage and anemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of this treatment on anemia in birds of prey. Two kinds of specimen were used: the American kestrel (Falco sparverius) where an acute external blood loss anemia was created (with two phlebotomies of 20-40 % of the total blood volume at 6 hours interval) and other various species of wild birds of prey suffering from different types of anemia. All subjects were randomized into a treatment (iron dextran 10 mg/kg IM) or a control (NaCl 0,9 % IM) group. Monitoring was carried out to evaluate the evolution of the anemia, presence of side effects and impact of an iron administration on their iron reserve. No significant differences were observed between the two treatment groups for clinical signs, packed cell volume, the percentage of reticulocytes/polychromatophilic erythrocytes, bone marrow cellularity and iron, plasmatic iron and creatine kinase. Most kestrels had a myositis at the iron injection site. Our results suggest that an IM injection of 10 mg/kg iron dextran has no effect on raptor erythropoiesis after an acute external blood loss anemia, that it has no effect on iron reserve, and that it can cause mild inflammation at the injection site. The polychromatophilic erythrocytes and the reticulocytes ring form count were two equivalent methods.

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