Gender jako sociální konstrukce a jeho vliv na jazyk mužů a žen / Gender as a social construction and its impact on the language of men and womenKožová, Martina January 2013 (has links)
The thesis follows the relation between gender and language use of individuals for whom German is a foreign language. It is based on the hypothesis, that the language of men and women shows some typical characteristics. On the background of the development of feminist or gender linguistics the thesis gives an overview of the different concepts, which are trying to explain the relationship between gender and language. Presented are also specific language characteristic of men and women. Further an important theoretical basis is the theory of social construction of reality. Following the theory the thesis examines how are the individuals being styled into their respective gender roles and what influence this stylization on their language use has. The practical part of the thesis is based on a research conducted by an online-questionnaire. Based on data collected from individuals with German as a foreign language the thesis studies perception of a gender-specific language on one hand, as well as the own language stylization of the respondents into their respective gender roles on the other. The thesis looks for an answer to the question, whether and to what extent the use of a foreign language affects the language construction of an own gender identity. Key words: gender, communicative domain, identity, German...
En kontextuellt varierande uppfattning av sexuella trakasserier: : En kvantitativ studie om genusidentitetens roll i bedömningen av sexuella trakasserier i skolmiljön.Härd, Sofia January 2016 (has links)
Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka bedömningen av en situation som inbegriper sexuella trakasserier med genusidentitetens betydelse som central aspekt. En stor andel av den tidigare forskningen berör sexuella trakasserier på arbetsplatser, organisationer och liknande verksamheter. Forskning har även synliggjort skolan som en arena för beteende motsvarande sexuella trakasserier, en arena som även tycks öka i omfattning. Ytterligare en generell trend inom den tidigare forskningen i ämnet är att utifrån teoretiska resonemang diskutera fenomenet i termer av genusnormer, makt och strukturer. I uppsatsen besvaras frågeställningar rörande dels hur attityden till sexuella trakasserier i skolmiljön kontextuellt kan variera beroende på de centrala aktörernas genusidentitet, dels med explorativa avsikter huruvida dessa attityder är kvantitativt mätbara. Via ett bekvämlighetsurval skickades en internetbaserad enkät ut till medlemmar i Lärarnas Riksförbund Stockholm och insamlat datamaterial genomgick statistiska analyser motsvarande ANOVA för upprepade mätningar samt Post Hoc-analyser. Resultaten visar att bedömningen av en situation inbegripande sexuella trakasserier skiljer sig beroende på de centrala aktörernas genusidentitet. Situationer där förövaren är en man uppfattas mer allvarliga än situationer där förövaren är en kvinna, oberoende av den utsattes genusidentitet. Resultatet diskuteras sedan utifrån teoretiska resonemang gällande socialt konstruerade strukturer och mönster.
Cighi, Catalin I
01 January 2008
This thesis puts forth a model for analyzing and understanding the social construction of the concept of place. The Place Deconstruction Model (PDM) consists of a decentered and a centered perspective. The decentered perspective identifies three instances of sense making, at the levels of perception (crude place), meaning making (constructed place), and the building of artifice (commodified place). The centered perspective accounts for the subjectivity of the observer, as determined by memory, expectations, and the experience of the here and now. The method of analysis involves the juxtaposition of spatial (space, place identity, place image), temporal (time, history, heritage), and social (being, self identity, self image) lenses that require adjustment of parameters such as perspective and unit of analysis. The findings derived from the application of this model have both academic and practical applications.
Mediální obraz učitele v českém filmu v období od roku 2000 / Media picture of the teacher in the Czech cinematography in the period after the year 2000Majerová, Markéta January 2015 (has links)
The thesis "Media Picture of a Teacher in the Czech Film in the Period Since 2000" is construed as one of a theoretical-empirical nature. Its theoretical part has set out two objectives. First, a process, through which media takes part in construing the reality and building up a discourse on the present teacher, is being described in such part. Another objective rests in a brief depiction of the current state of a teacher profession, and a description of the academic discourse, which is being presented by a pedagogical science with respect to a figure of the teacher. In addition, selected Czech films creating a media picture of the teacher that are subject to a critical discourse analysis in the empirically based part of the thesis are presented in the theoretical part thereof. Individual types of discourse, which these films propose with respect to a teacher, are being commented on at the conclusion of such thesis. Keywords media, teacher, Social Construction of Reality, film, discourse analysis, discourse
Transexualidade(s) e travestilidade(s) no jornalismo: uma análise discursiva das notícias produzidas em Pernambuco pelo Aqui PE e Jornal do CommercioCAEIRO, Rui Miguel Pereira 29 February 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Fabio Sobreira Campos da Costa (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2016-08-26T13:34:53Z No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: 66e71c371cc565284e70f40736c94386 (MD5) DISSERTAÇÃO VERSÃO DIGITAL FINAL.pdf: 1801824 bytes, checksum: fa9f05a820a2698b9f22a84423419651 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-08-26T13:34:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 license_rdf: 1232 bytes, checksum: 66e71c371cc565284e70f40736c94386 (MD5) DISSERTAÇÃO VERSÃO DIGITAL FINAL.pdf: 1801824 bytes, checksum: fa9f05a820a2698b9f22a84423419651 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-02-29 / CAPEs / A presente investigação é instigada por dois pressupostos: 1) compreendendo a grande mídia como instituição integrada, e originada, no sistema capitalista, ela é foco de complexas lutas de/pelo poder para/de influenciar a produção de significados e representações sociais – ou seja, é espaço privilegiado no (re)conhecimento da (in)existência e (in)visibilização de vozes, temas e mundos, assim colaborando na (re)construção social da realidade; 2) na sociedade brasileira, pessoas trans constituem um dos grupos político-identitários que maior marginalização sofre diariamente – de ordem estrutural, muitas das violências transfóbicas/ cissexistas que enfrentam são resultado, e resultam, do/no apagamento de suas vozes, historicamente patologizadas/ criminalizadas pelos saberes ‘oficiais’ (principalmente os construídos pela medicina e ciências psi, reproduzidos nos mais variados espaços públicos e privados). Nossa hipótese é que a mídia é, também, espaço de (re)produção de violências e exclusão de pessoas trans – hipótese essa que ao final afirmamos, e justificamos, como verdadeira. Desta forma, o trabalho tem três objetivos centrais: 1) analisar os discursos produzidos (jan.2014 – jan.2015) por Aqui PE e Jornal de Commercio (versões impressas) acerca de transexualidade(s) e travestilidade(s); 2) através de entrevistas semi-estruturadas com alguns dos sujeitos envolvidos na produção noticiosa (editoras/es dos cadernos analisados), lançar pistas sobre algumas das concepções acerca de transexualidade e travestilidade que circulam nas redações dos jornais, bem como sobre outras variáveis que condicionem a construção noticiosa dos temas; 3) alinhavando teorizações provenientes, principalmente, das Teorias do Jornalismo, Estudos Críticos do Discurso e Estudos Queer, refletir sobre as possibilidades de mudança discursiva, portanto social, acerca da(s) transexualidade(s), travestilidade(s) e, necessária-simultaneamente, cisgeneridade(s). / The investigation is instigated by two assumptions: 1) understanding the mainstream media as an institution integrated, and originated, in the capitalist system, it is the focus of complex struggles of/for power to influence the production of meanings and social representations – i.e., its a privileged space for the recognition of (in)existence and (in)visibility of voices, themes and worlds, thus collaborating in the reconstruction of reality; 2) in Brazilian society, transgender people are one of the political/identity groups that, on daily bases, experience social marginalization – structural, many of the transphobic/ cissexists violence they face are the result, and result, from / in the deletion of their voices, historically pathologized/ criminalized by 'official' knowledge (mostly built by medicine and psychological sciences, reproduced in various public and private spaces). Our hypothesis is that the media is, also, space of (re)production of violence and exclusion of transgender people - a hypothesis that at the end we found to be true. Thus, the work has three main objectives: 1) to analyze the discourses produced (jan.2014 - jan.2015) on Aqui PE and Jornal do Commercio (printed versions) about transsexuality(s); 2) through semi-structured interviews with some of those involved in news production (publishers of the analyzed books), provide clues about some of the conceptions of transsexuality circulating in newsroom and newspapers, as well as other variables that condition the construction of news topics; 3) tacking theories derived mainly from Journalism Theories, Critical Discourse Studies and Queer Studies, reflect on the possibilities of discursive change, therefore social changes, about transgenderity and, necessary- simultaneously, cisgenderity.
SPEAKING THROUGH THEIR CLOTHES: THE IDENTITY CHALLENGES OF MUSLIM WOMEN USING SOCIAL MEDIA IN THE WESTERN WORLD TO NEGOTIATE BEAUTY FRAMESHassan, Toqa A January 2018 (has links)
No description available.
Konstrukce účastníků politické komunikace v českých internetových periodicích / Framework of political communication participants in Czech internet periodicsNejedlá, Tereza January 2010 (has links)
The diploma thesis "Framework of political communication participants in Czech internet Periodics" analyse the way Czech internet news webs portray reality, how they transform it and construct under their own demands. Through analyzing two significant Czech events in 2008 - the case of Prague culture fundation and the case of the general treaty on American radar base in the Czech Republic underwriting - it describes not only the particular frames, in which Czech webdailies arrange media communication participants, but it also intends to describe Czech webdailies background within the way they use the audiovisual components in their news, who are their news sources and how their work is influenced by citizen journalism and blogging phenomena.
Břeclavská lež: etické hranice práce se zdroji a sociální konstrukce reality médii / The Břeclav's lie: Ethical Frontiers of Working with Sources and the Social Construction of Reality Created by the MediaČerná, Zuzana January 2015 (has links)
The diploma thesis The Břeclav's lie: Ethical Frontiers of Working with Sources and the Social Construction of Reality Created by the Media focuses on methods used by news media for creation of contents (about particular minority) and their ability to influence social processes according to which form for their contents they choose. The thesis si divived into four parts. In the first part of the thesis, the main focus is mainly on theory and concepts which are relevant for understanding other parts of the thesis, mainly the fourthone. Author focuses dominantly on respected paradigm of role of media in contemporary society and stereotypes as a necessary substance of media work. Second part established a line between theoretical and practical parts of the thesis. It describes ethical norms used for information handling not only when minorities are in the game. Routines as strong determinant in process of creating of media contents are analysed, as well as related polls and research focusing on impact on audience with particular focus on reliability and accountability of those sources. Data on size of the audience is mentioned as well. Third part consists of role of Roma minority in the Czech society regarding categorisation of thematic frameworks. This chapter involves parts on ethnicity as a tool of...
New Reality Resembles Old: An Examination of the American Public's Social Construction of Reality Following September 11, 2001 Terrorist AttacksStoutmeyer, Stacie L. 05 1900 (has links)
This thesis examines whether the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks caused a significant, lasting change in the American public's social construction of reality. A framework of everyday reality was created which focused on beliefs, behaviors, and cultural institutions in the United States. Data regarding specific beliefs and behaviors was collected from numerous survey sources, and content analysis was performed on media literature from September 11, 2001 to September 11, 2003. Findings from this study show that beliefs examined did change, while behaviors on similar topics did not. These finding represents an interesting paradox to be evaluated in future studies. Cultural institutions, as related to the public's knowledge of and relationship with each, also appeared little changed. Therefore, while some aspects displayed adjustment, this study cannot conclusively state that American public's social construction of reality experienced a "new reality" paradigm shift as proclaimed by the media immediately following the attacks.
Komparativní sémotická analýza reklamního prostoru české a korejské mutace časopisu Elle / Comparative Semiotic Analysis of Czech and Korean version of Elle Magazine AdventisingsHybrantová, Romana January 2017 (has links)
The thesis entitled Comparative Semiotic Analysis of Czech and Korean version of Elle Magazine Advertisings deals with the comparison of advertisings in the Czech and South Korean versions of global lifestyle magazine ELLE in terms of semiotic analysis. The thesis is structured in classical terms with theoretical starting points representing three key areas needed for analysis. The first part deals with the concept of the media, media product and its content. It also provides information about the ELLE magazine and its internationalization with special emphasis on South Korean cultural specificities. Also it cannot be forgotten the chapter devoted to the theory of socail construction of reality based on the work of Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann. The second part is key because it brings knowledge about the semiotics and the main representatives of the field. The thesis thus represents Charles Sanders Peirce, Ferdinand de Saussure and especially the mythology of Roland Barthes. The last theoretical part looked at the essence of marketing communication and advertising and the use of celebrities in advertising campaigns. The analysis part as based on the theoretical basis focuses on the semiotic analysis of advertisements targeting the Czech and South Korean markets, with almost 470 campaigns in the...
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