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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code

Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas 01 November 2005 (has links)
Stabilizer codes form a special class of quantum error correcting codes. Nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes are studied in this thesis. A lot of work on binary quantum stabilizer codes has been done. Nonbinary stabilizer codes have received much less attention. Various results on binary stabilizer codes such as various code families and general code constructions are generalized to the nonbinary case in this thesis. The lower bound on the minimum distance of a code is nothing but the minimum distance of the currently best known code. The focus of this research is to improve the lower bounds on this minimum distance. To achieve this goal, various existing quantum codes are studied that have good minimum distance. Some new families of nonbinary stabilizer codes such as quantum BCH codes are constructed. Different ways of constructing new codes from the existing ones are also found. All these constructions together help improve the lower bounds.
2

Code constructions and code families for nonbinary quantum stabilizer code

Ketkar, Avanti Ulhas 01 November 2005 (has links)
Stabilizer codes form a special class of quantum error correcting codes. Nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes are studied in this thesis. A lot of work on binary quantum stabilizer codes has been done. Nonbinary stabilizer codes have received much less attention. Various results on binary stabilizer codes such as various code families and general code constructions are generalized to the nonbinary case in this thesis. The lower bound on the minimum distance of a code is nothing but the minimum distance of the currently best known code. The focus of this research is to improve the lower bounds on this minimum distance. To achieve this goal, various existing quantum codes are studied that have good minimum distance. Some new families of nonbinary stabilizer codes such as quantum BCH codes are constructed. Different ways of constructing new codes from the existing ones are also found. All these constructions together help improve the lower bounds.
3

Off the Gender Spectrum: Exploring Agender Experience

Clupny, Loren 08 1900 (has links)
With the proliferation of gender identity labels in the last twenty years, more individuals are identifying outside of a binary understanding of gender. Agender individuals are among this group, but we know very little about their experiences. Gender theorists have examined the ways that gender is performative and structural, but present theory does not provide the tools to understand the experiences of those outside of the binary, and even more so those who identify outside of gender altogether. To address this gap, I ask how agender individuals define their experience and how they navigate a binary gendered world. To answer these questions, I draw on 14 in-depth interviews with agender individuals as well as data from the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey. First, I show the ways that agender individuals can understand this identity and how it shapes their experiences. Second, I develop a framework of four strategies (avoidance, advocacy, performance, and acquiescence) to analyze how agender individuals navigate gendered space. I concluded with a discussion of theoretical and empirical contributions as well as implications for future research.
4

Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes

Kumar, Santosh 01 November 2005 (has links)
The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance of these codes using linear programming methods. However, not much is known in the case of nonbinary stabilizer codes. In this thesis, we establish a bridge between selforthogonal classical codes over the finite field containing q2 elements and quantum codes, extending and unifying previous work by Matsumoto and Uyematsu (2000), Ashikhmin and Knill (November 2001), Kim and Walker (2004). We construct a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance of the stabilizer codes using linear programming methods that are tighter than currently known bounds. Finally, we derive code construction techniques that will help us find new codes from existing ones. All these results help us to gain a better understanding of the theory of nonbinary stabilizer codes.
5

Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes

Kumar, Santosh 01 November 2005 (has links)
The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance of these codes using linear programming methods. However, not much is known in the case of nonbinary stabilizer codes. In this thesis, we establish a bridge between selforthogonal classical codes over the finite field containing q2 elements and quantum codes, extending and unifying previous work by Matsumoto and Uyematsu (2000), Ashikhmin and Knill (November 2001), Kim and Walker (2004). We construct a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance of the stabilizer codes using linear programming methods that are tighter than currently known bounds. Finally, we derive code construction techniques that will help us find new codes from existing ones. All these results help us to gain a better understanding of the theory of nonbinary stabilizer codes.
6

The recognition of the nonbinary gender : A socio-legal analysis of the third gender legislation in Malta and Germany

Kriva, Maria January 2019 (has links)
The binary conception of gender as solely male or female has had a great impact to nonbinary and intersex people in the societal and legal field. Their ability to enjoy human rights is impacted by the current normative confines of sex and gender. The aim of the following paper is to investigate how Malta and Germany have included intersex people and/or nonbinary identities in their legislation and through a socio-legal analysis examine whether their legislations achieved to provide non-discrimination policies. The paper concludes that the third legal recognition in Malta and Germany is based on different perspectives in order to include populations that do not conform to the binary dichotomy and that seek legal recognition.
7

THE IMPACT OF EXTERNAL FACTORS ON GENDER DYSPHORIA

Goldbach, Chloe 01 September 2020 (has links)
Researchers continually identify gender dysphoria as a significant mental health concern for many transgender individuals. Physical and mental health providers use the existing medical model to conceptualize and design treatment for gender dysphoria. This means that gender dysphoria is currently viewed and treated as an internal concern isolated to the individual. Researchers have also identified that external factors, such as discrimination and societal prejudice, have a significantly negative impact on the health of transgender individuals. Given that current conceptualizations of gender dysphoria focus on internal contributors to distress, external factors that also potentially contribute to gender dysphoria have not yet been explored. To address this gap in the literature, I conducted a study to identify and assess the severity of various external factors that may contribute to self-reported levels of gender dysphoria in transgender individuals. I recruited 195 participants who identify as transgender and who report experiencing gender dysphoria. Participants completed a survey that included the Transgender Congruence Scale, the Gender Preoccupation and Stability Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Gender Minority Stress and Resilience subscales, and the Gender Dysphoria from External Contributors Measure, a series of Likert-type scales developed for the present study that measure frequency of gender dysphoria experienced in a variety of external contexts. I conducted hierarchical multiple regression analyses to evaluate predictors for gender dysphoria from external contributors and gender dysphoria from internal contributors. Gender dysphoria from internal contributors was significantly associated with gender dysphoria from external contributors (r = 0.51). Several predictors uniquely predicted external contributors (i.e. gender-related rejection and gender-related discrimination) while others uniquely predicted internal contributors (i.e. internalized transphobia). Findings indicate that focusing solely on internal contributors generates an incomplete conceptualization of gender dysphoria. The results from this study allow for a more comprehensive understanding of gender dysphoria and the ways in which it impacts many transgender individuals. These results will be helpful in developing more accurate measures of gender dysphoria, which will lead to more effective, inclusive, and affirmative treatments for gender dysphoria and for transgender individuals in general.
8

"Jag är både och och ingenting, mitt emellan och runtomkring" : En jämförande studie om binära och ickebinära transpersoners vardagliga erfarenheter

Peters, Tom January 2015 (has links)
This is a comparative study between binary and nonbinary transgender people based on their everyday experience of difficulties. Previous studies show that many transpeople experience violence, infringement and oppression. Studies also show that suicide rate among transgender people is much higher than among the common (cisgender) population. Those studies rarely make an analysis based on specific gender identity, which shows the diversity among transgender people.To analyse the individual experiences, this study made four interviews with binary and nonbinary transgender people. The interviews were analysed with a queer-theoratical perspective to show and focus on the oppressional mechanics that heteronormativity has. The results show clear differences and similarities between binary and nonbinary transgender people's experiences of everyday life difficulties and oppression. Nonbinary transgender people elucidate their nonexistence in the majorities knowledge as a big difficulty; that people in their everyday surroundings and society in general are not aware of them. Binary transgender people's experiences have instead been focusing on their bodies and social context of their transitions. / Denna studie avser att undersöka och jämföra transpersoners erfarenheter kring svårigheter i vardagen. Jämförelsen görs mellan binära och ickebinära transpersoner. Tidigare forskning visar att många transpersoner blir utsatta för våld, kränkningar och förtryck. Den visar även att självmordsfrekvensen bland transpersoner är mycket högre än hos populationen i övrigt. I dessa undersökningar kring transpersoners hälsa och situation görs det sällan eller aldrig analyser baserade på den mångfald gällande identitet som finns inom gruppen transpersoner. För att undersöka dessa individuella erfarenheter genomfördes ett antal intervjuer med binära och ickebinära transpersoner. Intervjuerna analyserades utifrån en queerteoretisk utgångspunkt för att belysa de förtryckande mekanismer som heteronormen medför. Resultatet visar att det finns tydliga likheter och skillnader i binära och ickebinära transpersoners erfarenheter kring svårigheter och förtryck. Ickebinära transpersoner tar upp omgivningens omedvetenhet kring deras existens som en stor svårighet, att personer i deras vardagliga omgivning och i samhället i stort inte känner till att de finns medan svårigheterna för binära transpersoner snarare har varit i förhållande till deras kroppar och sociala sammanhang.
9

Berättelser bortom det könsbinära - transrepresentation i barnlitteratur : En text- och innehållsanalys av böcker om transpersoner för förskolebarn

Nilsson, Charlotta January 2017 (has links)
The objective of the following essay is to investigate in what way trans- and nonbinary people are portrayed in children’s literature. It aims to answer questions such as in what way the trans characters in the books examined are portrayed, and which stories and narratives are being told and reproduced, as well as which stories are missing or get neglected. The method used here is content analysis, in which twelve books make out the material for analysis. Out of these twelve, four books are analysed further and are presented in a more detailed manner. The content analysis is carried out by examining the literature based on how the stories are affected by their trans characters and how, if at all, the word trans is used by the author. In the result, the literature is categorized depending on where the focus of the story lies – and how the story is connected to the trans character in question. We learn that most of the books at hand can be classified as books without a focus on trans themes, and the remaining books either have a symbolic focus on trans themes, or a story mainly focused on a character being trans. This essay then discusses if literature with less outspoken trans themes are more attractive to conservative publishers, and why some of the literature with more uncommon themes are, as such, uncommon. The discussion also shines a light on the portrayal of nonbinary people, and raises questions regarding how we view gender based on looks and stereotypically gendered items. In conclusion, the essay finds that the books analysed here fails to show the diversity found in the trans community and in the way trans- and nonbinary people exist.
10

Gender Inequality: Nonbinary Transgender People in the Workplace

Davidson, Skylar 23 March 2016 (has links)
Most research on employment gender inequality focuses on differences between men and women, reinforcing a binary conception of gender. This study uses the National Transgender Discrimination Survey to evaluate the employment outcomes of nonbinary transgender people (those who identify as a gender other than man or woman). The results of this study suggest that being out as a nonbinary transgender person negatively affects nonbinary transgender people's employment outcomes. Though all transgender people have higher unemployment rates than the general population, outness has different effects on nonbinary transgender people based on sex assigned at birth, with those assigned male at birth tending to be discriminated against in hiring but those assigned female at birth more likely to experience differential treatment once hired. Race also contributes to differential treatment in the workplace. In an additional comparison between all transgender groups, I find that transgender women tend to have worse employment experiences than nonbinary transgender people and transgender men, the latter two tending to have similar outcomes.

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