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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

South Africa’s land reform programme: A case study of the relocation of the Stockenström community to Friemersheim in the Western Cape during the apartheid era

Seymour, Natalie N. January 2019 (has links)
Magister Artium (Development Studies) - MA(DVS) / This research places in context a proposed case study of land and property rights of a dispossessed Stockenström (Eastern Cape) community forcibly removed to Friemersheim (Western Cape) during the apartheid era, between 1985 and 1986. This dispossessed community has yet to receive appropriate compensation for that expropriation in the form of restoration of their property rights. This study examines the specifics of the legislative framework, which underpinned the circumstances of their land expropriation, as well as the pattern of land dispossession in South Africa during this era. To this end, it examines the impact of land-related apartheid legislation, which directly and indirectly influenced this community. It focuses on discussions, many of the parliamentary proclamations and statutes such as those passed in 1913, and beyond, which provided the legal context for large-scale land grabs, and contrasts these with the post-1994 land reformation programme. Finally, this research examines the practical implementation of the 1994 land reform programme, especially the component of restitution, with particular reference to the displaced Stockenström community who find themselves facing huge challenges in a democratic South Africa, even after they applied the new rights accorded to them in the land reform programme. It outlines the significance of the new legislative rights conferred on those dispossessed and tracks their land claims successes and failures.

Collective action in networks : communication, cooperation and redistribution

King, Maia January 2017 (has links)
A person's friends, neighbours and other social relationships can have a large impact on their economic outcomes. We examine three important ways that networks can affect people's lives: when networks describe who they communicate with, who they can trust, and who benefits from their public good provision. We analyse information transmission in networks in a new, intuitive way which removes the problematic redundancy of double counting the signals that travel through more than one walk between nodes. Two-connectedness and cycles of length four play an important role in whether players are `visible', which means that other players can communicate about them. Next, using this approach to network communication, we investigate cooperation and punishment in a society where information flows about cheating are determined by an arbitrary fixed network. We identify which players can trust and cooperate with each other in a repeated game where members of a community are randomly matched in pairs. Our model shows how two aspects of trust depend on players' network position: they are `trusting' if they are more likely to receive information about other players' types; and they are `trusted' if others can communicate about them, giving them strong incentives not to deviate. Lastly, in networks with private provision of public goods, we show that a `neutral' policy corresponds to a switch in the direction of the impact of income redistribution. Where redistribution is non- neutral, we can identify the welfare effects of transfers, including whether or not Pareto-improving transfers are possible. If not, we find the implicit welfare weights of the original equilibrium. In this setting, we also identify a transfer paradox, where, counter-intuitively, a transfer of wealth between economic agents can result in the giver being better off at the new Nash equilibrium, while the recipient is worse off.

Moment redistribution in reinforced concrete beams and one-way slabs using 500 MPa steel.

Islam, Mohammad M. January 2002 (has links)
In the Australian Standard, AS 3600-2001, the neutral axis parameter Ku is used as a convenient, but approximate, parameter to design for moment redistribution in building frames. The research work reported herein was conducted to obtain complete information regarding moment redistribution of beams and one-way slabs using 500 MPa steel reinforcement.A computer based iterative numerical method was developed to analyse reinforced two-span continuous concrete beams and one-way slabs. The method takes into account the material and geometrical non-linearities in the calculations. The deflected shape of the beam and one-way slab was calculated by dividing the span length into a number of rigid segments. The program also calculates the failure load and extent of moment redistribution. The analytical method was verified against the test results reported in the literature. The analytical results for load-deflection graphs and moment redistribution showed a good agreement with the test results.A parametric study was conducted using analytical method. The results of this study showed that moment redistribution depends not only on the neutral axis parameter (Ku) but also on the ratio of neutral axis parameter (Ku-/Ku+), ultimate steel strain (ªsu) and concrete compressive strength (fc).

Tax-Benefit Reform in Spain in a European Context: A non-behavioural and integrated microsimulation analysis

Levy Copello, Horacio 02 April 2004 (has links)
Los modelos de microsimulación de impuestos y subsidios sociales son instrumentos de análisis económico que permiten estudiar los efectos que las políticas fiscales tienen sobre la población. Para ello, utilizan bases de micro-datos con información detallada de individuos de una muestra que es representativa de la población estudiada. Al mismo tiempo, estos modelos simulan en detalle y de forma flexible cómo políticas fiscales (o su reforma) afectan la renta disponible de cada individuo. La combinación del uso de bases de micro-datos y el detalle de las simulaciones hacen de la microsimulación un instrumento riguroso y minucioso para el estudio de las políticas y las reformas fiscales tanto para la medición de agregados presupuestarios (gasto público o recaudación), como para la medición de efectos más complejos como la distribución de la renta, la pobreza, o los incentivos a decisiones económicas. Este trabajo desarrolla y utiliza el primer modelo integrado de microsimulación de impuestos y subsidios sociales para España - ESPASIM. Este modelo simula en detalle y de forma integrada el sistema fiscal español, y es comparable tanto en el alcance como en la fiabilidad de sus simulaciones a modelos de otros países con mayor tradición y experiencia en la microsimulación. El modelo español también ha sido integrado dentro modelo de microsimulación a escala europea - EUROMOD. EUROMOD fue desarrollado por 18 instituciones de los 15 países de la Unión Europea. Se trata de un instrumento capaz de llevar a cabo estudios comparados sobre sistemas fiscales de diferentes países usando una estructura común y consistente, y de analizar las políticas desde una perspectiva Europea. Esta tesis aplica ambos modelos en el estudio de dos reformas fiscales recientemente implementadas en España. La primera aplicación utiliza ESPASIM para analizar los efectos de la reforma del impuesto sobre la renta de las personas físicas de 1998 sobre la simplicidad. Los resultados obtenidos con ESPASIM demuestran que la reforma sólo alcanza parcialmente sus objetivos y que estos podrían ser mejorados con la eliminación de la declaración conjunta y de otras fuentes de diferencias entre el sistema de retenciones y la función impositiva de la declaración de la renta.La segunda aplicación utiliza EUROMOD para comparar las políticas de protección social a la familia utilizadas en España con las de otros países de la Unión Europea. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que España gasta significativamente menos en la protección familia y que dicho gasto tiene unos efectos de reducción de la desigualdad y de la pobreza muy inferiores al de los demás países estudiados. Los resultados con EUROMOD también demuestran que las recientes reformas han incrementado el gasto en políticas familiares, pero el impacto sobre la desigualdad y la pobreza se mantiene inalterado. Si España reformase sus políticas familiares equiparándolas a la de los demás países estudiados, manteniendo el nivel de gasto actual, la desigualdad y la pobreza disminuirían significativamente. / Tax-benefit microsimulation models are instruments of economic analysis that allow us to study the effects of fiscal reforms on the population. These models use micro-data with detailed individual information that is representative of the studied population. On the other hand, these models simulate in detail and with flexibility how fiscal policies (or their reform) affect the disposable income of each individual. The combination of micro-data and detailed simulation make microsimulation models a rigorous and comprehensive instrument to study fiscal policies and fiscal reforms. They are powerful tools measuring budget aggregates (such as public expenditure or revenue), as well as more detailed effects such as income distribution, poverty or incentives.This work develops and uses the first integrated tax-benefit microsimulation model for Spain - ESPASIM. This model simulates in detail the Spanish fiscal system and is comparable in terms of scope and reliability of simulation to the models of countries with greater tradition and experience in microsimulation. The Spanish model is also integrated within a European microsimulation framework - EUROMOD. EUROMOD is a multi-country microsimulation model developed by 18 institutions of the EU-15 countries. This instrument allows us to carry out international comparative studies on fiscal systems, as well as analyse policies from a European perspective.This thesis applies both models to study two reforms recently implemented in Spain. The first application used ESPASIM to analyse the effects of the 1998 personal income tax reform on simplicity. Results obtained using the Spanish microsimulation model suggest that the reform only partially achieves its objectives. The study also shows that significant improvements in terms of simplicity could be achieved with the elimination sources of differences between the withholding and the income tax function. The second application uses EUROMOD to compare the Spanish child-related benefits to those used in other countries from the European Union. Results demonstrate that the expenditure level and the poverty and inequality reduction effects of these benefits are significantly lower in Spain than in other analysed countries. The simulations with the European model also show that recent reforms in Spain have considerably increased social expenditure child benefits. However, this increase has not produced any change in terms of poverty or inequality reduction. On the other hand, if Spain had reformed it's policies making them similar to those from other EU countries, the inequality and poverty would fall significantly even under a expenditure-neutral constraint.

Privatisation as a tenet of GEAR and its socio-economic impact on the poor in the Western Cape with specific reference to the township of Khayelitsha /

Domingos, Joao Mateus. January 2007 (has links)
Thesis (MTech (Public Management))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2007. / Includes bibliographical references (leaves 124-134). Also available online.

Redistribuce v oblasti daní a pojistného / Redistribution of taxes and insurance premiums

Málková, Nikola January 2009 (has links)
This essay is focused on redistribution of wealth in Czech republic. The essay explained the role of public finance, state budget, tax system, social security and public health insurance. The goal is to analyze revenues and expenses of employees and self-employed.

An investigation into poverty alleviation involving land reform: a case study in Umkhanyakude District

Buthelezi, Agnes Thembisile January 2009 (has links)
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Community Work in the Department of Social Work at the The University of Zululand, South Africa, 2009. / The study investigated the poverty alleviation involving Land Reform Program (LRAD) Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development at Nhlahlayethu Farm (Umkhanyakude District). Besides land that has been taken back from White farmers and given to Black people; very little has been done to show the difference in poverty alleviation. Observations indicate that agricultural activity in land reform projects (LRAD- Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development) decrease significantly on land that was commercially viable under previous management. Large numbers of people presently own land that was initially owned by one person. Therefore, the first aim of the study was to investigate challenges and opportunities of land reform projects. The second aim of the study was to determine the general perspectives of the target farmers on agricultural farming. The third objective of the study was to investigate the general causes of non- functionality of land reform projects. The fourth objective of the study was to investigate how the whole group of farmers could work the farm up to its full potential and to determine how the Department of Land Affairs and Agriculture, could collaborate to improve development efforts towards sustainable land reform projects. The findings revealed that farmers experience a lot of challenges caused by the lack of funds and farming equipment after the land has been transferred. This ends up making the program of land reform not fully effective in alleviating poverty. Positive perspective of farmers towards farming is hindered by the lack of' farming management skills accompanied by the rate of illiteracy. Policies between the Department of Agriculture and Land Affairs need to be aligned so that after transferring the farm to beneficiaries, resources are available for supporting the target farmers. On the basis of the findings of this study, recommendations to the Land Reform Program (LRAD- Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development) as well as for directing future research were made.


Mochamad, Adhiraga Pratama 24 September 2015 (has links)
京都大学 / 0048 / 新制・課程博士 / 博士(工学) / 甲第19298号 / 工博第4095号 / 新制||工||1631(附属図書館) / 32300 / 京都大学大学院工学研究科都市環境工学専攻 / (主査)教授 米田 稔, 教授 田中 宏明, 准教授 島田 洋子 / 学位規則第4条第1項該当 / Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering) / Kyoto University / DGAM

Land Redistribution and its impact on Agri-BEE: A case study of Calcom PTY, Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa

Lepheane, Tumelo Justice 28 February 2007 (has links)
Student Number : 0006374W - MA research report - School of Sociology - Faculty of Humanities / The principal aims of the study were to evaluate the objectives, achievements and limits of the South African land redistribution programme as from 1994-2005. This study placed particular emphasis on evaluating the period commencing in 1999 until 2005 since this period is credited for formally aligning Land redistribution with broader objectives of Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE). As a result of the aforementioned this study also aimed to evaluate the extent to which the Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development (LRAD) reflects the broader objective, vision and aspirations of BBBEE and Agri-BEE. The latter analysis was based on an LRAD case study called Calcom PTY LTD in Barberton; Mpumalanga, South Africa. To extrapolate the data required for the attainment of the aims of the study, a qualitative research strategy which was based on a case study approach was utilised. This culminated in the choice of Calcom which is an LRAD project in order to further the analysis of the study. This enabled the study to develop a conceptual account of policy developments in the post-1999 period which saw BBBEE becoming a permanent feature of the South African land redistribution programme. Consequently a number of theories were used to account for changes that were made in the post-1999 period, namely the Neo-Classical, radical political economy, conceptual approaches to policy making and theories of development. This study argues that these changes are important for facilitating land redistribution to black people. However, without ensuring the availability of basic prerequisites for the emergence of black commercial farmers, such as skills developments, infrastructural support services, postsettlement support and access to finance and credit; the achievements and bias of LRAD towards black commercial farmers in theory will not have any impact on the broader vision of deracialising the Agri-economy in practice. Instead it will exclude the majority of poor black South Africans it ought to help, while empowering a few well resourced South Africans.

Allotment of aircraft spare parts using genetic algorithms

Batchoun, Pascale January 2000 (has links)
Mémoire numérisé par la Direction des bibliothèques de l'Université de Montréal.

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