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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

Distributed diffractive structures for micro-optical systems

Bisaillon, Eric. January 2007 (has links)
No description available.
32

Fibre-optic sensing technology and applications in civil engineering.

Wong, Allan Chi-Lun, Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW January 2007 (has links)
This thesis reports the research and industry-related works carried out from the development of a fibre-optic strain sensor system for Civil Engineering applications. A sensor system consists of a number of core components, including the sensing element, interrogation/demodulation, multiplexing, signal processing and hardware equipment. In the process of development, a number of issues have been identified and investigated, which resulted in the improvement of the system performance, as well as the proposal of new techniques for the sensor system. First, an improved demodulation technique for a type of sensor, namely the fibre Fizeau interferometer (FFI), is presented. The technique is based on the improvement of the Fourier transform peak detection method, which suffers severely from the poor resolution and accuracy of finding the sensor cavity length. The improvement over the original method has been compared and verified through simulations and experiments. Second, a simultaneous demodulation technique for multiplexed FFI and fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is proposed. Third, a multiplexing technique using amplitude-modulated chirped FBGs and the DWT is proposed. These two proposed techniques have been demonstrated experimentally through strain measurements. The strain resolution, crosstalk and limitations are investigated. In addition, simultaneous quasi-static strain and temperature sensing of different metal plates are performed. Fibre-optic sensors have found numerous applications in different areas. In this thesis, the use of FBG sensors in Civil Engineering applications is demonstrated in four experimental studies, including: (i) long-term measurement of drying shrinkage and creep of structural grade concrete; (ii) simultaneous measurement of shrinkage and temperature of reactive powder concrete (RPC) at early-age; (iii) measurement of coefficients of thermal expansion of cement mortar and RPC; and (iv) field-trial on the strain monitoring of the world?s first RPC road bridge. In addition, the experimental and practical issues of using FBG sensors are considered.
33

Polymer-based volume holographic grating couplers for optical interconnects

Wu, Shun-Der, January 2004 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (Ph. D.)--School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2004. Directed by Elias N. Glytsis. / Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 179-190).
34

Theory, design, and fabrication of diffractive grating coupler for slab waveguide /

Harper, Kevin Randolph, January 2003 (has links) (PDF)
Thesis (M.S.)--Brigham Young University. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2003. / Includes bibliographical references (p. 183-193).
35

Optical excitation of surface plasmon polaritons on novel bigratings

Constant, Thomas J. January 2013 (has links)
This thesis details original experimental investigations in to the interaction of light with the mobile electrons at the surface of metallic diffraction gratings. The gratings used in this work to support the resultant trapped surface waves (surface plasmon polaritons), may be divided into two classes: ‘crossed’ bigratings and ‘zigzag’ gratings. Crossed bigratings are composed of two diffraction gratings formed of periodic grooves in a metal surface, which are crossed at an angle relative to one another. While crossed bigratings have been studied previously, this work focuses on symmetries which have received comparatively little attention in the literature. The gratings explored in this work possesses two different underlying Bravais lattices: rectangular and oblique. Control over the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) dispersion on a rectangular bigrating is demonstrated by the deepening of one of the two constituent gratings. The resulting change in the diffraction efficiency of the surface waves leads to large SPP band-gaps in one direction across the grating, leaving the SPP propagation in the orthogonal direction largely unperturbed. This provides a mechanism to design surfaces that support highly anisotropic propagation of SPPs. SPPs on the oblique grating are found to mediate polarisation conversion of the incident light field. Additionally, the SPP band-gaps that form on such a surface are shown to not necessarily occur at the Brillouin Zone boundaries of this lattice, as the BZ boundary for an oblique lattice is not a continuous contour of high-symmetry points. The second class of diffraction grating investigated in this thesis is the new zigzag grating geometry. This grating is formed of sub-wavelength (non-diffracting) grooves that are ‘zigzagged’ along their length to provide a diffractive periodicity for visible frequency radiation. The excitation and propagation of SPPs on such gratings is investigated and found to be highly polarisation selective. The first type of zigzag grating investigated possesses a single mirror plane. SPP excitation to found to be dependant on which diffracted order of SPP is under polarised illumination. The formation of SPP band-gaps is also investigated, finding that the band-gap at the first Brillouin Zone boundary is forbidden by the grating’s symmetry. The final grating considered is a zigzag grating which possesses no mirror symmetry. Using this grating, it is demonstrated that any polarisation of incident light may resonantly drive the same SPP modes. SPP propagation on this grating is found to be forbidden in all directions for a range of frequencies, forming a full SPP band-gap.
36

A scanning grating technique for measurement of submicron focused spots

Mortimer, Beth Ann, 1965- January 1988 (has links)
Many applications in optical research require the use of diffraction limited point images with reduced spot sizes. The instrumentation that evaluates these small diameter images must have high resolution (sub-micron) capabilities. One method used to measure sub-micron optical point images is a scanning grating technique. However, many characteristics of this measurement technique have not been fully examined. In this paper, the sensitivity of this measurement technique to the scanning mechanism, beam characteristics, and grating tilt is evaluated.
37

Distributed diffractive structures for micro-optical systems

Bisaillon, Eric. January 2007 (has links)
In modern communications systems, the components supporting wavelength division for increased density are rapidly becoming small compared with the wavelength of light being manipulated. As the size of these devices shrinks there comes a point when the features of interest become smaller than the wavelength and thereby the fundamental properties of light interaction with such structures change dramatically. In these structures and materials, resonances, effective properties, and band-gaps arise and offer designers a new realm of possibilities for the design of high quality factor resonators, filters and switches. / The study of structures comprising two different scales compared with the wavelength of light promises interesting optical possibilities for future devices. In these structures a subwavelength size feature is used in conjunction with a super-wavelength size feature. This thesis will show how the resulting optical behavior for such structures arises from the combination of the sub- and super-wavelength diffractive effects. / Two application examples of these two-scale devices will be studied: the distributed echelle grating and the subwavelength based Fabry-Perot cavity. Both of these applications can be thought, of as distributed diffractive structures, a structure in which diffraction and subwavelength scale interference combine to produce high efficiency and versatile new devices.
38

Fabrication and packaging of carbon-dioxide-laser-induced long-period fiber grating devices

Braiwish, Mohammad I. 05 1900 (has links)
No description available.
39

Scattering matrix modelling of optical gratings

Cotter, Nicholas Paul Kyle January 1995 (has links)
No description available.
40

Fibre-optic sensing technology and applications in civil engineering.

Wong, Allan Chi-Lun, Electrical Engineering & Telecommunications, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW January 2007 (has links)
This thesis reports the research and industry-related works carried out from the development of a fibre-optic strain sensor system for Civil Engineering applications. A sensor system consists of a number of core components, including the sensing element, interrogation/demodulation, multiplexing, signal processing and hardware equipment. In the process of development, a number of issues have been identified and investigated, which resulted in the improvement of the system performance, as well as the proposal of new techniques for the sensor system. First, an improved demodulation technique for a type of sensor, namely the fibre Fizeau interferometer (FFI), is presented. The technique is based on the improvement of the Fourier transform peak detection method, which suffers severely from the poor resolution and accuracy of finding the sensor cavity length. The improvement over the original method has been compared and verified through simulations and experiments. Second, a simultaneous demodulation technique for multiplexed FFI and fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensors using the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) is proposed. Third, a multiplexing technique using amplitude-modulated chirped FBGs and the DWT is proposed. These two proposed techniques have been demonstrated experimentally through strain measurements. The strain resolution, crosstalk and limitations are investigated. In addition, simultaneous quasi-static strain and temperature sensing of different metal plates are performed. Fibre-optic sensors have found numerous applications in different areas. In this thesis, the use of FBG sensors in Civil Engineering applications is demonstrated in four experimental studies, including: (i) long-term measurement of drying shrinkage and creep of structural grade concrete; (ii) simultaneous measurement of shrinkage and temperature of reactive powder concrete (RPC) at early-age; (iii) measurement of coefficients of thermal expansion of cement mortar and RPC; and (iv) field-trial on the strain monitoring of the world?s first RPC road bridge. In addition, the experimental and practical issues of using FBG sensors are considered.

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