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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Polimorfismo -174g>C do gene de Interleucina-6 da Tuberculose Pulmonar / Interleukin-6-174g>c polymorphism gene in pulmonary tuberculosis

Josà Walter Correia 07 May 2009 (has links)
nÃo hà / O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o perfil de produÃÃo de IL-6 em pacientes com tuberculose pulmonar ativa e avaliar o papel funcional do polimorfismo -174G>C do gene de IL-6 na produÃÃo sistÃmica desta citocina. Um total de 63 pacientes e 99 controles foi estudado, sendo 38 pacientes [25(65,8%) masculinos] e 63 controles [51 (81%) masculinos] para a dosagem de IL-6, enquanto, 42 pacientes [25 (60%) masculinos] e 79 controles [62(78,5%) masculinos] para o estudo do polimorfismo. Os pacientes foram selecionados dos centros de referÃncia da rede estadual de saÃde: Dona LibÃnia, Hospital de Messejana, Hospital de Maracanaà e Hospital Geral Dr. CÃsar Cals. O grupo controle foi selecionado no HEMOCE. Foi realizado teste de ELISA para a dosagem sÃrica de IL-6. O DNA genÃmico foi extraÃdo de sangue perifÃrico e o polimorfismo de IL-6 foi estudado por reaÃÃo de polimerase em cadeia utilizando iniciadores seqÃÃncia especÃficos. A dosagem sÃrica de IL-6 se mostrou elevada nos pacientes portadores de tuberculose em relaÃÃo aos controles (mediana = 4,3 pg/mL versus 0,5 pg/mL, p<0,001), porÃm nÃo exibiu diferenÃa entre os grupos de doentes sensÃveis e os resistentes ao tratamento especÃfico. Em relaÃÃo ao estudo funcional do polimorismo de IL-6, foi observado um robusto aumento dos nÃveis de IL-6 nos doentes portadores do genÃtipo GG (mediana=4,1 pg/mL, variaÃÃo 0,5-12,0 pg/mL), em relaÃÃo aos portadores dos genÃtipos GC e CC, sendo que nestes se observou uma expressÃo de IL-6 semelhante a dos controles (mediana=0,6 pg/mL, variaÃÃo 0,0-2,8 pg/mL), conferindo significÃncia estatÃstica com p=0,04. A relevÃncia deste estudo à mostrar in vivo o papel funcional do polimorfismo de IL-6 na tuberculose. Em conclusÃo, o genÃtipo GG de pacientes com tuberculose pulmonar ativa determina produÃÃo aumentada de IL-6. / The aim of this study was to investigate the profile of IL-6 production in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis and to evaluate the functional role of polymorphism -174G>C in the systemic production of this cytokine. A total of 63 patients and 99 controls were studied. Among them 38 patients [25(65.8%) males] and 63 controls [51(81%) males] were studied for the IL-6 dosage. Moreover, 42 patients [25(60%) males] and 79 controls [62(78.5%) males] were studied for the -174G>C polymorphism. Patients were selected from Dona LibÃnia Center; Messejana Hospital, Maracanau Hospital and Dr. Cesar Cals General Hospital. The control group was selected from HEMOCE. An ELISA test was performed to measure IL-6 in peripheral blood. The genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and IL-6 polymorphism was studied by polymerase chain reaction using sequence-specific primers. The IL-6 dosage showed an increase in patients with tuberculosis in relation to controls (An increase in IL6 dosage was found in patients with tuberculosis in relation to controls) (median= 4.3 pg/mL vs 0.5 pg/mL, p<0.001), but no difference was observed in drug-sensitive patients in comparison to drug-resistant ones. The genotype distribution showed no difference between patients and controls. In relation to the functional study, the IL-6 levels pointed out a significant increase in patients presenting GG genotype (median=4.1 pg/mL, range 0.5-12.0 pg/mL), in relation to GC and CC careers; these two latter genotypes presented similar IL-6 production as in healthy individuals with median=0.6 pg/mL, range 0.0-2.8 pg/mL, corroborating statistical significance with p=0.04. The relevance of this study is to show in vivo the functional role of IL-6 polymorphism in active pulmonary tuberculosis. Conclusion, the GG genotype in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis determines an increase in IL-6 systemic production.
2

Role of interleukin-6 in states of metabolic health and disease

Holmes, Anna Greer, not supplied January 2006 (has links)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are the most prevalent metabolic diseases affecting over 50% of people in the western world. Although the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes is not fully understood, growing evidence links this disease to a state of chronic inflammation, which occurs in metabolically active tissue such as the liver, adipose tissue and skeletal muscle and results in the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, of which interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one. It is generally accepted that elevations in the plasma and/or tissue of this family of cytokines have a negative effect on whole body glucose homeostasis. While there is compelling evidence for the negative effects of resistin and TNF-á on insulin sensitivity, the role of IL-6 in the etiology of insulin resistance is not fully understood. The notion of negative effects of IL-6 in metabolic processes is further confounded by the marked elevations of IL-6 which occur in conjunction with the beneficial activity of exercise. We firstly sought to examine the effect of the lipolytic hormone adrenaline on IL-6 expression and release in order to establish whether IL-6 acts independently of adrenaline in the regulation of fat metabolism. Reporting the absence of an effect of adrenaline on IL-6, we then investigated the role of IL-6 on metabolic processes in humans at rest and during exercise in circumstances where lipolysis was inhibited. Marked increases in IL-6 circulating protein and tissue gene expression were observed with exercise and further so with fatty acid suppression. In a mouse model of IL-6 depletion marked insulin sensitivity was observed, which was reversed with IL-6 treatment. In a mouse model with normal endogenous IL-6 levels IL-6 treatment also impaired glucose tolerance. Contrastingly, in a rat model both chronic and acute IL-6 treatment improved glucose tolerance In summary, studies from this thesis suggest that, rather than being causally related to insulin resistance, the cytokine IL-6 increases lipolysis, fat oxidation, and glucose metabolism in insulin sensitive tissues in humans. This does not appear to be the case in the mouse, where contrasting actions are observed, perhaps due to differences in the reliance of various parameters for metabolic processes between the species.
3

IL-6-engineered DC stimulate efficient antitumor immunity via enhanced and prolonged T cell cytotoxicity and survival

Zhang, Bei 06 March 2009
Dendritic cells (DCs) modified by some immunomodulatory genes can stimulate a strong antitumor immunity and improve the treatment of tumor cells on the condition that the sources of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) are available. IL-6, a pleotropic cytokine, has been found to inhibit CD4+25+ regulatory T (Treg)-cell-mediated immune suppression and decrease activation-induced cell death (AICD) without interfering the process of T-cell activation. To enhance DC-based cancer vaccine, we engineered DCs to express transgene IL-6.<p> We constructed a fiber-modified recombinant adenovirus vector AdVIL-6 expressing IL-6, infected DCs with AdVIL-6, and then investigated the efficacy of antitumor immunity induced by vaccination with DCs engineered to express IL-6 transgene. We demonstrated that DCs infected with the recombinant adenovirus AdVIL-6 induced DC maturation by up-regulation of the expression of MHC class U (Iab), CD40, CD54 and CD80 expression. We also demonstrated that vaccination of OVA-pulsed AdVIL-6-infected DCs (DCOVA/AdVIL-6) was able to stimulate a stronger OVA-specific effector CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response than vaccination with the control virus AdVpLpA-infected DCs (DCOVA/AdVpLpA). More importantly, vaccination of mice with DCOVA/AdVpLpA could protect 100% mice from intravenous (i.v.) challenge of a low dose (0.5~105 cells per mouse, 8/8 mice protected) of OVA-expressing BL6-10OVA tumor cells, but only 63% mice from i.v. challenge of a high dose (1~105 cells per mouse, 5/8 mice protected) of BL6-10OVA tumor cells. However, vaccination of DCOVA/AdVIL-6 induced an augmented antitumor immunity in vivo by complete protection of mice (8/8) from challenge of both low and high doses of BL6-10OVA tumor cells.<p> To study the immune mechanism underlying the result of IL-6 engineered-DC vaccine, we generated the DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated OTI CD8+ T cells and DCOVA/AdVpLpA-activated OTI CD8+ T cells. We demonstrated that DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated CD8+ T cells displayed a higher level of CD62L, FasL and perforin than DCOVA/AdVpLpA-activated CD8+ T cells. DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated CD8+ T cells had a prolonged T cell survival after they were transferred into C57BL/6 mice. Furthermore, the results of the animal study showed that 100% of mice bearing OVA-expressing EG7 tumors (8mm in diameter, 8 mice per group) were tumor-free after they were i.v. treated with DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated CD8+ T cells (2~106 cells per mouse). However, the control DCOVA/AdVpLpA-activated CD8+ T cells failed in eradication of EG7 tumors in all 8/8 mice.<p> Taken together, Adenovirus-mediated IL-6 transgene engineered DC vaccine stimulates efficient CD8+ T cell responses and antitumor immunity via enhanced T cell cytotoxicity and prolonged T cell survival. DCs engineered to express IL-6 by adenovirus-mediated IL-6 gene transfer may offer a new strategy in production of DC cancer vaccines.
4

IL-6-engineered DC stimulate efficient antitumor immunity via enhanced and prolonged T cell cytotoxicity and survival

Zhang, Bei 06 March 2009 (has links)
Dendritic cells (DCs) modified by some immunomodulatory genes can stimulate a strong antitumor immunity and improve the treatment of tumor cells on the condition that the sources of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) are available. IL-6, a pleotropic cytokine, has been found to inhibit CD4+25+ regulatory T (Treg)-cell-mediated immune suppression and decrease activation-induced cell death (AICD) without interfering the process of T-cell activation. To enhance DC-based cancer vaccine, we engineered DCs to express transgene IL-6.<p> We constructed a fiber-modified recombinant adenovirus vector AdVIL-6 expressing IL-6, infected DCs with AdVIL-6, and then investigated the efficacy of antitumor immunity induced by vaccination with DCs engineered to express IL-6 transgene. We demonstrated that DCs infected with the recombinant adenovirus AdVIL-6 induced DC maturation by up-regulation of the expression of MHC class U (Iab), CD40, CD54 and CD80 expression. We also demonstrated that vaccination of OVA-pulsed AdVIL-6-infected DCs (DCOVA/AdVIL-6) was able to stimulate a stronger OVA-specific effector CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response than vaccination with the control virus AdVpLpA-infected DCs (DCOVA/AdVpLpA). More importantly, vaccination of mice with DCOVA/AdVpLpA could protect 100% mice from intravenous (i.v.) challenge of a low dose (0.5~105 cells per mouse, 8/8 mice protected) of OVA-expressing BL6-10OVA tumor cells, but only 63% mice from i.v. challenge of a high dose (1~105 cells per mouse, 5/8 mice protected) of BL6-10OVA tumor cells. However, vaccination of DCOVA/AdVIL-6 induced an augmented antitumor immunity in vivo by complete protection of mice (8/8) from challenge of both low and high doses of BL6-10OVA tumor cells.<p> To study the immune mechanism underlying the result of IL-6 engineered-DC vaccine, we generated the DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated OTI CD8+ T cells and DCOVA/AdVpLpA-activated OTI CD8+ T cells. We demonstrated that DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated CD8+ T cells displayed a higher level of CD62L, FasL and perforin than DCOVA/AdVpLpA-activated CD8+ T cells. DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated CD8+ T cells had a prolonged T cell survival after they were transferred into C57BL/6 mice. Furthermore, the results of the animal study showed that 100% of mice bearing OVA-expressing EG7 tumors (8mm in diameter, 8 mice per group) were tumor-free after they were i.v. treated with DCOVA/AdVIL-6-activated CD8+ T cells (2~106 cells per mouse). However, the control DCOVA/AdVpLpA-activated CD8+ T cells failed in eradication of EG7 tumors in all 8/8 mice.<p> Taken together, Adenovirus-mediated IL-6 transgene engineered DC vaccine stimulates efficient CD8+ T cell responses and antitumor immunity via enhanced T cell cytotoxicity and prolonged T cell survival. DCs engineered to express IL-6 by adenovirus-mediated IL-6 gene transfer may offer a new strategy in production of DC cancer vaccines.
5

Role of nuclear factor-£eB¡Vinterleukin-6 signaling pathway in ventilator-induced lung injury in mice

Ko, Yi-An 05 July 2011 (has links)
Although mechanical ventilator is a life-saving intervention, longer ventilation time and excessive tidal volume contribute to lung injury and increased incidence of infection which is associated with higher mortality. IL-6, a pleiotropic cytokine, participates in both pro- and anti-inflammatory responses. Till now, opinions of the role of IL-6 are widely divided. To study the pathogenesis mechanism of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), C57BL/6 mice (WT), IL-6 knockout mice (IL6-/-), chimera (IL6-/- ¡÷ WT) and deletion of I£eB kinase in the myeloid (IKK¡µmye) mice were placed on ventilator for 6 hr. WT mice were also given the IL-6-blocking antibody just before ventilation to evaluate the role of IL-6 signaling in VILI. The results revealed that the pulmonary capillary permeability, neutrophil sequestration, macrophage drifting and protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and the proinflammatory cytokine levels were significantly increased in ventilated WT mice but not in those pretreated with IL-6-blocking antibody as well as IL6-/-, IKK¡µmye, and IL6-/- ¡÷ WT chimera mice, suggesting that NF-£eB¡VIL-6 signaling could induce inflammation which contributes to the VILI. Furthermore, the antibacterial ability of alveolar macrophages was impaired by ventilation that subsequently increased the danger of developing to ventilator-associated pneumonia.
6

Polimorfismos gênicos da haptoglobina na anemia falciforme: possíveis implicações nos fenômenos vaso-oclusivos e resposta imunológica [manuscrito]

Santos, Cristiane Ferraz de Oliveira 15 July 2013 (has links)
Submitted by Hiolanda Rêgo (hiolandar@gmail.com) on 2013-07-15T17:09:25Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Dissertação_ICS_Cristiane Ferraz de Oliveira Santos.pdf: 1189344 bytes, checksum: 09af6d1fb3294c928ed1db6fbb006e3a (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2013-07-15T17:09:25Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Dissertação_ICS_Cristiane Ferraz de Oliveira Santos.pdf: 1189344 bytes, checksum: 09af6d1fb3294c928ed1db6fbb006e3a (MD5) / CAPES;FAPESB;CNPq / A anemia falciforme é uma doença que é caracterizada pela presença da hemoglobina S (HbS). A doença apresenta quadro clínico heterogêneo, caracterizado por vaso-oclusão e eventos infecciosos, o que leva há um estado pró-inflamatório crônico. A Bahia é o estado que possui a freqüência mais elevada de HbS e maior prevalência da anemia falciforme. Desta forma vários estudos vêm sendo realizados visando a identificação de fatores que possam influenciar no prognóstico clínico da doença. A haptoglobina (Hp) é uma proteína de fase aguda que se liga ao heme, e possui função antioxidante. O objetivo desse trabalho foi investigar uma provável influência de polimorfismos gênicos na Hp nos aspectos fenotípicos e imunológicos de portadores de anemia falciforme de Salvador-Bahia. Foi realizado um estudo ambispectivo em 141 pacientes, 118 em estado estável (PE) e 23 hospitalizados por vaso-oclusão (PC). Também foi incluído no estudo um grupo de referência composto por 171 indivíduos controles normais provenientes da cidade do Salvador. A talassemia a23.7Kb, os haplótipos ligados ao grupo de genes da globina bS e os polimorfismos da Hp foram investigados por PCR e PCR-RFLP; os níveis séricos do TNF- , IL-1 e IL-6 foram detectados por ELISA e a história clínica dos pacientes foi obtida dos prontuários médicos. Os valores médios de volume corpuscular médio apresentaram-se mais elevados entre os pacientes portadores do haplótipo Ben/Ben no grupo PE (p<0,05). Pacientes do grupo PE portadores do haplótipo CAR/Ben apresentaram freqüência elevadas de eventos vaso-oclusivos (37,8%) em comparação aos demais haplótipos (p<0,05). A freqüência de infecções por broncopneumonia e pneumonia no grupo PC foi mais elevada nos portadores do haplótipo CAR/Ben em comparação ao CAR/CAR. Os pacientes do grupo PC portadores de talassemia 23.7 Kb em homozigose do grupo apresentaram os níveis médios de hematócrito mais elevados (p<0,05). O grupo PE apresentou freqüências mais elevadas dos alelos HP1S e HP1F (p=0,0041, OR=2,27, IC95%= 1,27-4,08); p<0,000, RP=2,99, IC= 1,65-5,41) e menores do alelo HP2 (p<0,0000, OR=0,31, IC95%:0,17-0,59) quando comparados ao grupo controle. O grupo PC apresentou freqüência maior do alelo HPIF (p= 0,0050, OR=3,83, IC95%: 1,4-10,3) e menor do alelo HP2 (p= 0,0427, OR=0,34, IC95%:0,34-0,97) quando comparado ao grupo controle. Os indivíduos do grupo PC portadores do genótipo Hp1S-1S e do grupo PE portadores do genótipo Hp2-1S apresentaram níveis mais elevados de IL-6 que os demais genótipos da Hp (p<0,05). Estudos adicionais são necessários para estabelecer o papel dos níveis de IL - 6, bem como a influência dos genótipos da haptoglobina sobre o quadro clínico de pacientes com anemia falciforme, uma vez que estes podem se constituir em marcadores de prognóstico que poderão ser utilizados futuramente no acompanhamento clínico destes indivíduos. / Salvador
7

Fibromyalgia as an Inflammatory Disease: A Look into the Increased Prevalence in Women

Jing, Jennifer January 2013 (has links)
No description available.
8

The role of stromal fibroblasts and IL-6 in breast cancer progression

Sasser, Amy Kate 08 March 2007 (has links)
No description available.
9

The Effects of Dha Supplementation on Markers of Inflammation and Muscle Damage Following an Acute Eccentric Exercise Bout

DiLorenzo, Frank Michael 15 August 2012 (has links)
Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on muscle damage and inflammation following an acute eccentric exercise bout. Methods: A double-blind placebo-controlled, study was performed using 41 healthy, untrained males aged 18-28 y who consumed either 2 g/d DHA or placebo (PL, corn oil) for 32 days. Supplements were consumed for 28 days prior to exercise. Participants completed an eccentric exercise procedure of the elbow flexors at 140% of 1-RM (6 sets x 10 repetitions). The time under tension (TUT) for each set of eccentric contractions was recorded manually from the investigators voice commands. Fasted blood samples for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1-ra), C-reactive protein and creatine kinase (CK) were assessed on days 1, 2 and 4. Fasted serum DHA was measured at baseline (day -28) and on day 1. Peak isometric strength of the elbow flexors, delayed-onset muscle soreness, and range of motion were measured on day 1 prior to exercise and days 2, 3, and 4 following exercise. Results: DHA significantly reduced natural log of CK (p<0.05) response over 4 d. Additionally, IL-6 area under the curve (AUC) was reduced for DHA compared to PL (3.6 ± 2.5 pg/mL vs. 5.3 ± 2.7 pg/mL) (p<0.05). TUT/set was higher in the DHA group compared to placebo (p<0.05). There were no other significant differences between treatments. Conclusion: DHA supplementation produced lower indicators of muscle damage (CK) and inflammation (IL-6 AUC). DHA supplementation resulted in greater TUT/set. / Master of Science
10

Tumor, Fat and Skeletal Muscle Crosstalk via IL-6R Trans-Signaling Mediates Pancreatic Cancer Cachexia

Rupert, Joseph Emil 10 1900 (has links)
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) / Cachexia, the involuntary loss of fat and muscle is associated with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), contributing to its 90% 5-year mortality rate. Elevated Interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression is associated with cachexia severity and reduced survival in patients. IL-6 in cancer is well documented, but IL-6 signaling crosstalk among tissues is not. IL-6 signals by binding membrane-bound IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) (classical signaling) or soluble IL- 6R (sIL6R; trans-signaling) produced by shedding of the membrane receptor primarily from muscle, liver and leukocytes. Herein I investigate the role of tumorderived IL-6 on muscle and fat crosstalk in PDAC. Loss of IL-6 expression in murine KPC PDAC cells was accomplished by CRISPR/Cas9 mutagenesis of the Il6 gene. Orthotopic KPC IL-6 knockout (KPC-IL-6KO) tumor-bearing mice had reduced cachexia, with attenuated fat loss and no significant muscle loss, and longer survival versus KPC controls. Only KPC tumor-bearing mice had significant myosteatosis, aberrant branched chain amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, and reduced pyruvate entry into the TCA-cycle, determined by increased pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) expression in muscle. Muscle was a main source of sIL6R, and fat a primary contributor of IL-6 in KPC tumor-bearing mice. Myosteatosis leads to activation of lipid-sensitive kinases like protein kinase C theta (PKCθ, gene name Prkcq) in muscle. KPC tumorbearing mice had increased muscle PKCθ activation, and PKCθ is known to regulate metabolism and inflammation. Prkcq-/- KPC tumor-bearing mice had reduced cachexia and maintained muscle mass and force production versus wild type tumor-bearing mice. Together these data implicate progressive signaling mechanisms whereby tumor-derived IL-6 is associated with increased muscle IL6R expression and fat lipolysis, promoting myosteatosis and muscle PKCθ activation, ultimately increasing cachexia severity in PDAC. / 2021-11-03

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