• Refine Query
  • Source
  • Publication year
  • to
  • Language
  • 13
  • 7
  • 4
  • 4
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • 1
  • 1
  • 1
  • Tagged with
  • 42
  • 10
  • 10
  • 10
  • 9
  • 8
  • 7
  • 5
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • 4
  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Dynamická metrika v OSPF sítích / Dynamic Metric in OSPF Networks

Mácha, Tomáš January 2016 (has links)
Masivní vývoj Internetu vedl ke zvýšeným požadavkům na spolehlivou síťovou infrastrukturu. Efektivita komunikace v síti závisí na schopnosti směrovačů určit nejlepší cestu pro odesílání a přeposílání paketů ke koncovému zařízení. Jelikož OSPF v současné době představuje jeden z nejpoužívanějších směrovacích protokolů, jakýkoli přínos, který by pomohl udržet krok s rychle se měnícím prostředí Internetu, je velmi vítán. Významným omezením OSPF protokolu je, mimo jiné, absence informovanosti algoritmu pro výpočet metriky o aktuálním vytížení linky. Tato vlastnost představuje tzv. slabé místo, což má negativní vliv na výkonnost sítě. Z tohoto důvodu byla navržena nová metoda založená na dynamické adaptaci měnících se síťových podmínek a alternativní strategii OSPF metrik. Navržená metoda řeší problém neinformovanosti OSPF metriky o síťovém provozu a nevhodně vytížených linek, které snižují výkonnost sítě. Práce rovněž přináší praktickou realizaci, kdy vlastnosti nové metody jsou testovány a ověřeny spuštěním testů algoritmu v reálných zařízeních.
2

Physical education and special educational needs with special reference to individuals with physical disabilities : a comparative study of policy implementation in Taiwan and England

Chen, Ming-Yao January 2007 (has links)
Physical education (PE) for pupils with special educational needs (SEN) is an important contemporary issue for primary teachers and other practitioners. In particular, how they are to include pupils with SEN in their classroom activity is a processing concern. This study is concerned essentially with how policy influences the ability of teachers to deal with SEN' pupils in PE. It explores the relationships between education policy on SEN and its implementation within PE when SEN pupils are placed in mainstream school settings. The main aims of this thesis are to explore how 'equality' and 'inclusion' are expressed in legislation, for example the National Curriculum in England and the Grade 1- 9 Curriculum Guidelines in Taiwan, and how teachers, local education authority (LEA) Advisors, pupils with physical disability and their parents interpret policy and engage in practice for SEN. The findings of the study are intended to provide guidance on education policy needed to promote 'inclusion' and connect SEN policy and its implementation within PE. This thesis develops and utilizes a theoretical model to illustrate the 'flow' of policy from government to schools. This framework has followed Bernstein's (1990) assertion that knowledge is produced and reproduced at different sites of practice and that 'discourses' are recontextualized in each. Qualitative research methods were used to explore these relationships. The research fields were located in the Midlands in England and in the North of Taiwan and investigate LEAs and primary schools. The research employed interviews, documentary analysis and observation to explore policy and its implementation for SEN pupils from not only a 'macro' but also a 'micro' perspective. Accordingly, this thesis has explored the relationships between teachers, the learning support assistants (LSA), pupils with physical disability and their activities in PE classrooms in order to throw light on processes of inclusion within PE and the difficulties associated with policy implementation for pupils with physical disability. The findings suggest that the implementation of SEN policy within PE was driven by ideals of inclusion and attempted to achieve equality. However, SEN policy and its implementation was rendered difficult by the production and reproduction of particular understandings of inclusion, and inadequate provision (training and resource) for teachers to deal with SEN pupils in PE. Compared with teachers in England, PE teachers in Taiwan seemed to be more 'able' to include SEN pupils in PE as they were less regulated by National Curriculum texts.
3

Systemarkitektur och implementering av standardsystem : En fallstudie vid Linköpings universitetsbibliotek / System Architecture and Implementation of Standard Systems : A case study at Linköping University Library

Holmgren, Staffan, Andersson Lindholm, Oscar January 2010 (has links)
The use of ERP in organisations is very popular and many companies have embraced this paradigm without really questioning why. Problems therefore often arise and cause high costs which is a result of poor planning. The paradigm also has its origin in the traditional architectural design that creates a system that has difficulties to adapt to organizations that are constantly evolving. The purpose of this study is to provide a different view of how IT-systems can operate within an organization and show how standard systems can be structured. We emanated from a case study at Linköping University Library, where we studied the implementation and integration of a standard system called Symphony. This lead to a prototype model of a system architecture called LSA (Loose coupled Architecture Service). The results of this study show the benefits of a detailed project plan for an implementation process. It also shows there are new system architectures available instead of the old traditional ones. The criticism towards the innovative object-oriented architecture models evolved in early 2000, have been proved wrong as we demonstrate in this study.
4

Les effets d’un Accompagnement-citoyen personnalisé d’intégration communautaire (APIC) sur les déplacements et l’espace perçu d’aînés en perte d’autonomie vivant à domicile

Boulianne, Rachel January 2016 (has links)
Déterminant d’un vieillissement actif et en santé, la mobilité permet aux aînés de maintenir et de développer des liens sociaux significatifs, et de demeurer intégrés dans leur communauté. Malgré ces bienfaits, les interventions offertes aux aînés visant à favoriser leurs déplacements restent rares et discontinues. Un accompagnement-citoyen personnalisé d’intégration communautaire (APIC) pourrait favoriser les déplacements et améliorer la perception des lieux des aînés en perte d’autonomie. Cette étude visait à : 1) vérifier les effets de l’APIC sur les déplacements et l’espace perçu des aînés en perte d’autonomie et 2) identifier les facilitateurs et les obstacles à l’utilisation de l’espace dans l’APIC. Un devis mixte incluant un dispositif pré-expérimental a été utilisé auprès de 16 participants (11 femmes) âgés entre 66 et 91 ans. Les déplacements ont été mesurés à l’aide du Life Space Assessment. Un entretien individuel semi-structuré d’environ 30 minutes a été réalisé 2 à 4 semaines après la fin de l’intervention. À la suite de l’APIC, les déplacements des participants se sont améliorés (p < 0,01). Selon les participants âgés, l’APIC constitue un facilitateur important qui a permis de découvrir des lieux de participation et d’améliorer leur capacité à se déplacer seul. L’APIC est une intervention prometteuse qui permet d’améliorer les déplacements et l’utilisation de l’espace d’aînés en perte d’autonomie.
5

Koncepční návrh elektrického výcvikového letounu / Conceptual design of training aircraft with electric propulsion

Seman, Matúš January 2018 (has links)
This thesis is focused on conceptual design of electric powered training aircraft, using certification guidelines CS-LSA. Designing process of geometrical and aerodynamic characteristics is primary based on statistics of certificated aircrafts in this particular category. The following calculation of performance stabilities and flight performances is based on knowledge of aerodynamic polar. The calculation of the polar is also part of this thesis. The last part of the thesis consists of construction design of the front part of fuselage and engine static structural analysis of engine mounts.
6

Latent Semantic Analysis as a Method of Content-Based Image Retrieval in Medical Applications

Makovoz, Gennadiy 01 January 2010 (has links)
The research investigated whether a Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA)-based approach to image retrieval can map pixel intensity into a smaller concept space with good accuracy and reasonable computational cost. From a large set of computed tomography (CT) images, a retrieval query found all images for a particular patient based on semantic similarity. The effectiveness of the LSA retrieval was evaluated based on precision, recall, and F-score. This work extended the application of LSA to high-resolution CT radiology images. The images were chosen for their unique characteristics and their importance in medicine. Because CT images are intensity-only, they carry less information than color images. They typically have greater noise, higher intensity, greater contrast, and fewer colors than a raw RGB image. The study targeted level of intensity for image features extraction. The focus of this work was a formal evaluation of the LSA method in the context of large number of high-resolution radiology images. The study reported on preprocessing and retrieval time and discussed how reduction of the feature set size affected the results. LSA is an information retrieval technique that is based on the vector-space model. It works by reducing the dimensionality of the vector space, bringing similar terms and documents closer together. Matlab software was used to report on retrieval and preprocessing time. In determining the minimum size of concept space, it was found that the best combination of precision, recall, and F-score was achieved with 250 concepts (k = 250). This research reported precision of 100% on 100% of the queries and recall close to 90% on 100% of the queries with k=250. Selecting a higher number of concepts did not improve recall and resulted in significantly increased computational cost.
7

Performance Comparison of EIGRP/ IS-IS and OSPF/ IS-IS / Performance Comparison of EIGRP/ IS-IS and OSPF/ IS-IS

Lemma, Esuendale Shewandagn, Hussain, Syed Athar, Anjelo, Wendwossen Worku January 2010 (has links)
In modern communication networks, routing protocols are used to determine the shortest path to the destination. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) and Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) are the dominant interior routing protocols for such networks. This thesis presents a simulation based analysis of these protocols. We used the combination of EIGRP&amp;IS-IS, OSPF&amp;IS-IS routing protocols on the same network in order to reveal the advantage of one over the other as well as the robustness of each protocol combination and how this is measured. To carry out the network simulations, we used Optimized Network Engineering Tool (OPNET). The comparison analysis is based on several parameters that determine the robustness of these protocols. The routing protocol convergence time is one important parameter which determines the time needed by the routers to learn the new topology of the network whenever a change occurs in the network. The routing protocol which converges faster is considered a better routing protocol. Point-to-point link throughput, HTTP object response time, database response time and e-mail download response time are other parameters we used to measure the routing performance of the network. / I moderna kommunikationsnät, är routingprotokoll används för att bestämma den kortaste vägen till destinationen. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF), Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) och Intermediate System till Intermediate System (IS-IS) är den dominerande interiören routingprotokoll för sådana nät. Denna avhandling presenterar en simulering baserad analys av dessa protokoll. Vi använde en kombination av EIGRP &amp; IS-IS, IS OSPF &amp;-IS routingprotokoll i samma nätverk i syfte att avslöja fördel ovanpå varandra samt robustheten i varje protokoll kombination och hur detta mäts. Att utföra nät simuleringar har vi använt Optimerad Network Engineering Tool (OPNET). Jämförelsen Analysen bygger på flera parametrar som avgör hur starka dessa protokoll. De routingprotokoll konvergens tid är en viktig parameter som bestämmer den tid som krävs av routrar för att lära sig nya topologi i nätverket snart en ändring sker i nätet. Routing-protokoll som konvergerar snabbare anses vara en bättre routing protokoll. Punkt-till-punkt länk genomströmning, HTTP objekt svarstid, databas responstid och e-post nedladdning responstid är andra parametrar som vi använde för att mäta routing nätverkets prestanda. / Esuendale- +46738790290 Syed- +46738957792 Wendwossen +46738956203
8

An application of topic modeling algorithms to text analytics in business intelligence

Alsadhan, Majed January 1900 (has links)
Master of Science / Department of Computing and Information Sciences / Doina Caragea / William H. Hsu / In this work, we focus on the task of clustering businesses in the state of Kansas based on the content of their websites and their business listing information. Our goal is to cluster the businesses and overcome the challenges facing current approaches such as: data noise, low number of clustered businesses, and lack of evaluation approach. We propose an LSA-based approach to analyze the businesses’ data and cluster those businesses by using Bisecting K-Means algorithm. In this approach, we analyze the businesses’ data by using LSA and produce businesses’ representations in a reduced space. We then use the businesses’ representations to cluster the businesses by applying the Bisecting K-Means algorithm. We also apply an existing LDA-based approach to cluster the businesses and compare the results with our proposed LSA-based approach at the end. In this work, we evaluate the results by using a human-expert-based evaluation procedure. At the end, we visualize the clusters produced in this work by using Google Earth and Tableau. According to our evaluation procedure, the LDA-based approach performed slightly bet- ter then the LSA-based approach. However, with the LDA-based approach, there were some limitations which are: low number of clustered businesses, and not being able to produce a hierarchical tree for the clusters. With the LSA-based approach, we were able to cluster all the businesses and produce a hierarchical tree for the clusters.
9

Adaptive word prediction and its application in an assistive communication system / Prédiction de mots adaptative pour l'aide à la communication pour personnes handicapées

Wandmacher, Tonio 22 October 2008 (has links)
Ce travail étudie les capacités de méthodes d’adaptation pour la prédiction de mots. Le premier groupe de méthodes traite de l’adaptation aux préférences lexicales et syntaxiques de l’utilisateur d’un système de communication assistée. Au sein de ce groupe de méthodes, nous avons étudié le modèle cache, le lexique auto-adaptatif et le modèle d’utilisateur dynamique (MUD), intégrant toute saisie de l’utilisateur. Le deuxième groupe de méthodes rassemble des approches qui ont pour objectif d’exploiter le contexte sémantique. Dans ce contexte, nous avons en particulier étudié l’Analyse Sémantique Latente (LSA), un modèle vectoriel qui se base sur les propriétés distributionnelles. Dans la dernière partie nous présentons un système d’aide à la communication, dans lequel nous avons implémenté les méthodes d’adaptation. Après une description de l’interface utilisateur nous avons exposé quelques expériences réalisées avec ce système, qui est utilisé dans un centre de rééducation fonctionnelle. / This thesis investigates the capacities of adaptive methods for word prediction. We present and evaluate several adaptation methods: First, we consider strategies enabling to adapt to the lexical and syntactic preferences of the user of an AAC system. Here we investigate the cache model, an auto-adaptive user lexicon and the dynamic user model (DUM), which integrates every input of the user. The second class of methods aims to adapt to the semantic context. Here we focus in particular on Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), a vectorial model establishing semantic similarity from distributional properties. In the last part an assistive communication system is presented that implements the previously investigated adaptation methods. After a description of the user interface we report results from the application of this system in a rehabilitation center. / Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht die Kapazitäten adaptiver Methoden für die Wortprädiktion, einer zentralen Strategie im Kontext der unterstützenden Kommunikation (UK) für sprach- und bewegungsbehinderte Menschen. Zunächst wird eine allgemeine Einführung in die Forschungsgebiete der UK einerseits und derWortprädiktion andererseits gegeben. Dabei wird insbesondere Bezug genommen auf stochastische Sprachmodelle, welche sich für die Prädiktion als sehr geeignet erwiesen haben. Die Untersuchung adaptiver Methoden erfolgt daraufhin entlang zweier Achsen: In einem ersten Abschnitt werden die Verfahren betrachtet, welche die Adaption an die spezifische Lexik und Syntax des Benutzers eines UK-Systems erlauben. Dabei werden insbesondere das sogenannte Cache-Modell, ein selbstlernendes Benutzerlexikon sowie das dynamische Benutzermodell (dynamic user model, DUM) diskutiert. Auf der zweiten Achse werden nun Modelle untersucht, welche auf eine Adaption der Wortprädiktion an den semantischen bzw. topikalischen Kontext abzielen. Hier rückt vor allem eine Methode in den Mittelpunkt: die Latent-Semantische Analyse (LSA), ein vektorraumbasiertes Verfahren, welches semantische Ähnlichkeit durch distributionelle Eigenschaften lexikalischer Einheiten etabliert. Als schwierig erweist sich jedoch die Integration der LSA-basierten semantischen Information in das allgemeine Prädiktionsmodell, weshalb hier verschiedene Integrationsmöglichkeiten untersucht werden. Im letzten Teil dieser Arbeit wird ein UK-System vorgestellt, welches die erfolgreichsten der zuvor betrachteten Adaptionsverfahren implementiert. Nach einer Präsentation der verschiedenen kommunikationsfördernden Komponenten wird von der Anwendung dieses Systems berichtet, welches seit mehreren Jahren in einem Rehabilitationszentrum eingesetzt wird.
10

Text analytics in business environments: a managerial and methodological approach

Marcolin, Carla Bonato January 2018 (has links)
O processo de tomada de decisão, em diferentes ambientes gerenciais, enfrenta um momento de mudança no contexto organizacional. Nesse sentido, Business Analytics pode ser visto como uma área que permite alavancar o valor dos dados, contendo ferramentas importantes para o processo de tomada de decisão. No entanto, a presença de dados em diferentes formatos representa um desafio. Nesse contexto de variabilidade, os dados de texto têm atraído a atenção das organizações, já que milhares de pessoas se expressam diariamente neste formato, em muitas aplicações e ferramentas disponíveis. Embora diversas técnicas tenham sido desenvolvidas pela comunidade de ciência da computação, há amplo espaço para melhorar a utilização organizacional de tais dados de texto, especialmente quando se volta para o suporte à tomada de decisões. No entanto, apesar da importância e disponibilidade de dados em formato textual para apoiar decisões, seu uso não é comum devido à dificuldade de análise e interpretação que o volume e o formato de dados em texto apresentam. Assim, o objetivo desta tese é desenvolver e avaliar um framework voltado ao uso de dados de texto em processos decisórios, apoiando-se em diversas técnicas de processamento de linguagem natural (PNL). Os resultados apresentam a validade do framework, usando como instância de demonstração de sua aplicabilidade o setor de turismo através da plataforma TripAdvisor, bem como a validação interna de performance e a aceitação por parte dos gestores da área consultados. / The decision-making process, in different management environments, faces a moment of change in the organizational context. In this sense, Business Analytics can be seen as an area that leverages the value of data, containing important tools for the decision-making process. However, the presence of data in different formats poses a challenge. In this context of variability, text data has attracted the attention of organizations, as thousands of people express themselves daily in this format in many applications and tools available. Although several techniques have been developed by the computer science community, there is ample scope to improve the organizational use of such text data, especially when it comes to decision-making support. However, despite the importance and availability of textual data to support decisions, its use is not common because of the analysis and interpretation challenge that the volume and the unstructured format of text data presents. Thus, the aim of this dissertation is to develop and evaluate a framework to contribute with the expansion and development of text analytics in decision-making processes, based on several natural language processing (NLP) techniques. The results presents the validity of the framework, using as a demonstration of its applicability the tourism sector through the TripAdvisor platform, as well as the internal validation of performance and the acceptance by managers.

Page generated in 0.0676 seconds