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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Múltiplas trajetórias juvenis em Guarapuava : territórios e redes de sociabilidade /

Turra Neto, Nécio. January 2008 (has links)
Orientador: Maria Encarnação Beltrão Sposito / Banca: Eda Maria Góes / Banca: Carla Beatriz Meinerz / Banca: Raul Borges Guimarães / Banca: Marcelo Lopes de Souza / Resumo: O objeto desta tese centra-se na apreensão e análise da sociabilidade juvenil no meio urbano, considerando o tempo, o espaço, as redes e os territórios. A abordagem, por isso, tem como foco o processo de constituição de um lugar, ao longo do tempo e como as práticas e espaços de sociabilidade disponíveis foram se transformando no processo, ou sendo alteradas pelas próprias transformações na sociedade local, sempre em articulação com contextos relacionais mais amplos. Para desenvolver essa perspectiva analítica, aborda-se, primeiramente, diferentes gerações (de 1950 e 1970) que viveram sua juventude na cidade, tendo-se como procedimento metodológico o trabalho com a memória. Num segundo momento, procura-se considerar a contemporaneidade da sociabilidade juvenil na cidade, pensando nos múltiplos processos que estão envolvidos na constituição das redes de sociabilidade. Para isso, trabalha-se a partir de duas culturas juvenis transterritoriais, que ganharam condições de possibilidade na cidade, que se ampliou e fragmentou ao longo do tempo. Tratam-se das culturas juvenis punk e hip-hop. Estas também são abordadas a partir da memória, que visa reconstruir a trajetória histórica de cada uma delas na cidade e o processo de constituição localizada das redes de sociabilidade que elas geraram... (Resumo completo, clicar acesso eletrônico abaixo) / Abstract: The objective of this thesis is based on the apprehension and on the analysis of the youthful sociability in urban areas taking in account the time, the space, the interrelationships and territories. Therefore the approach focus on the process of constitution of a place over time and also on how the practice and the spaces of sociability available became the process or were changed by the shifts in the local society always linked with larger related processes. Through an analytic perspective the study highlights firstly two different generations (1950 and 1970) that lived their youth in the city. The methodological procedure adopted to reach this aim was the work with the memory. At a second moment, the contemporaneity of the youth sociability is pointed out and multiple processes involved in the constitution of networks of sociability are examined. With this aim, the study has developed from two transterritorial youthful cultures that have reached the conditions of possibility in the city, which has become broader and more fragmented over time. This work draws attention to the punk and the hip-hop cultures. These cultures are also approached from the memory which tries to rebuild the historical trajectory of each event analyzed in the city and the process of constitution located in the networks of sociability that they generated... (Complete abstract click electronic access below) / Doutor
2

Múltiplas trajetórias juvenis em Guarapuava: territórios e redes de sociabilidade

Turra Neto, Nécio [UNESP] 03 December 2008 (has links) (PDF)
Made available in DSpace on 2014-06-11T19:33:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2008-12-03Bitstream added on 2014-06-13T18:45:32Z : No. of bitstreams: 1 turraneto_n_dr_prud.pdf: 4708328 bytes, checksum: fae7974a181c2d7b70cd47a996c4f4b5 (MD5) / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / O objeto desta tese centra-se na apreensão e análise da sociabilidade juvenil no meio urbano, considerando o tempo, o espaço, as redes e os territórios. A abordagem, por isso, tem como foco o processo de constituição de um lugar, ao longo do tempo e como as práticas e espaços de sociabilidade disponíveis foram se transformando no processo, ou sendo alteradas pelas próprias transformações na sociedade local, sempre em articulação com contextos relacionais mais amplos. Para desenvolver essa perspectiva analítica, aborda-se, primeiramente, diferentes gerações (de 1950 e 1970) que viveram sua juventude na cidade, tendo-se como procedimento metodológico o trabalho com a memória. Num segundo momento, procura-se considerar a contemporaneidade da sociabilidade juvenil na cidade, pensando nos múltiplos processos que estão envolvidos na constituição das redes de sociabilidade. Para isso, trabalha-se a partir de duas culturas juvenis transterritoriais, que ganharam condições de possibilidade na cidade, que se ampliou e fragmentou ao longo do tempo. Tratam-se das culturas juvenis punk e hip-hop. Estas também são abordadas a partir da memória, que visa reconstruir a trajetória histórica de cada uma delas na cidade e o processo de constituição localizada das redes de sociabilidade que elas geraram... / The objective of this thesis is based on the apprehension and on the analysis of the youthful sociability in urban areas taking in account the time, the space, the interrelationships and territories. Therefore the approach focus on the process of constitution of a place over time and also on how the practice and the spaces of sociability available became the process or were changed by the shifts in the local society always linked with larger related processes. Through an analytic perspective the study highlights firstly two different generations (1950 and 1970) that lived their youth in the city. The methodological procedure adopted to reach this aim was the work with the memory. At a second moment, the contemporaneity of the youth sociability is pointed out and multiple processes involved in the constitution of networks of sociability are examined. With this aim, the study has developed from two transterritorial youthful cultures that have reached the conditions of possibility in the city, which has become broader and more fragmented over time. This work draws attention to the punk and the hip-hop cultures. These cultures are also approached from the memory which tries to rebuild the historical trajectory of each event analyzed in the city and the process of constitution located in the networks of sociability that they generated... (Complete abstract click electronic access below)
3

Individual Differences in Preschool Children's Temperament and its Contribution to Classroom Behavior and Cognitive School Readiness

Moas, Olga Lydia 01 January 2008 (has links)
The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of temperament to childrenâ??s behaviors in the classroom and their school readiness. Data was collected on 60 preschool children enrolled in Head Start. Teachers rated temperament using the Preschool Temperament Classification System. Trained coders observed childrenâ??s engagement and play during circle time and free play, respectively. School readiness was directly assessed using the Learning Express. Three main findings emerged: (1) Temperamentally-extreme children performed lower than resilient children on the school readiness assessment, suggesting that temperamentally-extreme children begin to lag behind their resilient peers as early as the preschool years. (2) Off-task behavior in the classroom affects undercontrolled childrenâ??s school readiness; however, the degree of influence appears to depend on the complexity of learning specific domains. That is, off-task behavior in the classroom may have a larger influence on more complex subject matter than simpler ones. Classroom behaviors were not related to overcontrolled childrenâ??s school readiness scores. (3) Behavioral differences were found between temperament groups during circle time, however no differences were found during free play. This suggests that classroom context may play a role in temperamentally-extreme childrenâ??s classroom behaviors.
4

Ciberespaço e sociabilidade: um estudo de caso do sítio "Agenda do samba e do choro" / Ciberspace and sociability: a case study of the site Agenda of the Samba and Choro

Giovana Azevedo Pampanelli Lucas 01 March 2005 (has links)
A Comunicação Mediada por Computador (CMC) inaugurou uma nova forma de sociabilidade que transpôs a interação e a constituição dos laços sociais para um novo suporte: o ciberespaço. A hipótese deste trabalho é de que as tecnologias de comunicação podem configurar novos espaços de sociabilidade, inaugurando novas práticas de estar com o outro, e, inclusive, propiciar uma aproximação local. O objetivo é investigar se o ciberespaço é uma ferramenta que pode fazer emergir laços sociais que se refletem no espaço físico, não o substituindo, mas o completando. Para isso foi realizado um estudo de caso da Tribuna (lista de discussão) do sítio: Agenda do Samba e do Choro. A lista de discussão foi acompanhada durante três meses em agosto, outubro e novembro. Foram utilizados três instrumentos de pesquisa: a análise de entrevistas coletadas no dia da festa de aniversário da Agenda no Rio de Janeiro-RJ, a análise dos e-mails trocados entre os participantes da lista e, por último, a análise dos questionários enviados aos membros da Tribuna. Os resultados sugeriram que os relacionamentos constituídos na Tribuna podem extrapolar para o mundo físico e que há uma necessidade por parte dos participantes de que o convívio social seja experimentado também fisicamente. Também foi observado que os encontros físicos não deixam de acontecer quando se utiliza a Internet e muito menos que esta destrói a sociabilidade contemporânea. O resultado sugere ainda que existe a partilha de um mesmo território seja ele concreto ou imaterial impulsionado, no caso da Tribuna, pela troca de informação sobre samba e choro. / The Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) inaugurated a new sociability way that transposed the interaction and the social relations formation for a new support: the cyberspace. The hypothesis of this work is communication technologies may configure new sociability spaces, inaugurating new experiences to be with someone else, and providing a local approximation. The objective is investigate if the cyberspace is a tool that may appear social relations, which reflect at physical space, not replacing it, but completing it. For that was executed a case study from sites Tribuna (discussion list) Agenda do Samba e do Choro. The discussion list was studied for three months August, October and November. Three research tools were used: the interviews analysis collected during the Agenda anniversary party in Rio de Janeiro RJ, changed e-mails analysis between the Tribunas users and questionnaires analysis sent to the list members. The results suggested that the relationships made in Tribuna may cross to the physical world and there is a members necessity social living to be physically experimented. As well noticed the physical meetings continue to happen when the Internet is used and the contemporary sociability is not destroyed. The result suggests that still exists experience of the same territory - concrete or immaterial stimulated, in the Tribunas case, by the samba and choro information exchange.
5

Ciberespaço e sociabilidade: um estudo de caso do sítio "Agenda do samba e do choro" / Ciberspace and sociability: a case study of the site Agenda of the Samba and Choro

Giovana Azevedo Pampanelli Lucas 01 March 2005 (has links)
A Comunicação Mediada por Computador (CMC) inaugurou uma nova forma de sociabilidade que transpôs a interação e a constituição dos laços sociais para um novo suporte: o ciberespaço. A hipótese deste trabalho é de que as tecnologias de comunicação podem configurar novos espaços de sociabilidade, inaugurando novas práticas de estar com o outro, e, inclusive, propiciar uma aproximação local. O objetivo é investigar se o ciberespaço é uma ferramenta que pode fazer emergir laços sociais que se refletem no espaço físico, não o substituindo, mas o completando. Para isso foi realizado um estudo de caso da Tribuna (lista de discussão) do sítio: Agenda do Samba e do Choro. A lista de discussão foi acompanhada durante três meses em agosto, outubro e novembro. Foram utilizados três instrumentos de pesquisa: a análise de entrevistas coletadas no dia da festa de aniversário da Agenda no Rio de Janeiro-RJ, a análise dos e-mails trocados entre os participantes da lista e, por último, a análise dos questionários enviados aos membros da Tribuna. Os resultados sugeriram que os relacionamentos constituídos na Tribuna podem extrapolar para o mundo físico e que há uma necessidade por parte dos participantes de que o convívio social seja experimentado também fisicamente. Também foi observado que os encontros físicos não deixam de acontecer quando se utiliza a Internet e muito menos que esta destrói a sociabilidade contemporânea. O resultado sugere ainda que existe a partilha de um mesmo território seja ele concreto ou imaterial impulsionado, no caso da Tribuna, pela troca de informação sobre samba e choro. / The Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) inaugurated a new sociability way that transposed the interaction and the social relations formation for a new support: the cyberspace. The hypothesis of this work is communication technologies may configure new sociability spaces, inaugurating new experiences to be with someone else, and providing a local approximation. The objective is investigate if the cyberspace is a tool that may appear social relations, which reflect at physical space, not replacing it, but completing it. For that was executed a case study from sites Tribuna (discussion list) Agenda do Samba e do Choro. The discussion list was studied for three months August, October and November. Three research tools were used: the interviews analysis collected during the Agenda anniversary party in Rio de Janeiro RJ, changed e-mails analysis between the Tribunas users and questionnaires analysis sent to the list members. The results suggested that the relationships made in Tribuna may cross to the physical world and there is a members necessity social living to be physically experimented. As well noticed the physical meetings continue to happen when the Internet is used and the contemporary sociability is not destroyed. The result suggests that still exists experience of the same territory - concrete or immaterial stimulated, in the Tribunas case, by the samba and choro information exchange.
6

The Role of Hypothalamic Vasopressin Cells in Male Sociability and Anxiety-Linked Behavior

Nanda, Prakruti 25 October 2018 (has links)
The vertebrate hypothalamus is a central node within multiple interwoven neural networks that integrate external and internal cues to control homeostasis, endocrine functions and social behavior. The neuropeptide hormone arginine-vasopressin (AVP) is produced in both the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus. Expression within these nuclei is conserved across species, and species differences in the expression of AVP and its cognate receptors correlate with differences in social behavior. As a central node within the social behavior network, chemogenetic manipulation of AVP+ cells in the paraventricular nucleus (pvn) of the hypothalamus provides a unique opportunity to investigate the relationship between social behavior and the regulation of stress responses. Here, we show that reversibly inducing excitatory activity in vasopressin neurons in the PVN results in reduced motivation for social interaction and increased grooming behavior in males. Chronic activation of PVN AVP neurons reduced social motivation in male mice that persisted even without CNO administration. These results highlight the role PVN AVP+ neurons play in the modulation of male social motivation.
7

Variation in behavior and the success of an invasive species : Comparison of sociability and activity between four populations of the Round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) in the Baltic Sea

Finn, Fia January 2012 (has links)
No description available.
8

Investigating non???pedagogical sociability of asynchronous computer supported collaborative learning environments

Abedin, Babak , Information Systems, Technology & Management, Australian School of Business, UNSW January 2009 (has links)
While technologically Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) systems have been considerably improved, previous studies have shown that the social aspect of CSCL is often neglected or assumed to happen automatically just by creating such virtual learning environments. Several studies on the other hand showed sociability of CSCL environments strongly relate to online learning enjoyment and effectiveness of learning. Social interactions in CSCL can be broadly categorized as pedagogical/on-task and non-pedagogical/non-task interactions. Accordingly, this thesis investigates the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL environments and primarily demonstrates that non-pedagogical/non-task interactions do occur in these environments. In addition, this thesis operationalizes the notion of non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL environments and determines factors that impact on it. A multi method approach for data collection and analysis is used. Results of a content analysis extend the Transcript Analysis Tool (TAT) instrument, the tool used for the content analysis, and show the presence and pattern of a substantial amount of nonpedagogical social exchanges occur in both virtual task-related as well as non-taskrelated spaces. The findings from the survey data, on the other hand, support the SIP theory and SIDE theory predictions and revealed that the sense of cohesion and awareness of others significantly impact on the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL. Furthermore, the study demonstrates that the perception of self-representation and perception of compatibility affect the sense of cohesion and awareness of others and indirectly contribute to the perceived non-pedagogical sociability of the environment. The findings of this thesis can be used in future research for investigating the relationship between the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL and other CSCL factors. It also provides CSCL lecturers and facilitators with a conceptual model by which sociability can be explicitly addressed in their course planning and delivery processes. From a practical point of view, this study develops and validates an instrument that guides required changes in the CSCL for improving the non-pedagogical social functionality of the environment. The findings also stress the importance of virtual spaces in CSCL design exercises in order to provide opportunities for students to have non-task discussions and to reflect on their own and others??? experiences and ideas.
9

Investigating non???pedagogical sociability of asynchronous computer supported collaborative learning environments

Abedin, Babak , Information Systems, Technology & Management, Australian School of Business, UNSW January 2009 (has links)
While technologically Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) systems have been considerably improved, previous studies have shown that the social aspect of CSCL is often neglected or assumed to happen automatically just by creating such virtual learning environments. Several studies on the other hand showed sociability of CSCL environments strongly relate to online learning enjoyment and effectiveness of learning. Social interactions in CSCL can be broadly categorized as pedagogical/on-task and non-pedagogical/non-task interactions. Accordingly, this thesis investigates the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL environments and primarily demonstrates that non-pedagogical/non-task interactions do occur in these environments. In addition, this thesis operationalizes the notion of non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL environments and determines factors that impact on it. A multi method approach for data collection and analysis is used. Results of a content analysis extend the Transcript Analysis Tool (TAT) instrument, the tool used for the content analysis, and show the presence and pattern of a substantial amount of nonpedagogical social exchanges occur in both virtual task-related as well as non-taskrelated spaces. The findings from the survey data, on the other hand, support the SIP theory and SIDE theory predictions and revealed that the sense of cohesion and awareness of others significantly impact on the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL. Furthermore, the study demonstrates that the perception of self-representation and perception of compatibility affect the sense of cohesion and awareness of others and indirectly contribute to the perceived non-pedagogical sociability of the environment. The findings of this thesis can be used in future research for investigating the relationship between the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL and other CSCL factors. It also provides CSCL lecturers and facilitators with a conceptual model by which sociability can be explicitly addressed in their course planning and delivery processes. From a practical point of view, this study develops and validates an instrument that guides required changes in the CSCL for improving the non-pedagogical social functionality of the environment. The findings also stress the importance of virtual spaces in CSCL design exercises in order to provide opportunities for students to have non-task discussions and to reflect on their own and others??? experiences and ideas.
10

Investigating non???pedagogical sociability of asynchronous computer supported collaborative learning environments

Abedin, Babak , Information Systems, Technology & Management, Australian School of Business, UNSW January 2009 (has links)
While technologically Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) systems have been considerably improved, previous studies have shown that the social aspect of CSCL is often neglected or assumed to happen automatically just by creating such virtual learning environments. Several studies on the other hand showed sociability of CSCL environments strongly relate to online learning enjoyment and effectiveness of learning. Social interactions in CSCL can be broadly categorized as pedagogical/on-task and non-pedagogical/non-task interactions. Accordingly, this thesis investigates the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL environments and primarily demonstrates that non-pedagogical/non-task interactions do occur in these environments. In addition, this thesis operationalizes the notion of non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL environments and determines factors that impact on it. A multi method approach for data collection and analysis is used. Results of a content analysis extend the Transcript Analysis Tool (TAT) instrument, the tool used for the content analysis, and show the presence and pattern of a substantial amount of nonpedagogical social exchanges occur in both virtual task-related as well as non-taskrelated spaces. The findings from the survey data, on the other hand, support the SIP theory and SIDE theory predictions and revealed that the sense of cohesion and awareness of others significantly impact on the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL. Furthermore, the study demonstrates that the perception of self-representation and perception of compatibility affect the sense of cohesion and awareness of others and indirectly contribute to the perceived non-pedagogical sociability of the environment. The findings of this thesis can be used in future research for investigating the relationship between the non-pedagogical sociability of CSCL and other CSCL factors. It also provides CSCL lecturers and facilitators with a conceptual model by which sociability can be explicitly addressed in their course planning and delivery processes. From a practical point of view, this study develops and validates an instrument that guides required changes in the CSCL for improving the non-pedagogical social functionality of the environment. The findings also stress the importance of virtual spaces in CSCL design exercises in order to provide opportunities for students to have non-task discussions and to reflect on their own and others??? experiences and ideas.

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