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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Mathematics and the USSR : organising a discipline

Tsiatouras, Vasilis January 2015 (has links)
This thesis aspires to establish a new research direction in STS. In the first chapter a literature review is conducted and the research questions are being formulated. The second chapter is devoted to presenting research findings from the archaeological, biological and brain sciences in a unified form. The various stone tool technologies are analysed, and a brief introduction follows into human evolution and the effects that artefacts had on it; then recent neurobiological research on the deeper relationships between consciousness, artefacts and the brain is presented. In the third chapter, after an introduction in the deeper neurological relationships between language and gestures, a gestural analysis of mathematical speech follows, based on visual data generated from an interview with a working mathematician; the last section examines recent research on gesture and mathematics as special cases of Roman Ingarden’s aesthetic theory. In the fourth chapter, four approaches to the social history of mathematics in the USSR are presented, based on data generated from interviews with former professional Soviet mathematicians. Following a Maussian approach, the Soviet mathematical community is presented as a gift economy of scientific articles. Then, in line with a Marxian approach, the Soviet university mathematical school is presented as a factory with its own mode of self-production. In the following section, based on a Parsonian systemic approach, the Soviet mathematical community is presented as a banking system, with the scientific journals as the banking institutions. In the next section of the fourth chapter, following a Weberian approach, the mathematical community in the USSR is presented as a social estate, as separate and distinct from other Soviet social estates. The final section integrates the previous approaches and presents the Soviet mathematics research community as a modern version of an ancient city-state. In the fifth chapter Hilbert spaces are briefly presented, as an example of the fictional universe of modern mathematics, along with some conjectured differences between Soviet and Western mathematics research. In the final chapter, the conclusions of this research project are summarised, and this thesis is presented as an instance of a proposed revised version of David Bloor’s Strong Programme.
2

The subversion of everyday life : an anthropological study of radical political practices : the Greek revolt of December 2008

Kallianos, Ioannis January 2012 (has links)
Based on eighteen months of fieldwork amongst anarchist and anti-authoritarian groups in Athens this thesis focuses on the December 2008 Greek revolt. It is an ethnographic exploration of collective self-organised practices in the public spaces of Athens and the occupied buildings of that period. It posits that these sets of processes were developed in the revolt as politics of subversion of the everyday life which in the thesis is considered both the site of alienation and emancipation. Based on Bourdieu, this study suggests that the everyday practices of subversion in radical politics are habitual dispositions of action that have been developed, based on past events which go as far back as the Greek civil war (1946-49), to establish a political living in the present, a process that is explored based on what Friedman calls ‘mythologisation' . Drawing on De Certeau, Lefebvre and Vaneigem it is argued that these collective dispositions are the productive factors of tactics of the subversion which emerge in the context of everyday situations defined by the particularities of public space, imagination and public memory.This suggests that the revolt was not an organised process to create a counter-hegemony but rather, a multitude of micro-processes which used everyday situations as sites of subversion. This argument is explored based on the notion of the social imaginary as defined by Taylor and Castoriadis. In this thesis imagination is considered to be constitutive of the politics of subversion. Fuelled by past events and habitual dispositions of actions radical political practices in the revolt were formative of an ontological process which imagines and explains the political as personal and the private as public. According to that interpretation the event of the death of Alexandros Grigoropoulos generated sites where official power could be challenged, escaped and confronted by tactics of subversion.
3

O papel da mídia capixaba na construção do imaginário social do progresso no Espírito Santo (2003-2006) / O papel da mídia capixaba na construção do imaginário social do progresso no Espírito Santo (2003-2006)

Ana Claudia Silva Mielki 20 October 2010 (has links)
A partir da análise de 18 matérias veiculadas nos jornais impressos capixabas, a saber, AGazeta e A Tribuna a pesquisa buscou entender como tais jornais operam a construção do imaginário social do progresso no Espírito Santo. A partir do aporte teórico-metodológico da Análise do Discurso, a pesquisa busca encontrar nos textos os indícios que levam a uma formação discursiva, e, por conseguinte, a uma formação ideológica em que o progresso emerge como categoria fundante. Tais indícios, que tecem a trama do imaginário do progresso é o discurso, entendido como materialidade lingüística, lugar em que se articulam sujeito, língua e história. A premissa inicial é a de que o progresso, ainda que não apareça nos jornais como um enunciado concreto, constitui-se enquanto idéia e funda-se como vontade, ganhando assim aderência social. Logo, se por um lado, o progresso aparece como discurso forjado por determinados grupos, por outro, encontra aderência nessa vontade, constituindo-se enquanto imaginário coletivamente apropriado. O imaginário social seria, por seu turno, essa espécie de imagem que a sociedade cria de si. Uma forma de um grupo, uma comunidade, uma sociedade se enxergar; a base na qual cada sociedade elabora a imagem de si mesma e do universo em que vive. Enquanto uma imagem atua, portanto, como uma espécie de representação da realidade. É o espelho no qual se estrutura essa sociedade. Mas esse espelho, no entanto, não funciona com uma imagem refletida e sim com uma representação dessa realidade. A pesquisa conta com uma articulação teórica com o campo da história e também das ciências sociais, em especial, a sociologia das práticas sociais, sendo o conceito de habitus jornalístico um dos aportes teóricos da pesquisa. Articular a discussão acerca do habitus jornalístico, discutir como o jornalismo cria, a partir de sua prática e seu modo de operação, um lugar para si mesmo lugar de quem fala , é também um dos objetivos desta pesquisa. Para isso queremos entender como o jornalismo, ao mesmo tempo em que opera discursos outros, opera o discurso sobre si mesmo, construindo-se como lugar de legitimidade. Para as análises, fora realizada a constituição de um corpus selecionado de forma aleatória das edições do jornal, chegando a um total de 96 edições (48 de cada jornal) distribuídas entre os anos de 2003 e 2006. O período foi escolhido por ser tratar de momento ímpar em relação ao discurso do progresso no estado do Espírito Santo, em parte, pelas mudanças que ocorriam no cenário local, em parte, pelas mudanças que ocorriam no cenário nacional. As matérias ou colunas fazem parte dos cadernos de Economia de ambos os jornais. / From the analysis of 18 articles published in capixaba´s printed newspapers, wich are A Gazeta and A Tribuna, the research intended to understand how these newspapers operate the building of social imaginary of progress in Espírito Santo. With the theoretical and methodological stand of Discourse Analysis, it was possible to find in these texts the evidences that lead to a discursive formation and, consequently, to a ideological formation where progress emerges as a regnant category. These evidences, that weave the plot of progress, are contained in discourse as a linguistic materiality, place where subject, language and history are articulated. The results point that progress, even when does not appear in newspapers as a correct enunciation, constitutes itself as idea and is founded as will, thus gaining social adherence. On this way, if progress appears as a discourse forged by certain groups, on the other hand it finds adherence to this will, constituting an imaginary collectively taken. The social imaginary would be, on its turn, this kind of image that society creates of itself. A formation of a group, a community, a society way of seeing itself; the base on wich each society elaborates an image of itself and the universe where she lives. As an image it acts, therefore, as a kind of reality´s representation. It is the mirror where this society is structured. But this mirror, however, does not work reflecting an image, considering that is also refracts it. The research has a theoretical articulation with history´s extent and also with social sciences, especially sociology of social practices, since the concept of habitus as one of the contributions to this research. Articulating the argument about the journalistic, discussing how journalism creates, from its practice and its operation way, a place for itself - a place that talks was also one of this work´s objectives. To achieve that, the research intended to understand how journalism, at the same time that operates discourses about others, also operates a discourse about itself, constructing its place as a place of legitimacy. To the analysis, was made a constitution of a montage about a sampling selected in a random way over the newspaper editions, in a total of 96 editions (48 of each newspaper) distributed between the years of 2003 and 2006, in wich 18 constitutes the amount of the research. This period was chosen because it shows a special moment related to the discourse of progress in Espírito Santo´s state, somehow, by the changes that occurried in local scene, and also because of the changes in national stage. The articles or columns are part of Economical´s sections in both newspapers.
4

O papel da mídia capixaba na construção do imaginário social do progresso no Espírito Santo (2003-2006) / O papel da mídia capixaba na construção do imaginário social do progresso no Espírito Santo (2003-2006)

Mielki, Ana Claudia Silva 20 October 2010 (has links)
A partir da análise de 18 matérias veiculadas nos jornais impressos capixabas, a saber, AGazeta e A Tribuna a pesquisa buscou entender como tais jornais operam a construção do imaginário social do progresso no Espírito Santo. A partir do aporte teórico-metodológico da Análise do Discurso, a pesquisa busca encontrar nos textos os indícios que levam a uma formação discursiva, e, por conseguinte, a uma formação ideológica em que o progresso emerge como categoria fundante. Tais indícios, que tecem a trama do imaginário do progresso é o discurso, entendido como materialidade lingüística, lugar em que se articulam sujeito, língua e história. A premissa inicial é a de que o progresso, ainda que não apareça nos jornais como um enunciado concreto, constitui-se enquanto idéia e funda-se como vontade, ganhando assim aderência social. Logo, se por um lado, o progresso aparece como discurso forjado por determinados grupos, por outro, encontra aderência nessa vontade, constituindo-se enquanto imaginário coletivamente apropriado. O imaginário social seria, por seu turno, essa espécie de imagem que a sociedade cria de si. Uma forma de um grupo, uma comunidade, uma sociedade se enxergar; a base na qual cada sociedade elabora a imagem de si mesma e do universo em que vive. Enquanto uma imagem atua, portanto, como uma espécie de representação da realidade. É o espelho no qual se estrutura essa sociedade. Mas esse espelho, no entanto, não funciona com uma imagem refletida e sim com uma representação dessa realidade. A pesquisa conta com uma articulação teórica com o campo da história e também das ciências sociais, em especial, a sociologia das práticas sociais, sendo o conceito de habitus jornalístico um dos aportes teóricos da pesquisa. Articular a discussão acerca do habitus jornalístico, discutir como o jornalismo cria, a partir de sua prática e seu modo de operação, um lugar para si mesmo lugar de quem fala , é também um dos objetivos desta pesquisa. Para isso queremos entender como o jornalismo, ao mesmo tempo em que opera discursos outros, opera o discurso sobre si mesmo, construindo-se como lugar de legitimidade. Para as análises, fora realizada a constituição de um corpus selecionado de forma aleatória das edições do jornal, chegando a um total de 96 edições (48 de cada jornal) distribuídas entre os anos de 2003 e 2006. O período foi escolhido por ser tratar de momento ímpar em relação ao discurso do progresso no estado do Espírito Santo, em parte, pelas mudanças que ocorriam no cenário local, em parte, pelas mudanças que ocorriam no cenário nacional. As matérias ou colunas fazem parte dos cadernos de Economia de ambos os jornais. / From the analysis of 18 articles published in capixaba´s printed newspapers, wich are A Gazeta and A Tribuna, the research intended to understand how these newspapers operate the building of social imaginary of progress in Espírito Santo. With the theoretical and methodological stand of Discourse Analysis, it was possible to find in these texts the evidences that lead to a discursive formation and, consequently, to a ideological formation where progress emerges as a regnant category. These evidences, that weave the plot of progress, are contained in discourse as a linguistic materiality, place where subject, language and history are articulated. The results point that progress, even when does not appear in newspapers as a correct enunciation, constitutes itself as idea and is founded as will, thus gaining social adherence. On this way, if progress appears as a discourse forged by certain groups, on the other hand it finds adherence to this will, constituting an imaginary collectively taken. The social imaginary would be, on its turn, this kind of image that society creates of itself. A formation of a group, a community, a society way of seeing itself; the base on wich each society elaborates an image of itself and the universe where she lives. As an image it acts, therefore, as a kind of reality´s representation. It is the mirror where this society is structured. But this mirror, however, does not work reflecting an image, considering that is also refracts it. The research has a theoretical articulation with history´s extent and also with social sciences, especially sociology of social practices, since the concept of habitus as one of the contributions to this research. Articulating the argument about the journalistic, discussing how journalism creates, from its practice and its operation way, a place for itself - a place that talks was also one of this work´s objectives. To achieve that, the research intended to understand how journalism, at the same time that operates discourses about others, also operates a discourse about itself, constructing its place as a place of legitimacy. To the analysis, was made a constitution of a montage about a sampling selected in a random way over the newspaper editions, in a total of 96 editions (48 of each newspaper) distributed between the years of 2003 and 2006, in wich 18 constitutes the amount of the research. This period was chosen because it shows a special moment related to the discourse of progress in Espírito Santo´s state, somehow, by the changes that occurried in local scene, and also because of the changes in national stage. The articles or columns are part of Economical´s sections in both newspapers.
5

Shadow and Voice: The Vampire's Debt to Secular Modernity

Maynard, Luke R. J. 18 December 2013 (has links)
The past few years have seen a renewed critical interest in the vampires and vampirism of English literature, owing both to their growing influence in popular culture and a more inclusive reordering of the literary canon. Much of this recent work has typically approached vampirism through a psychoanalytic lens inherited from Gothic criticism, characterized by a dependence on Freud, Lacan, and Foucault, and often by a model of crisis in which these supernatural figures of terror are supposed to symbolize cultural anxieties with varying degrees of historicity. This dissertation builds upon the narrative of secularization set out in Charles Taylor’s recent work, A Secular Age, to answer the need for a new and alternative narrative of what function the vampire serves within English literature, and how it came to prominence there. The literary history of vampirism is reconsidered in light of the new sociological observations made by Taylor, hinging upon two key methodological principles: first, that Taylor’s new secularization narrative has the potential to reshape the way we think of literature in general and our literary relationship to the supernatural in particular; and second, that the fiction generated during this period of upheaval has much more to tell us about secularization, broadening our understanding of the ideological shifts and changing relationships to the supernatural that brought forth this uniquely modern monster in literature. / Graduate / 0593 / 0318 / 0358 / glukemaynard@gmail.com
6

The Peasant Imagined : Social Imaginary and Social Order in Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century Sweden

Håkansson, Jakob January 2017 (has links)
The purpose of this thesis is to illuminate how the Swedish peasantry was perceived by the Swedish Burgher, Clerical, and Noble Estates during the eighteenth and early nineteenth century. By studying the Diet protocols of each Estate from three Diets, and by applying the concept of social imaginary, it considers what a peasant was perceived to be, who was perceived to be a peasant, and how these perceptions changed. The period under investigation is a time when the orders of society began to change and the peasantry underwent a process of radicalization. It is also a time when the way people perceived themselves changed, from a perception of “the self” heavily influenced by the collective, to a more individualistic one. These circumstances made the Estates question the traditional ideal of what a peasant was, re-writing the social script of the peasantry to include new attributes, duties, and virtues than it did a century earlier. Three main categories are used and aims at exploring the peasantry’s perceived social dignity, political role, and economic function, each representing its respective order in estate society. The study has shown how the Estates perceived peasants to be simple, uneducated, and foolish in the early stages of the Age of Liberty (1718–1772), and that the social dignity of a peasant was fundamental in conceptualizing what and who a peasant was. This changed towards the end of the century and became much more diverse and complex during the early nineteenth century. By the early 1820’s, the Noble and Clerical Estates perceived them as competent, responsible, and as being capable of betterment and upward mobility in a spiritual and worldly sense. The Burgher Estate perceived them as self-righteous, rustic, and intrusive as they had begun to invade their cities, steeling their livelihood, and thus threatening their entire existence as an estate. The economic transformations of the period also proved how the economic function of the peasantry was now to a larger degree emphasized as the determinative factor of what social dignity and political role they should have. / <p>The author has changed name to Jakob Starlander.</p>
7

Imaginaire social et politique éducative dans les lycées techniques et professionnels / Ensenanza media tecnico -profesional en Chile : imaginario social, discurso y politica educativa en EMPT

Nunez Munoz, Carmen Gloria 11 December 2009 (has links)
Cette étude cherche à développer un regard complexe et non technocratique sur l'Enseignement Secondaire Technique Professionnel (ESTP) au Chili, en l'analysant à partir des notions d'imaginaire social de Cornelius Castoriadis et du discours de Michel Foucault. Avec cet abordage nous prétendons élargir le débat autour des formes sociales et subjectives à la base de la politique éducative de l'ESTP ainsi qu’autour de l’imaginaire social qui l'institue. À cette fin, la méthodologie employée comprend des entretiens semi-structurés à des sujets liés à l’ESTP et à l’Enseignement Secondaire Général, ainsi que l'analyse de documents historiques et actuels relatifs à l’ESTP, à partir de la méthode proposée par Michel Foucault. Cette thèse montre que le ciment idéologique qui soutient l'ESTP n’est en aucun cas économique fonctionnel ; il s’agit plutôt d’un imaginaire social qui configure certaines stratégies d'administration des formes de subjectivation des jeunes des secteurs populaires. De la même manière, l’analyse des résultats met en évidence que la politique éducative de l'ESTP se base sur une forte division sexuelle du travail, face auquel cette politique est hautement conservatrice. / This research develops a complex view about the Vocational – Technical Education in Chile, from an approach that overcomes the technocratic analysis which dominates until now, questioning her from notions like social imaginary of Corneluis Castoriadis and discourse of Michel Foucault. This way of analysis pretends to open the discussion about the social and subjectives forms which are sustained across the educational politic of Vocational – Technical Education, and also the social imaginary that institutionalize her. For this goal, it develops a methodology that includes semi constructured interviews to subjects related with the Vocational – Technical and Humanistic Education and the analysis of historic and actual documents about the Vocational – Technical Education. The thesis shows that it is not the economic-functional vision which sustains the Vocational – Technical Education, like the educational politic trays to show her-self, but rather a neoliberal knowledge that configures certain administration strategies of the subjectivation forms of young people from vulnerable populations. They emerges inside the discourse and the social imaginary like subjects marked by the lack. They are the Others of the education towards whom goes Other educational politic. / La presente investigación busca desarrollar una mirada compleja respecto de la Enseñanza Media Técnico- Profesional (EMTP) en nuestro país, desde un enfoque que supera el análisis tecnocrático que ha primado hasta ahora, interrogándola desde las nociones de imaginario social de Cornelius Castoriadis y de discurso de Michel Foucault. Con este abordaje se pretende abrir la discusión, tanto en torno a las formas sociales y subjetivas que se sustentan a través de la política educativa de EMTP, como del imaginario social que la instituye. Para dicho fin, se desarrolla una metodología que incluye la realización de entrevistas semiestructuradas a sujetos relacionados con la modalidad EMTP y EMCH, y el análisis de documentos históricos y actuales referentes a EMTP. La tesis da cuenta que no es una visión económico-funcional la que sostiene a la EMTP, tal como la política educativa intenta mostrarse a sí misma, sino más bien, un saber neoliberal que configura ciertas estrategias de administración de las formas de subjetivación de los jóvenes de sectores populares, quienes emergen dentro del discurso y del imaginario social como sujetos marcados por la carencia. Son los Otros de la educación, hacia quienes se dirige Otra política educativa.
8

L'époque, les discours, l'amour : approche structurale et historique de l'indifférence aux choses de l'amour / The era, the discourses, the love : structural and historical approach of indifeerence to things of love

Victoria, Bernard 11 July 2015 (has links)
Le travail consiste à articuler la question de l'amour avec celle de l'époque à partir de la catégorie de discours telle qu'elle a été proposée par Lacan. Ceci afin de repérer les incidences du lien social contemporain - dans sa double détermination par les logiques consuméristes et marchandes et par le discours de la science - sur les liens amoureux. / Based on the works of Jacques Lacan and Cornelius Castoriadis, we propose an articulation of structure and history in order to build a psychoanalytic approach of the impacts of our era — in its dual determination by consumerist market logic, and the scientific discourse — on loving relationships. We have been able to propose a psychoanalytic, structural and historical approach of the causes, the conditions and consequences of indifference to things of love induced by capitalist discourse structure and the socio-historical purview witch is linked to it.
9

Narrativas Urbanas, Grafite e Pós-modernidade / Urban narratives, Graffiti & Postmodernim

Leonardo Perdigão Leite 10 March 2015 (has links)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico / O presente trabalho visa demonstrar de que maneira os grafites se enquadram nos modos de narração e construção de laços de sociabilidade da sociedade pós-moderna. Segue-se o pensamento de Gianni Vattimo que questiona a ideia outrora dominante de uma história universal e linear, característica do pensamento moderno. O filósofo propõe que pensemos na figura fragmentada de mosaicos de narrativas onde prevalecem histórias locais de grupos antes vistos como subculturas. Com a difusão e acessibilidade aos diversos meios de comunicação, vislumbra-se a emergência de vozes outrora silenciadas pelo status quo, permitindo a materialização das várias weltanschauung (visões de mundo) dos grupos sociais na contemporaneidade. A disseminação dessas vozes não procura mais apresentar a história por meio de fatos concretos de um saber legítimo, mas através de fábulas que permitam a visualização e despertem o imaginário desses grupos sufocados. Na sociedade pós-moderna existem tantas narrativas locais quanto tribos urbanas. Ademais são abordadas as tensões existentes entre grafite e pichação e da comercialização e institucionalização do grafite sob a alcunha de "arte urbana". Também é destacado o papel dos museus na formação de identidades e de patrimônios locais e de como essas instituições culturais exercem influência na constituição de novos imaginários sociais ou na manutenção destes, que estão presentes na sociedade contemporânea. As cidades, bairros e territórios, e o sentimento de pertencimento, são essenciais para que as intervenções urbanas possam ocorrer. Assim, é explicitada a relação das diversas tribos urbanas com os espaços das cidades, os desdobramentos da globalização sobre esses grupos e a constituição de memórias subterrâneas, que podem se constituir em forças de resistência aos movimentos culturais midiáticos
10

Cotidiano, comunicação e imaginário no bairro carioca de Marechal Hermes / Everyday life, communication and imaginary in the Rio de Janeiro neighborhood of Marechal Hermes

Zilméa Ferreira Ribas 23 March 2015 (has links)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / Com o objetivo de investigar as relações da comunicação com o espaço urbano, a presente dissertação se debruça sobre o bairro de Marechal Hermes, localizado na zona norte do Rio de Janeiro. Parte da abordagem da história cultural para refletir sobre as cidades, como propõe Sandra Pesavento, buscando perceber a urbe em suas três dimensões: materialidade, sociabilidade e sensibilidade. O primeiro aspecto atribui relevância ao fato de Marechal Hermes ser um bairro centenário, com uma morfologia singular boa parte do seu traçado e arquitetura originais são ainda mantidos, a despeito das interferências dos usuários. Assim, o bairro acumula diferentes registros, guardando uma memória de múltiplas temporalidades e possibilidades narrativas. A sociabilidade no bairro se manifesta nas práticas de ocupação do espaço e numa convivência cotidiana que se estabelece em relações diretas laços familiares, de amizade, vizinhança mas também em interações que se dão pelas redes de tecnologia e comunicação. Há uma tessitura de vozes consonantes e dissonantes, que não excluem divergências e tensões, mas focalizam sempre o sentido do comum. Tais redes de relações se complementam com as imagens construídas pelo cinema e pela TV, uma vez que o bairro tem sido cenário frequente de inúmeras produções da indústria audiovisual, como filmes, novelas e seriados. Veiculadas na grande mídia e consumidas de maneira peculiar pelos moradores, essas imagens se integram a um imaginário partilhado que legitima o valor do lugar distinguindo sua materialidade e seu espírito. Com um olhar de dentro, buscando sempre a perspectiva dos moradores, manifesta-se neste trabalho passado e presente, num instantâneo de Marechal Hermes que perscruta o futuro em novos sonhos para o lugar

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