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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Srovnávací analýza konstrukcí ženské sexuality v české odborné literatuře v letech 1986 - 2014 / A comparative analysis of female sexuality constructions in Czech professional literature within the years 1986 - 2014

Mikesková, Nikola January 2016 (has links)
In my diploma thesis I focus on the comparison of the construction of female sexuality in Czech professional sexological literature within the years 1986 - 2014. My aim is to reveal, through the critical reading, stereotyped mechanisms which are behind the discourse and to conclude where there has been any shift within the construction of female sexuality and the related topics in the past years, and where, on the contrary, there are still publications with certain limits. In the analysis I work only with literature written by the specialists in sexology and I come to the conclusions only through critical discourse analysis. I observe the gender construction and deconstruct seemingly valid and unchangeable social structures. Key words: sexological literature, sexological discourse, construction of female sexuality

Sexual Attitudes and Motivations in Same-Sex and Mixed-Sex Relationships

Armstrong, Heather L. January 2014 (has links)
People engage in sex for a wide variety of reasons and these reasons can differ depending on the individual, his or her partner, and on the context of the sexual encounter. The purpose of this dissertation was to examine how sexual attraction and sexual orientation, of both self and partner, affect an individual’s reasons to engage in sex, or sexual motivation. Three studies were conducted to explore these effects from both the individual’s and the partner’s perspective. In Study 1, individual attitudes toward having casual sex, dating, and being in a committed relationship with a bisexual partner of the other gender were examined in a sample of 720 men and women. Participants reported negative attitudes toward having these relationships and more negative attitudes were reported as the commitment level of the considered relationship increased. Women also reported more negative attitudes and greater insecurity toward relationships than men. In Study 2, the psychometric properties of a comprehensive research tool, the Why Have Sex? (YSEX?) questionnaire to use in Study 3 for the study of sexual motivation were evaluated in a sample of 146 women with same-sex attraction. Overall, the reliability of this scale was excellent for casual sex motivations and motivations for sex in committed relationships with female partners. In Study 3, motivations for sex and the effects of relationship context, sexual attraction, and the gender of one’s partner were explored in a sample of 510 women including women with same-sex attraction and women with exclusively heterosexual attraction. Results of this study showed that relationship context had the largest effect on sexual motivation; physical motivations were more strongly endorsed for casual sex while emotional motivations were more strongly endorsed for sex in committed relationships. No effect of sexual attraction was reported. Further, no effect of gender of partner was reported by sexual minority women. The results of this dissertation have important implications for the study of sexual motivation, specifically as it relates to sexual attraction and orientation. Motivations for sex are likely to be affected by an individual’s attitudes and perceptions of his or her partner’s sexual orientation and associated stereotypes. In addition, the type of sexual relationship and associated level of commitment had strong, differential effects on sexual motivation. This is a novel finding as the context of the sexual relationship has not previously been considered with respect to individual motivations for sex. Henceforth, studies on sexual motivation need to be more contextualized and include more comprehensive assessments of individuals to increase the validity of findings and demonstrate the complex variation of human sexual motivation.

Excitable Boys: Male Dominance and Female Sexuality in Aphra Behn's The Rover and Thomas Middleton's A Chaste Maid in Cheapside

Ekholm, Jennifer 01 January 2018 (has links)
This paper investigates how Aphra Behn's The Rover and Thomas Middleton's A Chaste Maid in Cheapside complicate understandings of femininity and masculine dominance over female sexuality. The paper looks specifically at the "rake," and how he instigates questions about female identity and sexual assault. The paper also looks at the rake in regards to adulterous relationships. Finally, the paper analyzes the use of the female perspective in The Rover to highlight the importance of framing discussions about femininity and female sexuality outside of male discourse.

Aspects of Motherhood in the Poetry of Marilyn Hacker

Strand, Malin January 2018 (has links)
This essay will make a close reading of a selection of poems written by the poet and essayist Marilyn Hacker which explores the relationship between motherhood and lesbianism. The poetry is analyzed from a lesbian feminist view that uncovers how lesbianism can be used to politicize the construct of motherhood. The four poems that will be read contain passages where the poet relates to her experiences of motherhood with a lesbian sensibility. The analysis accounts for the political subject positions that lesbians can take account of in their writing. The study has found that in the poems, lesbianism becomes a creative force that can deconstruct the patriarchal hegemony of motherhood.

Sexualní dysfunkce žen s močovou inkontinencí / Sexual dysfunctions in w omen with urinary incontinence

Pastor, Zlatko January 2013 (has links)
Aim: This study was designed to examine the influence of female urinary incontinence on development of sexual dysfunctions. By means of the questionnaire investigation we inquired how often and how the sexual behaviour and response were modified. Our goal was to determine the prevalence of coital incontinence, describe the most common sexual disorders and to find out how women deal with the urinary incontinence in a partner relationship and how such situations are resolved. Attention was given to the interests of health care professionals in this area, the quality of their communication with patients, effect and satisfaction with therapy. Research sample: The study included 106 women with urinary incontinence (aged 30-44 years and 44-59 years). Characteristics of their sexual behaviour were compared between the two age groups and in relation to assessed diagnosis. Changes in sexual behaviour were evaluated both in relation to the population group who were a part of representative research study of Czech women in 2008 and control group of 112 healthy women of comparable age. Material and methods: To describe and analyze sexual dysfunction in incontinent women, we used a modified version of sexological questionnaire from the research study of Weiss and Zverina and two international validated...

Μελέτη της επίδρασης των πολυμορφισμών PvuII και XbαI του οιστρογονικού υποδοχέα α στην γυναικεία σεξουαλική συμπεριφορά

Μιχαηλίδου, Ευτυχία 16 May 2014 (has links)
Μελέτη της επίδρασης των πολυμορφισμών PvuII και XbαI του οιστρογονικού υποδοχέα α στην γυναικεία σεξουαλική συμπεριφορά. / -

Os (Des)Caminhos das Mulheres no Teatro de Nelson Rodrigues: Uma ArticulaÃÃo Entre o Teatro e a PsicanÃlise / Womens un-ways in the theatre of Nelson Rodrigues: an articulation between theatre and psychoanalysis

Juliana Maria GirÃo Carvalho Nascimento 16 September 2011 (has links)
CoordenaÃÃo de AperfeiÃoamento de Pessoal de NÃvel Superior / Esta dissertaÃÃo se debruÃa sobre algumas das personagens mulheres emblemÃticas do teatro de Nelson Rodrigues, visando investigar os possÃveis caminhos ou descaminhos dessas personagens, a fim de compreender as diversas expressÃes da sexualidade feminina, bem como as fantasias e posiÃÃes subjetivas que as mulheres rodriguianas ocupam no exercÃcio dessa sexualidade e no amor. Considerando a virulÃncia do teatro rodriguiano e o poder da arte de dar expressÃo Ãs formaÃÃes do inconsciente, supomos que a dramaturgia de Nelson Rodrigues pode trazer importantes contribuiÃÃes para o avanÃo do saber psicanalÃtico sobre a sexualidade feminina. Para tanto, essa investigaÃÃo tomou como material de anÃlise as peÃas: Senhora dos Afogados, Vestido de Noiva e A Serpente. Tendo como base o referencial teÃrico da PsicanÃlise, foram fundamentais para guiar essa investigaÃÃo os conceitos freudianos de inconsciente, pulsÃo, recalque, complexo de Ãdipo, fase prÃ-edipiana, complexo de castraÃÃo, identificaÃÃo e supereu; bem como a categoria teatral da aÃÃo. A presente pesquisa foi bibliogrÃfica e buscou, na anÃlise do discurso das peÃas, ater-se Ãs sutilezas do texto rodriguiano, enquanto discurso veiculado pela palavra e pela aÃÃo. Desse modo, as mulheres do teatro de Nelson Rodrigues mostraram-se, sobretudo, arrebatadas pela paixÃo e pela voluptuosidade, em nome de um âquererâ que ultrapassa o desejo e o encontro com o objeto; âquererâ que parece se escorar tambÃm na figura da âoutra mulherâ, depositÃria de um amor ambivalente por excelÃncia. / This dissertation leans on some Nelson Rodrigues theaterâs emblematic female characters, aiming to investigate these characters ways or un-ways, in order to understand the different expressions of female sexuality, as well as the fantasies and the subjective positions that rodriguean women take on living this sexuality and love. Considering the rodriguean theaterâs virulence and the artâs power of giving expression to the unconscious creations, we suppose Nelson Rodrigues dramaturgy may carry important contributions on the psychoanalyst knowledge improvement about female sexuality. For that, this study has taken as analysis material the plays: Senhora dos Afogados(Lady of the Drowned), Vestido de Noiva (The Wedding Dress) and A Serpente (The Serpent. Based on Psychoanalysis theoretical references, Freudian concepts of unconscious, drive, repression, Oedipus complex, early Oedipus complex, castration complex, identification e superego were fundamental to guide this investigation; as well as the drama category action. The present research was bibliographic and sought, by the plays discourse analysis, to stick to the Rodrigues writing subtlety, as a sort of discourse transmitted by words and action. Thereby, Nelson Rodrigues theaterâs women showed themselves, above all, rapt by passion and voluptuousness, in name of a âwantâ that exceeds desire and the meeting with the object; âwantâ also seems to lean on the shape of âanother womanâ, depository of an ambivalent love par excellence.

Sexualidade feminina em privação de liberdade: construindo relações sociais mais autênticas

Bassi, Silvana 23 May 2011 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2016-04-29T14:15:59Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Silvana Bassi.pdf: 576041 bytes, checksum: e464958b62dafa4f27d895e87c5c6771 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2011-05-23 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / This study reflects the practice of female sexuality in custody - as unique expression of the subject - and its interface with the context in which it is inserted. The importance of addressing this theme refers to the shortage of research with female adolescents who abide by social hospitalization in CASA Foundation / SP and to propose actions more attuned to the urgencies that are present. Sexuality - stigmatized and marred by prejudices and taboos - should be addressed to break paradigms, as advocated in legislation and policies aimed at children an adolescents. The proposal to discuss sexuality and spontaneously from the demands of teenagers led to the creation of a methodology of group dynamics, interactive and participatory, through which adolescents feel increasingly free to express their feelings their doubts and expectations. The research-in-action-of-intervention-training - used as a methodology - has broadened the perspectives of development of the growth process of the group. To the extent that the emerging content subsidized further discussion and turned into new buildings, the participants were involved in the dynamics and on track to establish more authentic / O presente estudo é uma reflexão prática da sexualidade feminina em privação de liberdade - como expressão singular do sujeito - e sua interface com a conjuntura na qual está inserido. A relevância de tratar desta temática se refere à escassez de pesquisas com adolescentes do sexo feminino que cumprem medida socioeducativa de internação na Fundação CASA/SP e que proponham ações mais afinadas com as urgências que se fazem presentes. A sexualidade - estigmatizada e permeada por preconceitos e tabus - deve ser abordada de forma a romper paradigmas, conforme preconizam a legislação e as políticas voltadas à criança e ao adolescente. A proposta de discutir a sexualidade de forma espontânea e a partir da demanda das adolescentes propiciou a criação de uma metodologia de dinâmica de grupo, interativa e participativa, por meio da qual as adolescentes se sentissem cada vez mais à vontade para expressarem seus sentimentos, suas dúvidas e suas expectativas. A pesquisa-em-ação-da-intervenção-profissional - utilizada como metodologia - ampliou as perspectivas do desenvolvimento do processo de crescimento do grupo. Na medida em que os conteúdos emergentes subsidiavam discussões posteriores e se transformavam em novas construções, os participantes se envolviam na dinâmica e caminhavam para estabelecer relações mais autenticas

A domesticação do corpo e a subversão da sexualidade feminina na literatura: do Iluminismo ao Naturalismo / The domestication of the body and the subversion of female sexuality in literature: from Enlightenment to Naturalism

Santos, Maria Aparecida Conceição Mendonça 25 September 2015 (has links)
Submitted by Rosivalda Pereira (mrs.pereira@ufma.br) on 2017-05-25T21:21:30Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MariaAparecidaSantos.pdf: 5437358 bytes, checksum: 7d0fb7d9c036565940c65b37d2add22c (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-05-25T21:21:30Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MariaAparecidaSantos.pdf: 5437358 bytes, checksum: 7d0fb7d9c036565940c65b37d2add22c (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-09-25 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / This work consists in showing a reflection about the female sexuality through a rich dialogue between History and Literature in order to highlight the assimilation and spread of the imaginary about the female body through literary works and movements. For this purpose, it was highlighted, first, some symbolic constructions that promoted the conception of an alleged ontological existence of a feminine nature, resignified in this research by the idea of an eternal feminine, that it would be appropriate and disseminated through various legitimating discourses, among them, the very literary discourse. In addition, it aims to emphasize not only the external influences exerted on literary discourse in the representation of a particular conception of reality guided by the hierarchical difference between sexes, but it also highlighted the active character of the literature in the construction and propagation of those values. Concomitantly with this, it was emphasized during the research, the mechanisms of control and repression that acted upon the female body and sexuality, which would be gradually produced, operated and improved according to the needs and interests of each society. In this perspective, in order to analyze the views on femininity propagated by the literature of the Nineteenth Century, it was evidenced the ruptures and continuities in relation to both social imaginary as the behaviors and meanings that were directed and imputed to women, taking another times as reference, observing, as well, its transformations along time, which would be ruled not only by the substitution of a discourse by another, but, mainly, by the continuous overlapping of a discourse by another, forming, in this way, a long-term structure. For this purpose, it demonstrate the perception of some authors of the Enlightenment regarding this issue, as well, as how the writers of the Romantic and Realistic movements worked this theme. Finally, it aimed to prioritize the analysis of the Naturalist School, relating it to the theme worked through the production of authors such as Émile Zola, Aluísio Azevedo and Júlio Ribeiro, highlighting how the nuances about female sexuality were manifested in their productions and the way which the various institutionalized knowledge of the Nineteenth Century sought todeny it, idealize it, and, finally, objectify it. / O presente trabalho consiste em apresentar uma reflexão sobre a sexualidade feminina a partir de um rico diálogo entre a História e a Literatura, com a finalidade de evidenciar a assimilação e propagação de um imaginário sobre o sexo feminino por meio de obras e estéticas literárias. Para tanto, destacou-se, primeiramente, algumas construções simbólicas que promoveram a concepção de uma pretensa existência ontológica de uma natureza feminina, ressignificada nesta pesquisa pela ideia de um eterno feminino, que seria apropriada e disseminada por meio de vários discursos legitimadores, dentre os quais, o próprio discurso literário. Ademais, buscou-se enfatizar não apenas as influências externas exercidas sobre o discurso literário na representação de determinada concepção de realidade pautada na diferença hierarquizante entre os sexos, mas, também, evidenciar o caráter ativo da Literatura na construção e propagação deste mesmo ideário. Concomitantemente a isto, enfatizou-se no decorrer da pesquisa os mecanismos de controle e repressão que atuavam sobre o corpo e a sexualidade feminina, que seriam, gradualmente, produzidos, operacionalizados e aperfeiçoados de acordo com as necessidades e interesses de cada sociedade. Nesta perspectiva, com a finalidade de analisar as visões de feminilidade propagadas pela Literatura do século XIX, evidenciou-se as rupturas e permanências em relação tanto ao imaginário social quanto aos comportamentos e significados que foram direcionados e imputados às mulheres, tendo por referência outras épocas, observando, assim, suas transformações ao longo do tempo, que seriam pautadas não apenas pela substituição de um discurso por outro, mas, principalmente, pela sobreposição contínua de um discurso sobre outro, vindo a formar, assim, uma estrutura de longa duração. Para tanto, buscou-se demonstrar a percepção de alguns autores do Iluminismo sobre tal questão, assim como a forma como tal tema foi trabalhado pelos literatos da estética Romântica e Realista. Por fim, priorizou-se a análise da Escola Naturalista, relacionando-a ao tema trabalhado a partir da produção de autores como Émile Zola, Aluísio Azevedo e Júlio Ribeiro, destacando de que forma as nuances acerca da sexualidade feminina foram apropriadas em suas produções e a maneira a partir da qual os mais variados discursos e saberes institucionalizados do século XIX buscaram negá-la, idealizá-la e, por fim, objetificá-la.

O perfil da sexualidade em mulheres com câncer de mama / The sexual profile of women with breast cancer

Maria Fernanda de Matos Maluf 08 April 2008 (has links)
INTRODUÇÃO: O câncer de mama é a neoplasia maligna que mais atinge o sexo feminino, sendo responsável por cerca de 20% dos óbitos por câncer entre as mulheres. Os tratamentos utilizados promovem, de modo geral, alterações na auto-imagem, na imagem corporal, no auto-conceito e na função sexual feminina. Assim, objetiva-se avaliar a presença ou não de disfunções sexuais em mulheres com câncer de mama tratadas cirurgicamente. MÉTODOS: foram avaliadas pelo período de um ano, 52 mulheres entre 50 e 60 anos de idade, divididas em dois grupos: controle, composto por 37 mulheres com tumores benignos de mama e 15 submetidas à mastectomia radical, utilizando o Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ), que avalia os quatro componentes da experiência sexual, incluindo as percepções sobre desejo sexual, interesse, orgasmo e satisfação, específico para avaliar a sexualidade em sujeitos com patologias clínicas, previamente aplicado na população brasileira. A este questionário foram acrescidas questões qualitativas visando a avaliação e observação das reações das pacientes frente ao diagnóstico cirúrgico e as possíveis alterações advindas da mastectomia radical na auto-estima, no humor, na capacidade de planejar o futuro e na manutenção do relacionamento afetivo-sexual. Testes estatísticos para medidas repetidas, análise de correlação entre variáveis e análise exploratória de dados multidimencionais estão entre as técnicas estatísticas utilizadas para avaliar o conjunto de dados. RESULTADOS: As principais variações detectadas ao longo do tempo, foram o desejo sexual, no grupo controle e na excitação no grupo cirúrgico. Avaliando-se o impacto do tempo observou-se uma piora na fase do desejo das pacientes pertencentes ao grupo controle comparado ao grupo de mastectomia radical. Dentre as pacientes submetidas à mastectomia, 37,5% das que realizaram reconstrução mamária tem melhor auto-imagem e exercem sua sexualidade adequadamente. A realização do processo de elaboração do luto foi observada durante as diversas etapas do tratamento do câncer de mama. Observou-se amplitude de variações nos sentimentos / atitudes que a doença causa em cada paciente, não sendo possível uma padronização do comportamento e complementando de forma decisiva na avaliação objetiva realizada através da escoragem WSFQ. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes submetidas à mastectomia radical apresentaram indícios de transtorno de excitação, quando comparadas à mulheres com tumores benignos de mama nas quais observa-se falta de desejo sexual. / INTRODUCTION: breast cancer is the malign neoplasia what most gets female sex, being responsible for about 20% from cancer\'s death among women. The treatments used to promote alterations on self-image, on body image body, into the self-concept and on the female sexual function. So, we aim to access the presence or not sexual dysfunctions in women with breast cancer submitted to surgery treatment. METHODS: were evaluated by a period of one year, 52 women among 50 and 60 years old, divided in two groups: control, compounded by 37 women with benign breast tumors and 15 submitted to radical mastectomy, using the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ), that assesses the four components from sexual experience, including the perceptions of sexual desire, interest, orgasm and satisfaction, specific to evaluate sexuality in subjects with clinics pathologies previously applied on Brazilian population. For this questionnaire have been added qualitative questions aimed the appraisal and observation from patients reactions to surgical diagnosis and the possible occurring alterations of radical mastectomy in self-steam, in humor, in the capacity of planning future and at the maintenance of the affective-sexual relationships. Statistic tests about repetitive measures, analysis between correlation variables and analysis of multidimencional exploratory data are among the statistics techniques used to evaluate the data set. RESULTS: the main variations detected in a long of the time, was the sexual desire in control group and in excitation in surgical group. Evaluating the impact of the time observed, considering comparatively both groups, there was a worsening in phase of desire in control group when compared to radical mastectomy group. Among the patients submitted to the mastectomy, 37.5% of that carried out mammary reconstruction has better self -image and exercise its sexuality adequately. The achievement of the trial of elaboration of the mourning process was observed during the diverse phases of the breast cancer treatment. It was seen amplitude of variations in feelings / attitudes that illness causes in each patient, not being possible a stardandization of the behavior and complementary of decisive form in the objective evaluation carried out through the WSFQ score CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to radical mastectomy presented indications of perturbation of excitement, when compared to women with benign breast tumors when were observed lack of sexual deseire.

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