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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Memento Mori: A Personal Story of Impermanance

Greenshields, Barbara, n/a January 2005 (has links)
My project reflects upon our body's impermanence and our efforts to balance the enormity of the concept of mortality with living every day. It investigates the condition of being that one cannot permit oneself to know too often, that is, the condition of, inhabiting a body through which one engages meaningfully with the world as a conscious being, but aware that this body will die. Within this framework, I investigate concepts of consciousness, sentience, and impermanence. These are concepts that are not clearly delineated in experience. There is a need to grasp them by means of other concepts that are understood in clearer terms. Using the quotidian experiences of food preparation, eating and the domestic as metaphorical tools, I delve into these themes. As I worked with these ideas the wider possibilities, both material and conceptual became evident. I expanded the initial medium of food to encompass personal objects and daily bodily processes in my attempt to probe complicated feelings about the impermanence of my own body. The project matured into a closer examination of what could be read as signs in every day life, of my body's vulnerability to death. The specific areas of focus are: Skin, Reanimation of the inanimate, Mouth, Concepts of the internal, Organs, Offal, Transmogrification, Organic destiny. Beginning with the skin that we are encased in, I used my body as an armature to produce a facsimile of my own hollowed-out empty skin. In Reanimation of the inanimate, I explore the continuum from preserved food to fermented food investigating the development from food as organic material whose life had passed to food as organic material in which change is an indicator of ongoing life. In the section titled Mouth, I consider the concept of exploring the world with one's mouth and the notion of anti-food. Introduced in Concepts of the internal are three investigations of the internal human body: anatomical illustrations from the sixteenth century, a cinematic portrayal from 1966 that has included in its subtext a spiritual journey, and a current project in which the internal human body is seen as purely scientific data. In Organs I investigate the idea of ingesting 'properties of character' that can be culturally associated with internal organs and the possibility that such characteristics could permeate the person ingesting them. In the section titled Offal, I propose that the polarity of life and death inherent in food is most evident when eating a meal of offal. In Transmogrificaation, I consider the conundrum of my internal organs, that is, they are mine in fact they are 'me' and at the same time they are foreign to me. In this section, I also investigate the concept of my body as a conduit with the ability to transport and transform matter. Finally, in Organic destiny I posit the notion that as bodies we are an ongoing process, an accumulation of matter built up over time and that we are small participants in a much bigger phenomenon.
2

Science and sentience: the case for phenomenal representationalism

Thompson, Trevor John, History & Philosophy, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, UNSW January 2009 (has links)
This thesis examines the epistemological and metaphysical aspects of consciousness or sentience, and how they relate to standards of scientific practice. Historically, orthodox science has denied that there are any real problems of sentience because there is no scientific evidence to support claims regarding its nature and existence. In recent years, however, new approaches to sentience have entered into scientific debate that can be classified by metaphysical frameworks that vary in their conceptions of scientific evidence. In this thesis, four such frameworks are considered and compared: Ordinary Materialism, Property Dualism, Type-F Monism and Phenomenal Representationalism. Many sentience theorists adopt an Ordinary Materialist framework that conceives of scientific observation as the interaction of our physical sensory apparatus with the surrounding physical world. Sentience-friendly theories in this framework fail to present supporting evidence that is acceptable by ordinary scientific standards. There are also contradictions in their claims that we know of conscious events via naturalised introspection, and their claims that these events create no publicly observable physical effects. Theories proposed within Property Dualist and Type-F Monist frameworks suffer from similar problems to Ordinary Materialist theories, especially contradictions between claims of knowledge by direct acquaintance and how this knowledge is stored and processed by publicly observable physical systems. Phenomenal Representationalism is advocated as the most consistent and complete way for science to deal with questions of sentience. In this framework, questions of sentience are part of wider epistemological concerns (regarding publicity, intersubjectivity, realism and scientific observation) that provide presumptions for scientific practice, rather than subjects for scientific investigation.
3

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TECHNOLOGICAL SUBLIME: HOW VIRTUAL CHARACTERS INFLUENCE THE LANDSCAPE OF MODERN SUBLIMITY

Craft-Jenkins, Kyle 01 January 2012 (has links)
The principle objective of this thesis is to expand the term “technological sublime” to include technologies of artificial intelligence. In defining new realms of the technological sublime, we must not only consider the ecological integration of technology within natural surroundings, but also appreciate modern technological objects that instigate sublime experiences. This work examines science fictional portrayals of interactions with sentient artificial intelligence in I, Robot, 2001: A Space Odyssey and other major works of science fiction. In each of these works, characters who encounter technologies possessing artificial intelligence share sublime experiences. This thesis considers various levels of embodiment associated with the objects of artificial intelligence and discusses the sublime qualities of both cybernetic and android beings. Finally, this work examines how our perceptions of environment are altered by the introduction of virtual reality and virtual landscapes, which consequently affects our mindscapes and contribute to the technological sublime.
4

"Full On Toy Story": Exploring the Belief in Object Sentience in Western Culture

Mathews-Pett, Amelia 01 August 2018 (has links)
This thesis considers, from a folklorist’s perspective, the people in Western society who believe that everyday objects have feelings. It establishes these people as a cohesive group for study, referred to as “people to experience the belief in object sentience,” then analyzes their personal accounts of the experience to find both commonalities and differences. From this analysis and discussion of folkloristic perspectives on belief, the main argument is established: people in this group have generally been marginalized and could benefit from a more careful consideration of their beliefs.
5

O Direito e a Ética na comunidade senciente: uma crítica ao antropocentrismo

Antonio, Roberta Lopes da Cruz 04 June 2014 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2016-04-26T20:22:54Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Roberta Lopes da Cruz Antonio.pdf: 7807326 bytes, checksum: c67c01d1fdc6d182d9bf9571f98f456a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-06-04 / The present paper proposes an investigation into the ethical and legal treatment of animals, evincing the recognition of sentience as a criterion in the moral consideration of animals. It discusses initially the differences and similarities between humans and other animals, anthropocentrism as a factor that favors the nonconsideration of non-human animals as beings having intrinsic values, and the legacy of Immanuel Kant as opposed to biocentrism, that includes life, in general, in the core of the universe; also, the recent debates regarding the possibility of recognizing animals fundamental rights and the development of a multidimensional and comprehensive dignity, the latter being based on the studies of Ingo Sarlet. Next, the paper presents an overview of the constitutions of Germany, Switzerland and Ecuador, also highlighting some features of English law, so as study the legal treatment given to animals in these countries. It also analyses the constitutional and infra-constitutional position of the non-human animal in the Brazilian legal system. Finally, it touches on the use of animals in scientific experiments, teaching activities, cultural events, shows and religious rituals, from the viewpoint of animals wellbeing and rights, suggesting a reflection on the need to bring animals within the sphere of moral consideration, opposing speciesism. The ideas presented are based on Peter Singer s theory of the equal consideration of interests and Tom Regan s theory of animals rights / O presente trabalho propõe uma investigação sobre o tratamento ético e legal dos animais evidenciando o reconhecimento da senciência como critério à consideração moral dos animais. Discute, inicialmente, as diferenças e semelhanças existentes entre os homens e os demais animais, o antropocentrismo como fator de desconsideração dos animais não-humanos enquanto seres dotados de valores intrínsecos e o legado de Immanuel Kant contraposto ao biocentrismo, que pretende inserir no cerne do universo a vida de maneira geral, assim como os recentes debates referentes à possibilidade de reconhecimento de direitos fundamentais aos animais e do desenvolvimento de uma dignidade multidimensional e inclusiva, este último baseado nos estudos de Ingo Sarlet. Em seguida, realiza um sobrevoo nas Constituições da Alemanha, da Suíça e do Equador, além de pincelar características do Direito Inglês, a fim de estudar o tratamento jurídico dispensado aos animais nesses países. Analisa, também, o enquadramento constitucional e infraconstitucional do animal não humano no ordenamento jurídico brasileiro. Finalmente, atenta para a questão da utilização de animais em experimentos científicos, atividades de ensino, eventos culturais, espetáculos e rituais religiosos, a partir da linha do bem-estar animal e dos direitos animais, convidando à reflexão acerca da necessidade de trazê-los para dentro esfera de consideração moral em combate ao especismo. Para tanto, utiliza como apoio a teoria da igual consideração de interesses, de Peter Singer, e a dos direitos animais, de Tom Regan
6

Insensibilização do Bijupirá (Rachycentron canadum) com eletronarcose: efeitos sobre a qualidade da carne / Stunning of cobia (Rachycentron canadum) with electronarcosis: effects on meat quality

Fulvio Viegas Santos Teixeira de Melo 03 March 2015 (has links)
A qualidade do pescado está condicionada a diversos fatores, entre eles os métodos de insensibilização. Nesta pesquisa foi utilizado o choque elétrico em diferentes intensidades como método de insensibilização do bijupirá (Rachycentron canadum), e avaliados seus efeitos sobre a qualidade dos peixes resfriados e filés congelados. O experimento foi realizado em dois ensaios, sendo o primeiro insensibilizando os peixes com eletrochoque de intensidades de 100; 150 e 200 Volts, e armazenados refrigerados durante 21 dias. No segundo ensaio foi aplicada corrente elétrica utilizando as intensidades de 50; 100; 150 Volts, seguida de filetagem e estocagem sob congelamento. Os peixes utilizados em ambos os ensaios foram obtidos de uma piscicultura comercial localizada no litoral norte do estado de São Paulo a cerca de 50 km por via marítima da cidade de Ubatuba-SP. As variáveis de qualidade dos peixes avaliadas foram características físicas, químicas e sensoriais como bases nitrogenadas voláteis, medidas dielétricas, índice de Rigor Mortir, pH, desnaturação proteica, perfil de ácidos graxos e suas relações, textura, cor, drip loss, cooking loss, capacidade de retenção de água (CRA), avaliação sensorial do frescor, ATP e produtos da degradação, e oxidação lipídica. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi um fatorial 6X3, seis tempos de análise e três intensidades de choque elétrico no primeiro ensaio; no segundo ensaio foi utilizado o esquema fatorial 4X3, ( quatro tempos de análises e três voltagens de choque). Foram observadas diferenças significativas (p<0,05) em ambos os ensaios para a maioria das variáveis analisadas, tanto para os tratamentos, tempo, como também para a influência do tempo de armazenamento dentro de cada tratamento. No entanto, para os dois ensaios o número de variáveis com significância entre os tratamentos, foi menor em relação ao número de variáveis em que houve significância para os tempos de conservação, sendo a interação tempo*tratamento a que obteve significância expressiva dentro dos resultados encontrados. Nestes dois ensaios realizados utilizando a refrigeração e congelamento do bijupirá, foram observados os melhores resultados para o tratamento com a intensidade em 150 volts para a maioria das variáveis analisadas onde houve diferenças significativas (p<0,05) entre os tratamentos. Concluiu-se também que o bijupirá pode ser conservado em até sete dias após abate em conservação refrigerada e até 180 dias quando estocados em congelamento. / Fish quality is subject to many factors, including the stunning methods. In this research we used the electric shock at different intensities as stunning method cobia (Rachycentron canadum), and evaluated its effects on the quality of chilled and frozen fish fillets. The experiment was conducted in two trials, the first desensitizing the fish with electroshock intensities 100; 150 and 200 volts, and stored refrigerated for 21 days. In the second assay was applied using the electrical current intensities 50; 100; 150 Volts, then filleting and storage under freezing. The fish used in both assays were obtained from a commercial fish farm located on the northern coast of São Paulo about 50 km by sea from the town of Ubatuba, Brazil. Fish quality traits were physical, chemical and sensory characteristics as volatile nitrogenous bases, dielectric measurements, Rigor Mortir index, pH, protein denaturation, fatty acid profile and their relationships, texture, color, drip loss, cooking loss, water holding capacity (WHC), sensory evaluation of freshness, ATP and degradation products and lipid oxidation. The experimental design was a 6X3 factorial six times analysis and three electric shock intensities in the first test; the second test was used factorial 4X3 (fourstroke analyzes and three shock voltages). There were significant differences (p <0.05) in both trials for most variables, for both treatments, weather, but also to the influence of storage time within each treatment. However, for the two trials the number of significant variables between treatments was lower than the number of variables that were significant to the storage times, with the interaction time*treatment they received substantial significance within results found. In these two trials conducted using the cooling and freezing Bijupirá, the best results for the treatment intensity at 150 volts for most variables where there were significant differences (p <0.05) were observed between treatments. It was also concluded that cobia can be kept within seven days of slaughter in cold storage and up to 180 days when stored at freezing.
7

Insensibilização do Bijupirá (Rachycentron canadum) com eletronarcose: efeitos sobre a qualidade da carne / Stunning of cobia (Rachycentron canadum) with electronarcosis: effects on meat quality

Melo, Fulvio Viegas Santos Teixeira de 03 March 2015 (has links)
A qualidade do pescado está condicionada a diversos fatores, entre eles os métodos de insensibilização. Nesta pesquisa foi utilizado o choque elétrico em diferentes intensidades como método de insensibilização do bijupirá (Rachycentron canadum), e avaliados seus efeitos sobre a qualidade dos peixes resfriados e filés congelados. O experimento foi realizado em dois ensaios, sendo o primeiro insensibilizando os peixes com eletrochoque de intensidades de 100; 150 e 200 Volts, e armazenados refrigerados durante 21 dias. No segundo ensaio foi aplicada corrente elétrica utilizando as intensidades de 50; 100; 150 Volts, seguida de filetagem e estocagem sob congelamento. Os peixes utilizados em ambos os ensaios foram obtidos de uma piscicultura comercial localizada no litoral norte do estado de São Paulo a cerca de 50 km por via marítima da cidade de Ubatuba-SP. As variáveis de qualidade dos peixes avaliadas foram características físicas, químicas e sensoriais como bases nitrogenadas voláteis, medidas dielétricas, índice de Rigor Mortir, pH, desnaturação proteica, perfil de ácidos graxos e suas relações, textura, cor, drip loss, cooking loss, capacidade de retenção de água (CRA), avaliação sensorial do frescor, ATP e produtos da degradação, e oxidação lipídica. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi um fatorial 6X3, seis tempos de análise e três intensidades de choque elétrico no primeiro ensaio; no segundo ensaio foi utilizado o esquema fatorial 4X3, ( quatro tempos de análises e três voltagens de choque). Foram observadas diferenças significativas (p<0,05) em ambos os ensaios para a maioria das variáveis analisadas, tanto para os tratamentos, tempo, como também para a influência do tempo de armazenamento dentro de cada tratamento. No entanto, para os dois ensaios o número de variáveis com significância entre os tratamentos, foi menor em relação ao número de variáveis em que houve significância para os tempos de conservação, sendo a interação tempo*tratamento a que obteve significância expressiva dentro dos resultados encontrados. Nestes dois ensaios realizados utilizando a refrigeração e congelamento do bijupirá, foram observados os melhores resultados para o tratamento com a intensidade em 150 volts para a maioria das variáveis analisadas onde houve diferenças significativas (p<0,05) entre os tratamentos. Concluiu-se também que o bijupirá pode ser conservado em até sete dias após abate em conservação refrigerada e até 180 dias quando estocados em congelamento. / Fish quality is subject to many factors, including the stunning methods. In this research we used the electric shock at different intensities as stunning method cobia (Rachycentron canadum), and evaluated its effects on the quality of chilled and frozen fish fillets. The experiment was conducted in two trials, the first desensitizing the fish with electroshock intensities 100; 150 and 200 volts, and stored refrigerated for 21 days. In the second assay was applied using the electrical current intensities 50; 100; 150 Volts, then filleting and storage under freezing. The fish used in both assays were obtained from a commercial fish farm located on the northern coast of São Paulo about 50 km by sea from the town of Ubatuba, Brazil. Fish quality traits were physical, chemical and sensory characteristics as volatile nitrogenous bases, dielectric measurements, Rigor Mortir index, pH, protein denaturation, fatty acid profile and their relationships, texture, color, drip loss, cooking loss, water holding capacity (WHC), sensory evaluation of freshness, ATP and degradation products and lipid oxidation. The experimental design was a 6X3 factorial six times analysis and three electric shock intensities in the first test; the second test was used factorial 4X3 (fourstroke analyzes and three shock voltages). There were significant differences (p <0.05) in both trials for most variables, for both treatments, weather, but also to the influence of storage time within each treatment. However, for the two trials the number of significant variables between treatments was lower than the number of variables that were significant to the storage times, with the interaction time*treatment they received substantial significance within results found. In these two trials conducted using the cooling and freezing Bijupirá, the best results for the treatment intensity at 150 volts for most variables where there were significant differences (p <0.05) were observed between treatments. It was also concluded that cobia can be kept within seven days of slaughter in cold storage and up to 180 days when stored at freezing.
8

The Implications for Artistic Expressions and Representations of Corporeality of the Experimental Techniques of Biomedical Engineering

Adams, Patricia Lesley, n/a January 2005 (has links)
While biological scientists justify their research into human genetic engineering on the grounds of its 'therapeutic' potential, art - particularly the genre of science fiction (whose origins can be traced to Mary Shelly's famous tale, Frankenstein) - has acted on the social through culture to alert us to the perilous repercussions of usurping the role of the 'Creator of Life.' Now, at the dawn of the new millennium, the scientific project of mapping human DNA seemingly complete, the plight of the genetically-engineered human has become an intense focus of cultural critique. This doctoral project can be differentiated by its focus on aesthetic inquiry into the implications for expressions and representations of corporeality in relation to contemporary biomedical engineering. It has incorporated stem cell research that entails the manipulation and redirection of adult stem cell fates. The project takes the form of practical and theoretical investigations into cellular responses, and is framed within the matrices of both an innovative collaborative art/science research model and the evolving process of practice-led arts research. The exploratory research is discursively located within the system/environment paradigm. This allows for boundaries between the philosophic and scientific disciplines of: 1. epistemology, 2. ethics and aesthetics and 3. biology and technology to become nodes in a relational network associated with: 1. living and non-living, 2. sentience and consciousness and 3. conceptions of humanness. The cycle of practice-led research culminates in a body of work that began with a project entitled apoptosis, and developed into a three part quasi-scientific vital force series of installations. Each of these installations references nineteenth century scientific experimental processes employed in a search for the essential components of the human being itself. The series of interactive installations is discussed and the processual, pioneering research model, whereby the artist becomes the 'human guinea pig' is theoretically and visually articulated. In addition, time-lapse videomicrograph image data, collected through laboratory experiments is interpreted and recontextualised by the artist-researcher for representation in the vital force series of immersive installations. In these installations the implications of the issues raised by biomedical engineering processes are expressed as a very physical, tactile encounter. The aim is that these encounters engender a multi-sensory experience for the individual viewer, who, when immersed in the aesthetic, corporeal, interactive installations as a participant who completes the work through their engagement. Thus, the significance of the study lies in its re-privileging of the aesthetic experience of corporeality in the discourses surrounding genetic manipulation. This exegesis, like the doctoral project itself, is cyclical; following the inseparable processes of theory and practice through which the implications of the core research issues for a hybrid art/science practice are explored. It echoes the qualitative, post-positivist research methodology used throughout the project, which aimed to overcome the third person perspective through such strategies as interactivity and hybridity.
9

Making a livable life in Manchester: doing justice to people seeking asylum

Pannett, Margaret Lorraine January 2011 (has links)
This thesis explores how people struggle to make livable lives in the conditions of existence of seeking asylum in the UK. The study is based on ethnographic research, conversations and participant observation, with people seeking asylum in Manchester. Grounding the research in their narratives is a contribution to decolonizing knowledge and doing justice to the sentience of people who are marginalized and pathologized. The narratives are brought into dialogue with feminist and decolonial philosophy and political theory, and with empirical studies of 'refugeedom' from a number of disciplines, to produce a new field of connection from which to map the terrain involved in theorizing livability. While the whole thesis seeks to respond to the narratives, there is a detailed focus on three dimensions which participants emphasize as crucial to livability: settlement in Manchester; the prohibition of employment; the asylum application procedures. These are moments in which livability is claimed as both ethics and practice. From the perspective of the narratives and the ethics which permeate them, livability opens up into questions of recognition, social justice and care. People claim commonality: recognition as human, equality and inclusion in social goods, and care in public settings. These are the practical and ethical supports of livability. The narratives point also towards critiques of 'refugeedom', the policies and practices that form the discursive and material conditions within which people seeking asylum attempt to make livable lives.
10

Les droits fondamentaux des animaux : une approche anti-spéciste

Giroux, Valéry 08 1900 (has links)
Dans cette thèse, nous partons des grands principes de justice pour démontrer la nécessité d’octroyer aux êtres sensibles nonhumains les droits moraux et légaux les plus fondamentaux. Dans un premier temps, nous nous penchons sur les principes sous-jacents aux droits fondamentaux de la personne : le principe d’égalité voulant que les cas similaires soient traités de manière similaire; la notion de droit fondamental, qui repose sur celle d’intérêt; le principe de l’égale considération des intérêts auquel mène le principe d’égalité; et, enfin, le concept d’intérêt, qui s’applique à tous les êtres sensibles. Cette première partie établit l’exigence d’accorder les droits les plus fondamentaux à tous les êtres possédant les intérêts que ces droits visent à protéger. Cela permet d’étudier trois droits particuliers et les intérêts qui les sous-tendent en examinant d’abord le droit à l'intégrité physique. Nous montrons que de nombreux animaux nonhumains sont des êtres sensibles, que tous les êtres sensibles ont, par définition, intérêt à ne pas souffrir et que, pour cette raison, ils devraient jouir du droit à l’intégrité physique. Le troisième chapitre est consacré au droit à la vie. Nous soutenons qu’il est raisonnable de supposer que tous les êtres sensibles, parce qu’ils peuvent jouir des bonnes choses de la vie, ont un certain intérêt à persévérer dans leur existence, intérêt qui, peu importe son intensité ou sa nature, doit être protégé par l’égal droit de vivre. Notre dernier chapitre se concentre sur le droit à la liberté. Nous montrons que cet intérêt est généralement interprété négativement et ne consiste qu’à pouvoir agir sans subir d’interférence. Nous soutenons que cette acception du concept de liberté nous force à reconnaître l’intérêt à être libre de tous les êtres sensibles et notre devoir de leur accorder un droit à la liberté. Nous ajoutons finalement que l’interprétation républicaine de la liberté nous incite à reconnaître à tous ces animaux un statut égal à celui des humains. Nous terminons cette réflexion en concluant que l'octroi des droits fondamentaux aux animaux sensibles implique que l’exploitation animale institutionalisée soit abandonnée et que les animaux conscients jouissent du statut de personne. / In this thesis, I use well-established principles of justice to demonstrate that there exists no valid moral reason to deny nonhuman sentient beings the most fundamental moral and legal rights. I begin by going over the principles that will inform my discussion of these basic rights. I examine the principle of equality, which requires that similar cases be treated similarly; the notion of fundamental right, which is based on the concept of interest; the principle of equal consideration of interests, which the principle of equality entails; and, finally, the concept of interest, which is applicable to all sentient beings. This first section establishes the necessity of attributing the most fundamental rights to all beings who possess the basic interests these rights are designed to protect. I then delve into an examination of the three most fundamental rights and the interests underlying these. First, I discuss the right to physical integrity, demonstrating that numerous nonhuman animals are sentient beings, and that all sentient beings, by definition, have an interest in not suffering. Second, I examine the right to life. I argue that it is reasonable to assume that every sentient being, because he or she can benefit from the good things in life, has a certain interest in his or her continued existence. This interest, regardless of its intensity or nature, deserves to be protected by an equal right to life. Third, I establish that the interest in being free is generally interpreted negatively; it simply consists of having the ability to act without interference. I argue that based on this conceptualization of liberty, all sentient beings have an interest in being free. I go on to explore the republican interpretation of freedom, suggesting that it provides further grounds for the recognition that nonuhuman sentient beings also have an interest in benefiting from the same moral and legal status as human beings. I conclude that granting the right to physical integrity, life and freedom to all sentient beings implies that we abandon all forms of institutionalized animal exploitation and that we give to all conscious beings the equal status of person.

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