The shifting role of the state in South Korea’s industrial and technological development : a review of the semiconductor industryKang, Seong Cheol 05 August 2011 (has links)
Due to a weak industrial base coupled with devastation from the Korean War, South Korea was a latecomer in industrialization, and formal economic development began during the 1960s under heavy state intervention. Within this broader context of industrial development, this research examines the role of state in the development of South Korea’s semiconductor industry. The results show that government support for semiconductors has gradually shifted from full-fledged intervention through both initial technology procurement and commercialization during the 1960s, to a minimal role of developing human capital and promoting private sector investment in R&D at present. But despite the importance of adhering to principles of free trade, the Hynix crisis of 2003 and the recent economic crisis of 2008 demonstrate the continued importance of the government’s role in protecting and promoting strategic industries such as semiconductors. / text
12 July 2005
After the reformation and opening-up of the ecomonic system in Mainland China, the first special economic zone was established in 1979. Because the first special economic zone was very successful, the first series of Economic - Technological Development Areas were approved by the State Council in May, 1984. So far many companies have chosen the Technological Development Areas as their manufacturing bases. This study sampled 15 companies which had taken Technological Development Areas into their considerations. This study is based on three Development Areas:Tianjin Economic - Technological Development Area, Qingdao Economic - Technological Development Area, and Hangzhou Economic - Technological Development. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) was used to analyze the selection strategies of Investing in the Economic & Technology Development Areas in China. According to the result of AHP¡Athe conclusions are as follows¡G 1.The most important factor in the second level is ¡§Government Management¡¨. 2.The top one criteria in the third level is ¡§the supply, quality, and price of local energy¡¨¡Athe second is ¡§ the convenience of obtaining materials¡¨¡Aand the third is ¡§the convenience of obtaining professional workers¡¨. 3.The best alternative is Hangzhou Economic - Technological Development Area.
Huesser, Lloyd E.
This thesis will, in the main, deal with the more important technical developments of the automobile. It will attempt to report these developments as they affected the evolution of the motor vehicle, to show how they came about, and to set forth the conditions that influenced them.
Brien, Lynn F.
06 August 2009
This research examines the role of geospatial and ancillary technologies in the erosion of privacy in contemporary society. The development of Remote Sensing, GIS, and GPS technologies are explored as a means of understanding both their current and predicted uses and capabilities. Examination is also made of the legal basis and current status of privacy rights in the United States. Finally, current and predicted uses and capabilities of geospatial and ancillary technologies are critically examined in light of existing privacy protections as a means of determining the ways in which these technologies are impacting privacy currently and what their effects may be in the future.
Van der Bank, Anna Johanna
The current technological development has led to an increase in the complexity of reality which in turn has complicated the task of the education leader as manager. The education leader has become a personnel manager responsible for the management of both staff and pupil activities in order to realize the school's objectives effectively. These tendencies indicate that the education leader must be capable of adapting his management style to the needs of his staff in order to be able to increase the producti= vity of his staff. The education leader must also have the necessary flexibility to select from a variety of management styles according to the demands of the specific situation. Situational Leadership is ideally suited to meet the demands of the task of the education leader, because it accommodates the level of task maturity of each staff member. The emphasis is placed on the relationship between the leader and the follower with the needs of the follower as the most crucial factor in the relationship. Three aspects are essential for successful Situational Leadership, viz., the correct amount of task behaviour or direction by the leader; the correct amount of relationship behaviour or support by the leader cor= relating with the level of task maturity of the followers. However, other situational variables, such as superiors, the organization and time must also be taken into consideration. Situational Leadership also makes prov1s1on for contracting for a leadership style whereby the education leader and the teacher come to an agreement about the appropriate leadership style to be used to help the teacher accomplish his/her objectives. The developmental aspect of Situational Leadership provides the means by which the education leader can contribute meaningfully to the development of his staff, e.g. leadership potential, motivation, morale, commitment to objectives, decision-makirrg, communication and problem solving. / Dissertation (MEd)--University of Pretoria, 1986. / gm2013 / Education Management and Policy Studies / unrestricted
Fabricação digital na América do Sul: um mapeamento de linhas de ação a partir da arquitetura e urbanismoSperling, David M., Herrera Polo, Pablo C., Celani, Gabriela, Scheeren, Rodrigo, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC) 11 1900 (has links)
XIX Congresso da Sociedade Ibero-americana de Gráfica Digital 2015. De 23 a 27 de Novembro de 2015. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis/SC, Brasil / The article presents a mapping of digital fabrication laboratories in South America from the architecture and urbanism field. First, it draws a brief context of implementation of facilities and growing of expertise highlighting economic, academic and cultural aspects. Second, it presents some data mapped from 31 laboratories of the region, as infrastructure, and correlations between uses and applications. Third, it organizes the mapped laboratories in two significant approaches for the region’s context: works focused on technological development and actions directed to the social and environmental development. Fourth, it infers some possible steps of the field in the region in the near future.
Diss. Uppsala : Uppsala universitet, 2009.
Affärsmöjligheter med Smarta Elnät : En studie som undersöker möjligheter och hinder i utvecklingen av det svenska elsystemet / Business opportunities concerning Smart GridsEwing, Mikael January 2012 (has links)
Distributed, renewable generation-units and more efficient use of electric power,demands a developed electric grid. This grid is often referred to as the “Smart Grid”. This future electric system rise expectations among actors in the existing electricmarket. International organizations share visions of opportunities for electricityconsumers and new actors, ready to enter the market. At the same time, electricutility companies may question the need for some of these upcoming changes, as theyare sometimes expected to lead the development. This paper therefore seeks to investigate the business opportunities related to SmartGrids. This is done throughout interviews, literature-studies and analysis usinginnovation-development theories. Primary focus of the paper is directed towards theelectric utility companies, secondary towards electric consumers. Business opportunities for utility companies are found to be primary associated withoperation and maintenance aspects of the grid. Developed control-systems andupdated maintenance strategies may increase the overall system knowledge and thequality of the distribution. Cost-reduction activities as these are probably results ofthe revenue-cap regulation controlling grid companies. Future consumers may benefit,socially and economically, from solutions visualizing and controlling different electriccomponents in the real estate. At the same time the development of Smart Grids is a rather slow process, partlybecause of large amount of system-components and partly because of existing rulesand laws concerning the electric system. In order to identify future opportunitieswithin Smart Grids, it is crucial to gain knowledge of the system and to satisfy realneeds or problems.
This thesis consists of four self-contained essays in economics. Their abstracts are presented below: Exit, Voice and Political Change: Evidence from Swedish Mass Migration to the United States. We study the political effects of mass emigration to the United States in the 19th century using data from Sweden. To instrument for total emigration over several decades, we exploit severe local frost shocks that sparked an initial wave of emigration, interacted with within-country travel costs. Our estimates show that emigration substantially increased the local demand for political change, as measured by labor movement membership, strike participation and voting. Emigration also led to de facto political change, increasing welfare expenditures as well as the likelihood of adopting more inclusive political institutions. Mass Migration, Cheap Labor, and Innovation. Migration is often depicted as a major problem for struggling developing countries, as they may lose valuable workers and human capital. Yet, its effects on sending regions are ambiguous and depend crucially on local market responses and migrant selection. This paper studies the effects of migration on technological innovation in sending communities during one of the largest migration episodes in human history: the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1913). Using novel historical data on Sweden, where about a quarter of its population migrated, we find that migration caused an increase in technological patents in sending municipalities. To establish causality, we use an instrumental variable design that exploits severe local growing season frost shocks together with within-country travel costs to reach an emigration port. Exploring possible mechanisms, we suggest that increased labor costs, due to low-skilled emigration, induced technological innovation. On the Right Track: Railroads, Mobility and Innovation During Two Centuries. We study the construction of the 19th-century Swedish railroad network and estimate its effects on innovation during two centuries. To address endogenous placement of the network, our analysis exploits the fact that the main trunk lines were built with the overarching aim to connect particular city centers, while at the same time considering construction costs. Estimates show that innovative activities increased substantially in areas traversed by the railroads. The number of active innovators increased and, moreover, they became more productive. Exploring potential mechanisms, we highlight the importance of knowledge diffusion across space by studying spatial patterns of collaboration between innovators. Our analysis shows that innovators residing in areas connected by the railroad start to collaborate more and over longer distances, especially with other innovators located along the railroad network. Finally, we show that the differences in innovative activities were intensified over the 20th century. Areas traversed by the historical railroads exhibit much higher rates of innovation in the present day. Homeownership, Housing Wealth and Socioeconomic Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden 1999-2007. This paper studies a government supported homeownership wave in Sweden, where tenants bought their apartments at prices below the market value in the ownership market. Using detailed administrative register data paired with a difference-in-differences strategy, it compares individuals subject to an ownership transfer to similar individuals who never got the opportunity to buy their homes. After establishing that the new homeowners instantly increased their net wealth, the effects of homeownership and housing wealth on a set of socioeconomic outcomes are measured over time. Although the lump-sum transfer is large, the average individual only modestly adjusts her behavior in terms of labor market participation and demographic decision-making. Studying differences across age, younger tenants increase childbearing and decrease labor income, although modestly. Individuals near their retirement age decrease their labor market participation.
Rozdíl v přístupu Aldouse Huxleyho ke konceptu dystopie ve 30. a 60. letech 20. století s odkazem na jeho vybraná díla / Difference in Aldous Huxley's approach to the concept of dystopia in the 1930s and 1960s with references to his selected worksHronová, Marie January 2015 (has links)
TITLE: The difference in Aldous Huxley's approach to the concept of dystopia in the 1930s and 1960s with references to his selected works AUTHOR: Marie Hronová DEPARTMENT: Department of English Language and Literature SUPERVISOR: PhDr. Petr Chalupský, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: This thesis is focused on the approach of Aldous Huxley to dystopian fiction. To explore this topic it analyses his two major novels, namely Brave New World (1932) and Island (1962). The aim of the theoretical part is to provide a context to these two works. Therefore, it describes the most important social changes which emerged after the First World War and further developed after the Second World War. This part is also concerned with the development of psychopharmacology and its consequences since it plays a major role in both analysed novels. Further context is given by outlining the basic ideas of selected eastern philosophies as they are crucial for one of Huxley's works. The practical part then analyses Huxley's imaginary society in Brave New World in order to pinpoint the features of the author's dystopian novel and his criticism of the society of the 1930s. Island is explored as a counterpart of Brave New World, since both novels deal with the same topic but in different perspectives. The aim of this part is to analyse and compare the...
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