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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

Conocimientos y conductas riesgosas de anorexia nerviosa en adolescentes de instituciones educativas estatales de la UGEL Nº 4 Comas

Rivera Chamorro, Diana Carolina January 2007 (has links)
El presente estudio de investigación titulado “Conocimientos y conductas riesgosas a la anorexia nerviosa en adolescentes de instituciones educativas estatales de la UGEL N° 4 Comas”, tuvo como objetivo determinar la relación entre conocimientos y conductas riesgosas de anorexia nerviosa, determinar el nivel de conocimientos sobre conductas riesgosas de anorexia nerviosa y determinar el nivel de conductas riesgosas de anorexia nerviosa. El propósito es proporcionar información actualizada y objetiva sobre las conductas de riesgo a la anorexia nerviosa a fin de incentivar a un trabajo intersectorial entre los trabajadores del Ministerio de Educación y el Equipo de Ministerio de Salud y se desarrollen así actividades preventivo-promocionales dirigidos a los adolescentes, padres de familia, educadores; logrando la adopción de estilos de vida saludables mejorando así la calidad de vida de cada una de estas personas; teniendo como hipótesis que Existe relación significativa inversa entre conocimientos y conductas riesgosas. El método es el descriptivo correlacional, la muestra estuvo conformada por un total de 661 adolescentes de 14 a 16 años de edad. La información se recolecto mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario para cada variable. Teniendo como conclusión: Se aprueba la hipótesis de investigación porque existe relación significativa inversa entre conocimientos y conductas riesgosas de anorexia nerviosa en los adolescentes. El nivel de conocimientos de los adolescentes es medio. La mayoría de los adolescentes presentan niveles de conductas de mediano y alto riesgo. / The present qualified study of investigation "Knowledges and risky conducts to the nervous anorexia in teenagers of educational state institutions of the UGEL N ° 4 Commas", had as aim determine the relation between knowledges and risky conducts of anorexia nervous, to determine the level of knowledges on risky conducts of anorexia nervous and to determine the level of risky conducts of anorexia nervous. The intention is to provide updated and objective information about the conducts of risk to the nervous anorexia in order to stimulate to an intersectorial work between the workers of the Department of Education and the Equipment of Department of Health and preventive - promotional activities like that develop directed the teenagers, educational family parents; achieving the adoption of healthy ways of life improving this way the quality of life of each one of these persons; having as hypothesis that Exists significant inverse relation between knowledges and risky conducts. The method is the descriptive correlacional, the sample was shaped by a whole of 661 teenagers from 14 to 16 years of age. The information I gather by means of the application of a questionnaire for every variable. Having as conclusion: the hypothesis of investigation is approved because there exists significant inverse relation between knowledges and risky conducts of anorexia nervous in the teenagers. The level of knowledges of the teenagers is average. The majority of the teenagers present levels of conducts of medium and high risk.
32

Factores asociados a riesgo de trastornos de la conducta alimentaria: Anorexia nerviosa y bulimia en adolescentes de la Institución Educativa Nacional Túpac Amaru II-Villa Maria del Triunfo

Montoya Salazar, Maryluz January 2012 (has links)
Introducción: Los trastornos de conducta alimentaria, específicamente la anorexia y bulimia, son un tema de salud pública actual, ya que cada vez van aumentando su incidencia abarcando ambos sexos y a temprana edad.Objetivo: Determinar los factores asociados al riesgo de trastornos de conducta alimentaria: Anorexia nerviosa y bulimia en adolescentes de la Institución Educativa Nacional Túpac Amaru II, en el distrito de Villa María del Triunfo.Metodología: Se realizo un estudio de tipo cuantitativo y diseño descriptivo correlacional y según el tiempo de ocurrencia es de corte transversal, se utilizó el muestro probabílistico y para la selección muestral se aplico tipo aleatorio estratificado para lograr la proporcionalidad en la muestra, quedando constituida por 175 adolescentes de educación secundaria. La técnica empleada fue la encuesta con su instumento el cuestionario, uno para cada variable de estudio, el primero consta de 19 preguntas que permitió recolectar información sobre aspectos de 21 preguntas para concer los factores asociados als riesgo de padecer trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Ambos instrumentos fueron sometifos a validación de contenido, constructo y criterio, aplicándose la prueba de concordancia de juicio de expertos y confiabilidad. Resultados: se encontró que el 58.9% de adolescentes tiene edades entre 14 y 16 años, perteneciendo a la adolescencia media, seguidamente esta la adolescencia temprana(10 a 13 años) con un 27.4%, y el resto pertenece a la adolescencia tardía, referente al sexo de la población muestral el 53.7% es femenino.Se encontró que existe el riesgo. Conclusiones: Los resultados de la prueba estadística Chi cuadrado confirman que el factor psicologico(inadecuada percepción de la imagen corporal e inadecuado autoconcepto) y respecto al respecto familiar respecto a los estilos de padres estan asociados siginificativamente al riesfo de TCA en adolescentes con una p<0.05.
33

Fenomenologia do corpo vivido na anorexia nervosa / Phenomenology of the lived body in anorexia nervosa (Inglês)

Silva, Marcia Helena Nogueira da 03 October 2018 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2019-03-30T00:31:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 2018-10-03 / This research aims to understand the experienced body experience in anorexia nervosa, investigating the anorexic phenomenon in the body lived by taking as theoretical reference the philosophical phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty. The relevance of this theme consists of the fact that anorexia nervosa has been consolidating itself as a serious psychiatric disorder, being the third most common chronic disease among female adolescents and the pathology with the highest gross mortality rate among all Psychiatric disorders, with high risk of suicide. Considering a look at the phenomenon of anorexia nervosa beyond the nosological criteria, our research signals the need for a rupture with the dichotomous perspective of pathology, as it is coming into contact with the experience experienced by patients Anorexic, we favor a look that sees man beyond an object and perceives it in his mundane relationship, traversed by the historical, ideological, cultural aspects, among others. Seeking to achieve the objectives proposed in this study, we carried out a qualitative research from the critical phenomenological method inspired by the phenomenology of Merleau- Ponty and proposed by Moreira. For patients interviewed, anorexia nervosa is an experience that sometimes becomes difficult to access, because they cannot understand in many moments their body beyond an objectified element in which the pathology is signed and expressed. By perceiving the body as a thing, the incised of the possibility of an intent, disregarding the interweaving of man and world as a space where they can experience their experiences. Some of the speeches brought by the patients present a lack of knowledge about anorexia, not only for them, but for everyone with whom they relate; The fact that they are in attendance puts them in front of the food, element with which they do not want to relate, in which they feel challenged and fearful of the possible weight gain; The fragile physical condition that anorexia imposes them puts them in a position of certain impotence in the face of life, functioning that is also traversed by the emotional issues involved in the pathology and a way of seeing the body in all the nuances and possibilities That the illness promotes, thus highlighting the experience of an ambiguity lived in this body. In this way, we conclude that a look at the anorexic body from a phenomenology of the body lived in the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty will have relevant contribution in a new mode of understanding of anorexia nervosa not only in the perspective of a disorder Psychiatric, but as a phenomenon that crosses the living of the subjects as a condition of possibility of being able to exist in the world. Keywords: Anorexia nervosa; Phenomenology; Merleau-Ponty; Body lived; Anorexic lived experience. / Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo compreender a experiência vivida de corpo na anorexia nervosa, investigando o fenômeno anoréxico no corpo vivido tomando como referencial teórico a Fenomenologia filosófica de Merleau- Ponty. A relevância deste tema consiste pelo fato da anorexia nervosa vir se consolidando como um grave transtorno psiquiátrico, sendo a terceira doença crônica mais comum entre adolescentes do sexo feminino e a patologia com taxa de mortalidade bruta mais alta entre todas as desordens psiquiátricas, com elevado risco de suicídio. Considerando um olhar sobre o fenômeno da anorexia nervosa para além dos critérios nosológicos, nossa pesquisa sinaliza a necessidade de uma ruptura com a perspectiva dicotômica da patologia, já que entrando em contato com a experiência vivida de pacientes anoréxicas, privilegiamos um olhar que enxergue o homem para além de um objeto e o perceba em sua relação mundana, atravessado pelos aspectos históricos, ideológicos, culturais, dentre outros. Buscando atingir os objetivos propostos nesse estudo, realizamos uma pesquisa qualitativa a partir do método fenomenológico crítico inspirado na Fenomenologia de Merleau-Ponty e proposto por Moreira. Para as pacientes entrevistadas, a anorexia nervosa é uma experiência que por vezes se torna difícil de acessar, por não conseguirem compreender em muitos momentos o seu corpo para além de um elemento objetificado em que a patologia se inscreve e se expressa. Ao perceberem o corpo como coisa, o destituem da possibilidade de uma facticidade, desconsiderando o entrelaçamento homem e mundo como espaço onde podem vivenciar suas experiências. Algumas das falas trazidas pelas pacientes nos apresentam um desconhecimento sobre a anorexia, não só por elas, mas por todos com quem se relacionam; o fato de estarem em acompanhamento as coloca frente à comida, elemento com o qual não querem se relacionar, em que se sentem desafiadas e temerosas pelo possível ganho de peso; a condição física fragilizada que a anorexia as impõem as coloca em uma posição de certa impotência frente à vida, funcionamento que também é atravessado pelas questões emocionais implicadas na patologia e uma forma de ver o corpo em todas as nuances e possibilidades que o adoecimento promove, destacando assim a experiência de uma ambiguidade vivida nesse corpo. Dessa forma, concluímos que um olhar sobre o corpo anoréxico a partir de uma fenomenologia do corpo vivido na filosofia de Merleau-Ponty terá relevante contribuição em um novo modo de compreensão da anorexia nervosa não somente na perspectiva de um transtorno psiquiátrico, mas como um fenômeno que atravessa o vivido dos sujeitos como condição de possibilidade de se poder existir no mundo. Palavras-chave: Anorexia nervosa; Fenomenologia; Merleau-Ponty; Corpo vivido; Experiência vivida anoréxica.
34

Body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa

Nowak, Gertrud Maria January 2010 (has links)
Typescript (photocopy). / Digitized by Kansas Correctional Industries
35

Critiquing the thin ideal in pro-anorexia online spaces

Cobb, Gemma Rose January 2017 (has links)
The thin body has long been considered ‘normal' in Western culture, whereas the anorexic body has been framed as pathological despite the fact that both bodies often engage in regimes of undereating and extreme exercising which dovetail with one another. Pro-anorexia (or ‘pro-ana') online spaces, which emerged in the late twentieth century, have been criticised for their espousal of anorexia even though much of the advice they provide and the images they collate, derive from mainstream culture. Censorship and vilification by the media have meant that since their inception these spaces have undergone a number of changes. This thesis therefore investigates the thin ideal in pro-ana online spaces at a time when the boundaries between the mainstream espousal of thinness and the body image promoted in pro-ana culture are becoming increasingly blurred. Drawing on empirical research across a range of websites, forums, and social media which identify as pro-ana, I employ textual analysis to explore how thinness is constructed in these spaces. My investigation produced a set of themes which shape this thesis. Central were: the denial and disguise of disordered-eating practices; the pre-eminence of the white, middle-class, heterofeminine body; and the importance of pain in realising the thin ideal. The central claim of this thesis is that pro-ana online spaces expose the extent to which normative femininity is underpinned by practices which may be deeply disordered, but they are viewed as normal by mainstream culture. Pro-ana culture illustrates an extreme response to achieving thinness but it also critiques the ideal to which it aspires. Hence, this thesis concludes by turning to the potential for resistance in pro-ana online spaces and arguing that although they do not uncritically conform to the culture of compulsory thinness, they are nonetheless postfeminist enclaves which perpetuate the primacy of the individual.
36

Multifamiljeterapi vid behandling av ungdomar med anorexia nervosa : En pilotstudie med fokus på behandlingsinterventioner och familjeklimat

Svensson, Lisa, Elvin Johansson, Lovisa January 2017 (has links)
Multifamiljeterapi (MFT) är en relativt ny metod för att behandla ungdomar med anorexia nervosa (AN) i Sverige. Syftet med denna pilotstudie var att undersöka hur patienter, mammor och pappor upplevde behandlingsinterventioner inom MFT samt om familjeklimatet förändrades efter genomförd behandling. Totalt undersöktes 14 patienter, 14 mammor och 14 pappor utifrån självskattningsformulären Behandlingstillfredsställelse och Familjeklimat (FCS). Resultatet visade att behandlingsinterventionerna storgruppsdiskussioner, smågruppsdiskussioner, gemensamma måltider samt övningar, lekar och rollspel, upplevdes vara hjälpsamma för samtliga grupper. Familjeklimatet förbättrades signifikant över tid avseende dimensionerna närhet och distans. En skillnad påfanns mellan patienter och mammor i upplevelsen av närhet då mammorna skattade lägre på dimensionen närhet än patienterna. Gällande kaos påfanns en interaktionseffekt då patienternas och mammornas upplevelse av kaos minskade medan pappornas ökade något. Resultatet tyder på att samtliga behandlingsinterventioner inom MFT är hjälpsamma och att familjeklimatet i stort förbättras efter behandling. Vidare forskning med större urval behövs för att bekräfta fynden. / Multi-family therapy (MFT) is a relatively new treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) in Sweden. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate how patients, mothers and fathers perceived interventions in MFT and if there was a change in family climate after treatment. In total 14 patients, 14 mothers and 14 fathers were examined with the two questionnaires Behandlingstillfredsställelse and Family climate scale (FCS). The results showed that the following interventions in MFT were perceived as helpful for all groups; discussions in large and small groups, group meals, exercises, games and role play. Family climate was significantly improved over time regarding the dimensions closeness and distance. A difference between patients and mothers was found in how they experienced closeness as mothers reported lower closeness than patients. An interaction effect was found regarding chaos as the patients and mothers reported a decrease in chaos while the fathers reported a slight increase. The results indicate that all the interventions in MFT are helpful and that, by and large, family climate improves after treatment. Further research with a larger sample is required to confirm these findings. / Multifamiljeterapi vid anorexia nervosa
37

Vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterskan och patienten med anorexia nervosa : En litteraturöversikt / The nursing care relationship between the nurse and patient with anorexia nervosa : A literature review

Orellana Covarrubias, Michelle, Wig, Emely January 2019 (has links)
Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa klassificeras som en ätstörning som går ut på en avsiktlig viktnedgång som beror på förändrad kroppsuppfattning. I vårdandet av AN är det av stor vikt att sjuksköterskan fokuserar på individen bakom ätstörningen och är stöttande. Sjuksköterskan spelar en stor roll i vårdrelationen till patienten. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskan och patienten med anorexia nervosa perspektiv på den terapeutiska vårdrelationen. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt. Data analyserades kvalitativt och kvalitetsgranskades. Efter kvalitetsgranskning användes nio artiklar till resultatet. Resultat: Resultat som framkom i studien var att en positiv terapeutisk vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterska och patient kan vara avgörande för tillfrisknandet. De kategorier som framkom i resultatet var: vårdrelation, stöd och motivation, Sjuksköterskans delaktighet och negativ vårdrelation. Konklusion: Den terapeutisk vårdrelation var essentiell för patientens välmående och upplevelse av trygghet under behandling. Arbetar sjuksköterskan utifrån en terapeutisk utgångspunkt och att ge patienten stöd under behandling kan patienten uppleva motivation till att genomgå behandling. / Background: Anorexia nervosa classifies as an eating disorder that involves a intentional weight loss that is caused by changed body image. In the caring of anorexia nervosa, it is essential that the nurse pay focus to the individual behind the eating disorder, as well as being supporting. The nurse plays a major role in the nursing care relationship with the patient. Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the nurse and patient with anorexia nervosa perspective on a therapeutic alliance. Method: General literature review. Data were analysed on qualitative steps and quality-tested based on five analysis steps. After quality review, nine articles used for the result. Result: The results that emerged from the study were that a positive therapeutic alliance between the nurse and patient can be decisive for recovery. The categories that emerged in the result were: nursing care, support and motivation, the nurse’s participation and negative care relationship. Conclusion: The therapeutic alliance was essential for the patient’s wellbeing and feeling of safety during treatment. If the nurse work from a therapeutic alliance and support the patient during treatment, the patient gains motivation to undergo treatment.
38

Anorexia nervosa : tankegångar kring sjukdomen och dess behandling

Apell, Helen January 2002 (has links)
No description available.
39

Anorexia Nervosa : anorektikern, familjen och sjuksköterskan, svårigheter med att ge en god omvårdnad. En litteraturstudie

Ljungberg, Marie, Malm, Sandra January 2006 (has links)
<p>Background: Anorexia nervosa is a disease that often strikes teenager girls. The causes of the disease are not entirely known, but there are redeemed and maintenanced factors. The factors describes as biological, psychological and sociocultural. Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the nurses problem in caring of girls that developed anorexia nervosa. Method: The method of this essay is a literature study. The essay is based up on scientific articles. Results: The care of the anorexics is affected by several different factors. The factors are the anorexics, the parents and the nurses. The anorexics describe the illness as a struggle to find out the meaning of the illness. Many of the girls do not feel confirmed, but they has a big need of this. The SAUK- model describes the need of confirmation. The anorexics parents often wanted to help but they felt excluded from the care of their daughters. This made them feel a sense of guilt. The biggest problem in giving a god care is the negative relation between the nurse and the anorexics. The findings in the essay shows that it was difficult to built therapeutic relationships because lack of empathy and engagement from the nurses.</p>
40

Anorexia Nervosa : anorektikern, familjen och sjuksköterskan, svårigheter med att ge en god omvårdnad. En litteraturstudie

Ljungberg, Marie, Malm, Sandra January 2006 (has links)
Background: Anorexia nervosa is a disease that often strikes teenager girls. The causes of the disease are not entirely known, but there are redeemed and maintenanced factors. The factors describes as biological, psychological and sociocultural. Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the nurses problem in caring of girls that developed anorexia nervosa. Method: The method of this essay is a literature study. The essay is based up on scientific articles. Results: The care of the anorexics is affected by several different factors. The factors are the anorexics, the parents and the nurses. The anorexics describe the illness as a struggle to find out the meaning of the illness. Many of the girls do not feel confirmed, but they has a big need of this. The SAUK- model describes the need of confirmation. The anorexics parents often wanted to help but they felt excluded from the care of their daughters. This made them feel a sense of guilt. The biggest problem in giving a god care is the negative relation between the nurse and the anorexics. The findings in the essay shows that it was difficult to built therapeutic relationships because lack of empathy and engagement from the nurses.

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