• Refine Query
  • Source
  • Publication year
  • to
  • Language
  • 968
  • Tagged with
  • 968
  • 968
  • 968
  • 968
  • 530
  • 358
  • 316
  • 245
  • 181
  • 152
  • 137
  • 99
  • 89
  • 77
  • 76
  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Uma experiência de dramatização com alunos de enfermagem

Goulart, Silvéria Ferreira 11 1900 (has links)
Submitted by Alberto Vieira (martins_vieira@ibest.com.br) on 2017-09-27T23:56:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 106485.pdf: 6591184 bytes, checksum: 76d2e346c24be4acb89d1d5881281dfd (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-09-27T23:56:09Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 106485.pdf: 6591184 bytes, checksum: 76d2e346c24be4acb89d1d5881281dfd (MD5) Previous issue date: 1979-11 / Trabalho de natureza experimental. Em sua realização utilizou-se dramatizações com um grupo de alunos de enfermagem durante seis semanas. Pretendeu-se com esta abordagem, verificar que dificuldades eram vivenciadas pelos alunos no início do ciclo profissional. A melhora no seu relacionamento interpessoal com colegas, professores e escola, bem como em suas perspectivas quanto à futura profissão, eram esperadas ao final da experiência. Nos resultados, as limitações verificadas foram quanto ao reduzido número de encontros e a não extensão da experiência a todos os alunos da turma. E, embora as hipóteses traçadas tenham sido rejeitadas, a utilização de dramatizações, em situações semelhantes às descritas neste trabalho, está amplamente indicada, desde que vencidas as limitações deste estudo. / Experimental work. ln its accomplishment a group of students were used to dramatize nursing during six weeks. ln this approach we intended to verify what difficulties were lived by the students at the beginning of the professional cycle. The best of relationship in their personal contact with coleagues, teachers and school, good as in their perspectives of the profession in the future was expected to happen at the end of the experience. The limits of the results concerned the small number of meetings and the fact that the experience had not been extended to all the students of the group. And, although the initial hypothesis had been rejected, the utilization of dramas, in similar situations as written in this work, is amply indicated, since limitations inside this study were overcome.
2

Viol?ncia e fragilidade em idosos atendidos numa unidade de pronto atendimento / Violence and fragility in the elderly attended at a prompt care unit

Santos, Renata Clemente dos 21 December 2017 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2018-02-15T11:46:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RenataClementeDosSantos_DISSERT.pdf: 1465201 bytes, checksum: adcdfa61f887febf71d53d483e1ccdeb (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2018-02-16T15:16:34Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RenataClementeDosSantos_DISSERT.pdf: 1465201 bytes, checksum: adcdfa61f887febf71d53d483e1ccdeb (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-02-16T15:16:34Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 RenataClementeDosSantos_DISSERT.pdf: 1465201 bytes, checksum: adcdfa61f887febf71d53d483e1ccdeb (MD5) Previous issue date: 2017-12-21 / Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior (CAPES) / A viol?ncia contra a pessoa idosa ? considerada um fen?meno multifacetado e constantemente silenciado. Entende-se que idosos em vulnerabilidade e fr?geis apresentam maior predisposi??o a se tornarem v?timas de viol?ncia, entretanto ainda s?o poucas as pesquisas que buscam evidenciar a exist?ncia dessa correla??o. O objetivo desse estudo, ? avaliar a correla??o entre o risco de viol?ncia e a fragilidade em idosos atendidos em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e explorat?rio, com abordagem quantitativa. Foi desenvolvido no munic?pio de Campina Grande, em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento, ap?s aprova??o do Comit? de ?tica e Pesquisa da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, sob CAAE de N?. 69857317.2.0000.5537. A popula??o foi composta por todos os idosos atendidos na Unidade, nos meses de agosto e setembro de 2017. A amostra de 146 idosos, foi calculada conforme o c?lculo de popula??o finita com erro amostral de 0,08. Foram inclu?das pessoas com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, que estavam em atendimento e com condi??es f?sicas e emocionais para responder aos instrumentos. Foram utilizados: o instrumento de caracteriza??o da amostra e as Escalas de Edmonton e de rastreamento da viol?ncia contra pessoa idosa. A coleta de dados ocorreu ap?s a anu?ncia da institui??o, e seguiu as normas previstas na resolu??o n?. 466/12 do Conselho Nacional de Sa?de e mediante a assinatura do Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Os dados foram analisados atrav?s do SPSS, vers?o 20.0 por meio de testes n?o param?tricos. Os resultados indicaram a predomin?ncia de idosos casados e vi?vos, com baixa escolaridade, sendo (56,16%) do sexo masculino, idade at? 73 anos (53,42%), residentes no munic?pio de Campina Grande (78,08%) e (64,38%) atendidos na Unidade de pronto atendimento classificados na ?rea verde de risco, sendo a queixa de car?ter agudo a sua maioria, com (82,19%). A maioria dos idosos foi classificado como fr?geis (47,95%) e em risco aumentado para viol?ncia (69,86%). Atrav?s do teste qui-quadrado (X2) e exato de fisher, e o n?vel de signific?ncia para p-valor < 0,05, observou-se nesse estudo, haver rela??o estat?stica entre o n?vel de fragilidade e a idade, e a ?rea de classifica??o de atendimento, enquanto que o risco de viol?ncia apresentou signific?ncia estat?stica para a faixa et?ria. Ap?s a aplica??o do teste de correla??o de Spearman, com n?vel de signific?ncia de 5%, a pesquisa demonstrou evid?ncia de correla??o estatisticamente significante, entre o aumento do grau de fragilidade e o risco para viol?ncia na pessoa idosa. Confirma-se a hip?tese do estudo na qual, conclui-se que, a s?ndrome da fragilidade aumenta a vulnerabilidade do idoso estar em risco de viol?ncia. Al?m disso, demonstra a import?ncia da utiliza??o na pr?tica dos profissionais de sa?de, de instrumentos que avaliam esses agravos, com o intuito de detec??o precoce, e visando diminuir o seu impacto na fam?lia, nos servi?os de atendimento e na pr?pria pessoa idosa. / Violence against the elderly is considered a multifaceted and constantly muted phenomenon. It is understood that elderly in vulnerability and fragile are more predisposed to become victims of violence, however, there are still few researches that seek to evidence the existence of this correlation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation between the risk of violence and the frailty in the elderly attended at a Care Unit. This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and exploratory study with a quantitative approach. It was developed in the city of Campina Grande, in a Emergency Care Unit, after approval of the Ethics and Research Committee of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte under CAAE No. 69857317.2.0000.5537. The population was composed of all the elderly attending the Unit, in the months of August and September 2017. The sample of 146 elderly individuals was calculated according to the calculation of finite population with a sampling error of 0.08. We included people aged 60 or over, who were in care and with physical and emotional conditions to respond to the instruments. The following were used: the sample characterization tool and the Edmonton Scales and the screening of violence against the elderly. The data collection took place after the consent of the institution, and followed the norms set forth in resolution no. 466/12 of the National Health Council and by signing the Term of Free and Informed Consent. Data were analyzed through SPSS, version 20.0 through non-parametric tests. The results indicated the predominance of married and widowed elderly people, with low education (56.16%), male, up to 73 years old (53.42%), living in the city of Campina Grande (78.08%) and (64.38%) attended at the Emergency Care Unit classified in the green area of risk, being the most acute complaint, with (82.19%). Most of the elderly were classified as fragile (47.95%) and at increased risk for violence (69.86%). Through the chi-square test (X2) and fisher's exact test, and the significance level for p-value <0.05, we observed a statistical relationship between the level of fragility and age, and the area of classification of care, while the risk of violence presented statistical significance for the age group. After the Spearman correlation test, with a significance level of 5%, the study showed evidence of a statistically significant correlation between the increased degree of frailty and the risk for violence in the elderly. The hypothesis of the study confirms that the fragility syndrome increases the vulnerability of the elderly being at risk of violence. In addition, it demonstrates the importance of the use of health professionals in the practice of instruments that evaluate these diseases for the purpose of early detection and to reduce their impact on the family, care services and the elderly.
3

Avalia??o do sono e enfermeiros nos diferentes turnos hospitalares / Analysis of sleep of nurses in different hospital shifts

Silva, K?zia Katiane Medeiros da 26 January 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2016-07-25T22:06:09Z No. of bitstreams: 1 KeziaKatianeMedeirosDaSilva_DISSERT.pdf: 1173284 bytes, checksum: 433a16c275b5eac21a17c84bd99d03f9 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2016-08-03T21:15:16Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 KeziaKatianeMedeirosDaSilva_DISSERT.pdf: 1173284 bytes, checksum: 433a16c275b5eac21a17c84bd99d03f9 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-08-03T21:15:16Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 KeziaKatianeMedeirosDaSilva_DISSERT.pdf: 1173284 bytes, checksum: 433a16c275b5eac21a17c84bd99d03f9 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-01-26 / Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior (CAPES) / Objetivou-se analisar a caracter?sticas do padr?o de sono e qualidade do sono de enfermeiros que trabalham nos turnos diurno e noturno. Trata-se de um estudo com abordagem quantitativa, de corte transversal, descritivo. O estudo foi desenvolvido no Hospital Universit?rio do Rio Grande do Norte. Os dados foram coletados em sua totalidade no per?odo de janeiro a setembro de 2015, mediante os instrumentos: ?ndice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh para avaliar o padr?o de sono e o Di?rio de sono para avaliar o ciclo vig?lia-sono. Ap?s serem codificados e tabulados, foram analisados por meio do programa SPSS vers?o 20.0. O Estudo foi aprovado pelo Comit? de ?tica em Pesquisas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, sob parecer n? 751.567. Para a descri??o das vari?veis cont?nuas foram utilizadas medidas de posi??o (m?dia e mediana), dispers?o (desvio padr?o), medidas de associa??o (teste qui-quadrado ou de exato de Fisher) e correla??o (teste de Correla??o de Spearmann), para um n?vel de signific?ncia de 0,05. O perfil sociodemogr?fico da amostra mostrou um total de (n=104) participantes, distribu?do no turno diurno 64 e no turno noturno 40, caracterizada por (90,4%) serem do sexo feminino, com faixa et?ria entre 24 a 45 anos correspondendo a 73% da amostra. Verificou-se a presen?a de diferen?a estatisticamente significativa, para as vari?veis: laborais e h?bitos de vida (setor hospitalar e ambulatorial (p=0,003), possuir mais de um trabalho (p=0,002), usar bebida estimulante (p=0,021); Padr?o de Sono: tempo de cochilo p=0,003, lat?ncia do sono p=0,013), tempo total de sono (p=0,001), como se sentiu ao acordar (p=0,017), qualidade do sono noturno (p=0,001) e qualidade do sono (p=0,007) quando comparados entre os turnos diurno e o turno noturno. Concluiu-se que o trabalho em turnos alterou o padr?o e a qualidade do sono dos enfermeiros dos per?odos diurno e noturno. / This study aimed to analyze the pattern characteristics of sleep and sleep quality of nurses who worked day and night shifts. This is a study with a quantitative approach, cross-sectional, descriptive. The study was conducted at the University Hospital of Rio Grande do Norte. Data were collected in full in the period from January to September 2015, through the instruments: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Sleep Diary. Subjects were interviewed according to their work shift, day or night, during the working hours of the nursing team. After being coded and tabulated, data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, in the Opinion No. 751 567. For a description of continuous variables were used position measurements (mean and median), dispersion (standard deviation) and correlation (Spearman correlation test), to a 0.05 significance level. The socio-demographic profile of the sample showed a total of n = 104 participants, distributed in: 64 on day shift and night shift 40; wherein 90.4% are female, aged between 24-45 years, corresponding to 73% of the sample. There was the presence of statistically significant differences for the variables: employment and living habits (inpatient and outpatient sector (p = 0.003), have more than one job (p = 0.002), use cordial (p = 0.021); Sleep pattern: nap time (p = 0.003), sleep latency (p = 0.013), total sleep time (p = 0.001), how it felt to wake up (p = 0.017), quality of nighttime sleep (p = 0.001) and sleep quality (p = 0.007) compared between the day shift and the night shift. It was concluded that shift work has changed the pattern and sleep quality of nurses working day and night shifts.
4

Estresse e s?ndrome de Burnout nos enfermeiros de um hospital universit?rio

Bezerra, Clarissa Maria Bandeira 29 September 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-02-13T20:07:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ClarissaMariaBandeiraBezerra_DISSERT.pdf: 1490656 bytes, checksum: 2c93b0852026d9e7b4933a90a8956a0f (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-02-15T23:49:16Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ClarissaMariaBandeiraBezerra_DISSERT.pdf: 1490656 bytes, checksum: 2c93b0852026d9e7b4933a90a8956a0f (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-02-15T23:49:16Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 ClarissaMariaBandeiraBezerra_DISSERT.pdf: 1490656 bytes, checksum: 2c93b0852026d9e7b4933a90a8956a0f (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-09-29 / Objetivo: Verificar o n?vel de estresse e a presen?a da s?ndrome de Burnout em enfermeiros nos turnos diurno e noturno na ?rea hospitalar. M?todo: Trata-se de estudo descritivo, do tipo transversal observacional, com abordagem quantitativa em um Hospital Universit?rio da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. A pesquisa foi realizada com a amostra de 108 enfermeiros atuantes nos turnos diurno e noturno. Consistiu na aplica??o de question?rios, um verificador de dados sociodemogr?ficos da amostra, a Escala de Bianchi modificada para quantificar o n?vel de estresse e o Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey), para identificar a presen?a da S?ndrome de Burnout. A tabula??o dos dados se deu em planilhas e depois em tabelas. As vari?veis cont?nuas foram verificadas por medidas de posi??o (m?dia e mediana), dispers?o (desvio padr?o). Para as compara??es entre os turnos com rela??o aos escores dos instrumentos foi aplicado o teste t de Student e o teste n?o-param?trico de Mann-Whitney. Foram aplicados teste de Correla??o de Spearmann e de Pearson. Adotou-se n?vel de signific?ncia de 0,05. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comit? de ?tica em Pesquisas da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, sob o Parecer n? 1.313.575. Resultados: Os dados mostraram que 88,88% dos participantes eram do sexo feminino, com faixa et?ria de 24-45 anos correspondendo a 84.25% dos trabalhadores, de maioria casados 47,22%. Em maior n?mero encontram-se os que possuem outro emprego 55,56%. M?dia de tempo de servi?o de 12,78 anos. 50% dos participantes referiram praticar atividade f?sica. O escore para o n?vel de estresse do turno diurno foi de 2,35 e do noturno 2,31, sendo classificados como m?dio. As dimens?es do Burnout para o grupo do diurno mostrou exaust?o 21,88; despersonaliza??o 5,89; realiza??o profissional 38,88. Para o noturno, exaust?o 20,10; despersonaliza??o 5,79 realiza??o profissional 38,98. Foram considerados medianos. Os valores do estresse e do Burnout quanto ao turno de trabalho n?o foram estatisticamente significativos. Existiu correla??o e valores de p estaticamente significativos quando comparados estresse e as dimens?es da s?ndrome (p= < 0,0001), (p=0,0001) e (p=0,0003). Conclus?o: O n?vel de estresse entre os enfermeiros foi avaliado como n?vel m?dio nos turnos diurno e noturno e das tr?s dimens?es do Burnout em ambos os turnos tamb?m, onde verificou-se aus?ncia da s?ndrome. Houve correla??o estatisticamente significativas entre estresse e os dom?nios do Burnout. / Objective: To determine the level of stress and the presence of burnout syndrome in nurses in day and night shifts in the hospital. Method: This is a descriptive study, an observational cross-sectional with quantitative approach in a University Hospital of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. The survey was conducted with a sample of 108 nurses working day and night shifts. It consisted of questionnaires for evaluation a sociodemographic data checker form of the sample, the modified Bianchi scale to quantify the level of stress and the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey), to identify the presence of burnout syndrome. The tabulation of the data was in spreadsheets and then tables. Continuous variables were checked for position measurements (mean and median), dispersion (standard deviation). For comparisons between the shifts with respect to the scores of the instruments we applied the Student t test and the nonparametric Mann-Whitney. Applied Spearman correlation test and Pearson. Adopted is a significance level of 0,05. The project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, in the Opinion No. 1.313.575. Results: The data showed that 88.88% of the participants were female, aged 24-45 years corresponding to 84.25% of the workers, most married 47.22%. In the largest number are having another job 55.56%. Average of 12.78 years of service. 50% of participants reported physical activity and 50% did not. The score for the level of stress of the day shift was 2.35 and 2.31 of the night, being classified as average. The dimensions of Burnout for day group showed exhaustion 21.88; depersonalization 5.89; professional achievement 38.88. For the night, exhaustion 20,10; depersonalization 5.79 professional achievement 38.98. They were considered average. The values of stress and burnout as the work shift were not statistically significant. There was correlation and statically significant p-values when compared stress and the dimensions of the syndrome (p = <0.0001) (p = 0.0001) (p = 0.0003). Conclusion: The level of stress among nurses was rated as average level in day and night shifts and the three dimensions of Burnout in both rounds too, where there was absence of the syndrome. There was a statistically significant correlation between stress and the domains of burnout.
5

Constru??o e valida??o de conte?do do protocolo gr?fico para avalia??o do cuidado seguro de enfermagem a pacientes em unidades cl?nicas de interna??o oncol?gica

Assis, Yole Matias Silveira de 07 December 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-02-20T23:42:58Z No. of bitstreams: 1 YoleMatiasSilveiraDeAssis_DISSERT.pdf: 2370337 bytes, checksum: 587b9fcebcffa956eb13739cdda64aa2 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-03-02T22:00:13Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 YoleMatiasSilveiraDeAssis_DISSERT.pdf: 2370337 bytes, checksum: 587b9fcebcffa956eb13739cdda64aa2 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-03-02T22:00:13Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 YoleMatiasSilveiraDeAssis_DISSERT.pdf: 2370337 bytes, checksum: 587b9fcebcffa956eb13739cdda64aa2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-12-07 / Pela sua incid?ncia crescente e elevado grau de complexidade, o c?ncer consiste em uma doen?a cr?nica que apresenta risco constante de agravos no decurso do tratamento, fato que favorece a ocorr?ncia de incidentes durante a presta??o dos cuidados e comprova a necessidade em se destinar uma maior aten??o voltada ? avalia??o da qualidade da assist?ncia nesta ?rea. Portanto, esse estudo tem como objetivo construir e validar o conte?do do protocolo gr?fico para avalia??o do cuidado seguro de enfermagem a pacientes em unidades de interna??o oncol?gica. Trata de um estudo metodol?gico para constru??o e valida??o do conte?do do protocolo gr?fico de avalia??o do cuidado seguro de enfermagem a pacientes em unidades de interna??o oncol?gica, desenvolvido em quatro etapas: 1) revis?o da literatura, com busca dos n?veis de evid?ncias e identifica??o dos itens necess?rios para a elabora??o do instrumento; 2) constru??o do protocolo de avalia??o; 3) valida??o do conte?do por especialistas - T?cnica de Delphi; e 4) procedimentos anal?ticos. No que diz respeito ? revis?o integrativa, percebeu-se a preval?ncia de estudos realizados no Brasil (n = 7; 63,6%), do tipo descritivo e com n?vel de evid?ncia 4 (n = 11; 100%). Os cuidados de enfermagem encontrados foram estruturados a partir da tr?ade proposta por Donabedian (?estrutura?, ?processo?, ?resultado?), de forma a nortear a elabora??o do protocolo gr?fico de avalia??o, juntamente com as recomenda??es cient?ficas e legais que embasam a seguran?a do paciente nas unidades oncol?gicas. Para sistematizar a valida??o do protocolo, fez-se uso da ferramenta googledocs. Quanto ? sele??o dos ju?zes que analisaram o instrumento na T?cnica de Delphi, esta ocorreu de forma intencional, atrav?s da Plataforma Lattes de Curr?culos Lattes, a partir de crit?rios de inclus?o e exclus?o pr?-determinados. Foram selecionados 37 ju?zes, para os quais foi enviada a carta-convite; destes, 13 retornaram com o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido assinado. Para obter o consenso na valida??o do protocolo, foram necess?rias duas rodadas da T?cnica de Delphi, em que no Delphi 1, 10 ju?zes responderam ao formul?rio, e no Delphi 2, oito. Ap?s, procedeu-se ao tratamento dos dados obtidos, com posterior an?lise quantitativa, a partir do ?ndice de Validade de Conte?do (IVC). Ao final, foi poss?vel obter o ?Protocolo gr?fico de avalia??o do cuidado seguro de enfermagem a pacientes em unidades de interna??o oncol?gica?, validado em seu conte?do. Cabe salientar que foram aplicados todos os princ?pios ?ticos, que envolvem pesquisa com seres humanos, com o projeto j? aprovado pelo Comit? de ?tica e Pesquisa (CEP) da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), o qual obteve parecer favor?vel com o CAAE n? 42951515.7.0000.5537. / By its increasing incidence and a high degree of complexity, cancer is a chronic disease having a constant risk of injuries during treatment, favoring the occurrence of incidents during the care given and it proves the need for greater attention to evaluating the quality of care in this area. Therefore, this study aims to build and validate the content of the graphic protocol for the evaluation of nursing care insurance to patients in oncology units. It is a methodological study for the construction and validation of the content of the graphic protocol for the evaluation of a safe nursing care to patients in oncology units, developed in four stages: 1) literature review, with search of evidence levels and identification of items needed to prepare the instrument; 2) construction of the evaluation protocol; 3) content validation by specialists - Delphi Technique; And 4) analytical procedures. Nursing care was structured according to the triad proposed by Donabedian ("structure", "process", "result"), in order to guide the elaboration of the graphic evaluation protocol, together with the scientific and legal recommendations that support the Patient safety in oncology units. The tool google docs was used to systematize the validation of the protocol. As for the selection of the judges who analyzed the instrument in the Delphi Technique, it was intentionally through the Lattes Platform of Curriculum Lattes, based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. 37 judges were selected, for whom the letter of invitation was sent. Of these, 13 returned with the signed Free and Informed Consent Term. In order to obtain consensus in the validation of the protocol, two rounds of the Delphi Technique were necessary, in which in Delphi 1, 10 judges answered the form, and in Delphi 2, eight. Afterward, the data obtained were processed with quantitative analysis, based on the Content Validity Index (IVC). In the end, it was possible to obtain the ?Graphic protocol of evaluation of a safe nursing care to patients in oncology units,? validated in its content. It should be noted that all ethical principles involving human beings were applied, with the project already approved by the Ethics and Research Committee (CEP) of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), which obtained a favorable opinion with the CAAE # 42951515.7.0000.5537.
6

Acur?cia das caracter?sticas definidoras do diagn?stico de enfermagem baixa autoestima situacional em estomizados

Melo, Marjorie Dantas Medeiros 02 December 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-03-20T22:18:32Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MarjorieDantasMedeirosMelo_DISSERT.pdf: 1107340 bytes, checksum: 834ffe4c8c6f2767bad0c75f77b373a6 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-03-23T21:46:38Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MarjorieDantasMedeirosMelo_DISSERT.pdf: 1107340 bytes, checksum: 834ffe4c8c6f2767bad0c75f77b373a6 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-03-23T21:46:38Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 MarjorieDantasMedeirosMelo_DISSERT.pdf: 1107340 bytes, checksum: 834ffe4c8c6f2767bad0c75f77b373a6 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-12-02 / Pacientes estomizados t?m sua perspectiva de vida alterada, principalmente pela imagem corporal negativa, devido ? presen?a do estoma associado ? bolsa coletora, aos padr?es de elimina??o alterados, as modifica??es nos h?bitos alimentares e de higiene, resultando muitas vezes, em autoestima diminu?da, sexualidade comprometida e at? em isolamento social. Tendo em vista, as dificuldades e complica??es apontadas, ainda que de forma sucinta, percebe-se que as pessoas com estomias necessitam prioritariamente serem estimuladas para o desenvolvimento da autoestima, e os profissionais de enfermagem por meio do processo de estabelecimento de diagn?sticos acurados s?o essenciais para uma assist?ncia integral. Estudo transversal e descritivo, com o objetivo de analisar a acur?cia das caracter?sticas definidoras do diagn?stico de enfermagem ?Baixa autoestima situacional? em pessoas estomizadas cadastradas no Centro de Reabilita??o de adultos do Rio Grande do Norte ? CERHRN. Realizou-se a coleta de dados entre os meses de janeiro a mar?o de 2015, mediante a utiliza??o de dois instrumentos: um deles composto por quest?es referentes a aspectos sociodemogr?ficos e cl?nicos dos pacientes, caracter?sticas do estoma e do efluente e suas complica??es, e um instrumento com base na NANDA-I e na Escala de autoestima de Rosenberg (RSES). O processo de amostragem foi determinado por conveni?ncia, resultando em um total de 90 estomizados. Para inferir sobre a presen?a ou a aus?ncia do diagn?stico de enfermagem em estudo, assim como de suas caracter?sticas definidoras, procedeu-se a etapa de infer?ncia diagn?stica, com a participa??o de ju?zes. A pesquisa obteve parecer favor?vel mediante o processo n? 421.342 CEP-HM Na caracteriza??o sociodemogr?fica, houve predomin?ncia do sexo masculino (62,2%), com faixa et?ria a partir de 50 anos (58,9%), de cor parda (50%), com companheiro (58,9%), aposentados (46,7%), com escolaridade at? o ensino fundamental (71,1%), cat?licos (65,6%) e com renda superior a um sal?rio m?nimo (66,7%). Com rela??o aos aspectos cl?nicos e do estoma houve predom?nio de estomizados sem comorbidades (54,4%), colostomizados (80%), com perman?ncia definitiva (63,3%) como principal causa da confec??o do estoma a neoplasia (60%), que fizeram tratamento quimioter?pico (50%), com 25 meses de estomia ou mais (53,3%). Com rela??o ?s vari?veis sociodemogr?ficas, observou-se associa??o da autoestima com a escolaridade (p=0,007). O diagn?stico de enfermagem Baixa autoestima situacional estava presente em (23,3%) da amostra. Dentre as caracter?sticas definidoras prevalentes destacaram-se: verbaliza??es autonegativas (33,3%), comportamento indeciso (28,8%) e comportamento n?o assertivo (26,1%). As caracter?sticas definidoras que apresentaram maiores raz?es de preval?ncia foram express?es de sentimento de inutilidade, relata verbalmente desafio situacional atual ao seu pr?prio valor e avalia??o de si mesmo como incapaz de lidar com situa??es ou eventos. As caracter?sticas com maior sensibilidade foram comportamento indeciso e express?es de sentimento de inutilidade e as mais espec?ficas foram relata verbalmente desafio situacional ao seu pr?prio valor, express?es de sentimento de inutilidade, avalia??o de si mesmo como incapaz de lidar com situa??es e eventos, express?es de desemparo. Conclui-se que a identifica??o das caracter?sticas definidoras mais sens?veis e especificas, permite predizer a real presen?a ou aus?ncia do diagn?stico Baixa Autoestima Situacional, auxiliando na assist?ncia de enfermagem a popula??o dos estomizados. / Stomatal patients have their life prospects altered, mainly by negative body image, due to the presence of the stoma associated with the collection bag, altered patterns of elimination, changes in eating and hygiene habits, often resulting in decreased self-esteem, compromised sexuality And even in social isolation. In view of the difficulties and complications pointed out, however succinctly, it is perceived that people with stomies need to be stimulated for the development of self-esteem, and nursing professionals through the process of establishing accurate diagnoses are essential For comprehensive assistance. A cross - sectional study and descriptive approach, aiming at analyzing the accuracy of the defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis "Low situational self - esteem" in stomized persons enrolled in the Adult Rehabilitation Center of Rio Grande do Norte - CERHRN. Data collection was carried out between January and March 2015, using two instruments: one of them consisting of sociodemographic and clinical aspects of the patients, characteristics of the stoma and effluent, and their complications and characteristics. Self-care, and an instrument based on NANDA-I and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The sampling process was determined by convenience, resulting in a total of 90 stomatal. In order to infer about the presence or absence of the nursing diagnosis under study, as well as its defining characteristics, a diagnostic inference step was performed, with the participation of judges. In the socio-demographic characterization, there was a predominance of males (62.2%), aged 50 years and over (58.9%), brown (50% ), With a partner (58.9%), retired (46.7%), with primary schooling (71.1%), Catholic (65.6%) and income higher than a minimum wage (66, 7%). With respect to the clinical and stomatal aspects, there was a predominance of stomates without comorbidities (54.4%), colostomized (80%), with definitive permanence (63.3%) as the main cause of the stoma to neoplasia (60%), Who underwent chemotherapy (50%), with 25 months of estomy or more (53.3%). Regarding sociodemographic variables, we observed an association between self-esteem and schooling (p = 0.007). The nursing diagnosis Low situational self-esteem was present in (23.3%) of the sample. Among the prevalent defining characteristics were: self-negative verbalizations (33.3%), undecided behavior (28.8%) and non-assertive behavior (26.1%). The defining characteristics that presented the highest prevalence reasons were expressions of feeling of worthlessness, verbally reporting current situational challenge to their own value, and evaluating themselves as unable to cope with situations or events. The most sensitive characteristics were undecided behavior and expressions of feeling of worthlessness and the most specific were verbally reports situational challenge to their own value, expressions of feeling of worthlessness, self-evaluation as unable to cope with situations and events, expressions of unpair . It is concluded that the identification of the most sensitive and specific defining characteristics, allows predicting the real presence or absence of the diagnosis Low Situational Self-esteem, assisting nursing care to the population of the stomates.
7

Avalia??o da capacidade para o trabalho de enfermeiros de um hospital universit?rio

Oliveira, Aline Dannyele Souza de 20 December 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-04-03T22:22:47Z No. of bitstreams: 1 AlineDannyeleSouzaDeOliveira_DISSERT.pdf: 1443666 bytes, checksum: 1b08e3927b267a773753ae47e07277bc (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-04-10T22:27:55Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 AlineDannyeleSouzaDeOliveira_DISSERT.pdf: 1443666 bytes, checksum: 1b08e3927b267a773753ae47e07277bc (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-04-10T22:27:55Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 AlineDannyeleSouzaDeOliveira_DISSERT.pdf: 1443666 bytes, checksum: 1b08e3927b267a773753ae47e07277bc (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-12-20 / A capacidade para o trabalho compreende o bem-estar no desempenho das atividades laborais e est? relacionado ?s demandas f?sicas, emocionais e mentais decorrentes do trabalho. Os enfermeiros, no desempenho de atividades no ?mbito hospitalar, est?o expostos ao comprometimento de sua capacidade laboral em virtude da complexidade e volume de atividades desenvolvidas em um ambiente insalubre tanto no sentido material como subjetivo. Neste sentido, este estudo coloca-se na tem?tica de sa?de do trabalhador, em particular na sa?de da equipe de enfermagem da rede hospitalar e tem como objetivo avaliar a Capacidade para o Trabalho dos enfermeiros de um hospital universit?rio. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal com abordagem quantitativa, envolvendo 135 enfermeiros do Hospital Universit?rio Onofre Lopes, realizado mediante parecer favor?vel do Comit? de ?tica em Pesquisa da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte sob o n?mero 1.845.951/16, atendendo ao que rege a Resolu??o n? 466/2012 do Conselho Nacional de Sa?de que regulamenta pesquisa com seres humanos. A coleta de dados ocorreu no m?s de novembro de 2016, utilizando-se como instrumento de coleta de dados um question?rio contendo duas etapas, uma com dados gerais do entrevistado e outra na vers?o brasileira do ?ndice de capacidade para o trabalho elaborado pelo Instituto de Sa?de Ocupacional da Finl?ndia, traduzido e adaptado por pesquisadores da Faculdade de Sa?de P?blica da Universidade de S?o Carlos. O banco de dados foi constru?do em formato EXCEL, vers?o 2010, para realiza??o das tabelas descritivas. E, para aplica??es de testes estat?sticos (Teste de Alpha Cronbach?s e teste quiquadradro) utilizou-se o software Statistica SPSS, vers?o 20.0. Dentre os achados observou-se que entre a popula??o de enfermeiros que participaram da pesquisa predominou adultos com at? 40 anos de idade (88,15%), do sexo feminino (81,48%), casado (47,41%), com p?s-gradua??o (93,33%). Foi encontrado um escore m?dio do ICT de 40,24 pontos. A maioria dos enfermeiros dessa pesquisa obtiveram um ICT adequado (81,48%), com classifica??o boa ou ?tima e apenas 18,52% obtiveram um ICT inadequado (baixo ou moderado). Apenas uma vari?vel independente apresentou evid?ncia de diferen?a estat?stica que foi a satisfa??o com o sal?rio, outras caracter?sticas mostram-se tendenciosas como idade, forma??o e tempo de v?nculo. Por ter atingindo com ?xito os objetivos propostos pelo estudo, acredita-se que o mesmo possa ter contribu?do com o aprofundamento das discuss?es sobre o ?ndice de Capacidade para o Trabalho, ?s quest?es relacionadas ? sa?de do trabalhador e por fim, do aprimoramento da utiliza??o do instrumento no Brasil. / The capacity for work includes the welfare on the development of work activities and it is related to the physical, emotional and mental demands that results from work. The nurses, regarding the development of activities inside the hospital, are exposed to the impairment of their work capacity due to the complexity and volume of developed operations inside an unhealthy environment not only on a material sense but also subjective. Therefore, this study is about the theme: worker?s health, focusing on the nursing team?s health and has as purpose to evaluate the nurse?s work capacity of an academic hospital. It is about a descriptive, transversal study with a quantitative approach, involving 135 nurses of the academic hospital, Onofre Lopes, accomplished upon assent from the Committee of Ethics in Research of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte under number 1.845.951/16, covering what is written on the Resolution n? 466/2012 from the National Health Council that regulates research on human beings. The data gathering occurred on the month of November of 2016, using a survey with two stages as instrument to gather the data, one with general data of the interviewed and another on a Brazilian version of the work capacity?s index made by the Institute of Occupational Health of Finland, translated and adapted by researchers from the Faculty of Public Health from S?o Carlos University. The database was constructed using Excel, version 2010, to the descriptive chart?s fulfilment. And, for the applications of statistical tests (Alpha Cronbach?s and Chi-Square test), the software Statistica was used SPSS, version 20.0. Among the findings it was observed that between the population of nurses that were part of the research, adults with up to 40 years (88.15%), female (81.48%), married (47.41%), with post-graduation (93.33%) were predominant. An ICT?s average score of 40.24 was found. Most of the research?s nurses had got an adequate ICT (81.48%), with a grade of good or great and on 18.52% had got and inadequate ICT (low or moderate). Only one independent variable showed evidence of statistical difference that was the satisfaction with the salary, other characteristics turn up to be biased such as age, formation and bond time. For having successfully achieved the study?s proposed objectives, one believes that it may have contributed to the deepening of discussions about the Work Capacity?s Index, to the related questions about the worker?s health and to finish, the improvement of the instruments? usage in Brazil.
8

An?lise do conceito comportamento de perda de peso em adolescentes

Ara?jo, Anne Karoline C?ndido 19 December 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-04-03T22:22:47Z No. of bitstreams: 1 AnneKarolineCandidoAraujo_DISSERT.pdf: 1329913 bytes, checksum: 9fee3f7c3d5bde9d82a3cfb9fc02a374 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-04-10T22:46:20Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 AnneKarolineCandidoAraujo_DISSERT.pdf: 1329913 bytes, checksum: 9fee3f7c3d5bde9d82a3cfb9fc02a374 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-04-10T22:46:20Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 AnneKarolineCandidoAraujo_DISSERT.pdf: 1329913 bytes, checksum: 9fee3f7c3d5bde9d82a3cfb9fc02a374 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-12-19 / Enfermagem / A obesidade ? uma doen?a cr?nica e problema de sa?de p?blica global devido ?s suas altas taxas de acometimento da popula??o em diversos pa?ses e em faixas et?rias, principalmente os adolescentes. A assist?ncia de enfermagem ao adolescente com obesidade ? implementada atrav?s da Sistematiza??o da Assist?ncia de Enfermagem (SAE), operacionalizada pelo Processo de Enfermagem (PE) e as classifica??es taxon?micas de enfermagem correspondentes ?s suas etapas. Entre os resultados de enfermagem previstos junto ao adolescente com obesidade encontra-se o Comportamento de perda de peso. Objetiva-se com o estudo analisar o conceito de comportamento para a perda de peso em adolescentes. Utilizou-se o modelo de an?lise de conceito, conforme Walker e Avant, com todas as etapas preconizas, viabilizado por revis?o integrativa da literatura segundo os passos preconizados de Whittemore e Knafl. As bases de dados utilizadas foram: SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS, PUBMED/ MEDLINE Web of Science e Science Direct. A busca utilizou os descritores Behavior, Obesity, Adolescent, Nursing e Weight loss. Identificou-se o quantitativo de 425.715 artigos, os quais foram examinados quanto a sua inclus?o no estudo, em tr?s etapas: a leitura do t?tulo seguido do resumo; consenso entre os pesquisadores de poss?vel inser??o e posterior leitura na ?ntegra para a inclus?o. Um total de 55 artigos comp?s a amostra final. Procedeu-se ? leitura anal?tica dos artigos para a identifica??o dos usos, atributos, antecedentes e consequentes do conceito. Sobre os 55 artigos, 60% foram publicados entre os anos de 2011 e 2016 mostrando a forte preocupa??o com a tem?tica atualmente; 98% redigidos no idioma ingl?s; predominou estudos desenvolvidos nos EUA com 45,4%. Na caracteriza??o dos estudos da amostra final, 92,7% foram publicados em outras revistas, n?o espec?ficas a ?rea da enfermagem. Das 55 refer?ncias 69,0% delinearam-se como experimentais e 82% adotavam a abordagem quantitativa. Sobre as fases da an?lise conceitual, os resultados demonstram o reconhecimento de quatro atributos, 10 antecedentes e 10 consequentes. Como resultado do estudo, a defini??o do conceito Comportamento para a perda de peso foi assim declarada: condutas do adolescente entre 10 a 19 anos, relacionadas ? mudan?a no padr?o alimentar acompanhada da realiza??o de atividade f?sica e apoio familiar na perda de peso. As defini??es constitutivas e operacionais dos 27 indicadores contidos no Resultado de enfermagem que cont?m o conceito de Comportamento para a perda de peso foram constru?das e quatro novos indicadores. Deste modo, acredita-se que o conceito Comportamento para a perda de peso ? extenso por possuir aspectos que relacionam a forma de como oferecer uma assist?ncia de qualidade ao adolescente. A operacionaliza??o dos indicadores resultante deste estudo poder? auxiliar na constru??o de um instrumento para avaliar o Resultado em adolescentes com obesidade. O estudo contribui ? base conceitual da ci?ncia de enfermagem e ? operacionaliza??o das suas taxonomias. Sugere-se estudos de valida??o de conte?do e cl?nica e das operacionaliza??es dos indicadores. / Obesity is a chronic disease and global public health problem due to its high rates of population involvement in several countries and in age groups, especially adolescents. Nursing care for adolescents with obesity is implemented through the Systematization of Nursing Assistance (SAE), operationalized by the Nursing Process (PE) and the taxonomic classifications of nursing corresponding to its stages. Among the expected nursing results among adolescents with obesity is Weight Loss Behavior. The objective of this study was to analyze the concept of behavior for weight loss in adolescents. The model of concept analysis was used, according to Walker and Avant, with all the stages preconized, made feasible by an integrative review of the literature according to the recommended steps of Whittemore and Knafl. The databases used were: SCOPUS, CINAHL, LILACS, PUBMED / MEDLINE Web of Science and Science Direct. The search used the descriptors Behavior, Obesity, Adolescent, Nursing and Weight loss. A total of 425,715 articles were identified, which were examined for inclusion in the study in three stages: reading the title followed by the abstract; Consensus among researchers of possible insertion and subsequent reading in full for inclusion. A total of 55 articles composed the final sample. The articles were analyzed analytically to identify the uses, attributes, antecedents and consequent of the concept. Of the 55 articles, 60% were published between the years 2011 and 2016 showing the strong concern with the current theme; 98% written in English; Studies in the USA predominated with 45.4%. In the characterization of the studies of the final sample, 92.7% were published in other journals, not specific to the nursing area. Of the 55 references, 69.0% were considered as experimental and 82% adopted the quantitative approach. On the phases of the conceptual analysis, the results demonstrate the recognition of four attributes, 10 antecedents and 10 consequent ones. As a result of the study, the definition of the concept of Behavior for weight loss was thus stated: adolescent behaviors between 10 and 19 years, related to the change in dietary pattern accompanied by physical activity and family support in weight loss. The constitutive and operational definitions of the 27 indicators contained in the Nursing score that contains the concept of Behavior for weight loss were constructed and four new indicators. Thus, it is believed that the concept of Behavior for weight loss is extensive because it has aspects that relate how to offer quality assistance to the adolescent. The operationalization of the indicators resulting from this study may help in the construction of an instrument to evaluate the Outcome in adolescents with obesity. The study contributes to the conceptual basis of nursing science and the operationalization of its taxonomies. Content and clinical validation studies and the operationalization of the indicators are suggested.
9

Impactos do estresse e sua associa??o com o comportamento alimentar dos graduandos em enfermagem / Impacts of stress and its association with food behavior of students in nursing

Costa, J?ssika Wanessa Soares 21 June 2017 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-09-05T18:56:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JessikaWanessaSoaresCosta_DISSERT.pdf: 1190018 bytes, checksum: 9e5f5f6febf6a0694e5cd11e0a371f31 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-09-12T22:03:52Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JessikaWanessaSoaresCosta_DISSERT.pdf: 1190018 bytes, checksum: 9e5f5f6febf6a0694e5cd11e0a371f31 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-09-12T22:03:52Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 JessikaWanessaSoaresCosta_DISSERT.pdf: 1190018 bytes, checksum: 9e5f5f6febf6a0694e5cd11e0a371f31 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2017-06-21 / Coordena??o de Aperfei?oamento de Pessoal de N?vel Superior (CAPES) / Introdu??o: Com as oportunidades crescentes para ingressar no meio acad?mico, anualmente, milhares de pessoas cruzam as portas das universidades. Neste novo cen?rio, o estudante depara-se com in?meros fatores estressores frente aos novos desafios. Objetivo: Analisar os n?veis de estresse e sua associa??o com o comportamento alimentar dos discentes da gradua??o em Enfermagem de uma universidade p?blica. M?todo: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, observacional, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 280 estudantes do curso de gradua??o em Enfermagem. As informa??es foram coletadas de 20 de Fevereiro a 21 de Mar?o de 2017, atrav?s de tr?s question?rios: Question?rio para levantamento dos dados sociodemogr?ficos, escala para Avalia??o de Estresse em Estudantes de Enfermagem e o Question?rio Holand?s do Comportamento Alimentar. A aplica??o dos instrumentos ocorreu em sala de aula simultaneamente, ap?s o per?odo de realiza??o das primeiras provas avaliativas e mediante autoriza??o da coordena??o das disciplinas. Os hor?rios para a coleta foram pr?-estabelecidos pela coordena??o das disciplinas, distribu?dos nos turnos: matutino e vespertino. Todos os participantes foram orientados sobre os procedimentos para coleta de dados, com tempo de aplica??o m?xima de 15 minutos. Resultados: Com a realiza??o das an?lises, foi poss?vel estabelecer os n?veis de estresse por dom?nio de acordo com o per?odo do curso dos estudantes. Corroborando para o seguinte resultado considerando o mais elevado n?vel de estresse em rela??o a cada dom?nio: atividade pr?tica e comunica??o profissional maior n?vel no 4? per?odo; gerenciamento de tempo, 9? per?odo; ambiente e forma??o profissional, 5? per?odo; e atividade te?rica, no 7? per?odo. Conclus?o: Constatou-se mediante o delineamento dos resultados correla??o significativa entre tr?s dos seis dom?nios da escala de estresse e o comportamento alimentar dos discentes do curso de Enfermagem. As an?lises demonstraram correla??o positiva entre os dom?nios comunica??o profissional e gerenciamento do tempo versus comportamento alimentar, evidenciando que quanto maior o estresse maior a compuls?o alimentar. O dom?nio forma??o profissional versus comportamento alimentar, apresentou correla??o negativa quando relacionados, demonstrando que quanto maior o estresse menor a compuls?o alimentar. Neste sentindo, faz- se relevante o desenvolvimento de pesquisas futuras na tentativa de desenvolver a??es e estrat?gias que visem trabalhar a orienta??o destes discentes ao lidar com os est?mulos estressores na tentativa de control?-los, e, consequentemente, minimizar os impactos do estresse nas atividades de vida di?ria deste estudante universit?rio. / Introduction: With the increasing opportunities to enter the academic milieu, thousands of people cross the doors of universities every year. In this new scenario, the student faces numerous stressors in the face of new challenges. Objective: To analyze the levels of stress and its association with the eating behavior of undergraduate students in Nursing at a public university. Method: This is a cross-sectional, observational study with a quantitative approach carried out with 280 undergraduate students in Nursing. The information was collected from February 20 to March 21, 2017, through three questionnaires: Questionnaire for the survey of sociodemographic data, Scale for Stress Assessment in Nursing Students and the Dutch Questionnaire on Eating Behavior. The application of the instruments occurred in the classroom simultaneously, after the period of the first evaluation tests and with the authorization of the disciplinary coordination. The schedules for the collection were pre-established by the coordination of the disciplines, distributed in the shifts: morning and evening. All participants were instructed on procedures for data collection, with a maximum application time of 15 minutes. Results: With the analysis, it was possible to establish the levels of stress per domain according to the period of the students' course. Corroborating to the following result considering the highest level of stress in relation to each domain: practical activity and professional communication higher level in the 4th period; Time management, 9th period; Environment and vocational training, 5th period; And theoretical activity, in the 7th period. Conclusion: It was found by designing the results a significant correlation between three of the six domains of the stress scale and the eating behavior of the students of the Nursing course. The analyzes showed a positive correlation between the domains of professional communication and time management versus eating behavior, evidencing that the greater the stress the greater the binge eating. The domain professional training versus eating behavior, presented negative correlation when related, demonstrating that the higher the stress the less the binge eating. In this sense, it is relevant to develop future research in the attempt to develop actions and strategies aimed at working the orientation of these students in dealing with stressors in an attempt to control them, and, consequently, to minimize the impacts of stress on activities of daily life of this university student.
10

Conduta dos enfermeiros na preven??o de queda em idosos em institui??es hospitalares

Moreira, Patricia Naiara de Oliveira 21 February 2017 (has links)
Submitted by Automa??o e Estat?stica (sst@bczm.ufrn.br) on 2017-09-05T18:56:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 PatriciaNaiaraDeOliveiraMoreira_DISSERT.pdf: 4284808 bytes, checksum: 8eff3ae2e9c670253694cde1f4b7157f (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Arlan Eloi Leite Silva (eloihistoriador@yahoo.com.br) on 2017-09-12T22:31:10Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PatriciaNaiaraDeOliveiraMoreira_DISSERT.pdf: 4284808 bytes, checksum: 8eff3ae2e9c670253694cde1f4b7157f (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-09-12T22:31:10Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 PatriciaNaiaraDeOliveiraMoreira_DISSERT.pdf: 4284808 bytes, checksum: 8eff3ae2e9c670253694cde1f4b7157f (MD5) Previous issue date: 2017-02-21 / O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a conduta dos enfermeiros na preven??o de queda em idosos internados em institui??es p?blicas hospitalares, no munic?pio de Natal-RN. Trata-se de um estudo do tipo descritivo e explorat?rio, realizado em Hospitais P?blicos do munic?pio de Natal, RN, atrav?s de uma amostra observacional descritiva com 130 enfermeiros assistenciais dos setores de cl?nica m?dia e cir?rgica, nos meses de dezembro de 2016 a janeiro de 2017. A coleta de dados teve in?cio,ap?staprova??o pelo Comit? de ?tica e Pesquisa, sob o n? 1.850.668, seguida da testagem do instrumento. O tratamento dos dados ocorreu em planilha para realiza??o das tabelas descritivas e aplica??o de testes estat?sticos utilizou-se o software Statistica SPSS 20.0, vers?o livre tempor?ria. Quanto ? caracteriza??o dos participantes, os resultados indicaram que a maioria s?o do sexo feminino (87,6%), com idade entre 31-40 anos (49,2%), casadas (51,5%), admitidas no servi?o h? 4anos (46,9%), lotados no setor de cl?nica m?dica (76,1%), trabalhando no turno da manh? (49,2%), com apenas um v?nculo (57,6) e exercendo cargo assistencial (96,9%). Com rela??o ? ocorr?ncia do evento queda nos idosos internados, a minoria(26,9%) dos enfermeiros afirmam saber da ocorr?ncia de queda em idosos na institui??o, enquanto que a maioria (73,0%), afirmam n?o ter conhecimento do evento na institui??o. Entre os principais fatores da institui??o, capazes de aumentar a ocorr?ncia de quedas destacaram-se: a aus?ncia de acompanhante (70,77%), leitos sem grades (51,54%), banheiro sem barras de apoio e piso antiderrapante (41,54%), aus?ncia de alarmes (39,23%), piso escorregadio (35,38%) e luminosidade diminu?da (33,85%). Conforme an?lise comparativa, atrav?s de teste X2, algumas vari?veis como: tipo de institui??o (universit?ria, local de estudo), tempo de gradua??o, admiss?o na institui??o, somente um v?nculo empregat?cio, al?m de maior qualifica??o profissional, apresentaram signific?ncia estat?stica, em rela??o ao uso ou ades?o, do protocolo de seguran?a para o evento quedas na institui??o universit?ria. Observou-se que as afirmativas dos enfermeiros no uso do diagn?stico de enfermagem para nortear as interven??es de quedas, se comparadas entre a faixa et?ria e a institui??o, obtiveram diferen?a significativa (0,0014) e, ao tipo de institui??o (0,000), pelo Teste de Fisher. Concluiu-se ao final, a import?ncia da utiliza??o dos instrumentos de notifica??o de quedas em idosos pelas institui??es e controle das ocorr?ncias e elabora??o de medidas preventivas realmente eficazes. Observa-se a necessidade do estimulo a cultura de seguran?a que permitir? discutir junto ? equipe de enfermagem, estrat?gias de preven??o que auxiliem a seguran?a do paciente nas institui??es de sa?de. / The objective of this study was to analyze nurses' behavior in the prevention of falls in elderly people hospitalized in public hospitals, in the Eastern Sanitary District, in the city of Natal-RN. This is a descriptive and Exploratory study carried out in Public Hospitals of the Eastern Sanitary District of the city of Natal, through a descriptive observational sample with 130 nursing assistants from the medium and surgical clinic sectors, from December 2016 to January 2017. Data collection Beginning after obtaining letters of agreement from the institutions and approval by the Ethics and Research Committee, under No. 1,850,668, followed by the testing of the instrument. The data processing was performed in Excel spreadsheet, version 2010, for the accomplishment of the descriptive tables and application of statistical tests. Statistica SPSS 20.0, temporary free version software was used. About the results, the majority of the participants were female (87.6%), the majority were young adults between 31-40 years old (49.2%), married (51.5%) and admitted for 4 years ( 46.9%), who worked in the medical clinic (76.1%), working in the morning shift (49.2%), with only one link (57.6) and having a care position (96.9%). . Regarding the occurrence of the fall in hospitalized elderly, the results showed that (26.9%) of the nurses know of the occurrence of falls in the elderly in the institution, although the majority (73.0%) affirm that they do not know about the event in the institution. Among the main factors of the institution, which were able to increase the occurrence of falls were: absence of companion (70.77%), beds without grids (51.54%), bathroom without grab bars and non-slip floor (41, 54%), absence of alarms (39.23%), slippery floor (35.38%) and reduced luminosity (33.85%). According to a comparative analysis, by means of the X2 test, some variables such as: type of institution (university, place of study), graduation time, admission to the institution, only an employment relationship, besides higher professional qualification, presented statistical significance, Use or adhesion of the security protocol for the event falls in the university institution. It was observed that nurses' affirmations in the use of the nursing diagnosis to guide falls interventions, when compared to the age group and the institution, obtained a significant difference (0.0014) and, at the type of institution (0.000), by the Fisher's test. In conclusion, the importance of the use of instruments for reporting adverse events by institutions and control of occurrences and for the preparation of really effective preventive measures was concluded. It is observed the need to stimulate the safety culture that will allow discussing with the nursing team, prevention strategies that ensure patient safety in health institutions.

Page generated in 0.1325 seconds