The student and teacher enhancement partnership at Georgia Tech factors influencing successful partnership /Berman, Brecca L. January 2005 (has links)
Thesis (M. S.)--Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006. / Dr. Monica Gaughan, Committee Member ; Dr. Donna Llewellyn, Committee Member ; Dr. Gordon Kingsley, Committee Chair. Includes bibliographical references.
Competitividade em clusters de alta tecnologia: estudo comparativo de clusters de ciências da saúde no Brasil e na Inglaterra / Competitiveness in high-tech clusters: comparative study of health sciences cluster in Brazil and in EnglandCristina Espinheira Costa Pereira 11 April 2016 (has links)
Este trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver um modelo específico para analisar a competitividade de clusters de alta tecnologia. Foi realizado um estudo de casos múltiplos em que foram analisados os clusters de ciências da saúde de Ribeirão Preto, no Brasil, e de Oxfordshire, na Inglaterra. Coletaram-se dados primários e secundários. Os dados primários foram coletados por meio de entrevistas em ambos os clusters e os dados secundários por meio de relatórios, papers, websites, além de coleta realizada nos bancos de dados Fame e Orbis. O modelo Zaccarelli et al. (2008), utilizado como ponto de partida para o desenvolvimento do modelo, foi aprimorado de três maneiras: i. Por meio do ajustamento das métricas utilizadas para avaliar cada fundamento, o que incluiu, dentre outras coisas, uma adaptação do modelo para mapeamento de clusters desenvolvido por Todeva (2008); ii. Pela verificação da aderência de seus fundamentos aos clusters de alta tecnologia analisados; e iii. Pela identificação de fatores emergentes, importantes para competitividade de clusters de alta tecnologia. Os resultados mostram evidências de que entre os onze fundamentos do modelo original, nove se mostraram relevantes aos clusters de alta tecnologia, ratificando sua importância para a análise da competitividade de clusters. Além dos fundamentos originais, os resultados sugerem a inclusão de dois fundamentos emergentes: \"Inserção em cadeias globais\" e \"Disponibilidade de investimentos financeiros\", até então ignorados pelo modelo Zaccarelli et al. (2008). A pesquisa traz como contribuição teórica o desenvolvimento de um modelo específico para clusters de alta tecnologia; como contribuição metodológica as novas métricas, incluindo a incorporação da adaptação da metodologia de Todeva (2008); como contribuição empírica traz a comparação entre clusters de ciências da saúde reconhecidamente competitivos, mas pertencentes a países de realidades culturais e econômicas distintas; e como contribuição gerencial um modelo que pode ser utilizado por empresários e instituições pertencentes a clusters e que desejam analisar fatores que influenciam a sua competitividade. / This study aimed to develop a specific model to analyze the competitiveness of high technology clusters. Multiple case studies were performed in which were analyzed health science clusters at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, and Oxfordshire, England. Primary and secondary data were collected. Primary data was collected through interviews in both clusters and secondary data were collected through reports, papers, websites in addition to data collection conducted in the database Fame and Orbis. The model Zaccarelli et al. (2008), tooked as the starting point this work, was improved in three ways: i. By adjusting the metrics used to evaluate each factor, which included, among other things, an adaptation of the cluster map methodology developed by Todeva (2008); ii. By the examination of adherence of its factors at the high-tech clusters analyzed; and iii. By the identification of emerging factors which are important for competitiveness of high-tech clusters. The results show evidence that among the eleven factors of the original model, nine were considered relevant to high-tech clusters, confirming its importance for the analysis of competitiveness of clusters. In addition to the original factors, the results suggest the inclusion of two emerging factors: \"Insertion at global value chains\" and \"Availability of financial investments\", until then ignored by the model Zaccarelli et al. (2008). The research brings as theoretical contribution the development of a specific model for high-tech clusters; as methodological contribution the new metrics, including the incorporation of the adaptation of Todeva\'s methodology (2008); as empirical contribution brings the comparison between the health sciences clusters notoriously competitive but belonging to countries of different cultural and economic realities; and as a management contribution a model that can be used by entrepreneurs and institutions that belong to clusters and who wish to analyze factors that influence their competitiveness.
Relações interorganizacionais e inovação: a importância dos diferentes parceiros e o fator localização / Interorganizational relations and innovation: the importance of different partners and the location factorRafael Morais Pereira 05 December 2017 (has links)
O contexto de diferentes possibilidades de relações interorganizacionais com múltiplos parceiros, a visão mais ampla do que se entende por inovação e a necessidade de compreensão de diferentes especificidades dessa interação, como o desenvolvimento de imitação e o fator localização do parceiro, são pressupostos deste estudo. Dado esse cenário, a pergunta de pesquisa que norteou o desenvolvimento do trabalho foi qual a associação entre as relações interorganizacionais com diferentes parceiros e os resultados de inovação? A tese defendida nesta dissertação é que a associação entre as relações interorganizacionais com diferentes parceiros e os resultados de inovaçãoé heterogênea. Ou seja, dado os resultados esperados de inovação, determinadas parcerias são mais importantes do que outras, em função das características particulares da relação. Diante do objetivo geral, de analisar a relação entre a cooperação com diferentes parceiros e o desenvolvimento de inovação, em especial, inovação de processos, esta dissertação foi estruturada em três artigos independentes, mas complementares para atingir aos objetivos propostos. No primeiro artigo realizou-se um levantamento da literatura sobre a associação entre as relações interorganizacionais e os diferentes resultados de inovação, considerando campos de estudo subjacentes, tipos, objetos, parceiros e características das relações. No segundo artigo, foi analisada a relação entre os parceiros de cooperação e o desenvolvimento de imitação de produtos e de processos e, no terceiro artigo, foi analisada a relação entre a localização do parceiro e o desenvolvimento de inovação de processos. A partir de uma revisão sistemática, no primeiro artigo, e da análise em painel dos dados da Pesquisa de Inovação (PINTEC), no segundo e no terceiro artigos, os resultados apresentaram evidências da tese proposta. De modo que foi evidenciado como a associação entre as relações interorganizacionais com diferentes parceiros e os resultados de inovação é heterogênea. Como contribuições, os resultados demonstraram, além do levantamento realizado na revisão sistemática, que o desenvolvimento de imitação de processo tem associação com a cooperação com centros de capacitação, mas não com fornecedores. Enquanto a imitação de produto se beneficia da alta importância dada à cooperação com clientes e não na cooperação com concorrentes. Em relação ao fator localização do parceiro, foi confirmado que o desenvolvimento da inovação de processo nível empresa está associado à cooperação com fornecedores de mesmo estado enquanto o desenvolvimento de inovação de processo nível mundial está associado à cooperação com fornecedores estrangeiros. Ainda, evidenciou-se que a cooperação com concorrentes estrangeiros está associada ao desenvolvimento de inovação de processo para o mercado nacional. Por fim, as evidências demonstraram a relevância da localização próxima dos centros de capacitação profissional e assistência técnica para a inovação de processo em menor grau de novidade assim como a importância das universidades e institutos de pesquisa estrangeiros, sobretudo, desenvolvidos, para o desenvolvimento de inovação com maior grau de inovatividade. / The context of different possibilities of interorganizational relations with several partners, the broader view of innovation definition and the need to understand different specificities of this interaction, such as the development of imitation and the partner location factor, are assumptions of this study. Given this scenario, the research question that guided the development of this study refers to what is the association between interorganizational relations with different partners and the innovation outputs. The defended thesis in this dissertation is that the association between the interorganizational relations with different partners and the innovation outputs is heterogeneous. That means, considering the expected innovation outputs, certain partnerships are more important than others, depending on particular characteristics of the interaction among them. Regarding the general aim, which was to analyze the relationship between cooperation with different partners and the development of innovation, especially process innovation, this dissertation was structured in three independent studies, but complementary to reach the proposed objectives. In the first study, a literature review was developed about the association between interorganizational relations and the different innovation outputs, considering underlying fields of study, types, objects, partners and characteristics of those relations. In the second study, the relationship between the cooperation partners and the development of products and processes imitation was analyzed and, in the third study, the relationship between the partner\'s location and the development of process innovation was analyzed as well. From a systematic review in the first study, and from a panel analysis of the Innovation Survey data (PINTEC) in the second and third studies, the results presented evidences of the proposed thesis. So, it was evidenced that the association between interorganizational relations with different partners and the innovation outputs is heterogeneous. As contributions the results demonstrated, in addition to the systematic review developed, that the process imitation has association with training centers cooperation, but not with suppliers. Whereas the product imitation is benefited from the high importance given to customers cooperation, not with competitors cooperation. Regarding to the partner location factor, it was confirmed that the development of the innovation at firm levelis associated with the suppliers cooperation from the same State, while the development of world-class process innovation is associated with foreign suppliers cooperation. Moreover, it was evidenced that the cooperation with foreign competitors is associated to the development of process innovation for the national market. Finally, the finding showed the relevance of the firm\'s location to be near to training and technical assistance centers for process innovation to a lower degree, as well as the importance of the foreign universities and research institutes, especially from developed countries, for the development of process innovation with higher degree of innovation.
Den hårdnande konkurrensen mellan företag och jakten efter kostnadsbesparingar har fått vissa företag att outsourca sina stödfunktioner vilket kan vara hela eller delar av ekonomifunktionen. Av mindre företag i Sverige outsourcar cirka ett av tre och andelen är i stigande enligt Exido(2007). Trenden gäller även för stora företag enligt Deloitte (2014). Genomgångna studier, framförallt studier av outsourcingrelationer mellan större företag, utförda antingen explicit på outsourcingrelationer eller det bredare begreppet interorganisatoriska relationer visar att det finns områden som är återkommande i forskningen. De benämns som nyckelområden i denna studie och är kontrakt, kontroll, relation, förtroende, kostnad, kvalitet och kompetens. Jag har beskrivit och analyserat fyra outsourcingrelationer där hela eller delar av ekonomifunktionen outsourcas från det outsourcande företagets synvinkel med syfte att undersöka om det finns nyckelområden som är viktigare än andra för att outsourcingen ska anses lyckad. Empiriska data har samlats in genom intervjuer med fyra personer i ledande befattningar hos outsourcande företag i Sundsvallsområdet. Resultatet tyder på att det finns nyckelområden som anses vara viktigare än andra vilket för respondenterna i denna studie är kompetens, framförallt, och kvalitet. Anledningen till att kompetens bedöms som det viktigaste nyckelområdet är att kompetens saknades internt och att den anses driva andra nyckelområden som t.ex. kvalitet. Det minst viktiga området för en lyckad outsourcingrelation visade sig vara kontraktet. / The increasing competition between companies and the hunt for cost savings have driven some companies to choose outsourcing for a part of or all of the support functions within the financial function. For smaller companies in Sweden one out of three are outsourcing and the trend is increasing according to Exido (2007). The increasing trend also applies to big companies according to Deloitte (2014). Outsourcing studies reviewed, mainly studying the outsourcing relationship between big companies, either explicit on outsourcing relationships or the broader concept of interorganizational relationships have shown that there are areas of outsourcing relationships that are recurring in the field of research. These are referred to as key areas in this study and are contract, control, relationship, trust, cost, quality and competence. I have described and analysed four outsourcing relationships from the perspective of the company using outsourcing with the purpose to investigate whether there are key areas that are more important than others for the outsourcing to be deemed as successful. Empirical data have been collected through interviews with persons in management position at companies that use outsourcing in the Sundsvall area. The result of this study indicates that there are key areas that are more important than others for companies utilizing outsourcing. For the participants in this study these are foremost competence and secondly quality. The reason why competence is the most important key area is that the companies lacked internal competence and because competence is deemed to drive other key areas, e.g. quality. The least important key area for a successful outsourcing relationship turned out to be the contract.
Collaborative advantage and collaborative inertia in a micro level study of interorganizational relationships (IORs) between Canadian sport and recreation organizationsAlexander, Edward William 11 1900 (has links)
In 2002, the Canadian government released a new Sport Policy that has included 'enhanced interaction' as one of its four goals for sport organizations (Canadian Heritage, 2002). Research on interorganizational relationships (IORs) specific to the Canadian sport context has suggested that while broad potential benefits exist for organizations seeking to build linkages (Thibault & Harvey, 1997), organizations need to be aware of the challenges that are involved in managing IORs (Thibault, Frisby & Kikulis, 1999; Thibault, Kikulis, & Frisby, in press; Frisby, Thibault, & Kikulis, in press). The purpose of the study was to examine collaborative advantage and collaborative inertia in IORs between a sport organization and recreation organizations using Huxham and Vangen's (2000a) conceptual framework. Studying the IORs of a provincial sport organization (PSO) involves a stakeholder group that has not been the object of previous IOR research in Canadian sport, despite the suggestion that a more comprehensive understanding of different stakeholder perspectives was needed (Thibault & Harvey, 1997). Huxham and MacDonald's research found that both collaborative advantage (achieving a result that each individual organization could not achieve alone) and collaborative inertia (where IORs do not move forward, leading to frustration) are possible outcomes of relationships (1992). Huxham and Vangen's (2000a) seven factors causing collaborative inertia were used to understand the extent to which inertia was present in the cases studied, and how inertia in the IORs was being managed. In this qualitative study, data gathered from document analysis, information meetings and observations, and semi-structured interviews revealed that collaborative advantage was achieved in the two relationships between a PSO (Tennis BC) and two municipal recreation departments (Lake City and River City). The findings also suggest that the factors leading to collaborative inertia existed in different amounts in these IORs. The inertia present existed in two different forms. The first was related to Huxham and Vangen's factors that described collaborative inertia emerging from organizational sources, and the second was related to individual sources, such as difficulties in communicating, negotiating power and trust, and negotiating autonomy. Another significant finding suggested that divergent expectations that emerged at the end of the first year of the IOR present a threat for increased collaborative inertia in the future of these IORs if not adequately managed. The role of IORs is increasingly important to sport organizations in Canada (cf. Babiak, 2003; Glover, 1999a; 1999b; Thibault et al., 1999; in press; Frisby et al., in press). Researchers have overlooked understanding the challenges of managing these relationships until recently (Frisby, et al., in press). Findings from this study support the notion that factors emerge during collaborative actions between organizations that pose a threat to realizing the advantages identified during the formation of IORs. Continued research on the process of managing IORs is needed to better understand how inertia can be limited to ensure Canadian sport organizations maximize advantage through these relationships. / Education, Faculty of / Kinesiology, School of / Graduate
In order to deal with on-going environmental pressures and uncertainty, organizations have established linkages with other organizations as one strategy to deal with these new challenges (Fenell, Ross & Warnecke, 1987; Oliver, 1990; 1991; Thibault, Frisby & Kikulis, 1997). The establishment of partnerships is viewed by organizations as a new way of operating to control and minimize environmental pressures. The purpose of this study was to identify and understand issues of interorganizational relations between local governments, specifically departments of Parks and Recreation and community organizations providing recreation and sport services. Specifically, reasons for being involved in partnerships as well as advantages and challenges of partnerships were investigated as part of this research. The City of Surrey was selected as the research site for this study on the analysis of interorganizational relationships between its Parks and Recreation department and three community organizations providing recreation services and programs: Surrey Knights Swim Club, Surrey Youth Soccer Association, and Surrey Minor Hockey Association. The City of Surrey was chosen given its large territory, its population growth, its decreasing funds for recreation services, and its limited number of recreation facilities. Through semi-structured interviews with key informants, issues on interorganizational relations were discussed. The main reasons for involvement were described as access to financial and facility resources. With the economic pressures that local governments are facing, the establishment of partnerships represents an appealing option to meet these challenges. Furthermore, the Surrey Parks and Recreation department is linking with community organizations in order to gain credibility within the community. By establishing working partnerships with one another, community organizations and Surrey Parks and Recreation department are able to provide the same level of services to the community, consequently leading to the welfare of the community. The final topic that was discussed during this research was the levels of intensity of the partnerships and its relation to loss of autonomy. Using Oliver's (1990) model, it was found that all levels of intensity were evident at one point or another in the partnerships and that these levels varied according to the environmental context. However, the loss of autonomy, as described by Oliver (1990) did not appear to be a factor influencing the partnerships. This might be due to the fact that all partners were involved in these partnerships for the same goals and purposes and not to compete against each other. Interorganizational relationships were an intricate and important dimension of the organizations studied. It is essential for organizations to better understand issues surrounding partnerships in order to effectively engage in linkages that are beneficial to all partners involved in this process and to the public. / Education, Faculty of / Kinesiology, School of / Graduate
Inter-organizational collaboration between university-linked innovation organizations - A case study of Drivhuset and STORMNortey, Vicentia January 2018 (has links)
The role of continuous innovation is imperative to creating and maintaining sustainablecommunities. The role of collaboration is also imperative to creating and maintainingsustainable communities. Researchers mean that the educational system should be an activeplayer in supporting government policies to promote local entrepreneurship and find it crucialto create collaborations among and within universities to achieve this. But what if the practiceof the solution is the complex phenomenon? The word “collaboration” is a multifaceted termthat has created a lot of ambiguities amongst organizations. This study therefore aimed tounravel the characteristics of inter-organizational collaboration between university-linkedinnovation organizations by studying the collaboration between two innovation organizationslinked to Malmö University. The outcome was depicted in a model as a suggestion to aframework of the collaborative efforts between university-linked innovation organizations.Whereas there are a number of pre-identified elements for successful collaboration, it wasfound that five distinct elements played a bigger role than others. These are committedmembers, access to resources, relationships & mutuality, diverse skillset and time& patience.These, alongside with a conflict-resolution strategy and a defined process map out thecornerstones of the suggested model.
A Game Theory Analysis of Firm Reaction to External Organizational Demands: The Case of Animal Welfare StandardsTzul, Sheril Sherine January 2007 (has links)
There has been increasing public concern about farm animal welfare regarding transportation, slaughter, and some management practices, especially in systems where animals are confined for most of their existence. Animal welfare organizations (groups) have traditionally focused on forwarding their agendas through legislation, although more recent attempts have focused on convincing large firms that buy agricultural commodities to require particular production process standards to be met. The strategic interactions of players in the egg industry are modeled using a game theory approach. Two scenarios were explored: a principal-agent contract model between food firms and farmers, and a model where two firms are targeted by animal activists. The former model was empirically analyzed while the latter model was theoretically examined. Results for the principal-agent contract model indicate that, in general, the decision by the farmer of whether to invest in a free-range production system is dependent on the probability of being caught cheating. Whether contracts will be accepted or rejected by suppliers is dependent on the premium for free-range eggs. Finally, as the amount that can be lost if caught breaching the contract decreases, investment is motivated only with a higher probability of being caught. Theoretical analysis where competition did not matter and animal welfare was not a determinant of demand shows that animal activists must convince food firms that there will be a significant change in revenue with compliance as opposed to rejecting the contract or negotiating a compromise in order to attain their objectives of increased animal welfare.
Taylor, Vida Sumner
01 January 1986
This study documents and describes efforts by Oregon school districts to network in order to improve schools and provide resources for staff development. There are at least 41 networks linking school districts, institutions of higher education, and Educational Service Districts in both rural and urban areas of the state. These networks, collaboratives, and consortia have the common purpose of improving education, and the belief that they can accomplish more cooperatively than they can individually. These networks are described in terms of purposes, benefits and problems, and desire for assistance. Comparisons showed that large school districts are much more likely to participate in networks than small ones. This is significant because there are many small school districts in Oregon that would benefit from the assistance of a network in providing resources and expertise for school improvement efforts. Descriptions of three active networks in different parts of the state provided additional information regarding organizational structure, membership, and activities. There is a listing of the membership of 41 networks in the state. Statistical comparisons indicate that the greatest benefits responding school districts derived from networking include increased effectiveness of staff development efforts, sharing of information, cost sharing, and psychological support. Problems encountered in networking were: conflicting work priorities, conflicting goals, organizational problems, and funding. Two-thirds of the districts surveyed would like to have assistance for their efforts in the form of funding or incentives for networking, information on school improvement practices, and communications linkage among school districts. The study indicates that networking is widely practiced in the state of Oregon for the purpose of improving school effectiveness and staff development efforts. Implications are that this is an effective way for schools to accomplish their goals. Therefore, it is recommended that school districts not engaged in this practice give consideration to networking as an effective way to increase resources for school improvement efforts and to become more effective. It is hoped that encouragement and incentives for networking will be forthcoming from state and local education agencies. These agencies should exercise caution that their efforts to encourage networking not create unnecessary structures that would destroy the flexibility that makes networks so effective.
Chohan, Vinod Valji
01 January 1978
This study attempts to identify the variables associated with an organization's decision to participate in an interorganizational service network. The survev of literature on the subject supported the hypothesis that structural variables of complexity, formalization, and centralization and a psychological variable, the awareness of organizational interdependency, are associated with the decision to participate. Interorganizational participation was operationally defined in terms of various behavioral components: an organization's involvement with the coordinating agency, client referrals to and from other organizations and to and from the coordinating agency, and information exchanged with other organizations and with the coordinating agency. Using this framework, testable hypotheses were formulated regarding the relationship between the selected measures of the independent variables of complexity, formalization, centralization, and awareness of interdependency and the dependent variable of interorganizational participation. Human service agencies which provide services to the elderly in the State of Oregon were surveyed in this study. These agencies, together with the Area Agency on Aging, a coordinating agency established under the Older Americans Act, constituted the interorganizational service network. A main concern of that type of coordinating agency is to facilitate effective working relationships between the organizations in such service networks. This study was designed to explore the factors associated with that process. Findings and Conclusions: The evidence presented suggests that the psychological variable of awareness of interdependency is significantly related to the decision to participate. This finding was generally supported by qualitative data gathered from six organizations examined under the case study method. For the structural variable it was found that: a) complexity was not significantly related to the decision to participate; b) centralization had a significant relationship with only some components of the measures of participation; c) there was some association between formalization and the participation processes. In general, it appears that a key step to building effective networks of service organizations is to increase awareness of interdependency among organizational members.
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