Kirkman, Deborah A
18 May 2005
“Places are not local things. They are moments in large-scale things, the large-scale things we call cities. Places do not make cities. It is cities that make places. The distinction is vital. We cannot make places without understanding the cities.” (Hillier 1996:151) This dissertation investigates the theoretical and practical importance of creating social spaces in the city. In distinguishes between public spaces (spaces that are merely accessible to society) and social spaces (spaces that encourage encounters between strangers), social space is identified as an integrating space that accommodates, adapts and relates to surrounding spaces. This contrasts public space whose only criteria is often that it is an open space. A theoretical argument explores the concept of ‘publicness’ in space and identifies practical design principles that reflect this concept. The physical locality of the project is then analysed where problems within the fabric of the city are identified. A series of local urban interventions, constituting a regional intervention for the Johannesburg CBD, are presented as a solution to these problems and a single intervention is then focused on. The design process documents the transmitting of knowledge into object form; design decisions are made intentionally and the final product is evaluated according to a set of interrogated design criteria. / Dissertation (MArch(Prof))--University of Pretoria, 2007. / Architecture / unrestricted
Working with Transgendered People: Coworkers’ Gender Expectations, Conceptions and Behaviours in the WorkplaceFalconi, Laurel January 2014 (has links)
Classification schemes are embedded into everyday life and people often expect that each category is fixed and stands alone from one another (Bowker & Star, 2000). In terms of gender, this is evident when people focus on gender as either male or female. With the increasing presence of people who are openly transgendered in the workplace (Taranowski, 2008), people’s expectations about gender as something ‘that just is’ are questioned. There is an emerging research literature focusing on people who transition in their work environments, but comparatively little on their coworkers. This research focuses on the experiences of the coworkers’ to examine how they interpret the meaning of gender after their colleague transitioned from being a “man” to being a “woman”. By analyzing and interpreting people’s behaviours in the context of a workplace where an individual reconstructs what it means to embody a specific gender identity, the feelings and behaviours that arise when expectations about gender are contradicted can be examined.
¿Cómo se escribe de moda en distintos espacios sociales?: Una comparación del discurso en las revistas Gamarra Modas y Viú (setiembre 2017- agosto 2018) / How fashion is written in different social spaces: A comparative of the speech on the magazines Gamarra Modas and Viú (September 2017 and august 2018)Garavito Ramírez, Adriana Rosario 03 October 2018 (has links)
Esta tesis explora teorías sobre el rol del periodismo de moda en distintos espacios sociales en Lima, Perú. Por un lado, se explica los fundamentos teóricos en los cuales se sustenta que el concepto de la moda es mucho más amplio del que normalmente se percibe. Se detalla cómo es que esta puede funcionar como un campo de acción político; y es un fenómeno social que puede reflejar los aspectos económicos, sociales, de raza y género de un hábitat social. Por otro lado, se realiza un análisis detallado del discurso de dos revistas. Cada una representa un espacio social y entiende y expone la moda a partir de este. / These research explore theories about fashion writing in different social spaces in Lima, Perú. On one side, the theories are explained in order to corroborate that the concept of fashion is greater that is usually known. It is detailed how fashion works also as a political field; it can also reflect economical aspects, social, race and genre. On the other size, the speech of two magazines it is deeply analyzed. Each one represents a social space and how fashion it is understood and exposed. / Tesis
Understanding Outdoor Social Spaces: Use of Collaborative-Sketching to Capture Users' Imagination as a Rich Source of Needs and DesiresAlzahrani, Adel Bakheet 07 July 2015 (has links)
The way in which environmental designers design neighborhood spaces has a role to play in the quality of outdoor spaces that shapes and directs daily outdoor social activities as well as creates a bridge between individuals and the local community. The high quality design of outdoor spaces is fundamental in fostering social cohesion among users/residents in order to produce a healthy social atmosphere, whereas a decline in the quality of outdoor spaces can contribute to antisocial behavior. Today, In Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia, in many cases of new neighborhoods, the outdoor space has become abandoned, and empty, or is avoided. Within this setting, these spaces do not provide opportunities for families with their children to gather and play, to sit and socialize with neighbors, to gather in outdoor activities, to walk to the mosque or school, or to do their daily grocery shopping without being threatened by dangerous car traffic. Moreover, even if users and residents experience problems in their neighborhood, and have their own needs and visions to solve the problem, they do not have the experience to mentally visualize and resolve these problems. Through this qualitative research, the researcher proposes a new approach in incorporating users' imagination in the ideation process of design in order to examine to extend the current normative theory through the development of a more "collaborative ideation process."In this new collaborative process, the representation of ideas becomes more iterative and knowledge exchange between researcher and users becomes more seamless. Through incorporating the researcher's sketching skills as a process of "collaborative-sketching," possible ideas and solutions are explored that are responsive to the needs and desires of users. Using a number of photographs of an outdoor residential space as an example, the objective of this study is to examine the use of collaborative sketching as a way of taping into users' imagination as a rich source of their needs and desires to empower the design process. The findings showed that applying a collaborative sketching process in the early ideation stage of design can result in a rich exchange between designers and user, enabling the designer to have a better and more realistic understanding of needs and desires from the perspective of the user. Through this collaborative-sketching process, the users were continuously, iteratively, and instantly stimulated to not only to narrate their needs and desires, but to visually provide realistic and specific details about the social activities and physical elements including their affordance, rationale of using, value of use, and how social interactions might occur within the different settings. / Ph. D.
A logomarca na cena do acontecimento: riscos das estratégias perante a circulação da marca pelos espaços sociaisThieme, Robert 10 April 2012 (has links)
Submitted by Mariana Dornelles Vargas (marianadv) on 2015-06-15T17:28:00Z No. of bitstreams: 1 logomarca_cena.pdf: 7291015 bytes, checksum: 5a42ac89cfccfaddbf0331e493d57955 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2015-06-15T17:28:00Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 logomarca_cena.pdf: 7291015 bytes, checksum: 5a42ac89cfccfaddbf0331e493d57955 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2012-04-10 / Nenhuma / A pesquisa tem como objetivo compreender a circulação das marcas publicitárias pelos espaços sociais, abrangendo os processos que lhe concebem e gerenciam uma identidade, até a agregação de sentidos pelos indivíduos, mídias, ambientes urbanos e acontecimentos com os quais as marcas interagem. A investigação desta trajetória se dá pela perspectiva de estudo da midiatização para além das estratégias de instituições (jornalismo e publicidade, entre outras) na esfera da produção e da recepção, acentuando a circulação como processo que produz outros sentidos sobre a marca Constatamos que a engrenagem desses processos potencializa os discursos e possibilita a considerável proliferação das marcas pelas diversas instâncias da malha social. Averiguamos que essa generalidade reflete-se nas fotografias dos jornais impressos, nas quais verificamos a presença de muitas marcas publicitárias em grande parte das representações visuais da imprensa. Reunimos um corpus numeroso nos jornais Zero Hora e Folha de São Paulo. Os materiais foram categorizados e analisados. A investigação deste material possibilitou a discussão sobre traços característicos da circulação de marcas publicitárias pelos espaços sociais desembocada na interação entre jornalismo e publicidade possibilitada por estes casos específicos. / The master’s thesis aims to understand the brand’s movement through the social spaces, covering the process that accept and manage the identity until to the a individual experience aggregation, media, urban environments and events that the brands interact.The investigation of this way happens through a studyperspective of the mediatization beyond to the strategies of institutions (journalism and publicity, and others) in the production and reception sphere, accentuating the movement as a process that produce another sense about brand. We found that the mesh from this process potentiates the speeches and enable a considerable brand’s proliferation through the several instances of the social level.We certify that this generality is reflected in the newspapers photos which we verified the presence of many brands in the main press’s pictures.We collected many corpus in the Zero Hora and Folha de São Paulo newspaper and the subject were categorized and analyzed.This investigation allowed the discussion about brand’s movement characteristic through social spaces ending up by these specific cases in the interaction between journalism and publicity.
Escuela Pública de Producción Agrícola en Pachacamac / The public agricultural production school in PachacamacGálvez Vargas, Marissa Leslie 08 1900 (has links)
La Escuela Pública de Producción Agrícola en Pachacamac ofrece la carrera de producción Agrícola. En ese sentido, el Proyecto busca impulsar las actividades comerciales de productos agrícolas ya existentes del distrito de Pachacamac a través del diseño de espacios académicos de acuerdo a los nuevos estándares pedagógicos incluyendo espacios de enseñanza agrícola, que potencien el aprendizaje y la investigación. Así mismo, la propuesta busca favorecer a la comunidad con espacios sociales que difundan la cultura Agrícola de Lima para una mejor alimentación de la ciudad. La investigación sustenta las relaciones del edificio educativo y el paisaje natural. Las relaciones entre la naturaleza y la escuela se presentan aprovechando los recursos culturales, morfológicos y climáticos del entorno en la propuesta a través de la forma del edificio, el emplazamiento, de la fusión espacial y visual de lo social y de lo privado, de la materialidad y de tecnologías sustentables. beneficiando así al paisaje con la arquitectura, que es finalmente la herramienta de trabajo de los estudiantes. (net Works) / The public agricultural production school in Pachacamac offers the agricultural production career, in this respect, the project seeks to empower the existing commercial activities of agricultural products of the Pachacamac district through the design of academic spaces according to the new pedagogical standards including learning spaces for agriculture that enhance learning and research activities. In other way, the proposal also seeks to favor the community development with social spaces that disseminate the Agricultural Culture of Lima for a better feed of citizen The thesis look to maintain the relations of the educational building, the peri-urban landscape and the natural elements, taking advantage of the cultural, morphological and climatic resources of the environment in the proposal of spaces; this is prove through the shape of the building, orientation, the visual relations, materiality and sustainable technologies, benefiting the relationship between the students and nature that is finally the principal work tool. / Tesis
THE LINGUISTIC EXPERIENCE OF ITALIANS IN BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA, 1890-1914: LANGUAGE SHIFT AS SEEN THROUGH SOCIAL SPACESItaliano-McGreevy, Maria January 2013 (has links)
Spanish / Ph.D. / From 1890-1914, Argentina received a large influx of Italian immigrants who wanted to "hacer la América", or live the American dream of economic prosperity. With Italian immigrants representing nearly half of all immigrants entering Argentina, the government strived to create a new sense of Argentine pride and nationalism. The objective of this dissertation is to investigate and analyze the linguistic experience of Italian immigrants in Buenos Aires, Argentina, applying Pierre Bourdieu's theory of social space and linguistic markets, and contact language theories to explain the attrition and shift of the Italian language. This study identifies three relevant social spaces that contributed to the linguistic experience of Italian immigrants in Buenos Aires: 1). conventillos or immigrant housing 2.) school community, and 3.) mutual aid societies. Within each social space thrived a linguistic market which language played a key role in the way people interacted and identified with each other. First, the conventillos were part of an alternative linguistic market in which cocoliche, a transitional language, thrived as a way for Italians to communicate with immigrants from different countries. Second, the school community formed part of the legitimate linguistic market because education was mandated by the government. Third, the mutual aid societies formed part of the alternative linguistic market that not only helped immigrants adjust to their new home, but it also fostered a sense of common identity by renewing their traditional ties to their home country in addition to teaching standardized Italian to Italian immigrants who often spoke their own regional dialects. A comparison of the three social spaces and the role that the linguistic markets play in each of them shows that all three spaces, whether legitimate or alternative linguistic markets, were integral in the linguistic experience of the Italian immigrants and important factors in the attrition and shift of Italian to Spanish. / Temple University--Theses
Many people have migrated between East and West Europe in recent decades. The daily life of these migrants is crucial not only for the migrants themselves but also for the development of future migration. The aim of this thesis is to explore the interaction between migration motives, integration, social networks and migration, and how this affects international migration processes in general. This is done using migration between Sweden on the one hand and Russia, Poland and the Baltic States on the other as a case study. The thesis consists of three empirical studies which derive from different sources of data: the first (Paper I) draws on individual Swedish register data while the second and third are based upon a questionnaire survey. Paper I explores aspects of transnational social spaces in the context of migration from the non-Baltic former Soviet republics to Sweden before and after the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989. The results of this paper show rather limited migration and a lack of a more developed transnational social space. This is partly due to weak integration on the labour market, a high degree of intermarriage, no existing migrant community and limited return migration. The following two papers (II, III) focus on migrants from Russia, Poland and the Baltic States to Sweden after 1990. Paper II analyses migration motives and the outcome of the migration decision, and reveals significant gender differences in the motives for migrating and in how men and women adapt in their new country of living. While men mainly came for economic reasons, the majority of women came for intermarriage in Sweden; however, the migration motives have changed over time towards more economic ones. The final paper (III) shows significant gender differences in the migrants’ perceived sense of belonging in Sweden. Women report a stronger sense of belonging than their male counterparts, and while men’s sense of belonging is mainly affected by duration of stay in Sweden, language proficiency and citizenship, women’s sense of belonging is shown to be mostly affected by local social networks. In sum, the results in this thesis show that migration systems and transnational social spaces between Sweden and the respective countries have not yet emerged. This is partly due to the specific migrant composition and integration that characterize this migration process. The immigrants mainly function as weak bridgeheads, and do not facilitate the development of any further migration. However, with a changing migration flow, including migrants with different motives and migration agendas, future migrants can be stronger bridgeheads and facilitate further development of migration systems and transnational social spaces.
The Urban Spaces of fear : How the perceived spaces in Rio de Janeiro contribute to urban exclusion and fortification.Modén, Erick January 2013 (has links)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil’s second biggest city is both seen as a leisurely paradise and a dangerous drug-warzone at the same time, two contra-dictory spatial images. In Rio de Janeiro, the urban conflict between the rich, formal city and the favela and the police and the favela has produced an abstract spatial image of the favela and its residents as being violent. In the same way in which the formal city and police have produced their abstract spatial image and social space of the fa-vela, those in the favela has produced their own abstract spatial imag-es of the police, the formal city and of themselves. This development in Rio de Janeiro is juxtaposed with the similar development in Los Angeles during their drug war in the 1980’s.This study analyzes, through narratives, how the spatial images in both Rio de Janeiro and Los Angeles have been constructed and shaped their urban landscapes into a fortified and exclusionary one.
Social Spaces, Symbolic Power and Language Identities: A Case Study of the Language Use of Chinese Adolescents in CanadaQian, Yamin 19 December 2012 (has links)
Research has shown that late-arriving teen English language learners (ELLs) are deeply rooted in the sociocultural and educational system of their home country for a majority of their schooling time (Duff, 2001; Minichello, 2001). In their transition to a new society in North America, this group encounters sociocultural and linguistic differences in their daily lives. Through a lens entitled Critical Multiple Social Spaces, which combines the Multiple Worlds Model (Phelan et al., 1991), the concept of Third Space (Bhabha, 1994) and a sociocultural perspective on language use (Fairclough, 2001; Pennycook, 2010), this qualitative case study focuses on 10 Chinese ELL adolescents who came to Canada after the age of 15, and examines their cross-trajectory experiences of English practice in their daily lives and their language identities. At the time of this study, they were at the stage of completing high school and applying for admission to higher education institutions. Findings showed that this group’s language use in daily life is full of conflicts, negotiation and consolidation, not only at school as a usual space of contested language practice, but also at home, with peers and in other spaces. At school, social division existed both in and out of class, yet such social division was not merely due to ELLs’ reluctance to integrate. Participants positioned themselves differently in English Literature courses and core classes in accordance with their perceived proficiency. Home, generally regarded as a traditionally stable space of language practice, became another site of complex dynamics. Peer networks also emerged as embodying similar complications. In addition to racial and ethnic factors, age on arrival and length of residence played a significant role in social interaction, impacting both same-ethnic and cross-ethnic peer networks. Based on these findings, four categories are identified pertaining to participants’ cross-trajectory language experiences, in which English spaces are positioned differently in relation to other spaces. Equally noteworthy are the dynamics between social spaces, social relations and language use, which shape – and are shaped by – symbolic power, investment and language identities. The implications of these findings on ELL adolescents’ language use in a broader migration space are also discussed.
Page generated in 0.0966 seconds