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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Risk construction at a public hearing: an application of socio-cultural theories into organizational risk

Topal, Cagri Unknown Date
No description available.
2

Audiência pública para o licenciamento ambiental de instalações nucleares: uma visão crítica / Public hearing for environmental permit of nuclear facilities: a critical view

Luciana Gomes Vasques 24 June 2016 (has links)
O uso intensivo da tecnologia nuclear contribuiu para o aumento das preocupações com as questões ambientais e sua segurança, acabando por despertar o interesse em toda sociedade. No Brasil, as atividades nucleares são regulamentadas pelo Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (CONAMA). A primeira resolução CONAMA, no 001/1986, estabeleceu que as atividades nucleares deveriam ser licenciadas pela agência ambiental brasileira, ou seja, pelo Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Renováveis (IBAMA), independentemente da obrigatoriedade do licenciamento pela Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN). No licenciamento é preciso elaborar o Estudo de Impacto Ambiental (EIA), um conjunto de estudos realizados por especialistas de diversas áreas, com dados técnicos detalhados, e o Relatório de Impacto Ambiental (RIMA), que deve apresentar as conclusões do EIA de forma objetiva e adequado à sua compreensão. O principal mecanismo de participação direta da população na proteção da qualidade ambiental é a audiência pública. Ela tem como finalidade expor ao público as características do projeto e o conteúdo do EIA/RIMA. Durante a audiência pública os participantes podem fazer perguntas sobre o empreendimento e tirar dúvidas sobre como se dará o licenciamento. As audiências públicas são organizadas pelos empreendedores, consoante diretrizes emitidas pelo IBAMA. Sendo a audiência pública a etapa do licenciamento mais propícia a subjetividades, este trabalho é uma contribuição para a área a partir da avaliação crítica do modelo de audiência pública, atualmente adotado, para o licenciamento ambiental de instalações nucleares. / The intense use of nuclear technology has contributed an increase in concerns about environmental issues and safety, promoting the interest of society in the issue. In Brazil, nuclear activities are regulated by the Brazilian Environmental Council CONAMA. The first CONAMAs resolution nº 001/1986, establishes that the nuclear activities must be licensed by the Brazilian environmental agency, i.e., the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Resources - IBAMA, regardless of compulsory licensing by Brazilian Commission of Nuclear Energy - CNEN. Licensing is necessary to prepare the Environmental Impact Study - EIA, a set of studies performed by specialists from several areas with technical data in details, and the Environmental Impact Report - RIMA must reflect the EIA conclusions. This should be presented objectively and adequate to its understanding. The main mechanism of direct participation of the population in protecting the environmental quality is the public hearing. It aims to expose to the public the project characteristics and EIA and RIMA. During the Public Hearing, the participants may ask questions on enterprise and clarify doubts about how the licensing is. Public hearings are organized by entrepreneurs, according to guidelines issued by IBAMA. Whereas the public hearing is the most favorable licensing stage of the subjectivities, this study is a contribution to the area from the critical evaluation of the public hearing model currently adopted for the environmental licensing of nuclear.
3

Audiência pública para o licenciamento ambiental de instalações nucleares: uma visão crítica / Public hearing for environmental permit of nuclear facilities: a critical view

Vasques, Luciana Gomes 24 June 2016 (has links)
O uso intensivo da tecnologia nuclear contribuiu para o aumento das preocupações com as questões ambientais e sua segurança, acabando por despertar o interesse em toda sociedade. No Brasil, as atividades nucleares são regulamentadas pelo Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente (CONAMA). A primeira resolução CONAMA, no 001/1986, estabeleceu que as atividades nucleares deveriam ser licenciadas pela agência ambiental brasileira, ou seja, pelo Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Renováveis (IBAMA), independentemente da obrigatoriedade do licenciamento pela Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN). No licenciamento é preciso elaborar o Estudo de Impacto Ambiental (EIA), um conjunto de estudos realizados por especialistas de diversas áreas, com dados técnicos detalhados, e o Relatório de Impacto Ambiental (RIMA), que deve apresentar as conclusões do EIA de forma objetiva e adequado à sua compreensão. O principal mecanismo de participação direta da população na proteção da qualidade ambiental é a audiência pública. Ela tem como finalidade expor ao público as características do projeto e o conteúdo do EIA/RIMA. Durante a audiência pública os participantes podem fazer perguntas sobre o empreendimento e tirar dúvidas sobre como se dará o licenciamento. As audiências públicas são organizadas pelos empreendedores, consoante diretrizes emitidas pelo IBAMA. Sendo a audiência pública a etapa do licenciamento mais propícia a subjetividades, este trabalho é uma contribuição para a área a partir da avaliação crítica do modelo de audiência pública, atualmente adotado, para o licenciamento ambiental de instalações nucleares. / The intense use of nuclear technology has contributed an increase in concerns about environmental issues and safety, promoting the interest of society in the issue. In Brazil, nuclear activities are regulated by the Brazilian Environmental Council CONAMA. The first CONAMAs resolution nº 001/1986, establishes that the nuclear activities must be licensed by the Brazilian environmental agency, i.e., the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Resources - IBAMA, regardless of compulsory licensing by Brazilian Commission of Nuclear Energy - CNEN. Licensing is necessary to prepare the Environmental Impact Study - EIA, a set of studies performed by specialists from several areas with technical data in details, and the Environmental Impact Report - RIMA must reflect the EIA conclusions. This should be presented objectively and adequate to its understanding. The main mechanism of direct participation of the population in protecting the environmental quality is the public hearing. It aims to expose to the public the project characteristics and EIA and RIMA. During the Public Hearing, the participants may ask questions on enterprise and clarify doubts about how the licensing is. Public hearings are organized by entrepreneurs, according to guidelines issued by IBAMA. Whereas the public hearing is the most favorable licensing stage of the subjectivities, this study is a contribution to the area from the critical evaluation of the public hearing model currently adopted for the environmental licensing of nuclear.
4

Beyond Consensus: A Rhetorical Genre Analysis of the Mountain Valley Pipeline's 401 Public Hearings

Scarff, Kelly 10 June 2021 (has links)
This study seeks to understand public and institutional uptake of the public hearing genre. More specifically, this study examines how public hearing genre conventions are established and how those conventions inform and often govern tensions that arise in public discourse about a contested environmental project. In my research, I analyzed a corpus of public comments from two Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP) 401 Water Quality Certification public hearings that were held in August 2017 and hosted by Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VA DEQ). Additionally, I conducted interviews with 13 community members and two state representatives who spoke at one of the two hearings. This approach led me to several important findings. Most significantly, I found that while many community members understood VA DEQ's stated purpose of the public hearings, they prepared comments that spoke to an entirely different purpose because they were responding to a different kind of problem than that of VA DEQ. This finding is crucial to understanding the other tensions and ideas of consensus that occur among citizens and VA DEQ representatives since the kind of problem informs the uptake of the public hearing and the overall interpretation of the public hearing genre. My dissertation thus argues that there are ways we might reimagine ideas of effectiveness, consensus, and the public hearing genre, specifically in the case of the 401 Public Hearings and more generally in other public hearings where public discourses center on a contested environmental project like the MVP. / Doctor of Philosophy / This study examines the role and effect of public hearings and the tensions that sometimes arise within them. More specifically, I analyze transcripts from the two 401 Water Quality public hearings about the Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP). These hearings occurred in August 2017 and were hosted by Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VA DEQ). Additionally, I conducted interviews with 13 community members and 2 state representatives who spoke at one of the two hearings. This approach led me to several important findings. Most significantly, I found that while many community members understood VA DEQ's stated purpose of the public hearings, they prepared comments that spoke to an entirely different purpose because they were responding to a different kind of problem than that of VA DEQ. This finding is crucial to understanding the other tensions and ideas of consensus that occur among citizens and VA DEQ representatives since the kind of problem informs how people prepare for and engage with the public hearing and the overall interpretation of the public hearing as a genre. My dissertation thus argues that there are ways we might reimagine ideas of effectiveness, consensus, and the public hearing genre, specifically in the case of the 401 Public Hearings and more generally in other public hearings where public discourses center on a contested environmental project like the MVP.
5

O instrumento jurisdicional da audiência pública e os movimentos de sincronia e anacronia com relação à comunidade contemporânea

Suptitz, Carolina Elisa 27 April 2009 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2015-03-05T17:21:10Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0 Previous issue date: 27 / CAPES – Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / O presente trabalho tem sua origem na preocupação com a dificuldade de o direito e a jurisdição modernos se adaptarem ao contexto contemporâneo, caracterizado pelas diferenças e singularidades constantemente produzidas. Haja vista a amplitude da temática, a investigação restou delimitada no instituto da audiência pública, previsto nas Leis nºs 9.868 e 9.882 e utilizado, até o momento, em três processos: a ADin 3510 e as ADPFs 101 e 54. A questão, portanto, é saber se a audiência pública é capaz de sincronizar o direito e a jurisdição atualmente vigentes à comunidade contemporânea, a partir do acolhimento e reconhecimento das diferenças. Para atender a tal propósito, foram necessários três capítulos. No primeiro, a audiência pública foi analisada a partir da legalidade que lhe é instituidora, bem como da realidade que lhe deu concretização prática. Com efeito, foram apreciados o processo legislativo de discussão e aprovação das leis mencionadas, bem como investigados a finalidade e o procedimento de referido i / This paper emerged from our concern regarding the difficulties faced by modern law and jurisdiction in their attempt to adapt to the contemporary backdrop, characterized by the differences and peculiarities that it endangers on an ongoing basis. Given the broad scope of this theme, we restricted our investigation to the institute of public hearing, set forth by Laws n. 9868 and 9882, and so far used in three lawsuits: ADin 3510, ADPF 101 and ADPF 54. The issue here, therefore, is determining whether a public hearing is capable of synchronizing the law and the current jurisdiction in today's communities by embracing and acknowledging their differences. Three chapters were required to meet such goal. In the first chapter, the public hearing was analyzed based on the legislation that has instituted it, as well as on the circumstances that have made it effective in practice. In fact, we examined the legislative process that discussed and approved the aforementioned laws. We also investigated the purpose and proce
6

Le public face à sa justice : Éléments pour une réflexion sur les mutations de la démocratie à partir de l’étude d’une garantie procédurale / The public before his Justice : Elements for a reflection on the changes of democracy starting from the study of a procedural guarantee

Carpentier, Franck 20 June 2018 (has links)
Le principe de publicité de la justice est présenté, notamment par le droit conventionnel, comme contribuant à fonder l'existence d'une « société démocratique ». L'objet de notre étude est d'interroger la portée de cette garantie procédurale à l'heure de la généralisation du principe de transparence afin de déterminer dans quelle mesure elle peut nous aider à penser la démocratie à l’échelle nationale. / The principle of publicity is presented, in particular by conventional law, as contributingto founding the existence of a "democratic society". The purpose of our study is to question therange of this procedural guarantee at the time of the generalization of the principle of transparencyin order to determine to what extent it can help us to regard democracy at the national level.
7

Význam územní studie krajiny pro zázemí hlavního města Prahy / The significance of Landscape planning study for Prague's hinterland

Šmída, Jakub January 2020 (has links)
The master's thesis deals with landscape planning study which is a new instrument of spatial planning in Czechia. Main goal of the thesis to analyse the document's creation process and to evaluate a potential of utilization of the study by public sector. The evaluation includes intelligibility of the study, motivation on the side of the public sector as a contracting authority and a form of cooperation of authors and contracting authorities, municipalities, the public or other entities. Another partial goal of the thesis is to assess an accordance with European Landscape Convention, which is declared in a methodological instruction of the landscape planning study. Which is a document that should serve as a basis for decision making in the public sector. Four landscape planning studies made for districts of municipalities with extended powers which are in Prague's hinterland were chosen as model cases. After semantic analysis of the text of the chosen planning studies of landscape semi-structured interviews with representatives of author teams and contracting municipal offices followed. Interviews were then evaluated using qualitative research methods. The effect of total of eight factors on the potential of utilization of the study was examined. Main findings are that key factors are motivation of...
8

Význam územní studie krajiny pro zázemí hlavního města Prahy / The significance of Landscape planning study for Prague's hinterland

Šmída, Jakub January 2020 (has links)
The master's thesis deals with landscape planning study which is a new instrument of spatial planning in Czechia. Main goal of the thesis to analyse the document's creation process which includes motivation on the side of the public sector as a contracting authority, a form of cooperation of authors and contracting authorities, municipalities, the public or other entities. That relates to an accordance with European Landscape Convention, which is declared in a methodological instruction of the landscape planning study. Furthermore, a potential of utilization of the study by public sector is addressed and potential of implementation of measures proposed in the landscape planning study is also explored. The landscape planning study is a document that should serve as a basis for decision making in the public sector. Four landscape planning studies made for districts of municipalities with extended powers which are in Prague's hinterland were chosen as model cases. After semantic analysis of the text of the chosen planning studies of landscape semi-structured interviews with representatives of author teams and contracting municipal offices followed. Interviews were then evaluated using qualitative research methods. One of the main findings is the fact that the chosen landscape planning studies were contracted...
9

O DIÁLOGO SOCIAL NO SUPREMO TRIBUNAL FEDERAL E A EFETIVAÇÃO DO DIREITO À SAÚDE VIA PODER JUDICIÁRIO: VOZES DA AUDIÊNCIA PÚBLICA

Fogaça, Vitor Hugo Bueno 10 October 2014 (has links)
Made available in DSpace on 2017-07-21T14:42:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Vitor Hugo.pdf: 1407980 bytes, checksum: 66df45464d0fd6c2a317e92eea1139f0 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-10-10 / This study has as object the process of improvement of the health right by the Judiciary, whose understanding has derived from the discussions brought in the public hearing of health held by the Federal Supreme Court in 2009. In this sense, your overall goal is to analyze the arguments brought in the audience, comparing them to synthesize the thought of the orators regarding the effectuation process of health policies through the judicial assistance process. It is an interdisciplinary exploratory research that promotes a qualitative analysis of the orators speeches at the event held by the Federal Supreme Court through the content analysis method. The methodological procedures involved were the bibliographic and documentary research. The study was organized in four chapters. The first chapter seeks to elucidate the methodological trajectory adopted in the research construction, including the exposure of the ideals that inspired their subject and their justifications and objectives. The second chapter, entitled "Relevant aspects of Brazilian constitutional order: social fundamental rights, the Federal Supreme Court and public hearing in the Judiciary" is composed of reflections on the Brazilian legal system, fundamental rights and the Federal Supreme Court, whose acting permeates problems of work. "The fight for health, the Brazilian sanitary movement and the denial of a fundamental right: the judicialization of public health policies in Brazil" brings in the third chapter the trajectory of health in Brazil, as well as the composition and directives of the SUS, whose content turned out to unleash the phenomenon of judicialization. Finally, in the fourth chapter, "Voices of the public hearing: the realization of the right to health by Judiciary", are presented and discussed the arguments brought by 49 orators, categorized by content analysis, getting up the problem of ensuring the right to health via the judiciary. What is more evident in the survey is the difficulty in establishing truly answers to ethical dilemmas that go beyond the mere hermeneutics of legal rules, however, the work seeks to identify the parameters constructed from the analysis of the discussion of the public hearing, to subsidize debate and the judgment of lawsuits involving the health service. / O presente estudo tem como objeto o processo de efetivação do direito à saúde via Poder Judiciário, cuja compreensão se deu a partir das falas trazidas na audiência pública da saúde, realizada pelo Supremo Tribunal Federal no ano de 2009. Nesse sentido, seu objetivo geral é analisar os argumentos trazidos na audiência, confrontando-os de modo a sintetizar o pensamento dos oradores quanto ao processo de efetivação das políticas de saúde por meio da prestação jurisdicional. Trata-se de uma pesquisa interdisciplinar de cunho exploratório, que promove a análise qualitativa dos discursos proferidos pelos oradores no evento promovido pelo STF, por meio do método da análise de conteúdo. Como procedimentos metodológicos, destacam-se a pesquisa bibliográfica e a documental. O estudo foi organizado em quatro capítulos. O primeiro capítulo busca elucidar o percurso metodológico adotado na construção da pesquisa, compreendendo a exposição dos ideais que inspiraram sua temática, bem como suas justificativas e objetivos. O segundo capítulo, intitulado “Aspectos relevantes da ordem constitucional brasileira: direitos fundamentais sociais, Supremo Tribunal Federal e audiência pública no Poder Judiciário” é composto por reflexões sobre o ordenamento jurídico brasileiro, os direitos fundamentais e o Supremo Tribunal Federal, cuja atuação permeia a problemática do trabalho. “A luta pela saúde, o movimento sanitário brasileiro e a negação de um direito fundamental: a judicialização das políticas públicas de saúde no Brasil” traz, no terceiro capítulo, a trajetória da saúde no Brasil, bem como a composição e diretrizes do SUS, cujo conteúdo acabou por desencadear o fenômeno da judicialização. Finalmente, no quarto capítulo, “Vozes da audiência pública: a efetivação do direito à saúde via Poder Judiciário”, são apresentados e discutidos os argumentos trazidos pelos 49 oradores, categorizados mediante análise de conteúdo, levantando-se a problemática da efetivação do direito à saúde via Poder Judiciário. O que fica mais evidente na pesquisa realizada é a dificuldade em se estabelecer respostas para dilemas verdadeiramente éticos, que ultrapassam a simples hermenêutica das normas jurídicas, no entanto, o trabalho busca apontar parâmetros construídos a partir da análise das falas da audiência pública, visando subsidiar o debate e o julgamento de demandas envolvendo prestações de saúde.
10

Audiências públicas no Supremo Tribunal Federal como seara argumentativa: cientificismo, discursividade e democracia na abordagem dos argumentos pelos Ministros

Andrade, Mário Cesar da Silva 29 April 2015 (has links)
Submitted by isabela.moljf@hotmail.com (isabela.moljf@hotmail.com) on 2016-08-09T12:24:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 mariocesardasilvaandrade.pdf: 2182994 bytes, checksum: 8eee2504105bbf9fe0067d971bea768a (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Adriana Oliveira (adriana.oliveira@ufjf.edu.br) on 2016-08-09T14:38:44Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 mariocesardasilvaandrade.pdf: 2182994 bytes, checksum: 8eee2504105bbf9fe0067d971bea768a (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Adriana Oliveira (adriana.oliveira@ufjf.edu.br) on 2016-08-09T14:38:53Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 mariocesardasilvaandrade.pdf: 2182994 bytes, checksum: 8eee2504105bbf9fe0067d971bea768a (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-08-09T14:38:53Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 mariocesardasilvaandrade.pdf: 2182994 bytes, checksum: 8eee2504105bbf9fe0067d971bea768a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-04-29 / CAPES - Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / No presente trabalho, analisou-se como os argumentos dos participantes nas audiências públicas realizadas pelo STF foram abordados pelos ministros, buscando-se identificar a práxis institucional do Tribunal na aplicação desse instituto jurídico. Em caráter ainda exploratório, a pesquisa indicou que as audiências não promovem efetiva integração da sociedade civil no controle de constitucionalidade exercido pelo STF. Investigou-se a hipótese de que essas audiências não influenciam as decisões do Tribunal, em razão de seu uso apenas para colher informações técnicas e científicas e legitimar democraticamente suas decisões, independentemente do aspecto argumentativo. A pesquisa partiu das teorizações de Jürgen Habermas quanto à superação do paradigma da filosofia da consciência pelo paradigma comunicativo, com a ampliação do conceito de racionalidade para além da instrumental. Metodologicamente, empreendeu-se a análise de conteúdo das manifestações dos expositores nas audiências e dos acórdãos. Das falas dos expositores, foram catalogados e categorizados todos os argumentos levantados a fim de confrontá-los com os votos dos ministros do STF. Após o estudo do regime jurídico sobre o instituto e da análise de todas as audiências públicas que já subsidiaram julgamentos e dos respectivos acórdãos, a pesquisa evidenciou que a atual prática institucional do STF na utilização das audiências tem sido marcada, basicamente, pela ênfase na oitiva de experts, pela ausência e passividade dos ministros, pela omissão aos argumentos dos expositores, pela ausência de diálogo e pela busca formal de legitimação democrática para suas decisões a despeito do desempenho discursivo nas audiências. Concluiu-se que essa práxis não somente tem impedido o pleno alcance das finalidades do instituto, como tem simulado um incremento na legitimação democrática das decisões do Tribunal. Assim, foram propostas alterações positivas para a superação das deficiências da atual práxis do STF na condução das audiências públicas, ressaltando-se que as sugestões serão ineficazes se não houver uma internalização do paradigma comunicativo que se traduza em posturas dialógicas com a sociedade civil. / In the present study, it analyzed how the arguments of the participants in the public hearings by the Brazilian Supreme Court were discussed by ministers, seeking to identify the institutional practice of the Court in the application of this legal institute. In still exploratory stage, research has indicated that audiences do not promote effective integration of civil society in judicial review exercised by the Brazilian Supreme Court. It investigated the hypothesis that these hearings do not influence the decisions of the Court, due to its use only to gather technical and scientific information and democratically legitimate their decisions, regardless of argumentative aspect. The research started the theories of Jürgen Habermas as to overcome the paradigm of the philosophy of consciousness by the communicative paradigm, with the expansion of the concept of rationality beyond the instrumental. Methodologically, it undertook to content analysis of the manifestations of the participants at the hearings and of the judgments. From the speeches of the exhibitors were cataloged and categorized all the arguments raised in order to confront them with the votes of the Brazilian Supreme Court ministers. After the study of the legal system about the institute and analysis of all public hearings already subsidized judgments and their judgments, the research showed that the current institutional practice of the Supreme Court on the use of the audience has been marked primarily by emphasis on hearsay of experts, by the absence of ministers and passivity, by omitting the arguments of the exhibitors, the lack of dialogue and formal search democratic legitimacy for its decisions in spite of the discursive performance in the audience. It was concluded that this practice has not only prevented the full scope of the institute's purposes, as has simulated an increase in democratic legitimacy of the Court's decisions. Thus, positive changes have been proposed to overcome the shortcomings of the current Supreme Court practice in the conduct of public hearings, emphasizing that the suggestions will be ineffective if there is no internalization of the communicative paradigm that translates into dialogical postures with civil society.

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