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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Outsourcing of New Product Development - A decision framework

Rundquist, Jonas January 2007 (has links)
<p>The focus of this thesis is the outsourcing of activities in the New Product Development (NPD) process. Outsourcing of NPD refers to the outsourcing of development activities for the developing of new products (goods and/or service), where all or just the innovative part of the NPD process is purchased externally based on a contract with organizational units separate from the outsourcing firm. This definition implies that (A) the activity should be an innovative part of the NPD process, (B) the activity should have previously been conducted internally, and (C) the activity should be purchased under a contractual agreement between the organizations.</p><p>This thesis focuses on the outsourcing of NPD in medium sized firms. Although the framework is probably also useful for small and large firms, the three empirical studies in the thesis explored samples of medium sized firms. NPD is a knowledge intensive activity that requires the ability to handle uncertainties and is very dependent on the individuals involved in the process. In this way it differs from production, which (especially when producing standard items on a large scale) is easier to control, monitor and to evaluate the costs. Therefore, some considerations connected to knowledge acquisition and uncertainty needs to be addressed.</p><p>A literature review reveals that research on outsourcing often focuses on A) Large firms and B) outsourcing of production activities. In addition, research on NPD usually involves large firms, despite the fact that the interest in product development in small and medium sized firms has grown rapidly in recent years. Since outsourcing of NPD is a method frequently used to access competence, and reduce costs and/or uncertainty, it seems motivated to study the outsourcing of NPD in medium sized firms.</p><p>The thesis presents a decision framework that is based on three empirical studies (two survey studies and one case study) and a theoretical framework. The theoretical framework presented in the thesis is commonly used to understand outsourcing questions in general. In the present thesis the framework is applied in the specific situation of outsourcing a knowledge intensive activity (such as NPD) in the context of medium sized firms. Transactions cost, resource based, resource dependency, knowledge based, agency cost, and institutional theories are revisited in the thesis.</p><p>Outsourcing can lead to advantages in form of lower costs, access to knowledge or other resources, as well as access to markets, but it can also result in a knowledge drain, lower motivation among in-house staff, or an increased level of dependency on external organizations. Therefore the decision to outsource is not always a good one, and the pros and cons must be carefully evaluated. The result of the thesis is a decision framework that maps factors affecting the decisions that need to be made when outsourcing NPD. The implications can be of value to the outsourcing firm as well as to the potential outsourcing partner. The framework has been presented to the firms in the studies and thus has already proved its value to some extent.</p><p>The framework will also be used for the design of the studies that will hopefully take me towards my PhD degree, including a new survey study as well as a case study focusing on knowledge integration.</p>
2

The development and implementation of a methodology for diagnosing organisational related issues in concurrent product development

Haque, Badr January 2000 (has links)
No description available.
3

How to Perform Market Orientation in New Product Development

Hu, Hao, Xu, Chenke January 2011 (has links)
In  turbulent  environments,  the  infused  marketing  function  has  become  an  essential and natural part in the firms’ new product development (NPD). Some scholars define NPD as the transformation of a market opportunity into a product  as a result of the coupling of market assumptions with technological possibilities. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the role of market orientation in NPD, with the specific focus on how market orientation is carried out in NPD and how it affects NPD. This study is built  on  a  conceptual  framework  and  a  tool,  both  are  formed  from  literature.  The authors use the case study to conduct this research, and one company’s (Tylö’s) data is  gathered  through  the  semi-structured  interview.  Some  findings  are  obtained  from analysis: Firstly, market orientation contains two approaches, one is the market-driven approach and the other is the driving-market one, and firm could choose one of them according  to  the  new  product  features.  Secondly,  there  are  four  areas  in  market orientation, for each approach, the specific content in each area is different. Thirdly, the    four    areas    are    identifying    customers’    needs,    collecting    information, inter-functional  coordination  and  taking  action  and  they  move  on  sequentially.  In addition, two crucial factors-time and cost should be paid much attention in NPD.
4

Risks in new product development (NPD) projects

Akram Afzal, Muhammad 01 1900 (has links)
New product development (NPD) is vulnerable to a wide variety of risks arising from within the firm or from the external environment. Existing categorizations of NPD project risks are partial or ill-defined and consequently there is no clear consensus among researchers and practitioners about what constitute NPD project risks. To address this gap, this thesis deploys a systematic literature methodology to inductively develop a comprehensive risk taxonomy from a review of 124 empirical studies. This taxonomy is then empirically validated through a survey capturing data from 263 NPD projects conducted by UK firms. The thesis further investigated the moderating effect of NPD project type (incremental or radical), firm size (SMEs and large firms) and industry sectors on the proposed risk taxonomy. Variation in the perceptions of NPD risk by different members of the team was explored as well. The findings revealed that the principal risk factors affecting NPD projects are technological rapidity risk, supply chain risk, lack of funding and resource risk. The risk profile of radical NPD projects differed to that of incremental projects. SMEs were more vulnerable to NPD project risks than large firms. Most risks influenced NPD projects equally across industrial sectors. Members of NPD project teams from different backgrounds or with different roles perceived risks differently. The proposed taxonomy and its subsequent empirical validation provides a comprehensive and robust taxonomy for identifying and managing risks associated with different types of NPD project conducted by firms of varying sizes from different industrial sectors.
5

Risks in new product development (NPD) projects

Akram Afzal, Muhammad January 2017 (has links)
New product development (NPD) is vulnerable to a wide variety of risks arising from within the firm or from the external environment. Existing categorizations of NPD project risks are partial or ill-defined and consequently there is no clear consensus among researchers and practitioners about what constitute NPD project risks. To address this gap, this thesis deploys a systematic literature methodology to inductively develop a comprehensive risk taxonomy from a review of 124 empirical studies. This taxonomy is then empirically validated through a survey capturing data from 263 NPD projects conducted by UK firms. The thesis further investigated the moderating effect of NPD project type (incremental or radical), firm size (SMEs and large firms) and industry sectors on the proposed risk taxonomy. Variation in the perceptions of NPD risk by different members of the team was explored as well. The findings revealed that the principal risk factors affecting NPD projects are technological rapidity risk, supply chain risk, lack of funding and resource risk. The risk profile of radical NPD projects differed to that of incremental projects. SMEs were more vulnerable to NPD project risks than large firms. Most risks influenced NPD projects equally across industrial sectors. Members of NPD project teams from different backgrounds or with different roles perceived risks differently. The proposed taxonomy and its subsequent empirical validation provides a comprehensive and robust taxonomy for identifying and managing risks associated with different types of NPD project conducted by firms of varying sizes from different industrial sectors.
6

Desenvolvimento e aplicação de método analí­tico para detecção de estimulantes em suplementos nutricionais adulterados / The development and application of analytical method for the detection of stimulants in adulterated nutritional supplements.

Margarita Maria Muñoz Henao 19 January 2018 (has links)
A adição fraudulenta de ativos farmacêuticos em suplementos nutricionais é um problema mundial. É comum encontrar mensagens sobre perda de peso, aumento da capacidade intelectual e/ou física, e estímulo sexual na embalagem de suplementos adulterados com fármacos sintéticos ocultos em formulações aparentemente inofensivas para os usuários. No Brasil, a disponibilidade de dados sobre a adulteração de suplementos nutricionais é escassa. No presente trabalho, foi desenvolvido e aplicado um método analítico empregando cromatografia gasosa com detector de nitrogênio fósforo (GC-NPD) para a detecção, identificação e quantificação de estimulantes/anorexígenos não declarados nos rótulos de suplementos alimentares, tais como: cafeína, femproporex, anfepramona, fenfluramina, sibutramina, fentermina, efedrina, fenilpropanolamina, pseudoefedrina e 4- metilhexan-2-amina. A técnica de extração/solubilização com metanol foi utilizada, ressaltando a utilização de baixa quantidade de amostra, solvente e padrões de estimulantes. Após o desenvolvimento e validação do método, as análises foram aplicadas em amostras de suplementos nutricionais obtidos em lojas especializadas em suplementos, de diversas partes do estado de São Paulo (n=125). Das 125 amostras de suplemento nutricional analisadas, 38 delas (30%) apresentaram resultado positivo para alguma das substâncias de interesse, dentre elas, sibutramina, cafeína e efedrina mediante a metodologia escolhida. As amostras positivas foram posteriormente analisadas qualitativamente por LC-MS/MS, no propósito de confirmar o resultado positivo obtido. A técnica analítica empregada proporciona seletividade, linearidade, precisão, exatidão, recuperação e limites em conformidade ao objetivo que foram destinadas. Os métodos de preparo de amostra desenvolvidos e validados demonstraram ser simples, práticos, eficientes e diferenciados pelo baixo uso de amostra e solvente. / The fraudulent addition of active pharmaceutical compounds in nutritional supplements is, indeed, a worldwide problem. Often, it can be found several advertisements on various supplement packaging assuring weight loss, increased intellectual and/or physical capacity and sexual stimulation. These products may have been \'spiked\' with synthetic drugs containing formulations which are apparently harmless to users. In Brazil, the availability of data about adulteration of nutritional supplements is scarce. In the present work, an analytical method using gas chromatography coupled with a nitrogen-phosphorus detector (GC-NPD) was developed and applied for the detection, identification and quantification of undeclared stimulants and/or anorectic agents in food supplement labels, such as: caffeine, fenproporex, amfepramone, fenfluramine, sibutramine, phentermine, ephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, pseudoephedrine e 4- metilhexan -2- amine. The extraction/solubilization with methanol presented satisfactory results, emphasizing the use of low amount of sample, solvent and standards of analytes. After the development and validation, the method was applied in samples of nutritional supplements obtained from specialty stores in various parts of the state of São Paulo (n = 125). From the 125 nutritional supplement samples analyzed, 38 of them (30%) presented positive results for some of the substances of interest, among them sibutramine, caffeine and ephedrine according to the chosen methodology. The positive samples were subsequently analyzed qualitatively by LCMS / MS, in order to confirm the positive result obtained. The analytical technique employed provides selectivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, recovery and limits in accordance with the intended purpose. The sample preparation methods developed and validated to be simple, practical, efficient and differentiated by the low sample and solvent usage.
7

Desenvolvimento e aplicação de método analí­tico para detecção de estimulantes em suplementos nutricionais adulterados / The development and application of analytical method for the detection of stimulants in adulterated nutritional supplements.

Henao, Margarita Maria Muñoz 19 January 2018 (has links)
A adição fraudulenta de ativos farmacêuticos em suplementos nutricionais é um problema mundial. É comum encontrar mensagens sobre perda de peso, aumento da capacidade intelectual e/ou física, e estímulo sexual na embalagem de suplementos adulterados com fármacos sintéticos ocultos em formulações aparentemente inofensivas para os usuários. No Brasil, a disponibilidade de dados sobre a adulteração de suplementos nutricionais é escassa. No presente trabalho, foi desenvolvido e aplicado um método analítico empregando cromatografia gasosa com detector de nitrogênio fósforo (GC-NPD) para a detecção, identificação e quantificação de estimulantes/anorexígenos não declarados nos rótulos de suplementos alimentares, tais como: cafeína, femproporex, anfepramona, fenfluramina, sibutramina, fentermina, efedrina, fenilpropanolamina, pseudoefedrina e 4- metilhexan-2-amina. A técnica de extração/solubilização com metanol foi utilizada, ressaltando a utilização de baixa quantidade de amostra, solvente e padrões de estimulantes. Após o desenvolvimento e validação do método, as análises foram aplicadas em amostras de suplementos nutricionais obtidos em lojas especializadas em suplementos, de diversas partes do estado de São Paulo (n=125). Das 125 amostras de suplemento nutricional analisadas, 38 delas (30%) apresentaram resultado positivo para alguma das substâncias de interesse, dentre elas, sibutramina, cafeína e efedrina mediante a metodologia escolhida. As amostras positivas foram posteriormente analisadas qualitativamente por LC-MS/MS, no propósito de confirmar o resultado positivo obtido. A técnica analítica empregada proporciona seletividade, linearidade, precisão, exatidão, recuperação e limites em conformidade ao objetivo que foram destinadas. Os métodos de preparo de amostra desenvolvidos e validados demonstraram ser simples, práticos, eficientes e diferenciados pelo baixo uso de amostra e solvente. / The fraudulent addition of active pharmaceutical compounds in nutritional supplements is, indeed, a worldwide problem. Often, it can be found several advertisements on various supplement packaging assuring weight loss, increased intellectual and/or physical capacity and sexual stimulation. These products may have been \'spiked\' with synthetic drugs containing formulations which are apparently harmless to users. In Brazil, the availability of data about adulteration of nutritional supplements is scarce. In the present work, an analytical method using gas chromatography coupled with a nitrogen-phosphorus detector (GC-NPD) was developed and applied for the detection, identification and quantification of undeclared stimulants and/or anorectic agents in food supplement labels, such as: caffeine, fenproporex, amfepramone, fenfluramine, sibutramine, phentermine, ephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, pseudoephedrine e 4- metilhexan -2- amine. The extraction/solubilization with methanol presented satisfactory results, emphasizing the use of low amount of sample, solvent and standards of analytes. After the development and validation, the method was applied in samples of nutritional supplements obtained from specialty stores in various parts of the state of São Paulo (n = 125). From the 125 nutritional supplement samples analyzed, 38 of them (30%) presented positive results for some of the substances of interest, among them sibutramine, caffeine and ephedrine according to the chosen methodology. The positive samples were subsequently analyzed qualitatively by LCMS / MS, in order to confirm the positive result obtained. The analytical technique employed provides selectivity, linearity, precision, accuracy, recovery and limits in accordance with the intended purpose. The sample preparation methods developed and validated to be simple, practical, efficient and differentiated by the low sample and solvent usage.
8

Rozpoznání obličeje / Face Recognition

Vojáček, Cyril January 2014 (has links)
This thesis is about face detection and recognition from video. Main emphasis is on computational speed, so it can be used for a real-time processing. Begining of this work focus on different approaches for detection and object recognition. Afterwards is explained the main principle of methods used for the final application. Next part is about design and implementation of this methods and conclusion is about the testing results of designed application.
9

Ett plus ett är lika med ett : En fallstudie om projektstyrningsmodeller inom ny produktutveckling

Johansson, Susanna, Wilhelmsson, Paulina January 2022 (has links)
Frågeställningar: F1: Vilka synergier existerar mellan processen för utförande av NPD och projektstyrning inom entreprenadfordonsbranschen i Sverige? F2: Vilka är utmaningarna i att integrera NPD processen med processen för projektstyrning?        Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka utförandet av NPD processen inom branschen entreprenadfordon i Sverige, detta för att finna synergier mellan denna process samt processen för projektstyrning.    Metod: Studiens forskningsansats är av abduktiv karaktär där forskningsdesignen är en fördjupad fallstudie tillsammans med en kvalitativ analysmetod. Det teoretiska data består av vetenskaplig litteratur, medan den empiriska data omfattar fallstudien som består av observationer, dokumentanalys, workshops och intervjuer för att besvara frågeställningarna.    Slutsats: För besvarandet av studiens syfte är en slutsats att det finns synergier mellan NPD processen och processen för projektstyrning hos fallföretaget inom entreprenadfordonsbranschen. För besvarandet av F1 är en slutsats att det existerar synergier mellan processerna i form av företagsstrategi, syfte, målsättningar, projektdefinition och att de styrs av rigida metoder. För besvarandet av F2 är en slutsats att det finns markanta differenser mellan dessa processer, därmed är utmaningarna för integrering dess olika tidplaner, gatestrukturer, användningsområden och begränsad flexibilitet. / Research questions:      RQ1: What synergies exists between the process and execution of NPD and project management within the industry of construction vehicle in Sweden? RQ2: What are the challenges in the integration of the NPD process and the process of project management? Purpose:         The purpose of this study is to investigate the execution of NPD within the construction vehicle industry in Sweden, this to find synergies between this process and the process for project management.    Method:         The study approach is of an abductive nature and the research design is an exploratory case study in conjunction with a qualitative research method. The theoretical data consists of scientific literature, as the empirical data includes the case company and consists of observations, document analysis, workshops and interviews to fulfil the research questions.    Conclusion:    To answer the purpose of this study, a conclusion is that there exist synergies between the NPD process and the process for project management at the case company within the construction vehicle industry. To answer RQ1 a conclusion is that there exist synergies between the processes in forms of company strategy, purpose, objectives, project definition and that they are directed by rigid methods. To answer RQ2 a conclusion is that there are great differences between the processes, hence the challenges of integration are their different time plan, gate structure, area of use and limited flexibility.
10

Die NPD vor und nach der 1989er Wende : Von der neurechten Umorientierung im Westen zur blühenden rechtsextremen Landschaft im Osten

Carbonneau, Jean-Rémi January 2008 (has links)
Mémoire numérisé par la Division de la gestion de documents et des archives de l'Université de Montréal

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