Escola e transfobia: vivências de pessoas transexuais / Transphobia and school: transgender people experiencesAmorim, Sylvia Maria Godoy [UNESP] 22 February 2018 (has links)
Submitted by Sylvia Maria Godoy Amorim (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2018-04-19T22:12:19Z No. of bitstreams: 1 FINAL_PDF.pdf: 1625156 bytes, checksum: 3ae3be9fe69b5b0584d5b8f23558ed1a (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Carolina Lourenco null (email@example.com) on 2018-04-20T11:58:14Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 amorim_smg_me_arafcl.pdf: 1625156 bytes, checksum: 3ae3be9fe69b5b0584d5b8f23558ed1a (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-04-20T11:58:14Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 amorim_smg_me_arafcl.pdf: 1625156 bytes, checksum: 3ae3be9fe69b5b0584d5b8f23558ed1a (MD5) Previous issue date: 2018-02-22 / A sociedade contemporânea legitima o comportamento heterossexual tendo como parâmetro de normalidade, as relações entre sexos opostos. Assim sendo, cria-se uma obrigação de que todas as pessoas devam ter o sexo biológico como fator determinante do gênero, e compulsoriamente, precisam desejar alguém do sexo oposto para manter suas práticas sexuais. Estas práticas apontam para a dimensão de algo múltiplo, ou seja, de um processo que se constrói continuamente trazendo em si, um incômodo social, que se configura na medida em que os padrões heteronormativos fortemente instituídos são confrontados. As barreiras impostas à expressão de identidades ou à reafirmação de uma concepção polarizada, ou seja, binária ainda reforça uma educação pautada em separação entre o masculino e o feminino. Neste contexto, inúmeras dificuldades são enfrentadas por pessoas transgêneras que esbarram na invisibilidade, na negação de direitos básicos de cidadania e no descaso de políticas públicas sinalizando enfrentamentos hostis e excludentes no processo de construção de suas identidades. A escola, enquanto espaço cultural supostamente neutro, não acompanha as respostas e questionamentos em relação à diferença, principalmente no que se refere ao gênero. A falta de informação desse contexto leva alunos e educadores a seguir padrões convencionais que direcionam o trato às diferenças de gênero a produzirem estigmas, preconceito, discriminação e transfobia. Assim sendo, esta pesquisa teve como objetivo geral, elaborar um jogo que possa ser utilizado para se trabalhar o respeito à diversidade sexual e de gênero junto a alunos e equipes educativas. Buscou-se problematizar questões referentes à inclusão das diferenças nos espaços escolares possibilitando assim, um novo olhar da escola com relação à presença destes estudantes. / The contemporary society legitimates heterosexual behavior, having as a parameter of normality, relations between opposing sexes. Thereby, an obligation is created that all people should have the biological sex as a decisive factor of the gender, and compulsorily, they must desire someone of the opposite sex to maintain their sexual practices. These practices point to the dimension of something multiple, a process that is continually built up, bringing with it a social nuisance, which is configured in the measure in which strongly instituted heteronormative patterns are confronted. The barriers imposed on the expression of identities or the reaffirmation of a polarized or binary conception still reinforce an education based on a separation between the masculine and the feminine genders. In this context, innumerable difficulties are faced by transgendered people who are confronted with invisibility, denial of basic citizenship rights, and in the disregard of public policies, signaling some hostile and exclusionary confrontations in the process of building their own identities. The school, even as a supposedly neutral cultural space, does not keep up with the answers and questions regarding the difference, especially when referring to the genre. The lack of information in this context leads students and educators to follow conventional standards that direct the treatment of gender differences in the production of stigma, prejudice, discrimination and transphobia. Therefore, this research, aimed to elaborate a game based on the perceptions of transsexual people about their school trajectories, especially regarding prejudice and discrimination experiences, develop a game that can be used to work respect for sexual and gender diversity with students and educational teams. Issues related to the inclusion of differences inside school spaces were problematized, thus allowing a new look of the school regarding the presence of these students.
01 May 2017
Transphobia research has focused on predictors and correlations of prejudice toward transgender people. Consistently, male participants have higher transphobic attitudes compared to female participants in various studies. Further, males are overrepresented in crimes against transgender people. However, these studies were correlational and causation cannot be determined. Masculinity researchers outside of psychology have discussed maintenance of masculine privilege as a motivator for oppressive beliefs and actions. Thus, the goal of this study was to provide an experimental study of causes for increased transphobic attitudes in men, based on sociological and gender studies’ research on hegemonic masculinity. To test this, participants were given false feedback that masculinity score was either “feminine” (the experimental group) or “similar to their age group” (the control group). Results of the present study indicated participants in the experimental group reported nearly statistically significantly greater transphobia than those in the control group, p = .047. Although the findings were not significant, further research is needed to validate these findings. The study provides implications for future research on causes of transphobic attitudes and behaviors through sociological frameworks of power and privilege in the context of gender.
The Effect of Internalized Transphobia on the Association Between Gender Congruence and Sexual Satisfaction in Transgender MenJanuary 2020 (has links)
abstract: Despite the population of transgender individuals in the United States doubling from 2011 to 2016, this population is one of the most understudied in psychological science. Of the available research, the associations between gender congruence, defined as an individual’s body matching their gender identity, and well-being have been examined, particularly demonstrating positive associations between gender congruence and overall life satisfaction. However, there remains a dearth of research on the possible associations between gender congruence and relational well-being - particularly sexual satisfaction - and possible moderating effects of the internal negative feelings regarding one’s identity (internalized transphobia). To address these gaps in the literature, this study gathered data from 165 binary transgender men. While there was not an effect of gender congruence on sexual satisfaction, internalized transphobia was found to moderate this association such that individuals who reported high internalized transphobia and high gender congruence reported the highest sexual satisfaction. Results of this study highlight the existing literature on the negative associations between internalized transphobia and well-being for transgender individuals. Implications for counselors are discussed, including advocacy efforts and implementation of techniques to facilitate growth and resilience to help transgender clients navigate the negative effects of internalized transphobia. / Dissertation/Thesis / Masters Thesis Counseling 2020
Discrimination and Perceived Stress in Sexual and Gender Minorities: Self-esteem As a Moderating FactorWike, Alexandra Elizabeth 08 1900 (has links)
Sexual and gender minorities are subjected to discrimination and stigmatization which increase vulnerability to psychological co-morbidities (Mays & Cochran, 2001). The mechanisms through which discrimination contributes to distress in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (lgbt) communities can be partially elucidated through the minority stress model. The minority stress model argues that minorities are subjected to negative societal attitudes and discrimination that results in excessive psychosocial stress related to their minority position, which is distinct from daily stress. Meyer’s minority stress model is supported by social stress theoriesand data linking discrimination to stress in lgb samples. Researchers suggest that self-esteem buffers the negative effects of adverse experiences but tests of the moderating effect of self-esteem on the discrimination-distress relationship in ethnic and gender minorities yielded mixed results. Szymanski found that self-esteem moderates the relationship between discrimination and psychological distress in a male sexual minority sample, but this has never been tested in a gender-balanced sexual minority sample. We hypothesized that higher levels of self-esteem are associated with lower overall perceived stress in lgbt adults, and that self-esteem acts differentially in lgbt populations to moderate perceived discrimination. We found that discrimination, self-esteem and the interaction effect between discrimination and self-esteem accounted for 53 percent of the total variance in perceived stress scores, ∆R2 = .38; adj. R2 = .53, F(12, 133) = 14.47, p < .001.When we tested whether self-esteem moderated the relationship between discrimination and stress, discrimination was positively related to stress, β = .13, t(144) = 2.14, p < .05, and self-esteem was negatively related to stress, β = -.63, t(144) = -10.26, p < .001. The interaction between self-esteem and discrimination positively correlated with stress, β = .14, t(144) = 2.29, p < .05. Our findings suggest that self-esteem may alleviate the impact of discrimination on perceived stress, which has important implications for interventions designed to reduce stress in lgbt communities.
Vidas e corpos em trânsito: tráfico de travestis e transexuais brasileiras com a finalidade de exploração sexual no contexto da crise do capitalNavas, Kleber Mascarenhas 21 March 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Filipe dos Santos (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2016-09-13T14:21:16Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Kleber Mascarenhas Navas.pdf: 1182722 bytes, checksum: 4135110c5d0fa6a2ef35bd0928725028 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-09-13T14:21:16Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Kleber Mascarenhas Navas.pdf: 1182722 bytes, checksum: 4135110c5d0fa6a2ef35bd0928725028 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-03-21 / Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico / This thesis is to study the subject of trafficking in Brazilian transvestites and transsexuals for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The overall objective is to analyze and critically understand the determinations of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation of transvestites and transsexuals in the transnational sex trade, as well as ways of coping in terms of public policy. In this sense, we analyze the movement of transvestites and transsexuals in sex markets towards southern European countries, as well as the dynamics of these displacements approaches the fraud notions, coercion or abuse of vulnerability that characterize human trafficking in order to detect crime evidence about this phenomenon. From a theoretical point of view, it is part of Dialectical Materialism history as a foundation. The methodological procedures were quantitative and qualitative approach, with field research conducted with semi-structured script interview and applied with two subject. The main results of the research show that the subject surveyed were victims of human trafficking and that in such cases, there are specific compared with those involving women and adolescents, the main victims of this phenomenon. We observed also that the faces of human trafficking in the contemporary world is reactualized and it is necessary to analyze the crisis of capital of the context in which it appears, as it influences both the dynamics of trafficking, as the confrontation policies, which are presented, most of the time, with a camouflaged speech and hiding the true character of antimigration policies / A presente tese tem como objeto de estudo o tráfico de travestis e transexuais brasileiras com a finalidade de exploração sexual. O objetivo geral é analisar e compreender criticamente as determinações do tráfico de pessoas com a finalidade de exploração sexual de travestis e transexuais no mercado transnacional do sexo, bem como as formas de enfrentamento no plano das políticas públicas. Nesse sentido, analisamos os deslocamentos de travestis e transexuais nos mercados do sexo em direção a países do sul da Europa, bem como se a dinâmica desses deslocamentos se aproxima das noções de fraude, coação ou abuso de situação de vulnerabilidade que caracterizam o tráfico de pessoas com o intuito de detectar indícios de crime acerca desse fenômeno. Sob o ponto de vista teórico, parte-se do Materialismo Histórico Dialético como fundamento. Os procedimentos metodológicos foram a abordagem quanti-qualitativa, com pesquisa de campo realizada com entrevista semiestruturada e roteiro, aplicado com duas sujeitas. Os principais resultados da pesquisa apontam que as sujeitas pesquisadas foram vítimas do tráfico de pessoas e que, nesses casos, há especificidades, quando comparados com aqueles que envolvem mulheres e adolescentes, principais vítimas desse fenômeno. Foi possível verificar, ainda, que as faces do tráfico de pessoas na contemporaneidade se reatualizam e é necessário analisar o contexto da crise do capital em que está inserido, visto que influencia tanto na dinâmica do tráfico, como nas políticas de enfrentamento, que se apresentam, na maioria das vezes, com um discurso camuflado e que esconde o verdadeiro caráter de políticas antimigratórias
White, Mickey E
The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to explore Black transgender men's experiences navigating systems of racism and transphobia. To this end, I utilized a critical race theory and intersectionality theory framework to answer the following question: What are Black transgender men's experiences with power, privilege, and oppression? The ten Black transgender men and transmasculine people who participated in this study provided detailed and moving accounts of their experiences with systems of oppression. Six major themes were prominent throughout participant narratives: (1) developing an empowered view of self, (2) navigating double consciousness, (3) having a target on your back, (4) strategies of resilience, (5) culture of silence, and (6) finding quality care. Overall, participants offered insight and keen awareness of their intersecting racial and gender identities, as well as speaking intimately about how the shift from societal perceptions and identification as a Black woman to a Black man impacted their sense of self and views of the world. Additionally, implications and conclusions drawn from the stories of participants offer recommendations for counselors, mental health professionals, practitioners, and programs to consider implementing to provide culturally responsive and competent care to Black transgender men.
Ain't I a Woman, Too? Depictions of Toxic Femininity, Transmisogynoir, and Violence on <em>STAR</em>Jones, Sunahtah D. 12 March 2019 (has links)
As the rate of the murder of Black trans women at the hands of Black cisgender men rises steadily every year (HRC, 2017), discourses regarding the detrimental impact of toxic masculinity within Black communities continue to increase within different branches of feminist literature. However, the role that Black cisgender women and toxic femininity play in the violent and systematic subjugation of Black trans women is largely ignored in feminist literature. In this thesis, I conduct a cultural analysis of the representations of the Black trans character Cotton Brown (from the Fox show Star) to examine how the show illustrates toxic femininity and complex intersections of race, class, gender, and sexuality. Through a cultural analysis and review of current literature, I bridge the gap between the representation of cultural politics in Star, literature regarding the same cultural politics, and the realities of the lives of Black trans women in the United States. I argue that Black cisgender women and toxic femininity play significant roles in sociocultural understandings of sexuality and gender identity within Black American communities, as well as the facilitation of violent transphobia that specifically targets Black trans women.
Several studies have shown that religious involvement has positive effects on human life. It creates a sense of belonging and hope for the future in the life of youths, it improves married life and prevents loneliness in the lives of older adults. However for LGBTQ people the effect of religious involvement is often the complete opposite experience. The majority of the religious groups in United States of America believe homosexuality is a sin and religious involvement for LGBTQ people results in being faced with oppression, internalized homophobia, anxiety, loneliness and depression. This study, through qualitative interviews, research shows how religious homophobia and transphobia have affected the participants' mental and emotional health and how it has affected their religious life.
Morrer para nascer travesti: performatividades, escolaridade e a pedagogia da intolerência / Die to be bom a transvestite: performativity, education and tlje pedagogy of intoleranceRodrigues, Tássio Acosta 29 February 2016 (has links)
Submitted by Maria de Lourdes Mariano (email@example.com) on 2017-01-18T10:48:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RODRIGUES_Tassio Acosta_2016.pdf: 3251634 bytes, checksum: bda0bc0565ec1f93cad611f3e095bfeb (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Maria de Lourdes Mariano (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2017-01-18T10:48:17Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RODRIGUES_Tassio Acosta_2016.pdf: 3251634 bytes, checksum: bda0bc0565ec1f93cad611f3e095bfeb (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Maria de Lourdes Mariano (email@example.com) on 2017-01-18T10:48:23Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RODRIGUES_Tassio Acosta_2016.pdf: 3251634 bytes, checksum: bda0bc0565ec1f93cad611f3e095bfeb (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-01-18T10:48:30Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 RODRIGUES_Tassio Acosta_2016.pdf: 3251634 bytes, checksum: bda0bc0565ec1f93cad611f3e095bfeb (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-02-29 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / This study analyses the narratives of the experiences had in school by six transvestites from the city of Sorocaba (countryside of the State of São Paulo) having the queer perspective as analytic inspiration for understanding that the discriminations suffered while in school were focused on maintaining the heteronormativity as disciplinary process. When considering the school as a device to maintain the relations focused on power, their gender expressions were vital for this process to be put to practice in an even more intensified manner – sometimes they were made invisible, while others they were given extreme visibility in order to serve as examples of "abnormal" behavior/identity. The most recurrent disciplinary devices defined by gender during such narratives were related to the birth name, the school uniform, the collective restrooms and Physical Education classes. Several attempts of resisting such devices were observed, in addition to strategies aimed at “compensating” discrimination, such as being the best student in some subjects, being good at sports or seeking interpersonal relationships with other “rebellious” students in order to obtain acceptance and/or strength before normalizations. The symbolic violence was present by the use of sexist nicknames, both by students and teachers, who many times have endorsed such anti-social and violent behaviors in their most diverse forms against the interviewees. They were blamed, both by the teaching and managing entities, for the violence suffered. When the issue of “race” was inserted in the scenario – as in the case of two black interviewees – the violence suffered by them would become even more evident. The acknowledgement of their precariousness and vulnerability is necessary to foment the creation of specific public policies, by means of affirmative actions, aiming at removing them from the fringes of society and making their lives more livable. / Este trabalho analisa as narrativas que tratam das vivências escolares de seis travestis da cidade de Sorocaba-SP, partindo da perspectiva queer como inspiração de análise pela concepção de que as discriminações na escola estiveram centradas na manutenção da heteronormatividade enquanto processo disciplinador. Compreendendo a escola como um dispositivo da manutenção da relação de poder, suas expressões de gênero foram determinantes para que este processo fosse acionado de forma mais intensa - ora invisibilizando, ora dando extrema visibilidade para que servissem como exemplo de comportamentos/identidades “anormais”. Os dispositivos disciplinares generificados mais recorrentes nas narrativas foram relacionados ao nome civil, o uniforme escolar, o banheiro coletivo e as aulas de Educação Física. Foram observadas diversas tentativas de resistência a estes dispositivos, além de estratégias de "compensação" frente à discriminação, como ser a melhor aluna em algumas disciplinas, ser boa esportista ou buscar relacionamentos interpessoais com outros alunos "rebeldes", buscando aceitação e/ou fortalecimento frente às normatizações. A violência simbólica esteve presente por meio da atribuição de apelidos machistas, tanto por alunos quanto por professores, que muitas vezes apoiavam incivilidades e violências diversas contra as interlocutoras. Elas eram culpabilizadas, tanto pelo corpo docente quanto gestor, pelas violências sofridas. Quando o marcador de raça era acionado, como no caso de duas participantes negras, as violências se faziam mais presentes. O reconhecimento de suas precariedades e vulnerabilidades é necessário para a fomentação de políticas públicas específicas, por meio de ações afirmativas, com o objetivo de tirá-las das margens sociais e fazer com que suas vidas sejam mais vivíveis.
"Jag är både och och ingenting, mitt emellan och runtomkring" : En jämförande studie om binära och ickebinära transpersoners vardagliga erfarenheterPeters, Tom January 2015 (has links)
This is a comparative study between binary and nonbinary transgender people based on their everyday experience of difficulties. Previous studies show that many transpeople experience violence, infringement and oppression. Studies also show that suicide rate among transgender people is much higher than among the common (cisgender) population. Those studies rarely make an analysis based on specific gender identity, which shows the diversity among transgender people.To analyse the individual experiences, this study made four interviews with binary and nonbinary transgender people. The interviews were analysed with a queer-theoratical perspective to show and focus on the oppressional mechanics that heteronormativity has. The results show clear differences and similarities between binary and nonbinary transgender people's experiences of everyday life difficulties and oppression. Nonbinary transgender people elucidate their nonexistence in the majorities knowledge as a big difficulty; that people in their everyday surroundings and society in general are not aware of them. Binary transgender people's experiences have instead been focusing on their bodies and social context of their transitions. / Denna studie avser att undersöka och jämföra transpersoners erfarenheter kring svårigheter i vardagen. Jämförelsen görs mellan binära och ickebinära transpersoner. Tidigare forskning visar att många transpersoner blir utsatta för våld, kränkningar och förtryck. Den visar även att självmordsfrekvensen bland transpersoner är mycket högre än hos populationen i övrigt. I dessa undersökningar kring transpersoners hälsa och situation görs det sällan eller aldrig analyser baserade på den mångfald gällande identitet som finns inom gruppen transpersoner. För att undersöka dessa individuella erfarenheter genomfördes ett antal intervjuer med binära och ickebinära transpersoner. Intervjuerna analyserades utifrån en queerteoretisk utgångspunkt för att belysa de förtryckande mekanismer som heteronormen medför. Resultatet visar att det finns tydliga likheter och skillnader i binära och ickebinära transpersoners erfarenheter kring svårigheter och förtryck. Ickebinära transpersoner tar upp omgivningens omedvetenhet kring deras existens som en stor svårighet, att personer i deras vardagliga omgivning och i samhället i stort inte känner till att de finns medan svårigheterna för binära transpersoner snarare har varit i förhållande till deras kroppar och sociala sammanhang.
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