Ashwal, Jennie E.
A research report submitted to the Faculty of Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Clinical Psychology by Coursework and Research Report, Johannesburg, 2017 / Experiences of transgender individuals in South Africa have largely remained marginalised and silenced by a discriminatory, gender binary and prescriptive society, in spite of progressive legislation within the constitution. The literature reviewed substantiated such experiences both within and outside of the South African transgender communities, further illuminating the need to deepen the understanding of transgender and gender identity dynamics. Through in depth face-to-face interviews with five self-identified adult transgender participants, the present study documented experiences identified as they navigated their gender identity and expression from dissonance towards gender congruency. The interviews were analysed using thematic content analysis. The results of the qualitative interviews revealed multiple beneficial factors as well as challenges whilst navigating gender congruent identity and expression. As a result, seven overarching themes were identified broadly defined as: (1) gender identity and dissonance; (2) gender expression; (3) challenges to gender congruency; (4) protective factors and coping strategies; (5) ‘coming out’; (6) toward gender congruent expression and (7) activism. / XL2018
The construction of transitioning in popular websites aimed at transsexuals and significant others, family, friends and allies of transgendered persons (SOFFAs)Bosworth, Jonathan 22 May 2013 (has links)
Since the 17th century there has been a proliferation of discourse on sex and a host of sexual identities have been surfaced. One such sexuality that is particularly marginalised is transsexuality; central to which is the management of the transsexual self. The critical study of such practices has often been neglected in favour of ‘mainstream’ research on transsexuality’s deviance, aetiology and treatment. Furthermore, internet-based resources have been identified as a key site for the management of the transsexual self. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the constructions of transitioning in popular websites aimed at transsexuals and significant others, family, friends and allies of transgendered persons (SOFFAs). A search strategy was adapted to select the most popular websites for analysis. A discourse analysis – guided by Parker’s (1992) 20 ‘steps’ – was conducted on 12 webpages. The construction of transitioning was dominated by biomedicine and the ‘psy’ professions. Due to these hegemonic powers the transsexual identity was associated with distress and thus a number of technologies of self – particularly medical intervention – were ‘needed’ for the management of the transsexual self. This construction spoke to the rights and health of transsexuals but also appeared to limit their freedom and serve capitalist gain rather than the interests of trans persons. Uncovering these power dynamics may have important implications for the Standards of Care, the controversial status of gender identity disorder in the DSM and allowing for the creation of alternative power strategies which may permit more freedom in the care of the gendered self.
An Evaluation of a Hospital’s Communication Cultural Competence Staff Training to Increase Disclosure and Data Collection on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Toward Reducing Health Disparities for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender PatientsRose, Jillian Allison January 2019 (has links)
The study used a pre-/post-test design within a secondary analysis of existing de identified data obtained from a major Northeastern hospital for use by permission, in order to evaluate the impact of a communication cultural competency training of hospital registration personnel focused on teaching the collection of gender identity and sexual orientation data (SOGI). The study’s convenience sample (N=240) was diverse, given 34.6% (N=83) identified as White/Caucasian, 28.3% (N=68) as Hispanic/Latino, 27.1% (N=65) as Black /African American, and 10.0% (N=24) as Asian. For gender identity, 74.6% (N=179) identified as female, and 15.8% (N=37) as male. Those who identified their sexual orientation as heterosexual comprised 79.6% (N=191) of the sample. The mean time in current role for the sample was 3.97 years (Min = 1-1 to 6 months, Max = 6-over 10 years, SD = 1.547). For example, 18.3% (N=44) indicated being in their current role for between 5-10 years. Some 74.2% (N=178) indicated that they know someone who is LGBTQ+. Of note, 16.7% (N=38) indicated that they had other training in the last three months. Cronbach’s Alphas ranged from .858-.978 for the 11 new study scales, as very good to excellent internal consistency. As main study findings, paired t-tests for all five global scale scores (knowledge, self-efficacy, skill/ability level, and personal preparation for collecting SOGI data—and engagement in recommended SOGI data collection behavior) demonstrated significant differences from pre- to post- training in this sample (p˂.000; Bonferroni Significance level, p<.007). This suggested that participation in the training was associated with statistically significant improvements from pre- to post-training for knowledge, self-efficacy, skill/ability level, personal, and engagement in recommended SOGI data collection behavior. Through backward stepwise regression, having higher post-training self-efficacy was significantly predicted by: higher pre-training personal skill/ability (B=.589, SEB=.468, p=.000); and, higher post-training overall evaluation (B=.244, SEB=.305, p=.000). The adjusted R-squared value for this model was 0.346, meaning that 34.6% of the variance for higher post-training self-efficacy for collecting for collecting patients’ sexual orientation and gender identity data was explained by this model. Findings suggest the need for further dissemination, implementation and evaluation of the new communication cultural competence training.
Souza, Silvanie Campos de.
Orientador: Maria Regina Momesso / Banca: Jorge Leite Júnior / Banca: Paulo Rennes Marçal Ribeiro / Resumo: Essa pesquisa é fruto do desejo de compreensão dos discursos sobre expressões, corpo, subjetividades, materialidades dos enunciados de gênero, especificamente os relacionados às identidades de transhomens. O objetivo principal deste trabalho foi descrever relações discursivas que constroem o corpo do transhomem, tanto as relações imersas a verdades e saberes, quanto as permeadas por controle, disciplina e poder que se materializam nesses corpos. Na perspectiva teórica utilizou-se a Análise de Discurso (AD) Francesa com ênfase na Teoria de Michel Foucault. Isto posto, os discursos aqui presentes foram delimitados afim de tomar um ponto de partida para a análise discursiva, evidenciamos a questão da patologização da identidade transgênera, descrevendo como esse ponto se articula e se reproduz dentro da vivência de transhomens. Sendo assim, compreende-se por pessoas transgêneras indivíduos que não apresentam identificação entre sexo biológico e gênero, sendo transhomens sujeitos biologicamente femininos, com percepção de identidade masculina. Optou-se por realizar esta pesquisa no Estado do Pará, na cidade e região metropolitana de Belém, haja vista a familiaridade da pesquisadora com a região. Esta pesquisa foi realizada nos moldes da pesquisa de Campo de natureza qualitativa, com utilização de um questionário socioeconômico e um roteiro de entrevista semiestruturada. As entrevistas foram realizadas na Secretaria de Estado de Justiça e Direitos Humanos (SEJUDH), em auditório ce... (Resumo completo, clicar acesso eletrônico abaixo) / Resumen: Esta investigación es fruto del deseo de comprensión de los discursos sobre expresiones, cuerpo, subjetividades, materialidades de los enunciados de género, específicamente los relacionados a las identidades de transhombres. El objetivo principal de este trabajo fue describir relaciones discursivas que construyen el cuerpo del transhomem, tanto las relaciones inmersas a verdades y saberes, como las permeadas por control, disciplina y poder que se materializan en esos cuerpos. En la perspectiva teórica se utilizó el Análisis de Discurso (AD) Francés con énfasis en la Teoría de Michel Foucault. En este sentido, los discursos aquí presentes fueron delimitados a fin de tomar un punto de partida para el análisis discursivo, evidenciamos la cuestión de la patologización de la identidad transgénera, describiendo cómo ese punto se articula y se reproduce dentro de la vivencia de transhombres. Siendo así, se comprende por personas transgénero individuos que no presentan identificación entre sexo biológico y género, siendo transhombres sujetos biológicamente femeninos, con percepción de identidad masculina. Se optó por realizar esta investigación en el Estado de Pará, en la ciudad y región metropolitana de Belém, teniendo en cuenta la familiaridad de la investigadora con la región. Esta investigación fue realizada en los moldes de la investigación de Campo de naturaleza cualitativa, con utilización de un cuestionario socioeconómico y un guión de entrevista semiestructurada. Las entrevi... (Resumen completo clicar acceso eletrônico abajo) / Mestre
Trans Tessituras: Confounding, Unbearable, and Black Transgender Voices in Luso-Afro-Brazilian Popular MusicDa Silva, Daniel January 2019 (has links)
This dissertation shows how gay, trans and queer performers in Brazil, Portugal, and Angola, working in traditionally misogynistic, homo- and transphobic popular music genres, have successfully claimed and refigured those genres and repertoires through iterations of transgender voices and bodies. I show how Pabllo Vittar, Fado Bicha and Titica refigure normative gendered conventions of sex and song through trans formations of popular music genres. I locate them within a genealogy of queer Luso-Afro-Brazilian popular music practices and performances that deploy trans formations of voice, body, and repertoire. I trace a genealogy of transgender voice in Brazilian popular music to Ney Matogrosso’s 1975 debut release, through which I reveal a cacophony of queer, indigenous and Afro-Brazilian intersections; and in Portuguese popular music to António Variações 1982 debut, through whom I trace a fado genealogy of Afro-diasporic cultural practices, gender transgression and sexual deviance. Finally, I locate Titica’s music in practices of the black queer diaspora as a refiguring of Angolan postcolonial aesthetics. Together, these artists and their music offer a queer Luso-Afro-Brazilian diaspora in spectacular popular music formations that transit beside and beyond the Portuguese-speaking world, unbound by it, and refiguring hegemonic Luso-Afro-Brazilian discourses of gender, sexuality, race and nation.
Transpersoners upplevelse av bemötandet inom socialtjänsten / Transgender People`s Experiences of Treatment by Social ServicesVasiljeva, Svetlana January 2019 (has links)
Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur transpersoner upplever bemötande inom socialtjänsten. Enligt tidigare forskning har transpersoner olika upplevelser av bemötandet inom socialtjänsten. De har upplevt att de mötts med oförståelse och okunskap, blir felkönade och blir inte tilltalade vid sitt rätta namn. Positiva upplevelser handlade om respekt av transpersonernas könsidentitet och att de blev tilltalade med rätt pronomen. Det här är en kvalitativ studie som genomförts med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer per telefon med fyra personer. Studien har gjorts med induktiv metod och ett analytiskt ramverk som innehåller olika teorier och begrepp har valts utifrån datamaterialet. För att analysera studiens resultat har jag valt begreppet bemötande. Jag har även använt mig av socialkonstruktivistisk teori- Berger & Luckmanns sociologiska teori, begreppet heteronormativitet och teorin om den heterosexuella matrisen. Den heterosexuella matrisen handlar om förväntningar att alla är heterosexuella och övertygelsen om att det endast finns två separata kön som ställs i motsats till varandra. Studien har visat att transpersoner har olika upplevelser av bemötande inom socialtjänsten. Transpersoner har upplevt att de inte är tagna på allvar, bemöts med oförståelse och särbehandlas. Majoriteten av studiens respondenter har upplevt att de inte passar in i en given mall, det vill säga i heteronormen. Transpersoner har upplevt att sexuell läggning och könsidentitet ses av socialtjänstens handläggare som något socialt konstruerat och därför inte medfött, utan valt. Heteronormen och den homosexuella läggningen har lyfts av transpersoner som anledning till handläggarnas ovilja att hjälpa dem. Positiva upplevelser av bemötandet har handlat om att transpersoner har blivit bemötta lika oavsett könsidentitet, att handläggarna visat omtanke, respekt och erbjudit den hjälp som de behövde. Slutsatsen är att bemötandet kan upplevas olika beroende på vilken attityd handläggarna har samt hur transpersonerna själva definierar begreppet bemötande. Upplevelser av bemötandet inom socialtjänsten kan även variera från kommun till kommun. / The aim of the study was to examine how transgender people experience the treatment from social services. Previous research shows that experiences of treatment of transgender people by social services are various. Transgender people have experienced lack of understanding and knowledge, misgendering and being called by the false name. Good treatment that transgender people experienced included respect for transgender people’s gender identity and the use of right pronoun. This is a qualitative study based on semi- structured interviews and made through the phone with four persons. The study has been made with inductive method where an analytical framework with different theories and definitions was chosen taking into consideration the data. Treatment as definition was chosen to analyse the results of the study. I have even used the theory of social constructivism- Berger & Luckmann’s sociological theory as well as the definition heteronormativity and the theory on the heterosexual matrix. The theory on the heterosexual matrix is about expectations that everyone is heterosexual and belief that there are only two sexes that are opposites of each other. The study has shown that transgender people’s experiences of treatment by social services are various. Transgender people have experienced lack of understanding. Furthermore, transgender people have experienced that they have not been taken seriously and have been discriminated. The majority of respondents has experienced that they do not fit the heteronorm. Transgender people have also experienced that sexual orientation and gender identity are seen by administrative officials as something social constructed, and therefore not innate, but chosen. The heteronorm and homosexuality have been lifted by transgender people as the reason why administrative officials did not want to help them. Good treatment transgender people have experienced was about equal treatment regardless of gender identity. Transgender people have experienced that administrative officials have shown that they respect and care about them as well as they have been offered help they needed. Conclusion of the study is that treatment experienced by transgender people depends on which attitude administrative officials have towards transgender people as well as on how transgender people define the concept treatment. Experiences of the treatment by social services can vary between different municipalities too.
Crítica ao paradigma da diferença identitária dos corpos : transgressão de gênero como ruptura ética /Falchi, Cinthia Alves. January 2018 (has links)
Orientador: Pedro Ângelo Pagni / Banca: Divino José da Silva / Banca: Tânia Sueli Antonelli / Banca: César Donizetti Pereira Leite / Banca: Alexandre Simão de Freitas / Resumo: Esta tese analisa e discute o problema da identidade de gênero e a sexualidade como temas transversais ao currículo escolar. Focaliza como questão central os corpos desviantes, particularmente os transgêneros, como agenciadores de uma crítica ao governo identitário das diferenças na escola. Para tanto, entre o espaço acadêmico e nossa experiência singular de professor, testemunhamos nossas próprias buscas acerca da identidade e das diferenças gênero dentro desse (cis)tema binário de vidas e corpos, ressaltando o comum durante todo o trajeto percorrido. Reconstruindo esse testemunho, enfocamos corpos trans que transgridem as normalizações habitualmente estabelecidas a partir do paradigma da diferença identitária dos corpos. De narrativas de pessoas transgêneras até nosso próprio testemunho, vislumbramos nesse percurso um comum ingovernável, que se apresenta como um ethos e possibilita uma ruptura (cis)têmica, emergindo como um acontecimento e como um foco de resistência ao governo identitário dos corpos produzidos pela escola. Nessa trajetória partimos da perspectiva foucaultiana de intelectual específico para fazer um relato de si, em diálogo com as obras de Paul Beatriz Preciado, Judith Butler e Letícia Lanz, que deram foco à questão da transgeneridade. Assim, procuramos problematizar a binarização dos corpos pela biopolítica neoliberal com vista a naturalizá-los e argumentamos pela tese da não-binaridade dos corpos trans, como ethos, facultando uma ruptura ética na formação... (Resumo completo, clicar acesso eletrônico abaixo) / Abstract: This thesis analyzes and discusses the problem of gender identity and sexuality as transversal themes to the school curriculum. As a central issue, it focuses on deviant bodies, particularly transgenders, as agents of a critique of the identity government of differences in school. For this purpose, between academic space and our unique experience as teacher, we witnessed our own search for identity and gender differences within this binary (cis) theme of lives and bodies, emphasizing the common throughout the course. Rebuilding this testimony, we focus on trans bodies that transgress the normalizations usually established from the paradigm of the difference of identities of bodies. From narratives of transgender people to our own testimony, we see in this path an ungovernable common, which presents itself as an ethos and enables a (cis) temic rupture, emerging as an event and as a focus of resistance to the identity government of the bodies produced by the school. In this trajectory we start from Foucault's perspective as a specific intellectual to produce of himself a self-report, in dialogue with the works of Paul Beatriz Preciado, Judith Butler and Letícia Lanz, who focused on the question of transgeneration. Thus, we seek to problematize the binarization of bodies by neoliberal biopolitics in order to naturalize them and argue for the thesis of non-binarity of trans bodies, as ethos, providing an ethical rupture in human formation and demanding a reconfiguration of the di... (Complete abstract click electronic access below) / Doutor
Utilization of health care services and health status of transgender clients at a NYC community health centerRadix, Asa January 2020 (has links)
In 2011 the National Academy of Medicine identified research gaps related to transgender populations and suggested a research agenda that included, among other goals, investigating health outcomes related to transition related care. The overarching goal of this dissertation therefore is to add to the body of knowledge about the state of health of transgender individuals, including utilization of gender-affirming care, preventive care and screening practices for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This dissertation includes three manuscripts. The first is a retrospective chart review including 1670 transgender patients, aged 18 and up (mean age 35.57 years), at a community health center to examine utilization of gender-affirming procedures as well as investigate the prevalence of smoking and uptake of colon cancer screening compared to New York City benchmarks using data from the New York City Community Health Survey (NYC CHS). The results revealed transgender individuals had high uptake of gender affirming hormones (81.9%) but fewer had undergone gender-affirming surgeries (31.5%). Transgender individuals had almost double the rate of current cigarette smoking compared to adults aged 18 and up in the New York City Community Health Survey (OR=1.92, 95% CI=1.61, 2.28) and also had suboptimal colon cancer screening rates compared to New Yorkers aged 50 and older (OR=0.16, 95% CI=0.11, 0.23). The second paper is a scoping review of the literature to investigate postoperative outcomes related to vaginoplasty procedures in transgender women. One hundred and three articles met inclusion criteria and provided information on immediate as well as long term health outcomes. The review demonstrated many inconsistencies in the timing of follow-up as well as how outcomes were measured, but provided invaluable information on the many types of postoperative issues that may be seen after vaginoplasty surgery. Lastly, the third paper examined the prevalence of HIV and STI testing behavior and prevalence of HIV infection among transgender people in a community health center setting. This analysis demonstrated that HIV screening rates were lower than expected (55.7%) given the elevated HIV prevalence in the population. In the multivariate analysis the odds of HIV screening among transmasculine individuals was higher in those who had undergone gender affirming surgeries (OR=1.67, 95% CI= 1.08, 2.58), had a substance use history (OR=5.18, 95% CI=1.41, 18.99) and a history of genital warts (OR=4.64, 95%CI=1.24, 17.34). Among transfeminine individuals the odds of HIV screening were higher in those with only cisgender male partners (OR=2.18, 95% CI=1.52, 3.11), gender affirming surgery (OR=2.56, 95% CI=1.53, 4.31), substance use history (OR=2.76, 95% CI=1.23, 5.78) and genital warts (OR=2.69, 95% CI=1.20, 6.02). HIV prevalence was higher among transfeminine compared to transmasculine individuals (28.1% vs. 2.8%, p<.001). In the multivariable analysis having only cisgender male sex partners increased the odds of HIV infection among transmasculine individuals (OR=10.58, 95% CI=1.33, 84.17), while having at least a high school diploma reduced the odds of infection (OR=0.08, 95% CI=0.01, 0.72). Among transfeminine individuals increased odds of HIV-infection were seen in those who were unemployed (OR=1.7, 95% CI=1.1, 2.64) and those who had a history of genital warts (OR=2.54, 95% CI=1.37, 4.70). White individuals had a lower likelihood of HIV infection (OR=0.40, 95%CI=0.21, 0.73). Overall these three studies provide important information about transition-related, primary and preventive healthcare for transgender populations. The findings of elevated cigarette smoking, underutilization of colorectal cancer screening and low HIV and STI screening rates occurred in this study despite the fact that transgender people were engaged in medical care. Clinics and other health settings that provide transgender health services should include robust metrics for monitoring uptake of preventive health care services and work to improve uptake of services when disparities are evident.
Human Papillomavirus Vaccination, Online Health Information Seeking, and Health Literacy among Transgender and Gender Nonbinary PeoplePho, Anthony T. January 2020 (has links)
BACKGROUND: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually-transmitted infection in the U.S. and is associated with a number of cancers. A vaccine that can prevent 90% of HPV-associated cancers has been available since 2006, yet millions of young adults remain unvaccinated. Low vaccination uptake has been observed in cisgender sexual minority communities and less is known about HPV vaccination among transgender and gender nonbinary (TGNB) people. The aims of this dissertation were: (a) to identify facilitators for and barriers to HPV vaccination among gender minority people; (b) to compare HPV vaccination rates, HPV risk and situational factors like barriers to care, access to care, preventive care, HPV knowledge and Internet use in a sample of TGNB people and cisgender sexual minority people; and (c) to explore the association of online health information and HPV vaccination receipt among TGNB people compared to cisgender sexual minority people and determine if eHealth Literacy or general health literacy moderate this relationship. METHODS: The dissertation comprised three studies. First, an integrative review of the literature included searches of three electronic databases to identify and appraise studies that explore patient-, provider- and system-level HPV vaccination barriers among gender minority people. Second, guided by the Integrative Model of eHealth Use, a cross-sectional secondary analysis of The Population Research in Identities and Disparities for Equality (PRIDE) Study Annual Questionnaire 2018-19, compared the rate of HPV vaccination among TGNB and cisgender sexual minority people and described situation factors (e.g., barriers to care, access to care, preventive care), Internet use, HPV knowledge, HPV risk, and HPV vaccination among these communities. Third, a novel cross-sectional online survey of TGNB and cisgender sexual minority participants recruited from The PRIDE Study, also guided by the Integrative Model of eHealth Use, explored the association between online health information seeking and receipt of HPV vaccine, and whether eHealth literacy and/or general health literacy moderate this relationship. Statistical methods for the cross-sectional studies included prevalence ratios (PR) using robust Poisson statistics and multivariable logistic regression with post hoc Bonferroni-Holm correction. RESULTS: The integrative review identified six cross-sectional studies and one qualitative study that explored HPV vaccine barriers and facilitators among gender minority people. The majority of the studies included <10% gender minority participants. Key barriers to vaccination identified were misperceptions of risk at patient-level, bias towards vaccinating female assigned individuals at the provider-level and population effects of recommendations for girls-only at the policy-level. The cross-sectional secondary analysis of The PRIDE Study 2018-19 Annual Questionnaire and included N = 5,500 responses and found that: (a) the prevalence of ever receiving HPV vaccine was 1.2 times greater among TGNB participants than cisgender participants (PR 1.2; 95% CI, 1.1-1.3); (b) the prevalence of ever receiving HPV vaccine was 2.4 times greater among transgender men who were assigned female at birth compared to transgender women who were assigned male at birth (PR 2.4; 95% CI, 2.0-2.8); and (c) no differences in vaccination initiation and vaccination completion based on gender identity, sex assigned at birth, sex organs born with, or current sex organs. The cross-sectional novel online survey of PRIDE participants yielded N = 3,258 responses (response rate 19.6%). After controlling for covariates including age, race/ethnicity and educational attainment, we found that TGNB as compared to cisgender participants had increased odds (aOR=1.5=; 95% CI, 1.1-2.2) of reporting receipt of HPV vaccine ever and decreased odds (aOR=0.7; 95% CI, 0.5-0.9) of ever receiving of HPV vaccine when they looked for info on vaccines in the past year. Conversely, TGNB participants had over twice the odds (aOR=2.4; 95% CI, 1.1-5.6) of ever receiving HPV vaccine if they visited a social networking site like Facebook or Instagram in the past year. There were no moderating effects observed from eHealth or general health literacy. CONCLUSIONS: TGNB communities are understudied in terms of HPV vaccination and the existing literature shows misperceptions about the need of HPV vaccination among TGNB communities at both the patient and provider level. TGNB participants were more likely to have ever received HPV vaccine compared to cisgender sexual minority participants in the cross-sectional secondary analysis of The PRIDE Study 2018-19 Annual Questionnaire which may be attributed to high primary engagement in the cohort. Finally, online health information seeking about vaccines was associated with decreased receipt of HPV vaccine (ever) whereas social media use increased HPV vaccine receipt (ever) among TGNB participants compared to cisgender sexual minority participants. These conflicting findings suggest that the quality of online health information relating HPV vaccines, how, when and why TGNB people search for health information online may affect health behaviors like HPV vaccination. More research is warranted to explore how online health information seeking may influence personal health decision-making among TGNB communities.
"Jämlik vård för alla" - eller? : En kvalitativ studie om diskriminering av transpersoner inom den svenska hälso- och sjukvården. / “Equal care for everyone” – or not? : A qualitative study on discrimination against transgender people within the Swedish health care system.Väpnare, Maja January 2021 (has links)
Transgender people still face various types of discrimination, threat and violence on a global level. Even though the work against this societal problem proceeds in Sweden, studies have shown that transgender people often feel disrespected and discriminated within the health care context. This study aims to find a deeper understanding of discrimination against transgender people within the Swedish health care system, by analyzing and interpreting the stories of nursing students on the treatment of transgender people. In addition to this, the study aims to understand which social norms and values that are taught to the students in relation to discrimination against transgender people, and how the students relate and present themselves in relation to the social norms and values. In order to analyze the results of the study various theories and concepts are being used, such as queer theory, new institutionalism, stigma and Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective. The study is based on semi-structured interviews with eight nursing students, studying semester three to six at various universities in Sweden. The outcome of the study shows that three main norms and values seem to be of importance to the maintenance of institutional discrimination against transgender people within the Swedish health care system. These are the societal heteronorm, knowledge gap about transgender people, and stigmatization. The nursing students carry varying degrees of knowledge about trans gender people, but all participants seem to be open and receptive to the thought of meeting and caring for a transgender person in their future worklife.
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