Ett dualistiskt förhållande? : En studie om skrivdidaktiska diskurser och läsarter i gymnasieskolans litteraturundervisning / A dualistic relationship? : A study of discourses of learning to write and reading stances in upper secondary school literature teachingMarkskog, David January 2016 (has links)
Reading literature is a fundamental element in school work. This study focuses on the problem of pupils’ declining interest in reading literature and their deteriorating reading comprehension. The study seeks the reasons for this change by examining the learning goals of assignments constructed for the teaching of literature in upper secondary school. The assignment culture is studied on the basis of the learning goal viewed from two perspectives: teaching writing and teaching literature. To reveal the assignment culture, the study uses Ivanic’s (2004) discourses of learning to write and Rosenblatt’s (2006) concept of reading stances. The link between the perspectives of teaching writing and teaching literature is also emphasized in the aim of Gy2011, the curriculum for Swedish in upper secondary school, which describes the core of the subject as consisting of Swedish language and literature. From the findings of the study and the analysis one can discern the following associations: (1) the reading stance and the discourses of learning to write are affected by the content of Swedish as a school subject; (2) the occurrence of different discourses of learning to write affects the reading stance. These associations underline the importance of the teacher’s assignment constructions and their effect on how the pupil reads and assimilates literature.
Gleeson, Elizabeth Anne, firstname.lastname@example.org
This thesis investigates the practice of set text study as it is encountered within the English curriculum of a Victorian secondary school. The study evolved from a range of concerns to do with the researcher’s own teaching and the attitudes being expressed in her school community. It developed into an investigation of the student experience of reading, and of studying the required texts in subject, English This research aims to: • provide understanding of the development of set text study and to consider whether this construct is meeting the goals of contemporary English teaching examine both the beliefs which underpin the practices and the practices themselves provide greater understanding of the way students experience this aspect of their school learning consider how notions of transformation, insight and emerging identity through literature study fit with student experience Five guiding research questions address the issues which gave rise to the study. These questions provide a focus and structure throughout the research process. The questions address issues of: students’ school and non-school reading practices, enjoyment, beliefs about learning, ideology and specifically, the potential influence of textual representations of suicide and adult characters on a teenage student’s emerging sense of self. An overview of key theoretical positions on the act of reading situates the attitudinal and theoretical aspects of this research. The practical orientation of this study is situated alongside research on the experience of reading and of teaching literature, both from Australia and overseas. This thesis adopts a phenomenological approach within a constructivist framework. A qualitative methodology using a case-study approach, allows for the prolonged engagement necessary to explore the research questions and develop the sort of relationship necessary to facilitate the in-depth and reflective responses being sought. In-depth interviews (both face-to-face interviews and on-line chat sessions) are the primary data-gathering tool. In reporting the findings, the student voice is privileged. Practical and theoretical notions of communication and language are explored. The processes used to undertake this research are reflected upon and some possibilities for incorporating some of these methods into a school learning context are considered. While the focus of the study is to increase understanding of individual experience, some clear findings emerge. Although reading played an important part in the non-school lives of most of these students, the school experience of reading was more often than not, disappointing. Key factors which students perceived as contributing to their lack of enjoyment and satisfaction included: text choice, lack of challenge in lesson content, the sameness of the associated tasks, the behaviour of peers and lack of opportunity for having their opinions heard. Almost conversely, the students who gained greatest satisfaction reported on: particular texts, the creativity and scope for individual input of required tasks, teacher involvement, more positive class interaction and specific modelling by teachers of required tasks. The thesis concludes with recommendations for structural support (both whole school and classroom) to enable the positive shared reading experiences to become the experience of more students. It challenges the sanctity of the set text and offers a range of alternatives. In calls on teachers to consider the implications of entering a continuing story of students’ reading and to work at developing better ways of incorporating components of effective non-school reading practices into school reading practices. The concerns regarding the potential negative influence of set texts on a student’s identity were not validated in this research. However new concerns for students’ well being did emerge. The research indicates that set texts can make a difference to the quality of students’ lives. By incorporating a range of texts and class activities, by knowing students as well as possible, and by fully engaging as co-readers, teachers are in a better position to minimise student distress and to attend to the work of creating democratic reading environments with the greatest potential for reading success for everyone.
Gwajima, Elizabeth Kilines Sekwiha
The study explores gender representations in English literature texts used in Tanzanian secondary schools. The aim of this research is to raise awareness of, and contribute to, the general discussion regarding gender equality, and about the meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The goals have been adopted by the government of Tanzania since 2000. The third goal (MDG 3) seeks to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women in all levels of education by 2015. The aim of this thesis was to examine the discourses underpinning the teaching of literature in Tanzanian schools in order to examine the extent to which gender representations within the texts, and as mediated by teachers, supports this discourse of equality. The inquiry is explored through a textual analysis of the texts which were used in secondary schools in Tanzania during observation, using postcolonial and feminist perspectives. The study further involved interviewing literature teachers and students, policy makers and curriculum planners and obtained their views about the representations of gender. Data were collected in six schools in three regions of Tanzania, namely Mwanza, Dodoma and Dar es Salaam. Analytical induction has been used to analyse the data collected from interviews and observation. Findings from textual analysis show that some of the texts selected for study do convey strong messages in favour of demarcation between women’s and men’s traits, roles, and occupations, but others do not. Most of this latter group criticise traditional constructions of masculinity and femininity portraying women as subordinate to men and victims of domestic violence, and traditional African practices such as arranged marriage, female genital mutilation and the denial of educational rights. Findings from observations revealed that the texts were tackled relatively uncritically. Teachers rarely encouraged pupils to engage critically with gender issues arising in the texts. Findings from interviews and observation revealed that teachers are not trained to include the goal in their teaching. The thesis concludes that although some of the literary texts have emancipatory aims as revealed in the textual analysis, the gender equality goal is unlikely to be achieved unless the implicit understandings of gender relations in teachers’ classroom practices are addressed. Recommendations are made on how to promote a more critical engagement with gender issues through the teaching of literature in the Tanzanian context.
Skönlitteraturens möjligheter i undervisningen : en studie om sex lärares uppfattningar om skönlitteratur som läromedel i skolans tidigare årAndersson, Therese, Lindblom, Veronica January 2008 (has links)
Bakgrunden till vår studie är vårt gemensamma intresse för skönlitteratur och vår nyfikenhet över hur den används i dagens skola. Syfte var att ta reda på om samt hur lärare, verksamma inom skolans tidiga år, använder sig av skönlitteratur i sin undervisning. Vi har undersökt hur lärare tänker kring skönlitteratur i sin undervisning och i vilka syften som skönlitteratur används. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med sex verksamma lärare fick vi det material som vi sedan analyserade. Vi fann att lärarna var väl medvetna om skönlitteraturens möjligheter, inte bara i svenska utan i skolans alla ämnen. Huvudsyftet med att utnyttja skönlitteratur i skolan fann vi vara underhållning, men även läsinlärning, kunskapsutveckling och inspiration var nyckelord i resultatet. Slutsatsen var att skönlitteratur används mycket i dagens skola, på många olika sätt och med olika syften. Vi fann att skönlitteratur har förmågan att stimulera barns fantasi och får dem att uppleva andra världar och kulturer utan att lämna klassrummet. Följaktligen kan vi konstatera att skönlitteratur är mer än bara en bok! / The background to our study is our common interest in fiction and our curiosity of how it is being used in school at present. The aim of the study was to find out if and how teachers in the earlier years of school, use fiction in their teaching. We have found how some teachers think about their teaching where fiction is an element and in what purpose fiction are used. By doing qualitative interviews with six active teachers we got a material that we analysed. In the result we found that the teachers were well aware of the possibilities fiction gives, not just in the subject Swedish but in all subjects in school. The main purpose of using fiction in school was to entertain but we found that the teachers also used it to teach their pupils how to read, to increase their knowledge and to give them inspiration. The conclusion is that fiction is used a lot in school today, in many different ways and with different intentions. We found that fiction has the ability to stimulate children’s imagination and make them experience and explore other worlds and cultures without even leaving the classroom. As a result we can establish that fiction is more than just a book!
Skönlitteraturens möjligheter i undervisningen : en studie om sex lärares uppfattningar om skönlitteratur som läromedel i skolans tidigare årAndersson, Therese, Lindblom, Veronica January 2008 (has links)
<p>Bakgrunden till vår studie är vårt gemensamma intresse för skönlitteratur och vår nyfikenhet över hur den används i dagens skola. Syfte var att ta reda på om samt hur lärare, verksamma inom skolans tidiga år, använder sig av skönlitteratur i sin undervisning. Vi har undersökt hur lärare tänker kring skönlitteratur i sin undervisning och i vilka syften som skönlitteratur används. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer med sex verksamma lärare fick vi det material som vi sedan analyserade. Vi fann att lärarna var väl medvetna om skönlitteraturens möjligheter, inte bara i svenska utan i skolans alla ämnen. Huvudsyftet med att utnyttja skönlitteratur i skolan fann vi vara underhållning, men även läsinlärning, kunskapsutveckling och inspiration var nyckelord i resultatet. Slutsatsen var att skönlitteratur används mycket i dagens skola, på många olika sätt och med olika syften. Vi fann att skönlitteratur har förmågan att stimulera barns fantasi och får dem att uppleva andra världar och kulturer utan att lämna klassrummet. Följaktligen kan vi konstatera att skönlitteratur är mer än bara en bok!</p> / <p>The background to our study is our common interest in fiction and our curiosity of how it is being used in school at present. The aim of the study was to find out if and how teachers in the earlier years of school, use fiction in their teaching. We have found how some teachers think about their teaching where fiction is an element and in what purpose fiction are used. By doing qualitative interviews with six active teachers we got a material that we analysed. In the result we found that the teachers were well aware of the possibilities fiction gives, not just in the subject Swedish but in all subjects in school. The main purpose of using fiction in school was to entertain but we found that the teachers also used it to teach their pupils how to read, to increase their knowledge and to give them inspiration. The conclusion is that fiction is used a lot in school today, in many different ways and with different intentions. We found that fiction has the ability to stimulate children’s imagination and make them experience and explore other worlds and cultures without even leaving the classroom. As a result we can establish that fiction is more than just a book!</p>
Undervisning med hjälp av skönlitteratur : En studie om hur ett skönlitterärt verk kan användas praktiskt / Teaching with fiction literature : A study on how a fictional work can be used in practiceWeinmark, Fredrik January 2018 (has links)
Anledningen till valet av undersökningsområdet i denna studie grundar sig i mitt intresse för litteratur och betydelsen av läsning hos elever. Mitt syfte var att söka reda på hur en specifik slags skönlitterär form av bok kunde användas i undervisningen för att skapa läsintresse och behandla läroplanens värdegrundsdel. Metoden jag har använt mig av i denna studie är en narratologisk modell vid bokanalys, där jag har analyserat boken Den osynliga flickan av Deborah Ellis (2002). Med hjälp av, för ämnet aktuell forskning samt analys av ovanstående bok, har jag kommit fram till ett resultat. Min studie visar på att högläsning främjar elevers läsintresse och att boksamtal är ett förmånligt arbetssätt för att gynna elevers fortsatta läsintresse samt förståelse och acceptans för omvärlden. Boksamtal i denna form visar på tecken på att det bidrar positivt till arbetet kring läroplanens värdegrund. / The reason for the choice of study area in this study is based on my interest in literature and the importance of reading. My purpose was to find out how a specific kind of fictional form of book could be used in teaching to create reading interest and treat the curriculum value base. The method I have used in this study is a narrative model in book analysis, in which I have analyzed the book The Invisible Girl by Deborah Ellis (2002). With the help of research on the subject and analysis of the above book, I have come up with a result. My study shows that reading aloud promotes students interest in reading and that book conversations are a favorable way of working to benefit students' continued reading interest as well as understanding and acceptance for the outside world. Book conversations in this form show signs that it contributes positively to the work on the curriculum's value base.
A leitura literária no ensino fundamental: uma pesquisa narrativa com o método recepcional / Literary reading in middle school teaching: a narrative research with recepcional methodGavião, Renata Pires [UNESP] 21 November 2016 (has links)
Submitted by RENATA PIRES GAVIÃO null (email@example.com) on 2017-01-04T22:16:58Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Dissertação final .pdf: 2929944 bytes, checksum: cf0d26a6ce74eb0d2c979459c6d43aad (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Juliano Benedito Ferreira (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2017-01-06T16:04:56Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 gaviao_rp_me_assis.pdf: 2929944 bytes, checksum: cf0d26a6ce74eb0d2c979459c6d43aad (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2017-01-06T16:04:56Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 gaviao_rp_me_assis.pdf: 2929944 bytes, checksum: cf0d26a6ce74eb0d2c979459c6d43aad (MD5) Previous issue date: 2016-11-21 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) / O mestrado profissional Profletras é direcionado para professores do ensino fundamental da rede pública e prevê em suas diretrizes a elaboração e execução de uma pesquisa voltada para a investigação de um problema acerca da realidade escolar, com intuito de contribuir para a melhoria da qualidade da educação pública brasileira. A partir dessa perspectiva, esta pesquisa destaca a problemática da formação de leitores que vem, ao longo dos anos, evidenciando-se como uma temática frequentemente revisitada e estudada por diversos críticos e teóricos na área acadêmica. Contudo, é no cotidiano em sala de aula que se verificam os reais problemas e obstáculos que interferem na prática da leitura literária na escola. Partindo, assim, desses pressupostos este trabalho objetiva discutir o espaço e a recepção da literatura no ensino fundamental, através da aplicação do método recepcional (BORDINI; AGUIAR, 1988) em atividades desenvolvidas para uma turma de 7º ano de uma escola pública do Estado de São Paulo. O foco das leituras propostas está na leitura e recepção da obra Por parte de pai, de Bartolomeu Campos de Queirós, utilizada na etapa de ruptura dos horizontes de expectativa. Para realizar a investigação, optamos por realizar uma metodologia de cunho qualitativo interpretativo da pesquisa narrativa, pautando-nos, principalmente, nos estudos de Clandinin e Connelly (2011). No que tange à fundamentação teórica para as leituras das obras literárias utilizamos os pressupostos da teoria da estética da recepção e a teoria do efeito de Jauss (1994) e Iser (1996), entre outros pesquisadores voltados para formação de leitores e, em especial, da literatura juvenil. Assim, o intuito é ampliar a discussão em torno dessa temática, contribuir para os estudos críticos da área, refletir sobre a prática realizada e aprimorar ações para a constituição ou manutenção do leitor literário no Ensino Fundamental II, visando à construção de sua autonomia e criticidade. / The professional master Profletras is intended for elementary public school teachers and provides in its guidelines the development and implementation of a research aimed at investigating a problem about the school reality, in order to contribute to improving the quality of public education Brazilian. From this perspective, this research highlights the problem of formation of readers coming, over the years, showing up as a theme frequently revisited and studied by many critics and theorists in the academic field. However, it is in daily life in the classroom that the real problems and obstacles that interfere with the practice of literary reading in school can be found. Starting thus these assumptions this work discusses space and reception of literature in primary education, by applying the recepcional method (BORDINI; AGUIAR, 1988) in activities for a 7th grade class in a public school of the State of Sao Paulo. The focus of assigned activities are reading and reception of the book Por parte de pai, by Bartolomeu Campos Queirós, used in the stage of breaking the horizons of expectation. To conduct the research, we chose to use an interpretive qualitative methodology of narrative research, especially in studies of Clandinin and Connelly (2011). Regarding the theoretical basis for the reading of literary works used the assumptions of the reception aesthetics of the theory and the theory of Jauss effect (1994) and Iser (1996), among others focused researchers for training players and, in particular, juvenile literature. Thus, the aim is to expand the discussion on this theme, contribute to the critical studies of the area, reflect on the practice carried out and enhance actions to the constitution or literary reader maintenance in Elementary Education II, aiming at building their autonomy and criticality.
"Säg till din mamma att köpa en bättre baddräkt åt dig" : En jämförelse mellan boken och filmen Svinalängorna, med utgångspunkt i temat utanförskap. / "Tell your mom to buy you a better swimsuit" : A comparison between the novel and the film Svinalängorna based on the theme of exclusion.Arvidsson, Elin January 2017 (has links)
This study compares the novel Svinalängorna by Susanna Alakoski and the film version, based on the theme of exclusion. The study aims to see the potential the film can have in comparison with the book when it comes to representing the theme of exclusion in the teaching of literature as part of the upper secondary subject of Swedish. This has been investigated using coding and analysis of narrative technique. Key scenes have then been set in relation to multimodality. The result shows that exclusion generally seems to be depicted in the same way in the book and the film. At the same time, the products differ in their focus on different aspects of exclusion. The aspect of poverty, for example, is more prominent in the book, while social problems are more prominent in the film. The fact that the film is multimodal was found to reinforce the exclusion, and the result shows that the film is probably best suited for use in teaching from the point of view of film as comparison.
Sugui, Khalil Salem
09 May 2008
Made available in DSpace on 2016-08-03T16:16:02Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Khalil.pdf: 419134 bytes, checksum: d68531fb9bf8e873e2bc5313e90eab03 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2008-05-09 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / This thesis intend to show the importance of the tacit knowledge in the educator formation. Firstly, we intend to explain the main p rts of the tacit knowledge, developed by Michael Polanyi during the XX century. After, we will make an aproximation between the tacit knowledge and the educational space, searching understand the discovery and the human perception, points considered by Polanyi like essentials to constitute our tacit knowledge. Watching the educational space, we will analise, specifically, the teachers of Literature. This dissertation, a bibliographic work, uses theoricals support like Polanyi, and another educational theoricals of Literature teaching, like Claudio Saiani and Antonio Candido.(AU) / Esta dissertação tem por objetivo evidenciar a importância do conhecimento tácito na formação do educador. Para tanto, pretendemos primeiramente conceituar os principais fundamentos do conhecimento tácito desenvolvidos por Michael Polanyi durante o século XX. Num segundo momento, realizaremos uma aproximação entre o conhecimento tácito e o campo educacional, tendo como objetivos a procura pela descoberta e pela percepção humana, pontos considerados por Polanyi como essenciais para a constituição de nosso conhecimento tácito. Aprofundando-se na dimensão educacional, analisaremos, em especial, os docentes no campo da literatura. De cunho bibliográfico, esta dissertação toma como base de referência os estudos de Polanyi, bem como outros teóricos da educação e da teoria literária, como Cláudio Saiani e Antonio Candido.(AU)
A literatura na escola : uma análise de projetos de docência desenvolvidos na formação inicial de professoresBeretta, Lolita Campani January 2014 (has links)
Este trabalho realiza uma análise de projetos de docência de língua portuguesa e literatura desenvolvidos no âmbito da formação inicial de professores. O corpus para análise foi constituído de trinta e oito (38) projetos elaborados nas disciplinas Ensino de Literatura Brasileira e Estágio Docente de Português no Ensino Fundamental, oferecidas, respectivamente, na sexta e na sétima etapas do curso de Licenciatura em Letras em uma Instituição de Ensino Superior do estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Partese das concepções de linguagem e literatura presentes na obra do círculo de Bakhtin, dos estudos sociológicos de Candido (2000, 2006), Bourdieu (1992) e Escarpit (1970, 1978) sobre a esfera literária e do panorama de discussões sobre educação linguística e letramento, (BAGNO; RANGEL, 2005; BRITTO, 2007), letramento literário (PAULINO; COSSON, 2009; COSSON, 2011) e projetos educacionais (HERNÁNDEZ, 1998; SIMÕES et al., 2012) para a elaboração de princípios considerados importantes no planejamento e na execução da docência em língua portuguesa e literatura. A análise dos projetos busca compreender de que modo os projetos de professores em formação respondem a essas discussões, que se fazem presentes na bibliografia comum das disciplinas, com a leitura dos Referenciais Curriculares da Secretaria da Educação do Rio Grande do Sul (2009). / This research analyzes Portuguese and Literature teaching projects, developed in the context of teachers initial training. The data corpus analyzed was constituted by thirty eight (38) projects elaborated in the university courses of Brazilian Literature Teaching and Portuguese Teaching Internship. The courses have been offered in the sixth and seventh phases of Letras degree, respectively, in a University in Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). The research is based on the conceptions of language and literature found in Bakhtin's circle work; Candido (2000, 2006), Bourdieu (1992) and Escarpit's (1970, 1978) sociological studies on the literary sphere and the landscape of discussions regarding linguistic education and literacy (BAGNO; RANGEL, 2005; BRITTO, 2007), literary literacy (PAULINO; COSSON, 2009; COSSON, 2011) and educational projects (HERNÁNDEZ, 1998; SIMÕES et al., 2012) for elaborating the principles considered important in planning and executing Portuguese and Literature teaching. The projects analysis are aimed at understanding how projects elaborated by teachers in training respond to these discussions, which are present in the two courses common bibliography, through the reading of Rio Grande do Sul curriculum referential (2009).
Page generated in 0.1584 seconds