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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Fan root aerodynamics

Zamboni, Giulio January 2009 (has links)
No description available.
2

Influence of vane sweep on rotor-stator interaction noise.

Envia, Edmane. January 1988 (has links)
In this dissertation the influence of vane sweep on rotor-stator interaction noise is investigated. In an analytical approach, the interaction of a convected gust, representing the rotor viscous wake, with a cascade of finite span swept airfoils, representing the stator, is analyzed. The analysis is based on the solution of the exact linearized equations of motion. High-frequency convected gusts for which noise generation is concentrated near the leading edge of the airfoils are considered. In a preliminary study, the problem of an isolated finite span swept airfoil interacting with a convected gust is analyzed. Using Fourier transform methods and the Wiener-Hopf technique, an approximate solution for this problem is developed. Closed form expressions for the acoustic farfield are obtained and used in a parametric study to assess the effect of airfoil sweep on noise generation. Results indicate that sweep can substantially reduce the farfield noise levels for a single airfoil. Utilizing the single airfoil model, an approximate solution to the problem of noise radiation from a cascade of finite span swept airfoils interacting with a convected gust is derived. Only upstream radiated noise is considered. Neglecting the weak coupling between the adjacent leading edges at high frequencies, the cascade solution is constructed as a superposition of acoustic farfields emanating from an infinite number of isolated airfoils. A parametric study of noise generated by gust-cascade interaction is then carried out to assess the effectiveness of vane sweep in reducing rotor-stator interaction noise. The results of the parametric study show that, over a fairly wide range of conditions, sweep is beneficial in reducing noise levels. One conclusion of particular importance is that rotor wake twist or circumferential lean substantially influences the effectiveness of vane sweep. The orientation of the vane sweep must be chosen to enhance the natural phase lag caused by wake lean, in which case rather small sweep angles substantially reduce the noise levels.
3

Flow management in heat exchanger installations for intercooled turbofan engines

Kwan, Pok Wang January 2011 (has links)
No description available.
4

A new mapped infinite partition of unity method for convected acoustical radiation in infinite domains

Mertens, Tanguy 23 January 2009 (has links)
Résumé:<p><p>Cette dissertation s’intéresse aux méthodes numériques dans le domaine de l’acoustique. Les propriétés acoustiques d’un produit sont devenues une part intégrante de la conception. En effet, de nos jours le bruit est perçu comme une nuisance par le consommateur et constitue un critère de vente. Il y a de plus des normes à respecter. Les méthodes numériques permettent de prédire la propagation sonore et constitue dès lors un outil de conception incontournable pour réduire le temps et les coûts de développement d’un produit.<p><p>Cette dissertation considère la propagation d’ondes acoustiques dans le domaine fréquentiel en tenant compte de la présence d’un écoulement. Nous pouvons citer comme application industrielle, le rayonnement d’une nacelle de réacteur d’avion. Le but de la thèse est de proposer une nouvelle méthode et démontrer ses performances par rapport aux méthodes actuellement utilisées (i.e. la méthode des éléments finis).<p><p>L’originalité du travail consiste à étendre la méthode de partition de l’unité polynomiale dans le cadre de la propagation acoustique convectée, pour des domaines extérieurs. La simulation acoustique dans des domaines de dimensions infinies est réalisée dans ce travail à l’aide d’un couplage entre éléments finis et éléments infinis.<p><p>La dissertation présente la formulation de la méthode pour des applications axisymétriques et tridimensionnelles et vérifie la méthode en comparant les résultats numériques obtenus avec des solutions analytiques pour des applications académiques (i.e. propagation dans un conduit, rayonnement d’un multipole, bruit émis par la vibration d’un piston rigide, etc.). Les performances de la méthode sont ensuite analysées. Des courbes de convergences illustrent à une fréquence donnée, la précision de la méthode en fonction du nombre d’inconnues. Tandis que des courbes de performances présentent le temps de calcul nécessaire pour obtenir une solution d’une précision donnée en fonction de la fréquence d’excitation. Ces études de performances montrent l’intérêt de la méthode présentée.<p><p>Le rayonnement d’un réacteur d’avion a été abordé dans le but de vérifier la méthode sur une application de type industriel. Les résultats illustrent la propagation pour une nacelle axisymétrique en tenant compte de l’écoulement et la présence de matériau absorbant dans la nacelle et compare les résultats obtenus avec la méthode proposée et ceux obtenus avec la méthode des éléments finis.<p><p>Les performances de la méthode de la partition de l’unité dans le cadre de la propagation convectée en domaines infinis sont présentées pour des applications académiques et de type industriel. Le travail effectué illustre l’intérêt d’utiliser des fonctions polynomiales d’ordre élevé ainsi que les avantages à enrichir l’approximation localement afin d’améliorer la solution sans devoir créer un maillage plus fin.<p><p><p>Summary:<p><p>Environmental considerations are important in the design of many engineering systems and components. In particular, the environmental impact of noise is important over a very broad range of engineering applications and is increasingly perceived and regulated as an issue of occupational safety or health, or more simply as a public nuisance. The acoustic quality is then considered as a criterion in the product design process. Numerical prediction techniques allow to simulate vibro-acoustic responses. The use of such techniques reduces the development time and cost.<p><p>This dissertation focuses on acoustic convected radiation in outer domains such as it is the case for turbofan radiation. In the current thesis the mapped infinite partition of unity method is implemented within a coupled finite and infinite element model. This method allows to enrich the approximation with polynomial functions. <p><p>We present axisymmetric and three-dimensional formulations, verify and analyse the performance of the method. The verification compares computed results with the proposed method and analytical solutions for academic applications (i.e. duct propagation, multipole radiation, noise radiated by a vibrating rigid piston, etc.) .Performance analyses are performed with convergence curves plotting, for a given frequency, the accuracy of the computed solution with respect to the number of degrees of freedom or with performance curves, plotting the CPU time required to solve the application within a given accuracy, with respect to the excitation frequency. These performance analyses illustrate the interest of the mapped infinite partition of unity method.<p><p>We compute the radiation of an axisymmetric turbofan (convected radiation and acoustic treatments). The aim is to verify the method on an industrial application. We illustrate the radiation and compare the mapped infinite partition of unity results with finite element computations.<p><p>The dissertation presents the mapped partition of unity method as a computationally efficient method and illustrates its performances for academic as well as industrial applications. We suggest to use the method with high order polynomials and take the advantage of the method which allows to locally enrich the approximation. This last point improves the accuracy of the solution and prevent from creating a finer mesh.<p> / Doctorat en Sciences de l'ingénieur / info:eu-repo/semantics/nonPublished
5

Coupled thermal-fluid analysis with flowpath-cavity interaction in a gas turbine engine

Fitzpatrick, John Nathan 12 1900 (has links)
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) / This study seeks to improve the understanding of inlet conditions of a large rotor-stator cavity in a turbofan engine, often referred to as the drive cone cavity (DCC). The inlet flow is better understood through a higher fidelity computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of the inlet to the cavity, and a coupled finite element (FE) thermal to CFD fluid analysis of the cavity in order to accurately predict engine component temperatures. Accurately predicting temperature distribution in the cavity is important because temperatures directly affect the material properties including Young's modulus, yield strength, fatigue strength, creep properties. All of these properties directly affect the life of critical engine components. In addition, temperatures cause thermal expansion which changes clearances and in turn affects engine efficiency. The DCC is fed from the last stage of the high pressure compressor. One of its primary functions is to purge the air over the rotor wall to prevent it from overheating. Aero-thermal conditions within the DCC cavity are particularly challenging to predict due to the complex air flow and high heat transfer in the rotating component. Thus, in order to accurately predict metal temperatures a two-way coupled CFD-FE analysis is needed. Historically, when the cavity airflow is modeled for engine design purposes, the inlet condition has been over-simplified for the CFD analysis which impacts the results, particularly in the region around the compressor disc rim. The inlet is typically simplified by circumferentially averaging the velocity field at the inlet to the cavity which removes the effect of pressure wakes from the upstream rotor blades. The way in which these non-axisymmetric flow characteristics affect metal temperatures is not well understood. In addition, a constant air temperature scaled from a previous analysis is used as the simplified cavity inlet air temperature. Therefore, the objectives of this study are: (a) model the DCC cavity with a more physically representative inlet condition while coupling the solid thermal analysis and compressible air flow analysis that includes the fluid velocity, pressure, and temperature fields; (b) run a coupled analysis whose boundary conditions come from computational models, rather than thermocouple data; (c) validate the model using available experimental data; and (d) based on the validation, determine if the model can be used to predict air inlet and metal temperatures for new engine geometries. Verification with experimental results showed that the coupled analysis with the 3D no-bolt CFD model with predictive boundary conditions, over-predicted the HP6 offtake temperature by 16k. The maximum error was an over-prediction of 50k while the average error was 17k. The predictive model with 3D bolts also predicted cavity temperatures with an average error of 17k. For the two CFD models with predicted boundary conditions, the case without bolts performed better than the case with bolts. This is due to the flow errors caused by placing stationary bolts in a rotating reference frame. Therefore it is recommended that this type of analysis only be attempted for drive cone cavities with no bolts or shielded bolts.
6

Kraftstoffverbrauch durch Entnahme von Zapfluft und Wellenleistung von Strahltriebwerken

Ahlefelder, Sebastian January 2006 (has links) (PDF)
Zapfluft und Wellenleistung wird den Triebwerken entnommen, um die Energie für beispielsweise die Kraftstoffpumpen, das Inflight Entertainment oder die Flügelvorderkantenenteisung zu erzeugen. Diese Energiegenerierung, hat einen Anstieg des Kraftstoffverbrauches zur Folge. Es hat sich herausgestellt, dass die Stelle der Zapfluftentnahme einen starken Einfluss auf den Gradienten des Brennstoffverbrauches hat. Das Projekt beschäftigt sich mit zwei- und dreiwelligen Turbofantriebwerken und untersucht an ihnen, die Effekte der Leistungsnahmen. Als Simulationssoftware wurde GasTurb 8.0 eingesetzt und auf die integrierten Triebwerkskonfigurationen zurückgegriffen. Ziel der Arbeit ist die Ermittlung einer mathematischen Beziehung zur Berechnung des zusätzlichen Kraftstoffmassenstromes infolge einer Zapfluft- oder Wellenleistungsentnahme. So stellt sich die Frage, welche Triebwerksparameter dafür berücksichtigt werden müssen. Eine Wellenleistungsentnahme verursacht beispielsweise einen linearen Anstieg des spezifischen Kraftstoffverbrauches. Ist diese Zunahme, identisch mit der einer Zapfluftentnahme? Am Ende der Kapitel werden die Ergebnisse mit Literaturwerten verglichen und versucht Tendenzen zu erkennen bzw. bestehende zu erhärten.
7

Basic Comparison of Three Aircraft Concepts: Classic Jet Propulsion, Turbo-Electric Propulsion and Turbo-Hydraulic Propulsion

Rodrigo, Clinton January 2019 (has links) (PDF)
Purpose - This thesis presents a comparison of aircraft design concepts to identify the superior propulsion system model among turbo-hydraulic, turbo-electric and classic jet propulsion with respect to Direct Operating Costs (DOC), environmental impact and fuel burn. --- Approach - A simple aircraft model was designed based on the Top-Level Aircraft Requirements of the Airbus A320 passenger aircraft, and novel engine concepts were integrated to establish new models. Numerous types of propulsion system configurations were created by varying the type of gas turbine engine and number of propulsors. --- Findings - After an elaborate comparison of the aforementioned concepts, the all turbo-hydraulic propulsion system is found to be superior to the all turbo-electric propulsion system. A new propulsion system concept was developed by combining the thrust of a turbofan engine and utilizing the power produced by the turbo-hydraulic propulsion system that is delivered via propellers. The new partial turbo-hydraulic propulsion concept in which 20% of the total cruise power is coming from the (hydraulic driven) propellers is even more efficient than an all turbo-hydraulic concept in terms of DOC, environmental impact and fuel burn. --- Research Limitations - The aircraft were modelled with a spreadsheet based on handbook methods and relevant statistics. The investigation was done only for one type of reference aircraft and one route. A detailed analysis with a greater number of reference aircraft and types of routes could lead to other results. --- Practical Implications - With the provided spreadsheet, the DOC and environmental impact can be approximated for any commercial reference aircraft combined with the aforementioned propulsion system concepts. --- Social Implications - Based on the results of this thesis, the public will be able to discuss the demerits of otherwise highly lauded electric propulsion concepts. --- Value - To evaluate the viability of the hydraulic propulsion systems for passenger aircraft using simple mass models and aircraft design concept.
8

Evaluation of the Hybrid-Electric Aircraft Project Airbus E-Fan X

Benegas Jayme, Diego January 2019 (has links) (PDF)
Purpose - This master thesis evaluates the hybrid-electric aircraft project E-Fan X with respect to its economical and environmental performance in comparison to its reference aircraft, the BAe 146-100. The E-Fan X is replacing one of the four jet engines of the reference aircraft by an electric motor and a fan. A turboshaft engine in the cargo compartment drives a generator to power the electric motor. --- Methodology - The evaluation of this project is based on standard aircraft design equations. Economics are based on Direct Operating Costs (DOC), which are calculated with the method of the Association of European Airlines (AEA) from 1989, inflated to 2019 values. Environmental impact is assessed based on local air quality (NOx, Ozone and Particulate Matter), climate impact (CO2, NOx, Aircraft-Induced Cloudiness known as AIC) and noise pollution estimated with fundamental acoustic equations. --- Findings - The battery on board the E-Fan X it is not necessary. In order to improve the proposed design, the battery was eliminated. Nevertheless, due to additional parts required in the new configuration, the aircraft is 902 kg heavier. The turboshaft engine saves only 59 kg of fuel. The additional mass has to be compensated by a payload reduced by 9 passengers. The DOC per seat-mile are up by more than 10% and equivalent CO2 per seat-mile are more than 16% up in the new aircraft. --- Research limitations - Results are limited in accuracy by the underlying standard aircraft design calculations. The results are also limited in accuracy by the lack of knowledge of some data of the project. --- Practical implications - The report contributes arguments to the discussion about electric flight. --- Social implications - Results show that unconditional praise given to the environmental characteristics of this industry project are not justified.

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