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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
1

Gender discrimination in the Turkish labour market

Kocak, Serap January 1999 (has links)
No description available.
2

Occupational gender segregation across functional fields

Nilsen, Nadia 22 May 2009 (has links)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature and degree of occupational gender segregation across the functional fields in South Africa and to determine if existing “supply-side” explanations serve to explain the phenomenon through an attitudinal survey of the females in the sample. The UNISA first year MBL students were requested to complete the survey during their August Centre Visit at the SBL Sasol auditorium in Midrand. The survey consists of two sections. Section A determined the gender of the sample element and subsequently their functional field of occupation, which enabled the calculation of the Karmel and MacLachlan Index per functional field. The Finance, General Management, Information Technology, Operations and Production and Procurement, Buying and Logistics fields showed high levels of integration, while the Marketing, Sales and Customer Service field showed low levels of segregation in favour of women. Human Resources was strongly female dominant, while Research and Development was strongly male dominant. The “Other” field showed the highest level of segregation in favour of women. Section B contains the attitudinal Likert scale questions to measure the extent to which the various supply-side explanations determine the women’s career decisions. There seem to be certain explanation types, such as Exchange Utility and Reward, which serve as strong selection criteria and other factors that play a lesser role, such as Teaching Styles and Self-Image. Based on the averages the Occupational Sex-Typing, Self-Efficacy and Parental Influence explanations showed no agreement from any of the sample elements. / Graduate School of Business Leadership / MBL
3

Occupational gender segregation across functional fields

Nilsen, Nadia 22 May 2009 (has links)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature and degree of occupational gender segregation across the functional fields in South Africa and to determine if existing “supply-side” explanations serve to explain the phenomenon through an attitudinal survey of the females in the sample. The UNISA first year MBL students were requested to complete the survey during their August Centre Visit at the SBL Sasol auditorium in Midrand. The survey consists of two sections. Section A determined the gender of the sample element and subsequently their functional field of occupation, which enabled the calculation of the Karmel and MacLachlan Index per functional field. The Finance, General Management, Information Technology, Operations and Production and Procurement, Buying and Logistics fields showed high levels of integration, while the Marketing, Sales and Customer Service field showed low levels of segregation in favour of women. Human Resources was strongly female dominant, while Research and Development was strongly male dominant. The “Other” field showed the highest level of segregation in favour of women. Section B contains the attitudinal Likert scale questions to measure the extent to which the various supply-side explanations determine the women’s career decisions. There seem to be certain explanation types, such as Exchange Utility and Reward, which serve as strong selection criteria and other factors that play a lesser role, such as Teaching Styles and Self-Image. Based on the averages the Occupational Sex-Typing, Self-Efficacy and Parental Influence explanations showed no agreement from any of the sample elements. / Graduate School of Business Leadership / MBL
4

"Who's the boss?" : A reassessment of gender inequality in workplace authority in the Swedish public and private sector.

Wadman, Clara January 2014 (has links)
The aim of this study is to examine potential gender inequality in authority positions in the Swedish labour market. In addition, this thesis intends to explore whether there is a difference in gender inequality between the public and the private sector. The results show that women have poorer advancement opportunities compared to men. Men have significantly higher probabilities of holding managerial positions and this is valid in both sectors of the Swedish economy. The outcome cannot be explained by family-related factors, or by gender differences in work motivation. Moreover, despite public sector bureaucracy implying more extensive regulations with the intent to equalize recruitments and promotions on factors such as gender and ethnicity; women have greater chances of holding managerial positions in the private sector compared to the public sector. For men, the sector of employment is not related to differences in workplace authority. Women’s greater disadvantage in the public sector compared to the private is primarily due to the large concentration of female-dominated occupations in the former sector, which limit career opportunities substantially for women. In fact, when controlling for the share of women working in the profession there is no longer a significant advantage in terms of workplace authority for women in the private sector compared to the public sector. This thesis argues that public sector formalized regulations, as regards recruitment and promotion, are not able to attenuate the negative effects for women due to the substantial share of female-dominated occupations within this sector.
5

The Role of Gender in Kuwait's Architecture

Redha, Ahmad 17 March 2014 (has links)
This thesis explores the different methods of gender segregation in both the home and public realm in Kuwait. The main forms of segregation exists both physically, in the form of a wall barrier, and mentally, in the way people are raised in Middle Eastern traditional and cultural norms. The goal of this thesis is to analyze the living patterns in terms of age, clan, and gender and to create a new design method for a home where it incorporates old traditional Middle Eastern home architectural styles. The new design method enhances the living environment, increases access to outdoor spaces, and improves living conditions of the servants living and working in the home.
6

Intergenerational transmission of gender segregation : Parents’ Roles in Shaping Children’s Occupational Aspirations

Huuva, Lou January 2015 (has links)
Most men and women are employed in occupations largely dominated by people of their own sex. Since occupational aspirations have proven to predict future labor market behavior it is of importance to study young boys’ and girls’ occupational preferences. With the use of a survey based on Swedish 15-year-old children this study examines the association between the gender composition of parent’s occupation and the gender composition of children’s most preferred occupation. Drawing from the sex-role model that emphasizes the importance of the same-sex parents in forming children’s preferences, this study has investigated whether the gender composition of mothers’ (fathers’) occupations has an impact on the gender composition of girls’ (boys’) occupational aspirations. In line with previous research, the sex-role model received support for girls. But the observed association between fathers and sons disappear upon adding control variables. It was also hypothesized that the mothers’ generation entry into high status occupation would make children more likely to also regard their opposite sex parents as a role model. However, this hypothesis did not receive support. The result for girls can be interpreted as a sign that sex-role modeling some extent can be one reason behind the persistent sex segregation in the labor market.
7

The Women in Top Management:The Case Study of EY company / Ženy v top managemente: Prípadová štúdia spoločnosti EY

Tomčovčíková, Michaela January 2015 (has links)
The thesis analyses the course and tempo of women´s careers in comparison with those of men, based on an analysis of my own research conducted at the company EY. The results of the research demonstrates, whether it is more challenging for women or men to achieve a managerial position. The thesis identifies and analyse the different factors that may influence the career of women, based on the theoretical findings and on a qualitative interview.
8

Kvinnor i revisionsbranschen : En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors karriärsmöjligheter / Women in the audit industry : A qualitative study of women's career opportunities

Andersson, Erika, Mellqvist, Stina January 2016 (has links)
Revisionsbranschen karaktäriseras av en hierarkisk organisation med tydliga karriärsteg för medarbetare att följa. För att nå den högsta positionen, partner, är en betydande faktor att medarbetare har en viss storlek på sin kundstock och därmed kan generera intäkter till byrån. Traditionellt har revisionsyrket dominerats av män, men de senaste decennierna har allt fler kvinnor etablerat sig i branschen vilket resulterat i en jämn könsfördelning. På de högre positionerna, såsom partner, dominerar trots det fortfarande männen. Jämställdhet är ett omdebatterat område och förändringar sker kontinuerligt. Syftet med studien är därför att skapa en djupare förståelse för orsakerna till kvinnors underrepresentation på partnernivå inom revisionsbranschen. Vidare kommer det undersökas om det finns skillnader mellan storstads- och småstadskontor som påverkar kvinnors möjlighet att göra karriär inom revisionsbranschen. Den teoretiska referensramen består dels av en grundläggande beskrivning av revisonsyrket och dess organisation, dels av genusteorier som kan förklara varför kvinnor inte återses i samma utsträckning som män på toppbefattningar i arbetslivet. Genom intervjuer med kvinnliga auktoriserade revisorer från småstads- respektive storstadskontor framkommer det att det finns goda möjligheter, oavsett kön, att avancera i karriären. Vår studie tyder på att flera av de teorier som förklarar kvinnors underrepresentation på högre positioner, såsom glastak och homosocialitet, inte upplevs förekomma i någon större omfattning i praktiken, istället är det till stor del är en tidsfråga innan även toppositionerna inom revisionsbranschen är könsbalanserade. Den främsta förklaringen till att kvinnor hamnar efter män i karriären tycks ändå vara att de är föräldralediga längre samt att deras karriärsambitioner förändras i samband med bildandet av familj. Den tydligaste skillnaden som framgår mellan storstads- och småstadskontor är att kvinnor på småstadskontor har begränsad tillgång till kvinnliga förebilder och kvinnliga mentorer vilket kan ha en negativ påverkan på deras karriär. / The audit industry is characterized by a hierarchical organization with clear career steps for employees to follow. In order to reach the highest position, partner, it is important that the employee has a certain number of clients and thereby can generate revenues for the agency. Traditionally, the audit profession has been dominated by men, but in recent decades an increasing number of women have started to work in the industry, which has resulted in a balanced gender distribution. Although, in the higher positions, such as partner, men still dominate. Gender equality is a debated issue and changes occur continuously. The aim of this study is therefore to gain a deeper understanding of the causes of women’s underrepresentation at the partner level in the audit industry. Furthermore, it will be examined if there are any differences between small city offices and large city offices that affect women's career opportunities in the audit industry. The theoretical framework consists partly of a basic description about the audit profession and its organization, and partly by gender theories that can explain why women are not seen at the top positions of the organizations in the same extent as men. Through interviews with female authorized public accountants from small city offices as well as large city offices, it is found that there are good opportunities, regardless of gender, to advance in the career. Our study indicates that several of the theories that explain women's underrepresentation in higher positions, such as glass ceiling and homosociality, are not perceived as something that occurs to a significant extent in practice, instead it is largely a matter of time before the top positions in the audit industry are gender balanced as well. Still, the main reason for women ending up beneath men in their careers seems to be that they are on parental leave longer and that their ambitions for career advancement changes when they have children. The most obvious difference between small city offices and large city offices is that women in small town offices have limited access to female role models and female mentors, which may adversely affect their careers.
9

Varför så mycket män? : En kvalitativ studie om jämställdhetsarbete i musikbranschen

Petersen, Hanna, Schelén, Henny January 2017 (has links)
Jämställdhet är ett ämne som frekvent diskuteras inom musikbranschen, men trots det finns det en tydlig manlig dominans på ledande och kreativa poster. Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ studie där vi har undersökt hur organisationer inom musikbranschen arbetar internt och externt med jämställdhet samt hur de avser komma till rätta med problematiken att kreativa och ledande positioner domineras av män. Vi har genomfört semi-strukturerade intervjuer med respondenter för att låta deras röster komma till tals. Slutsatsen visar att jämställdhet är något hela branschen anser viktigt att arbeta med, men det finns olika åsikter hur förändringen konkret ska gå till väga. Organisationerna tycks gå mot en jämn könsfördelning, men problematik med horisontell och vertikal könssegregering är fortfarande högst aktuellt, varför en normkritik på den egna organisationen är viktigt. Ett konkret verktyg för förändring är en medveten rekrytering. Något som efterfrågas är högre krav från samhället på jämställdhetsarbete, då det tvingar organisationer och påskyndar förändringsprocessen. För att vi ska nå ett jämställt samhälle krävs det att alla organisationer i samspel med samhället tillsammans strävar mot samma mål. / Gender equality is a subject that is frequently discussed within the Swedish music business, but there is despite that still an evident male dominance on leading and creative positions. We have done a qualitative research where we studied how organisations within the music business are working internally and externally with gender equality, and how they intend to solve the issue of men and women not having the same possibilities to achieve career. We have done semi-structured interviews with respondents, to let their opinions be heard and make their perspective the main focus of our research. The conclusion of this study is that the Swedish music business believe that gender equality is important to work with, but the opinions on how to do so differs depending on whom you ask. The organisations tend to move towards an even distribution between the sexes, but issues with horizontal and vertical gender segregation is still very current, why it is important to question the existing norms within one’s organisation. A specific tool to achieve a more gender equal organisation, is to be more aware when recruiting. Something that is being requested is that society make higher demands on gender equality work, as that would force organisations to change more rapidly. To reach a gender equal society, all organisations together with the society must have the same goal and collectively work to reach it.
10

Pojkars musik, reproduktionens tystnad : en explanatorisk studie av pojkars reproducerande förhållningssätt till populärmusik och populärmusicerande

Kvarnhall, Victor January 2015 (has links)
Popular music life is permeated by both male dominance and gender segregation – the latter most notably concerns musical instrument choice. The pervasiveness of these phenomena is suggested by both music research on gender and statistics. In this study, the overarching ambition is to explain boys' reproductive approaches to popular music/making. In order to successfully carry out a study with such an explanatory ambition, a theory of causality in social life is necessary. In this thesis the notion of causality is taken from a critical realist tradition. However, explanation and causal analysis is most often rejected among music researchers who deal with questions of gender. Nonetheless, I would argue that explanatory ambitions are tacit starting points in this kind of research, and the field would stand to gain from making them explicit. Therefore I have formulated two aims, which my study addresses. The first one is to explain boys' reproductive approaches to popular music/making, in regard to male dominance and gender segregation. The second one is more theoretically oriented: to apply critical realism within music research on gender. The aims has been fulfilled by, first, identifying the boys' adoption of and distancing from different approaches to popular music/musicians and musical instruments. Second, the boys' approaches are explained by reconstructing the social, cultural and psychological conditions that has enabled them. Altogether, this demonstrates why and how the boys' reproductive approaches arise, which (potentially) lead to a reproduction of the male dominance and gender segregation within the popular music field.

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