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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
31

Die Einrede des nichterfüllten Vertrages : unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Miet- und Dienstvertrages /

Kast, Dietrich. January 1973 (has links)
Thesis (doctoral)--Universität Heidelberg, 1973. / Includes bibliographical references (xi-xxv).
32

Dano moral por inadimplemento contratual e suas consequências / Moral damage for contract breach and its consequences

Alex Trevisan Braz 09 April 2014 (has links)
Este estudo tem o objetivo de analisar o dano moral decorrente do descumprimento do contrato. O contrato é firmado para que seja cumprido, nem sempre, porém, o é. Do descumprimento do avençado surgem diferentes consequências e o que essa pesquisa pretende esclarecer é que uma dessas consequências pode ser a lesão moral. Através da análise da figura do contrato, dos efeitos de seu descumprimento e do instituto do dano moral, o estudo buscará comprovar que a quebra contratual pode ocasionar danos de diferentes naturezas, inclusive, o de natureza moral. Na verdade, independentemente da origem do dano moral, se no descumprimento do contrato, ou não, a lesão dessa natureza é reparável. A pesquisa pretende, ainda, propor a reunião de determinados contratos, cujo descumprimento comumente causa danos morais, na categoria dos contratos morais. Esses contratos possuem características comuns que os tornam potenciais causadores de danos morais, quando descumpridos. Por fim, fora realizada pesquisa junto ao Superior Tribunal de Justiça no intuito de evidenciar o cenário jurisprudencial acerca do tema. Tal levantamento evidenciou o estabelecimento naquela Corte de uma regra da excepcionalidade do dano moral no caso de descumprimento do contrato, regra essa que, como será demonstrado, não parece aceitável. / This study aims to analyze the moral damage resulting from breach of contract. The contract is to be fulfilled, not always, however, it is. The breach of contract has different consequences and what this research intends to clarify is that one of these consequences can be moral damage. Through the analysis of the contract, breach´s effects and the figure of moral damage, the study will seek to prove that the breach of contract may cause damages of different natures, including the moral one. In fact, regardless of the source of moral damages, whether it results from event of failure to comply with any obligation set forth in the contract or not, such injury is repairable. The research also intends to propose an arrangement of certain contracts that whenever breached, usually causes moral damages, in the category of \'moral contracts\'. These contracts have common characteristics that make them potential cause of moral damage, when breached. A research in the Superior Court was also conducted to demonstrate the jurisprudential scenario on the subject. This research showed that the Court established a moral damage exceptionality rule in cases of violation of contract. This rule, however, as will be shown, does not seem acceptable .
33

A pesca no arquipélago de Cabo Verde : uma avaliação da gestão econômica e financeira das empresas financiadas pelo Projeto de Desenvolvimento da Pesca Industrial

MENDES, Carlos Jorge Fontaínhas 11 August 2008 (has links)
Submitted by (edna.saturno@ufrpe.br) on 2016-05-19T16:17:26Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Carlos Jorge Fontainhas Mendes.pdf: 1502684 bytes, checksum: 139910559247aeac4ff2af21cba7a3e9 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2016-05-19T16:17:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Carlos Jorge Fontainhas Mendes.pdf: 1502684 bytes, checksum: 139910559247aeac4ff2af21cba7a3e9 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2008-08-11 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPES / It is treated of study on the aspects of the economical and financial administration of the companies of fishing of Cape Verde, where it is analyzed as the process of share of the coming resources of the fishing, between the fishermen and the company, it interferes in intems rate retum - IRR and in the liquid present value - LPV and if that effect contributed to the formation of the breach of contract of the financing of long period. It was observed that the share system traditionally used by the companies made possible the transfer of financial resources ofthe company for the partners in the order of83,101,309,54 Cap-Verdean escudos (ECV) that did with that IRR that should be of 46,78% started to be of 31,23%. That fall in IRR might have contributed to the formation of the breach of contract together with other detected causes, such as the professionalism lack, the disorganization of the financial administration and the inexistence of an accounting system in agreement with the norms and procedures officially accepted. It was observed that there was a decrease of the patrimony liquidate ofthe company, while the partners' family patrimonies increased. / Trata-se de estudo sobre aspectos da gestão econômica e financeira das empresas de pesca de Cabo Verde, onde se analisa como o processo de partilha dos recursos provenientes da pesca, entre os pescadores e a empresa, interfere na taxa interna de retorno - TIR e no valor presente líquido - VPL e se esse efeito contribui para a formação da inadimplência do financiamento de longo prazo. Observou-se que o sistema de partilha tradicionalmente utilizada pelas empresas possibilitou a transferência de recursos financeiros da empresa para os sócios na ordem de 83.101.309,54 escudos caboverdeanos (ECV). Isso fez com que a TIR que deveria ser de 46,78% passasse a ser de 31,23%. Essa queda na TIR pode ter contribuído para a formação da inadimplência juntamente com outras causas detectadas, tais como a falta de profissionalismo, a desorganização da gestão financeira e a inexistência de um sistema contábil de acordo com as normas e procedimentos oficialmente aceitos. Observou-se que houve uma diminuição do valor do patrimônio liquido da empresa no período em estudo, enquanto que os patrimônios familiares dos sócios aumentaram.
34

Le retard dans l'exécution des contrats (XIIe-XIXe siècle). Contribution historique à l'étude de la responsabilité contractuelle / The contractual delay (12th-19th centuries). Historical contribution to the study of contractual liability

Daillant, Marie-Anne 27 October 2016 (has links)
Depuis plus d’un siècle, l’existence du concept de responsabilité contractuelle suscite de vives controverses au sein de la doctrine française. Le retard contractuel, aussi dénommé demeure, ou mora, constitue le second fait générateur de la responsabilité contractuelle, à côté du défaut d’exécution. Les spécificités de la demeure tiennent tant à ses conditions de mise en œuvre qu’à son régime, caractéristiques qui ne cesseront d’être réformées depuis le Moyen Âge, au gré des besoins et valeurs de chaque époque sans cesse en évolution. Fidèle à l’héritage romain dévolu par la Codification justinienne, le jus commune ne parviendra pas à formuler un principe général de responsabilité contractuelle pour retard, admettant que cette question relève davantage du fait que du droit. Il dispose néanmoins du matériau nécessaire à l’édification du principe. Mais le retard n’y est jamais considéré comme une faute, et ce constat est d’autant plus frappant dans les sources du droit propre au Royaume de France qui privilégient la recherche de l’exécution en nature de la dette. Le véritable changement de paradigme s’opèrera à la fin du XVe siècle, puis surtout sous la plume des juristes humanistes, qui, pour la première fois, qualifieront le retard de faute. Toutefois, faute, dommage et causalité ne feront pas l’objet d’une systématisation aboutie, bien que favorisée par l’énonciation d’un principe général de responsabilité civile par Grotius, sous l’égide du précepte du neminem laedere. Aux siècles suivants, l’ambiguïté demeurera manifeste, entraînant d’ailleurs une importante discordance entre les deux sommités de la doctrine française moderne, Domat et Pothier. Finalement, les rédacteurs du Code civil ne prendront pas partie pour un principe de responsabilité contractuelle pour retard, tout en confirmant les traits principaux d’un tel concept. / Since over a century, the concept of contractual liability has been generating strong controversies within the French doctrine. The contractual delay, also called mora, forms the second operative event of the contractual liability, beside of the contractual failure, from which independent issues can be distinguished. Thus some specificities of the mora belong to its deployment conditions as well as its legal regime, characteristics that keep being reformed since the Middle Ages, depending on the needs and the time values constantly evolving. Following the Roman heritage from the Codification of Justinian, the Jus Commune will never succeed in formulating a general principle of contractual liability for delay, admitting that this question belongs more to the fact than the law. Yet, there is the needed ressources to edify such a principle. But the delay is never considered as a tort, and this finding is even more striking in its sources of the French Kingdom. The texts of the jus proprium are indeed very far from establishing a damages system of the delay, encouraging the search of the execution of the debt in nature. The true change of paradigm will happen at the end of the 15th century, and especially with the humanist jurists who, for the first time, will qualify the tort delay. However, tort, damage and chain of causation will not be the object of an achieved systematization, despite the enunciation of a general principle of civil liability by Grotius, under the aegis of neminem laedere precept. During the next centuries, the ambiguity will remain obvious, generating actually a strong discord between the two thoughts leaders of the modern French Doctrine, Domat and Pothier. Finally, the Code Civil redactors will not decide for a principle of contractual liability for delay, while still confirming main features of such a concept.
35

Les sanctions contractuelles en droit administratif / Remedies in administratives contracts law

Riccardi, David 05 July 2017 (has links)
Les sanctions de l’inexécution des contrats administratifs constituent un thème classique mais peu traité du droit administratif. Elles méritaient une étude globale renouvelée. Les principales sanctions applicables en cas d’inexécution ou d’exécution fautive de ces contrats existent en effet au moins depuis la première moitié du XXème siècle. Les présentations théoriques qui en sont faites remontent également à cette période et ont peu changé, même si certaines évolutions importantes du droit positif sont intervenues. Cette stabilité de la discipline cache pourtant une réelle complexité qui se décèle dès l’analyse de la notion-même de « sanction contractuelle ». En effet, les mesures auxquelles cette notion renvoie connaissent une pluralité d’objets (résiliation, exécution autoritaire des obligations, dommages-intérêts, pénalités…) et de fonctions (prévenir, réparer, punir…) bien distincts, les uns des autres. En cherchant a priori à éviter l’inexécution et a posteriori, à la surmonter, les sanctions contractuelles apparaissent à la fois comme des mesures préventives qui peuvent s’apparenter à de véritables mesures de police du service public et à des punitions intervenant dans un cadre répressif et disciplinaire particulier, caractéristique d’un ordre contractuel autonome. La complexité et le particularisme du droit des sanctions contractuelles résulte aussi de l’aspérité de leurs régimes auxquels le droit positif et la doctrine peinent à trouver une cohérence globale. Construits isolément, ces régimes ne résultent en effet d’aucune logique commune et unitaire. Pour autant, un certain nombre de règles applicables à toutes les sanctions peut être repéré, en même temps qu’une tendance progressive à l’harmonisation. A ce jour, la substance qui constitue le droit des sanctions contractuelles apparait ainsi suffisamment homogène pour permettre la consécration d’une catégorie juridique de nature à aboutir à l’application d’un régime cohérent. Au-delà des aspects théoriques de la question, une telle consécration pourrait s’accompagner de certaines évolutions de droit positif dont l’ensemble serait de nature à offrir une lisibilité de la matière et à accroitre la sécurité juridique qui paraissent aujourd’hui indispensables à la pratique et aux acteurs des contrats administratifs. / The sanctions of non-performance of administrative contracts are a classic but little-discussed theme of administrative law. They deserved a renewed global study. The main penalties applicable in the event of non-fulfillment or faulty execution of these contracts exist at least since the first half of the twentieth century. The theoretical presentations made there also date back to that period and have changed little, although some important developments in positive law have taken place. However, this stability of discipline hides a real complexity which can be discerned from the analysis of the notion of "contractual sanction". Indeed, the measures to which this notion refers are subject to a multiplicity of objects (termination, authoritarian execution of obligations, damages, penalties ...) and functions (prevention, repair, punishment ...) distinct from one another. By trying a priori to avoid non-performance and a posteriori, to overcome it, contractual sanctions appear both as preventive measures which may amount to genuine public service police measures and punishments in a framework repression and discipline, characteristic of an autonomous contractual order. The complexity and particularity of the contractual sanctions law also results from the asperity of their juridical regimes to which the positive law and the doctrine struggle to find a global coherence. Constructed in isolation, these regimes don’t result from any common and unitary logic. However, a number of rules applicable to all sanctions can be identified, along with a gradual trend towards harmonization. The substance which constitutes the contractual penalties law thus appears to be sufficiently homogeneous to enable the recognition of a legal category able to leading the application of a coherent regime. Beyond the theoretical aspects of the question, such a consecration could be accompanied by certain evolutions of positive law, the whole of which would be such as to offer a readability of the matter and to increase the legal certainty which now seem indispensable to the practice and the actors of the administrative contracts.
36

Remoteness of damage in contract law : an agreement-centred approach

Kramer, Adam. January 2000 (has links)
No description available.
37

O inadimplemento antecipado do contrato no direito civil brasileiro / Anticipatory breach of contract in Brazilian civil law.

Cardoso, Luiz Philipe Tavares de Azevedo 19 May 2014 (has links)
Esta tese tem como tema o inadimplemento antecipado do contrato no direito civil brasileiro. O ponto de partida para o estudo consiste na análise de jurisprudência que originariamente utilizou a figura, desprovida de consagração legal expressa. Posteriormente, é examinada a doutrina. Diante deste material, propõe-se um modelo teórico para o entendimento do inadimplemento antecipado do contrato, ajustando-o às categorias básicas do direito das obrigações brasileiro. São apresentados seus pressupostos, elementos constitutivos e efeitos. No decorrer do trabalho, são abordados aspectos do compromisso de compra e venda, a relação obrigacional complexa, deveres acessórios e laterais, fim contratual, inadimplemento, culpa e imputabilidade, impossibilidade, perda da função social, exceção de contrato não cumprido, resolução, indenização e demanda de cumprimento. / This work has as its theme the anticipatory breach of contract in the Brazilian civil law. The starting point for the study is the analysis of cases that originally used the figure, devoid of explicit legal recognition. Subsequently, the doctrine is examined. Faced with this material, we propose a theoretical model for understanding the anticipatory breach of contract, adjusting it to the basic categories of Brazilian law of obligations. Their assumptions, constitutive elements and effects are presented. Throughout his work, aspects of purchase and sale, the complex obligatory relationship, accessories and side duties, contractual order, breach of contract, non-performance, responsability, frustration, loss of social function, termination, rescission, and action for damages.
38

O inadimplemento antecipado do contrato no direito civil brasileiro / Anticipatory breach of contract in Brazilian civil law.

Luiz Philipe Tavares de Azevedo Cardoso 19 May 2014 (has links)
Esta tese tem como tema o inadimplemento antecipado do contrato no direito civil brasileiro. O ponto de partida para o estudo consiste na análise de jurisprudência que originariamente utilizou a figura, desprovida de consagração legal expressa. Posteriormente, é examinada a doutrina. Diante deste material, propõe-se um modelo teórico para o entendimento do inadimplemento antecipado do contrato, ajustando-o às categorias básicas do direito das obrigações brasileiro. São apresentados seus pressupostos, elementos constitutivos e efeitos. No decorrer do trabalho, são abordados aspectos do compromisso de compra e venda, a relação obrigacional complexa, deveres acessórios e laterais, fim contratual, inadimplemento, culpa e imputabilidade, impossibilidade, perda da função social, exceção de contrato não cumprido, resolução, indenização e demanda de cumprimento. / This work has as its theme the anticipatory breach of contract in the Brazilian civil law. The starting point for the study is the analysis of cases that originally used the figure, devoid of explicit legal recognition. Subsequently, the doctrine is examined. Faced with this material, we propose a theoretical model for understanding the anticipatory breach of contract, adjusting it to the basic categories of Brazilian law of obligations. Their assumptions, constitutive elements and effects are presented. Throughout his work, aspects of purchase and sale, the complex obligatory relationship, accessories and side duties, contractual order, breach of contract, non-performance, responsability, frustration, loss of social function, termination, rescission, and action for damages.
39

A comparative evaluation of the judicial discretion to refuse specific performance

Van Der Merwe, Su-Anne 12 1900 (has links)
Thesis (LLD)--Stellenbosch University, 2014. / ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This thesis examines the contractual remedy of specific performance in South African law. It looks closely and critically at the discretionary power of the courts to refuse to order specific performance. The focus is on the considerations relevant to the exercise of the judicial discretion. First, it emphasises the tension between the right and the discretion. It is argued that it is problematical for our courts to refuse to order specific performance in the exercise of their discretion. The underlying difficulty is that the discretion of the court to refuse specific performance is fundamentally in conflict with the supposed right of the plaintiff to claim specific performance. The thesis investigates the tenability of this open-ended discretionary approach to the availability of specific performance as a remedy for breach of contract. To this end, the thesis examines less complex, more streamlined approaches embodied in different international instruments. Comparison between different legal systems is also used in order to highlight particular problems in the South African approach, and to see whether a better solution may be borrowed from elsewhere. An investigation of the availability of this remedy in other legal systems and international instruments reveals that the South African approach is incoherent and unduly complex. In order to illustrate this point, the thesis examines four of the grounds on which our courts have refused to order specific performance. In the first two instances, namely, when damages provide adequate relief, and when it will be difficult for the court to oversee the execution of the order, we see that the courts gradually attach less or even no weight to these factors when deciding whether or not to order specific performance. In the third instance, namely, personal service contracts, the courts have at times been willing to grant specific performance, but have also refused it in respect of highly personal obligations, which is understandable insofar as the law wishes to avoid forced labour and sub-standard performances. The analysis of the fourth example, namely, undue hardship, demonstrates that the courts continue to take account of the interests of defendants and third parties when deciding whether or not to order specific performance. This study found that there are certain circumstances in which the courts invariably refuse to order specific performance and where the discretionary power that courts have to refuse specific performance is actually illusory. It is argued that our law relating to specific performance could be discredited if this reality is not reflected in legal doctrine. Given this prospect, possible solutions to the problem are evaluated, and an argument is made in favour of a simpler concrete approach that recognises more clearly-defined rules with regard to when specific performance should be refused in order to provide coherency and certainty in the law. This study concludes that a limited right to be awarded specific performance may be preferable to a right which is subject to an open-ended discretion to refuse it, and that an exception-based approach could provide a basis for the simplification of our law governing specific performance of contracts. / AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie tesis ondersoek die benadering tot die kontraktuele remedie van spesifieke nakoming in die Suid-Afrikaanse reg. Die diskresionêre bevoegdheid van howe om spesifieke nakoming te weier word van nader en krities aanskou. Die fokus is op die oorwegings wat ‘n rol speel by die uitoefening van die diskresie. Eerstens beklemtoon die tesis die spanning tussen die reg en die regterlike diskresie. Daar word aangevoer dat dit problematies is dat ons howe ‘n eis om spesifieke nakoming kan weier in die uitoefening van hul diskresie. Die onderliggende probleem is dat die hof se diskresie om spesifieke nakoming te weier, fundamenteel in stryd is met die sogenaamde reg van die eiser om spesifieke nakoming te eis. Die tesis ondersoek die houbaarheid van hierdie onbelemmerde diskresionêre benadering tot die beskikbaarheid van spesifieke nakoming as ‘n remedie vir kontrakbreuk. Vervolgens ondersoek die tesis die vereenvoudigde benaderings ten opsigte van spesifieke nakoming beliggaam in verskillende internasionale instrumente. Vergelyking tussen verskillende regstelsels word ook gebruik om spesifieke probleme in die Suid- Afrikaanse benadering uit te lig, en om vas te stel of daar ‘n beter oplossing van elders geleen kan word. ‘n Ondersoek van die aanwesigheid van hierdie remedie in ander regstelsels en internasionale instrumente onthul dat die Suid-Afrikaanse benadering onsamehangend en onnodig ingewikkeld is. Om hierdie punt te illustreer, ondersoek die tesis vier gronde waarop die remedie tipies geweier word. In die eerste twee gevalle, naamlik, wanneer skadevergoeding genoegsame regshulp sal verleen en wanneer dit vir die hof moeilik sal wees om toesig te hou oor die uitvoering van die bevel, sien ons dat die howe geleidelik minder of selfs geen gewig aan hierdie faktore heg wanneer hulle besluit of spesifieke nakoming toegestaan moet word nie. In die derde geval, naamlik, dienskontrakte, sien ons dat die howe bereid is om in sekere gevalle spesifieke nakoming toe te staan, maar egter nie spesifieke nakoming ten opsigte van hoogs persoonlike verpligtinge gelas nie, wat verstaanbaar is tot die mate wat ons reg dwangarbeid en swak prestasies wil vermy. Die analise van die vierde grond, naamlik, buitensporige benadeling, toon dat die howe voortgaan om die belange van die verweerder en derde partye in ag te neem wanneer hulle besluit om spesifieke nakoming te beveel. Die studie het bevind dat daar sekere omstandighede is waarin die howe nooit spesifieke nakoming toestaan nie en die diskresie eintlik afwesig is. Derhalwe word dit aangevoer dat die geldende reg wat betref spesifieke nakoming weerlê kan word indien hierdie werklikheid nie in die substantiewe reg weerspieël word nie. Gegewe die vooruitsig, word moontlike oplossings ondersoek, en ‘n argument word gemaak ten gunste van ‘n eenvoudiger konkrete benadering wat meer duidelik gedefinieerde reëls erken met betrekking tot wanneer spesifieke nakoming geweier moet word ten einde regsekerheid en eenvormigheid te bevorder. Die gevolgtrekking is dat ‘n beperkte aanspraak op spesifieke nakoming meer wenslik is as ‘n reg op spesifieke nakoming wat onderhewig is aan die hof se oorheersende diskresie om dit te weier, en dat ‘n uitsondering-gebaseerde benadering as ‘n basis kan dien vir die vereenvoudiging van ons reg rakende spesifieke nakoming.
40

Mezinárodní kupní smlouva / International sales contract

Lauermannová, Irena January 2013 (has links)
International sales contract The purpose of this diploma thesis was to analyse the term "fundamental breach" of international sales contract as defined in Art. 25 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (hereinafter the " Vienna Convention"). The thesis is composed of introduction, conclusion and four chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of the international sales contract and its breach. Chapter One is introductory and defines first international sales contract and Vienna Convention. The chapter is subdivided into two parts. Part One describes the characteristics of international sales contract. Part Two deals with history and characteristics of Vienna convention, and also explains the relationship between Vienna Convention and Regulation Rome I. Second chapter describes three interpretative principles specified in Art. 7(1) of Vienna Convention, i.e., a) regard to the international character of the Vienna Convention, b) need to promote uniformity in its application and c) the observance of good faith in international trade. The chapter consists of three parts. Part One focuses on regard to the international character of the Vienna Convention. It states, that the Vienna Convention should be interpreted autonomously, without reference to the...

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