Concepções de educadores da área de ciências da natureza associadas ao Programa Escola sem Partido e à Ideologia de Gênero / Conceptions of educators in the area of natural sciences associated to the Program Without School and to the Ideology of GenderOrofino, Paula Santos 17 February 2018 (has links)
Submitted by PAULA SANTOS OROFINO (email@example.com) on 2018-04-16T19:15:04Z No. of bitstreams: 1 dissertação Paula Orofino.pdf: 4953067 bytes, checksum: 9cebbebf0a38276579f08360741e2a35 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Minervina Teixeira Lopes null (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2018-04-16T20:16:16Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 orofino_ps_me_bauru.pdf: 4817251 bytes, checksum: d2464e1b05010cfaab4465664c8ee1e6 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-04-16T20:16:16Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 orofino_ps_me_bauru.pdf: 4817251 bytes, checksum: d2464e1b05010cfaab4465664c8ee1e6 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2018-02-17 / As questões de gênero estão presentes de forma direta e indireta nas relações que a sociedade institui e que direcionam os papéis pré-estabelecidos da mulher e/ou do homem, podendo reproduzir desigualdades na vida pessoal e profissional entre os dois. As ciências sociais definem gênero como uma construção social do sexo anatômico e produto da realidade social, ou seja, baseia-se no raciocínio de que há machos e fêmeas na espécie humana, mas a maneira de ser homem ou mulher é realizada pela cultura independente da anatomia de seus corpos. O ambiente escolar pode ser um meio de reprodução de diferenças sociais e imposição de padrões culturais relacionados às questões de gênero, em que educadores e educadoras podem reforçar preconceitos e estereótipos de gênero. É possível observar que as questões de gênero incidem no interesse entre meninos e meninas por carreiras científicas e tecnológicas. Há uma discussão referente a esse tema e que condiz com o Movimento do Programa Escola sem Partido, o qual se faz presente em projetos de leis estaduais e municipais no Brasil e que dispõe sobre a sua inclusão no sistema educacional de ensino. Entre vários pressupostos, o movimento veta a aplicação dos postulados da Teoria ou Ideologia de Gênero. Nessa perspectiva, esta pesquisa tem por objetivo identificar as concepções de educadores da área de Ciências da Natureza (Biologia, Física e Química),de uma rede estadual de ensino,a respeito do Programa Escola sem Partido e das questões de gênero no que condiz com a presença de mulheres nas carreiras científicas e tecnológicas.Para fundamentar a análise, esta pesquisa utiliza como referencial teórico as ideias de Paulo Freire presentes em sua obra “Pedagogia do Oprimido”. A constituição dos dados é formada por questionários e entrevistas semi-estruturada se a análise dos dados utiliza como referência a Análise de Conteúdo Categorial proposta por Laurence Bardin.Os resultados mostram que as concepções dos educadores a respeito do Programa Escola sem Partido apresentam a força da falsa dicotomia expressa pelo programa: a existência de uma escola “com” partido. Essas concepções são baseadas em argumentações contraditórias e não corroboram com a própria Natureza da Ciência e com as pesquisas do ensino de ciências que objetivam formar cidadãos autônomos e críticos. Com relação às questões de gênero, muitos desses educadores não compreendem o gênero como uma construção social do sexo anatômico e produto da realidade social, porém reconhecem que, atualmente, há uma maior atuação das mulheres no meio científico, embora já tenham presenciado situações que representam as dificuldades que as mulheres têm com relação à discriminação e aos preconceitos que sofrem ao se referirem à maternidade e às questões familiares, ao assédio e às carreiras pré-estabelecidas para homens e mulheres. / Gender issues are present in a direct and indirect way in the relations established by society and that direct the pre-established roles of women and / or men and can reproduce inequalities in personal and professional life between the two. The social sciences define gender as a social construction of the anatomical sex and product of social reality, that is, it is based on the reasoning that there are males and females in the human species, but the way of being male or female is realized by the culture independent of anatomy of their bodies. The school environment can be a means of reproducing social differences and imposing cultural patterns related to gender issues, in which educators can reinforce gender biases and stereotypes. It is possible to observe that gender issues focus on the interest between boys and girls for scientific and technological careers. There is a discussion regarding this theme and that is in line with the Movement of the School without the Party Program, which is present in projects of state and municipal laws in Brazil and that provides for their inclusion in the educational system of education. Among several assumptions, the movement vetoes the application of the postulates of the Theory or Ideology of Gender. In this perspective, this research aims to identify the conceptions of educators in the area of Natural Sciences (Biology, Physics and Chemistry) of a state education network regarding the School without the Party Program and the gender issues in that it matches the presence of women in scientific and technological careers. In order to base the analysis, this research uses as theoretical reference the ideas of Paulo Freire present in his work "Pedagogy of the Oppressed". Data collection consists of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews and data analysis uses the Categorical Content Analysis proposed by Laurence Bardin. The results show that the educators' conceptions of the Non-Party School Program show the strength of the false dichotomy expressed by the program: the existence of a "with" school. These conceptions are based on contradictory arguments and do not corroborate with the very Nature of Science and with the researches of science teaching that aim to form autonomous and critical citizens. Regarding gender issues, many of these educators do not understand gender as a social construct of anatomical sex and a product of social reality, but recognize that there is now a greater role for women in science, although they have already witnessed situations that represent the difficulties women face in relation to discrimination and the prejudices they suffer when they refer to motherhood and family issues, harassment and the pre-established careers for men and women.
Gênero, ética e discurso: produção, circulação e consumo do discurso de ódio motivado por questões de gênero em sites de redes sociais / Gender, ethics and discourse: production, circulation and consumption of hate speech motivated by gender issues in social networking sitesPereira, Gabriela Agostinho 27 March 2018 (has links)
Submitted by Adriana Alves Rodrigues (email@example.com) on 2018-10-05T18:45:33Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ppgcom - gabriela agostinho pereira.pdf: 18869184 bytes, checksum: 82c6bfb0ce2e876f0893fc603365bbe2 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Adriana Alves Rodrigues (firstname.lastname@example.org) on 2018-10-05T18:46:25Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ppgcom - gabriela agostinho pereira.pdf: 18869184 bytes, checksum: 82c6bfb0ce2e876f0893fc603365bbe2 (MD5) / Approved for entry into archive by Debora Cristina Bonfim Aquarone (email@example.com) on 2018-10-08T11:53:14Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 ppgcom - gabriela agostinho pereira.pdf: 18869184 bytes, checksum: 82c6bfb0ce2e876f0893fc603365bbe2 (MD5) / Made available in DSpace on 2018-10-08T11:54:32Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 ppgcom - gabriela agostinho pereira.pdf: 18869184 bytes, checksum: 82c6bfb0ce2e876f0893fc603365bbe2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2018-03-27 / Discussions regarding gender have gained space in the media and in the public agenda in recent years, especially in social media sites. Besides being ubiquitous in society, multiple groups have starting using these sites as tools for mobilization and activism around gender issues, questioning hegemonic societal patterns. The individuals who frequent these spaces have the possibility of not only consuming, but also producing, reproducing, sharing, and divulging content related to virtually all themes in a way that is very quick and often has immeasurable reach. Therefore, depending of content produced and consumed, these sites can act both as a space for transformation, giving voice and visibility to topics and people who wouldn’t be heard or seen outside this environment, and as a space that reinforces hegemonic, conservative, and discriminatory ideas. In this light, some issues are fundamental to the construction of our work, such as: 1) to understand what is hate speech and what are its social consequences for ethics, communication, and consumption; 2) it is also necessary to understand how the production, circulation, and consumption of this type of discourse happens in social media sites; and, 3) to discuss the limits between freedom of expression and defense of democratic values such as ethics and human rights. To conduct the empirical research proposed in this article we opted to focus on four social media sites: Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and YouTube. From a methodological standpoint, we used the depth hermeneutics proposed by Thompson. / As discussões acerca das questões de gênero ganharam espaço na mídia e na agenda pública nos últimos anos, principalmente em sites de redes sociais. Ademais de uma ampla penetração na sociedade, diversos grupos e coletivos passaram a utilizar essas ferramentas como um meio de mobilização e ativismo acerca das questões de gênero, questionando os padrões hegemônicos presentes na sociedade. Os indivíduos que frequentam esses espaços têm a possibilidade não só de consumir, mas de produzir, reproduzir, compartilhar e divulgar conteúdos relacionados a praticamente todos os temas, de maneira muito rápida e com um alcance muitas vezes imensurável. Assim, de acordo com o tipo de conteúdo produzido e consumido, esses sites podem tanto ser um espaço de transformação, que dá voz e visibilidade para pautas e pessoas que não o teriam fora daquele ambiente, quanto um espaço que reforça ideias hegemônicas, conservadoras e discriminatórias. Dessa maneira, algumas discussões são basilares para a construção do nosso trabalho, tais como: 1) compreender o que é o discurso de ódio e quais suas consequências sociais do ponto de vista ético, comunicacional e do consumo; 2) também é necessário entender como se dá a produção, circulação e o consumo desse tipo de discurso nos sites de redes sociais; e 3) discutir os limites entre a liberdade de expressão e a defesa dos valores democráticos como a ética e os direitos humanos. Para a elaboração da pesquisa empírica proposta neste trabalho optamos por focar em quatro sites de redes sociais Facebook, Instagram, Twitter e YouTube. Do ponto de vista metodológico, apoiamo-nos na hermenêutica de profundidade proposta por Thompson.
The Experience of Sexual Abuse of Afro Caribbean Women: The Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of the Particularities Attached to DisclosureHood, Angela 01 January 2019 (has links)
Sexual abuse is often associated with long-term distressing effects. The experience of sexual abuse differs between survivors and the disclosure of the abuse is a complicated process that may have many particularities attached. For this study, I conducted an interpretative phenomenological analysis to understand how Afro-Caribbean women who experienced sexual abuse understand and make meaning of their experiences and the particularities attached to disclosure. Although prior research regarding sexual abuse has been conducted, research amongst Afro-Caribbean women has been minimal. Further absent from the sexual abuse literature is the lived experience of this population and the meaning they ascribe to their experience. This study utilized semi-structured interviews to elicit data from a sample of five women who identify as Afro-Caribbean or Afro-American women of Caribbean decent who experienced sexual abuse. The emergent themes from the analysis were identity of self as a sexual abuse victim, protection of self from the perpetrator, release of self during and after disclosure, and resilience of self. Themes from the analysis of the participant interviews revealed the experience of sexual abuse in the context of Afro-Caribbean women. This information provides valuable knowledge that may contribute to the larger field of marriage and family therapy by expanding the horizon of cultural awareness around this specific population.
Williams, Ja'nae A.
20 May 2019
The intention of this study is to contribute to research on Black women and to bring awareness to Black women's experiences, as they navigate social institutions. This study examines the perception of the intersectionality of race and gender impacts their awareness of police violence against Black women. Researchers measured respondent's perceptions/attitudes regarding intersectionality and their awareness of people who had been victimized by police violence. The quantitative study is comprised of statements regarding patriarchy and/or sexism and statements concerning racism and/or the lack thereof. The data analysis indicates that respondents' awareness and sensitivity to racism along with their perception of sexism and patriarchy is associated with their awareness of police victims. The researcher's findings found that the intersectionality of race and gender impacts their awareness of police violence against Black women.
GENDER DIFFERENCES IN MATE PREFERENCES AMONG SINGLE HETEROSEXUAL ROMANIANS RESIDING IN THE UNITED STATESNainiger, Monica Ann January 2019 (has links)
No description available.
Going Up the Down Escalator: An ethnographic case study of the uptake and utilisation of information and communication technologies by three Women in Film and Television (WIFT) organisations at the State, National and International level, 1995-2000Carriere, Glenda Mary January 2005 (has links)
This thesis examines the implementation of the new digital information and communications technologies (ICTs) by the Women in Film and Television (WIFT) Non-government organisation (NGO) at the state, national and international levels through an ethnographic, participant observation case study, informed by the precepts of feminist research. A quantitative survey of Australian peak women's NGOs participating in the electronic mailing list - Pamela's List is also conducted mapping the context in which WIFT operates and providing an overview of Australian women's peak NGOs' uptake and use of ICTs. The findings are situated in relation to a review of the international surveys available on women's NGOs and the surveys and research reports available on the overall NGO sector, nationally and internationally. The study addresses two neglected areas in the ICT literature. For over a decade Feminist theorists have pointed to the omission of gender as a focus in studies on the new information and communications technologies. There has also been little research and few surveys into the uptake of ICTs by either women's NGOs or the broader NGO sector, nationally or internationally. The detailed, longitudinal case study of the implementation process from pre-establishment through to advanced use of digital communications by a women's NGO at state, national and international level is also unique. Combined with the survey, it affords the opportunity to not only document which ICTs are being adopted but also why particular technologies are being used over others and how they are being used. Despite key successes, the results show less than optimum uptake, a lack of advanced or strategic use, and the myriad of challenges shared by all three WIFT organisations, Australian women's peak NGOs, and the national and international NGO sector in utilising ICTs. The reasons for this are analysed revealing the conflicting values between the NGO sector and those underlying the development of ICTs and demonstrates that difficulties systemic to both the technology and the NGO sector are limiting access and utilisation by women's NGOs. While the myths of women as technophobic are seriously challenged by the findings, the study highlights the importance of gender factors in limiting access and uptake and shaping the use of ICTs. Australian women's NGOs' uptake is shown to be less than their mixed gender counterparts and the study also reveals a lack of acknowledgement by government of gender as a key factor in the uptake of ICTs. It is also shown that significant funding, infrastructure support and policy initiatives recognising the special technological and communication challenges of women's NGOs and the overall NGO sector are needed, if both are to fully and strategically embrace these technologies and function effectively in the new millennium. The significant contribution to knowledge of this thesis lies foremost in furthering the understanding of gender as a key factor in the uptake and utilisation of the new ICTs while at the same time challenging the patriarchal myth of women as technophobic. It thus contributes to the reconstruction of the epistemologies surrounding women's relationship to technology. The study also contributes to furthering the current very limited knowledge and understanding of women's NGOs and the overall NGO sector's uptake and use of information and communications technology. The knowledge and the critical insight provided is not purely historical but rather as the push to take up broadband begins, has relevance to this and future technological innovations. Without an understanding of the process, requirements and challenges faced by women's NGOs and the NGO sector in general, the existing problems will continue to be replicated. The material presented in this study will be useful to all women's organisations and NGOs contemplating establishing digital communications or wishing to review their current use of these technologies. It will also be of value to government and policy makers seeking to establish policies and initiatives that will enable NGOs to take up the new information and communication technologies.
Silveira, Saionara Oliveira Bello
04 May 2006
Made available in DSpace on 2016-12-12T20:34:12Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Saionara Bello.pdf: 428332 bytes, checksum: ab2aeb337b56703f5b069e53aadf55c2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2006-05-04 / Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior / This paper is about a certain group of women; teachers working with children in their early years in São José County. The women mentioned in this paper are pedagogy students at Vale do Itajaí University, and they are also mothers, wives, girlfriends, and daughters; women who play different roles in their everyday lives and whose usual procedures have become the target of this research. The object of this paper is to understand how their everyday roles and chores interfere on their way of teaching as well as on their way of solving family conflicts, especially regarding those situations where public and private scenarios are not well defined. It also regards male/female situations being build on regular basis; using gender as an analytical filter according to recent theories and methodologies. Analyzing their speech one can see how they try to break already established situations by adopting simple usual tactics and procedures. By doing so, these teachers have been transforming their university into a place for freedom. / Este trabalho consiste num estudo acerca de um grupo de mulheres. Mulheres professoras que atuam na educação infantil e nas séries iniciais do ensino fundamental no município de São José. As mulheres pesquisadas são acadêmicas do curso de Pedagogia, da Universidade do Vale do Itajaí, Campus São José, são também mães, esposas, namoradas, amantes, filhas, mulheres que vivenciam diferentes papéis e foram suas práticas cotidianas que nortearam as investigações dessa pesquisa. Objetiva compreender como estas mulheres percebem e lidam com as interferências decorrentes das tramas de suas relações cotidianas, quais as possíveis implicações dessas interferências na constituição da professora, bem como as estratégias utilizadas por elas para resolver situações de conflito familiares, especialmente ao transitarem simultaneamente nos espaços público e privado. Percebe as masculinidades e feminilidades sendo construídas nas relações de cotidianeidade, sendo utilizado o gênero como categoria de análise, observando as contribuições teóricas e metodológicas recentes. A análise das narrativas das professoras mostra que elas se apropriam de práticas cotidianas, com táticas e estratégias, na tentativa de quebrar com representações sociais cristalizadas, ao que foi possível compreender que o grupo de mulheres professoras, sujeitos desta pesquisa, transformam a universidade em espaço de liberdade.
Chirwa, Maureen Leah
28 February 2002
This study sought to explore gender issues affecting management promotions in Malawi's health care services, utilising both qualitative and quantitative techniques in data collection and analysis. Promotion patterns were compared and contrasted for male and female managers. The study was based on the assumptions that • both men and women were aware of experiences that affected their promotion opportunities • promotion patterns showed fewer variations than did cultural, social and gender factors • male prejudices were maintained which oppressed women's promotions • increased decision-making power lowered stress about professional growth and development The findings supported the first two assumptions, but not the last two. The findings suggested that males and females encountered similar experiences concerning managerial promotions in Malawi's health care services. Factors that enhanced management successes for both males and females included management orientation and mentorship. Unclear promotion policies and procedures hindered management promotions. Information derived from this research could enable policy-makers to establish an environment that increases supportive networks and interactions between male and female managers in Malawi. Furthermore, to ensure equal opportunities in the health care services management, monitoring strategies by Malawi's Ministry of Gender, the Department of Human Resources Management and Development, and the Ministry of Health and Population need to be established and implemented. / Health Studies / D.Litt. et Phil. (Health Studies)
Some issues affecting participation of the poor in development projects in Inkosikazi communal lands in ZimbabweKhanye, Bhekimpilo 30 June 2005 (has links)
This study investigates some of the issues affecting participation of the poor in two development projects in Inkosikazi communal lands in Zimbabwe. Recent trends in participatory development are reviewed and discussed in the study. Some definitions of the concept of participation are explored, including its historical background, importance and challenges. Fieldwork was undertaken in Inkosikazi communal lands in July 2004. Two projects were randomly sampled, and in one of them involving goat-rearing, some of the participants were classified as being very poor, while in the other, a heifer loan-scheme project, none of the participants could be classified as very poor. The possible reasons for these variations are explored in the study. The conclusion of the thesis is that the study succeeds in examining certain key issues affecting participation of the poor in Inkosikazi communal lands in Zimbabwe and recommendations thereof are made. / Development Studies / M.A. (Development Studies)
Postcolonial biblical interpretation in the context of the Democratic Republic of the Congo : selected texts from Joshua 1-12Bwalya, Laishi 11 1900 (has links)
The present research has been aimed at investigating how imperialism and colonialism are located both in the biblical text (cf. Joshua 1-12) and in present day interpretive postcolonial contexts such as that of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. An investigation was made of the unequal power dynamics at play between the Israelites who are depicted as mercilessly conquering the indigenous peoples of Canaan in the name of the deity, and the Canaanites. How were/ are such power dynamics played out in the Katangese, Democratic Republic of the Congo’s context in the relations between the then colonizers, that is, the Belgians as well as the neo-colonial African rulers and the Congolese peoples? It is argued that the Belgians assumed the role akin to that of the Israelite invaders as they mercilessly invaded the “promised land”, that is, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, ending with the brutal extermination of African peoples justified on biblical precedents. A conclusion is made that within the context of postcolonial biblical interpretation, the conquest narrative of Joshua 1-12 is one of the most traumatic stories in which violence is committed by one nation on another in the name of the deity. Postcolonial biblical criticism was found to be an appropriate approach in assisting the researcher to navigate through violent biblical texts with a view to coming up with a transformative reading of the texts in the (Katangese) context of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. / Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern Studies / D. Litt. et Phil. (Biblical Studies)
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