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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
41

Generational Identity and the Wende: Institutional Influence and the Last Generation ofthe GDR

Jackson, Jill H. 10 June 2020 (has links)
No description available.
42

Designing optimized MPI+NCCL hybrid collective communication routines for dense many-GPU clusters

Senthil Kumar, Nithin 04 October 2021 (has links)
No description available.
43

Defining Destinations: Tourism's Relation to East German Identity Before and After Reunification

Anderson, Kerry F. 09 July 2008 (has links)
No description available.
44

Kulturelle Aspekte bezirklicher Verwaltungstransformation

Beckers, Peter 01 December 1998 (has links)
Die Dissertation leistet einen Beitrag zu einem maßgeblichen Diskussionsstrang der Transformationsforschung, der politische, administrative und gesellschaftliche Auswirkungen kultureller Aspekte im Vereinigungs- und Integrationsprozeß Ostdeutschlands analysiert. Am Beispiel Ost-Berliner Bezirksverwaltungen wird der Verlauf ihrer Transformation von einer "real-sozialistischen zur klassisch-(west-)europäischen Verwaltung" (Klaus König) untersucht. Im Mittelpunkt der Arbeit steht die Frage, ob Handlungsorientierungen des Personals, welches in der DDR sozialisiert wurde, den radikalen institutionellen Umbruchsprozeß überdauerten und inwieweit solche "legacies" (Hellmut Wollmann) Unterschiede zu Orientierungen des Personals in der West-Berliner Bezirksverwaltung begründen. Zu diesem Zweck rekonstruiert der Verfasser realtypische Handlungsorientierungen im DDR-Verwaltungsbereich Referat Jugendhilfe (Akten- und Dokumentenanalyse, "oral history"-Interviews) und stellt sie mit Hilfe eines fünfdimensionalen Schemas denen in der Verwaltung westdeutscher Prägung gegenüber. Anschließend werden unter Verwendung von qualitativen und quantitativen Methoden der Einstellungsforschung Orientierungen des Personals in der Sozial- und Jugendverwaltung Ost- und West-Berliner Bezirksverwaltungen vergleichend analysiert. Im resümierenden Fazit entwickelt der Verfasser Hypothesen zu (verwaltungs-)kulturellen Aspekten des Integrationsprozesses Ost-Berliner Bezirksverwaltungen und stellt sie in den Kontext des Verlaufes ostdeutscher Verwaltungstransformation. / This dissertation contributes to the important theme of discussion, analysing the transformational development of the political, administrative and sociological effects and their impact on cultural aspects, with regards to the reunification and reintegration process in East Germany. East Berlin borough administrative bodies have been used as examples to research the course of their transformation from a "socialist, to a classical (west) European administration" (Klaus König). This work centres around the question of how the personnel coped with the orientation, which in the GDR was socialist, survived the process of radical institutional change, and how far such "legacies" (Hellmut Wollmann) provide reasons for differences in the orientation of the personnel in the boroughs of West Berlin. For this reason, the author has reconstructed the typical GDR-orientations in the field of Youth-Work-Administration (Analysis of files and documents, oral-history interviews), which stand in opposition, with the help of a five dimensional scheme, to the administrative character of West Germany. A comparative analysis follows making use of qualitative and quantitative methods regarding recruitment development orientation of the personnel through a comparison of the Social and Youth-Work administrative bodies of East and West Berlin boroughs. In conclusion, the author develops hypotheses regarding (administrative-) cultural aspects of the integration process of the East Berlin borough administrations, and places these in context with the course of the East German transformation.
45

25 Jahre deutsche Einheit / 25 Years German Unification : Continuity and Change in East- and West Germany

07 April 2016 (has links) (PDF)
Der Sammelband behandelt ausgewählte Aspekte des Zusammenwachsens von Ost- und Westdeutschland 25 Jahre nach der Wiedervereinigung: Dominieren Gemeinsamkeiten oder Unterschiede das Verhältnis beider Landesteile zueinander? Neben Gesamtbilanzen zur Demokratieentwicklung und zur politischen Kultur stehen Politikfeldanalysen wie die Sozial-, Bildung- und Zuwanderungspolitik im Mittelpunkt. / The book analyzes selected aspects of the reunification of East and West Germany after 25 years: Dominate similarities or differences the relationship between the two parts of the country to each other? The volume focuses on overviews about the development of democracy and political culture as well as on social, education- and immigration policy.
46

沙賓法案對我國企業發行美國存託憑證之影響

王才德 Unknown Date (has links)
美國於安隆事件爆發後,其仔細審視國內立法環境,發現外部審計缺乏獨立性、監督會計師的法令缺乏有效性、缺乏公司治理的標準以及證券分析師的利益衝突嚴重。後來又陸續發生了許多企業弊案,如WorldCom、Xerox等,更使股市重挫連連,令美國社會及廣大的投資者飽受打擊,對財務報表嚴重失去信心。 美國立法院在強大壓力之下,在短短八個月通過沙賓法案,此法案堪稱是美國自1930年代證券交易法規制定以來的最大改革,除了加重民事、刑事責任外,對公司負責人、董事會、白領階級的責任更在法條中詳加規定,明確劃分各管理階層之責任,希望能透過完整、嚴格的法令規範來降低弊案再度發生的可能性。所有在美國上市公司包括外國在美國上市公司(Foreign Private Issuer:FPI)必須遵守該法令之要求,期望該法令透過建置一會計監督委員會提供對會計相關產業必要且嚴格的管理架構,取代過去已被證明失敗的自律方式,並讓美國SEC也有更多資源去聘請的更多人員去強化技術架構,以重建投資人重建對資本市場的信心。 然而,當沙賓法案通過之後,不僅對美國本土上市公司造成重大衝擊,同時也對外國企業在美上市的公司造成震撼教育。尤其是中小型企業在遵循沙賓法案第404條坎及美國公開發行公司會計監督委員會(PCAOB)的要求上,所產生的遵循成本及外部審計等費用,無疑是相當幅度的負擔。 實質上,在國際資本市場中美國股市是許多外國企業最大的資金籌措來源,企業可透由發行美國存託憑證(American Depositary Receipts, ADR)募集到所需的資金;但近幾年來由新信託憑證的發行,無論是就數量或發行金額來觀察,均顯示美國證券市場正在流失其競爭優勢的地位。 在2006年共發行139種新的存託憑證,其中以金磚四國(印度、中國、蘇聯及巴西)最多,佔全體總數約49%,然而以其發行種類來區分,GDR的發行數量為90件,佔全體的65%,詳如圖1.1 所示。不禁讓人感到訝異的是,全世界證券市場不是在美國市場嗎?無論是以資金的籌措迅速性及流動性或提高公司的知名度而言,美國的證券市場應是首選才對,但為何新興國家們選擇發行全球信託憑證而不是美國信託憑證? 本研究期望先就瞭解存託憑發行市場的狀況,從而對美國存託憑證(ADR)及全球存託憑證(GDR)進行探討及比較其間的異同,以及瞭解沙賓法案制度面、法規面等規範,進一步探討沙賓法案與存託憑發行公司的影響,期望藉由本研究提供國內企業赴美國市場發行信託憑證應需考量的因素,並進而提供一些結論及建議參考。
47

Motiv cesty do Itálie v literatuře NDR / Motif of the Italian Journey in the GDR literature

Dušek Pražáková, Jana January 2013 (has links)
This thesis is concerned with a comparison of works written by GDR authors Hanns Cibulka, Waldtraut Lewin a Christine Wolter which deal with the motif of the journey to Italy. The analysis is based on spatial and intercultural theories, which are presented in the first part of the thesis. The genre of travelogue, the motif of the Italian journey in the German-language literature and political conditions for the creation and publication of travelogues in the GDR are also introduced. The core of the thesis is the comparison of eleven texts, especially travelogues, regarding the spatial and social dimension of travelling. The first aspect covers reflections of Goethe's Italian journey and the function of travelling, as well as the depiction of nature, urban space and architecture and the treatment of the garden motif. Regarding the second aspect, the author follows the narrative technics used in portraying the mediators between the travelling writers and the Italian culture, as well as in the depiction of tourists or strangers. An additional question of the study is whether (and possibly how) the writers reflect on the GDR regime against the background of the Italian scenery.
48

Zur Geschichte der außerklinischen Geburtshilfe in der DDR

Major, Sabine 14 February 2003 (has links)
Zu Beginn des 20.Jahrhunderts fanden noch nahezu alle Geburten im privaten Hause statt. In der ersten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts begann der Übergang von der traditionellen Hausgeburtshilfe zur klinischen Geburtshilfe. Nach dem 2. Weltkrieg setzte sich diese Entwicklung fort und es vollzog sich in der DDR der vollständige Übergang zur klinischen Geburtshilfe. 1970 betrug der Anteil der Klinikentbindungen 99,1 %. Von staatlicher Seite wurde die Klinikentbindung eindeutig gefördert. Im "Gesetz über den Mutter- und Kinderschutz und die Rechte der Frau" (1950) wurde die Schaffung von Entbindungsbetten und der Ausbau der Schwangerenberatungsstellen, mit Registrierung aller schwangeren Frauen angeordnet. Die Beratungsstellen und die geburtshilflichen Kliniken bilden eine Einheit. Der Schwerpunkt der Hebammenausbildung wurde auf die Ausbildung zur Anstaltshebamme gelegt. Es wurden Niederlassungsbeschränkungen für Hebammen eingeführt, sodass es ab Ende der 60er Jahre praktisch keine selbständigen Hebammen mehr gab. Ein direktes Verbot der Hausgeburtshilfe in der DDR ist nicht nachzuweisen. In den 70er Jahren wurden neue Methoden (programmierte Geburt) und neue Technik (Kardiotokographie und Ultraschall) in den geburtshilflichen Abteilungen eingeführt. In den westeuropäischen Ländern, v. a. der Bundesrepublik kam es zu einer zunehmenden Kritik der Frauen an dieser Art der Geburtshilfe. Es wurde die "familienfreundliche Geburtshilfe" propagiert und die Hausgeburt wiederentdeckt. In der DDR blieben massive Forderungen nach familienfreundlicher Geburtshilfe aus. Ein Wiederaufleben der Hausgeburt war nicht zu verzeichnen. Andere soziale, gesellschaftliche und politische Gegebenheiten in der DDR als in der BRD könnten als Gründe vermutet werden. / At the beginning of the 20th century nearly all child births took place in private homes. In the first part of this century the transition from the traditional home deliveries to childbirth hospital began. This development continued after the second world war, and in the GDR there was a complete transition to childbirth taking place practically only in hospitals. In 1970 99,1% of all deliveries took place in the obstetrical department of a hospital. This Government policy was engendered in the law of 1950 "Gesetz über den Mutter- und Kinderschutz und die Rechte der Frau" (Law concerning the Rights of Women and Protection of Mothers and Children.). This law required the creation of obstetrical departments in hospitals and extension of information and antenatal care centres for pregnant women, with the aim of registering all pregnant women. The information and antenatal care centres and the obstetrical departments were to form a joint unit. The training of midwives assumed their working place to be the hospital. Midwives were no longer allowed to be self-employed, hence by the end of the sixties there no midwives practising privately, although there is no evidence of childbirth at home being forbidden. In the seventies new methods and technology: programmed births along with sonography and cardiotokography were introduced into antenatal care. In western European countries, notably The Federal Republic of Germany, women increasingly criticised these new methods as unnatural and as not family friendly. The demand for family friendly births arose, and with it for childbirth at home and domiciliary midwives. Childbirth at home had been rediscovered. In the GDR there was no increased demand for changes in antenatal or obstetrical care. A rediscovery of childbirth at home did not take place. A different social and political environment can be assumed as the reason for this.
49

A cidade da infância e a cidade dos anjos: a busca de si em duas narrativas de Christa Wolf / The city of childhood and the city of angels: the search for you in two narratives of Christa Wolf

Dávalos, Patricia Miranda 26 March 2015 (has links)
Em uma conversa com Hans Kaufmann, publicada sob o título de Subjektive Authentizität (1973), Christa Wolf afirma a necessidade de se encontrar um tipo de escrita que alcance um alto grau de realismo na apresentação de temas relevantes, mas polêmicos para o indivíduo e seu grupo. Na ocasião da entrevista a autora já trabalhava em Kindheitsmuster, publicado pouco depois (1976). Este trabalho parte da hipótese de que as novas técnicas narrativas exigidas pela autora, a qual se posiciona na ocasião contra a política cultural da RDA e o realismo socialista, seriam visíveis não apenas no romance mencionado, mas em toda sua trajetória a partir de então, e mais decididamente retomadas em Stadt der Engel oder The Overcoat of Dr.Freud (2010), o qual se aproxima muito do livro da década de setenta tanto por sua estrutura e recursos narrativos adotados, quanto por tratar-se novamente da narração de experiências autobiográficas cruciais em sua trajetória. Por meio da comparação dos livros citados procura-se analisar alguns dos recursos estilísticos e estratégias literárias utilizados para configurar a experiência em dois momentos temporais bastante distintos, bem como o modo pelo qual acontecimentos pessoais e da história contemporânea são apresentados em estreita ligação. Por meio de diversas técnicas literárias e de uma determinada posição diante de si e do público, a autora cultiva uma escrita ao mesmo tempo objetiva e subjetiva, a qual traria o indivíduo para o centro do texto e produziria um tipo especial de realismo e de autenticidade por ela almejados, devendo-se, contudo, atentar para as especificidades de cada contexto. Do jogo entre subjetividade e objetividade presente nos dois textos deriva-se ainda um outro, entre a factualidade e ficcionalidade, de modo que os textos da autora se aproximam de uma tendência surgida nos anos setenta: a da autoficção. Trata-se de um conceito bastante versátil e polêmico da teoria literária, o qual deve ser primeiramente definido, para assim ver como se configura no caso específico de Wolf, cujos textos são declarados pela autora como ficcionais, mas recebidos por público e crítica como autobiográficos. O caráter ficcional de seus textos estaria antes no emprego de técnicas metaficcionais, de encenação de processos de escrita e de rememoração na obra, que na ficcionalidade dos episódios. / During conversation with Haus Kaufmann published under the title Subjektive Authentizität (1973), Christa Wolf affirms the necessity of establishing a mode of writing with the purpose of reaching a high degree of Realism and combining social polemic with thematic literary presentation. At that moment, Wolfs Kindheitsmuster was already in progress; it would be published three years later, in 1976. This dissertation has as its claim that Wolfs new narrative techniques, vindicated at the same time of the authors rupture with Socialist Realism and GDR cultural politics, are visible not only in Kindheitsmuster, but also through her entire career thereafter. In order to demonstrate that, we propose the evaluation of Kindheitsmuster in comparison with Wolfs 2010 novel Stadt der Engel oder The Overcoat of Dr. Freud. In this novel, Wolf recovers some of the narrative techniques first developed in the 1970s, and, following the example of Kindheitsmuster, plunges herself into important autobiographic material. By the way of this comparison, our aim is to analyze some of Wolfs stylistic devices and strategies put in use so as to present close interconnection between historical moment and personal experience in two quite different moments. Through those devices and strategies, combined with Wolfs own public position, the author blurs the traditional boundaries between fictionality and factuality, subjectivity and objectivity, by bringing into attention her concept of subjective authenticity and a new idea of Realism as well. Behind Wolfs achievement, there is a quite specific understanding of autofictionality, based upon metafictional techniques and the mingling of literary representation and recollection processes, and which is our task to interpret.
50

Kleidung in der DDR.

Hahn, Kristin 21 February 2019 (has links)
Gegenstand der vorliegenden Dissertation ist die Kleidungsgeschichte der DDR. Der wissenschaftliche Forschungsstand weist in diesem Zusammenhang Lücken auf – bisher erfolgte keine Aufarbeitung des Themengebiets im Kontext der kulturellen, gesellschaftlichen und wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung in der DDR. Die unterschiedlichen Phasen von Politik- und Wirtschaftsentwicklung in der DDR haben jedoch Einfluss auf die Gestaltung und Entwicklung von Kleidung genommen. Die Kleidungsgeschichte der DDR ist Teil der Designgeschichte der DDR. Entgegen bisherigen Forschungen zur Design- und Kulturgeschichte, in denen die Auseinandersetzung mit Kleidung und Mode zurücktrat, zeigte sich, dass auch die Designströmungen in der DDR die Kleidungsgestaltung, in dem Fall die Inspirationen der Designer und Designerinnen, beeinflusst haben. Im Zentrum der Fragestellung steht die Untersuchung der Entwicklung von Kleidung zu Mode. So geht die Arbeit der Frage nach, ob es eine eigene Mode – eine sozialistische Mode – in der DDR gab. Dabei hat sich gezeigt, dass die DDR als eigenständiger Kulturraum aufgefasst werden muss. Mode bedarf somit einer eigenen Begriffsdefinition sowie Entstehungsgeschichte im Kontext der DDR. Vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen wissenschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Debatte zur DDR ergibt sich die methodische Herangehensweise der Untersuchung: Die Untersuchung des Forschungsbereichs mit Berücksichtigung der Perspektive von Zeitzeugen und Zeitzeuginnen – den Menschen, die aktiv in der Kleidungsindustrie der DDR tätig waren. Die Arbeit gründet somit auf der Methodik der Oral History und hat zum Ziel, die Kleidungsgeschichte der DDR in ein neues Licht zu rücken. / The subject of this dissertation is the clothing history of the GDR. There are gaps in the state of scientific research in this context – so far, the subject has not been dealt with in the context of cultural, social and economic development in the GDR. However, the different phases of political and economic development in the GDR have influenced the design and development of clothing. The clothing history of the GDR is part of the design history of the GDR. Contrary to previous research on the history of design and culture, in which the examination of clothing and fashion receded, it became apparent that the design trends in the GDR also influenced clothing design, in this case the inspirations of the designers. The central question is the investigation of the development from clothing to fashion. Thus, the work explores the question of whether there was a fashion of its own - a socialistic fashion - in the GDR. It has been shown that the GDR must be seen as an independent cultural area. Therefore fashion needs its own definition of terms and its own history of origin within the context of the GDR. Regarding the current scientific and social debate on the GDR, the methodological approach of the study is focused on the perspective of contemporary witnesses - the people who were actively involved in the clothing industry of the GDR. The work is thus based on the methodology of oral history and aims to shed new light on the clothing history of the GDR.

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