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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
151

Comfort : bodies and their boundaries

Culley, Sheena 2015 (has links)
The original contribution of this work is its engagement with the conceptualisation of modern bodies and the impact of the bounded body on our understanding of the idea of comfort. The way in which modern bodies are constituted as bounded, immune entities, differentiated from their surroundings, is of paramount importance in defining comfort as protective, compensatory and passive - a zero grade feeling or avoidance of stimuli. Taking a definition of comfort from John Crowley's influential work on the topic as 'a self-conscious satisfaction between one's body and its immediate physical environment' as its point of departure, this thesis interrogates this in-between space to argue for comfort as an affective and intensive experience. Approaching the theme from an interdisciplinary perspective, a genealogical method combined with inspiration from new materialisms challenges dualisms such as nature/culture, body/mind, inside/outside, body/environment and comfort/discomfort. Following the trajectory of work from Nietzsche to Foucault to Deleuze, phenomenological and psychoanalytical ideas of boundedness and identity are displaced with a theory of bodies as fortuitous and dynamic compositions of forces, where affirmative difference replaces negative difference. As a result, the comfort zone, comfortable numbness and sitting comfortably are transformed from states of indifference to intensive events of difference whereby boundaries and borders are reconstituted as thresholds and spaces of transformation.
152

Constituting the managerial subject : an investigation into middle-management in FE

Fort, Anthony 2015 (has links)
This doctoral study draws upon interviews with nine curriculum-based FE college middle-managers, and three college strategic plan documents, to critically analyse middle-management identity. Through the use of an analytical framework based on Foucault’s archaeological and genealogical ‘method’ the study shows that when middle-managers talk about their professional practice they are preoccupied with data-metrics. Consequently, they are recognised as ‘disciplined subjects’; disciplined by those data-metrics materially inscribed within the discursive regimes of their college strategic plan documents. The study additionally indicates that the more hierarchically senior the middle-manager the greater the intensity of focus upon data-metrics at the expense of institutional social relations, whereby their preoccupations with data-metrics yield de-socialising effects between themselves and key institutional participants such as teachers, learners and support staff. The study further suggests that while the middle-managers within this study were curriculum-based they were not curriculum-focused; findings which were consistent through the range of middle-management levels: senior-middle, lower-middle and middle-middle, and at separate college sites. Considered together these findings raise a number of important questions for the crucial role of curriculum-based middle-managers, particularly where middle-management as a function is recognised as the means by which policy implementation is secured yet where curriculum-based work, when understood as necessarily tied to pedagogic practices, requires a focus around ‘the learner’; a learner not ontologically foregrounded as data, but in authentically social terms.
153

[en] BODY AND KNOWLEDGE IN NIETZSCHE: FROM ANIMAL MAN TO BEAST-PHILOSOPHER [pt] CORPO E CONHECIMENTO EM NIETZSCHE: DO BICHO-HOMEM À BESTA-FILÓSOFO

ANA CRISTINA OLIVEIRA MUNIZ 13 July 2015 (has links)
[pt] O projeto de rompimento com a metafísica se constitui como o primeiro passo para aquilo que Nietzsche se coloca como sendo sua tarefa: o favorecimento da aparição de um certo tipo de cultura e de um certo tipo de homem . Assim, a crítica nietzschiana servirá à exposição sobre como se perpetuou o desprezo pelo corpo no âmbito do conhecimento filosófico, a partir da construção de sistemas conceituais erigidos com base na crença na ideia de verdade e em uma atitude de negação da vida. Para Nietzsche, todo conhecimento se dá como apropriação interpretativa da experiência, que tem na dinâmica pulsional sua regência afetiva. Pelo método genealógico, Nietzsche problematiza o descompasso corpo-pensamento como tendo origem no salto do animal-homem ao homem-animal-cultural. Do bicho-homem à besta-filósofo, o conhecer se dá como expressão e desdobramento da vontade de poder. [en] The project break with metaphysics is constituted as the first step in what Nietzsche puts it as his task: favoring the appearance of a certain type of culture and a certain kind of man. Thus, Nietzsche s critique will serve exposure was perpetuated on contempt by the body within the philosophical knowledge from the construction of conceptual systems erected based on belief in the idea of truth and an attitude of denial of life. For Nietzsche, all knowledge is given as an interpretive appropriation of experience that has in instinctive dynamic its affective regency. By genealogical method, Nietzsche discusses the mismatch body-thought to have originated on the heel of the animal-man to cultural-animal man. From nimal-man to beast-philosopher, the knowledge takes place as an expression and unfolding the will to power.
154

[en] LUANDINO AND LANGUAGE AS A SPACE TO CREATE UTOPIA [pt] LUANDINO E A LÍNGUA COMO ESPAÇO DE CRIAÇÃO DE UTOPIA

ANTONIA COSTA DE THUIN 11 December 2015 (has links)
[pt] Esta dissertação se organiza a partir de três ensaios – A Língua como intraduzível, Os Rios que Comunicam e O Futuro do Pretérito – que focalizam questões relevantes na obra do escritor José Luandino Vieira. O objetivo é identificar, em alguns de seus livros, as formas com que a linguagem é trabalhada pelo autor em sua ficção, de modo a criar espaços de utopia política; dos tempos de luta pela independência angolana, na segunda metade do século XX, às primeiras décadas do século XXI. Pretende-se mostrar ainda como sua busca por uma utopia permanece ao longo do tempo, não tendo cessado com o fim da guerra de independência nacional. A busca por justiça e por inclusão social materializam-se como utopias, expressas sobretudo na linguagem adotada pelo escritor. No primeiro capítulo desta dissertação, discuto seu investimento na linguagem, e como isso é radical – no sentido de estar na raiz – de sua literatura e projeto de mundo. No segundo, falo mais amplamente como o rio – que flui e que segue, que some e volta a existir – é tema existente em Guimarães Rosa e Luandino, que seguem uma genealogia de criadores com a língua, mas que têm mais em comum do que ela. No terceiro, aprofundo-me nas questões políticas levantadas por seus textos e nas suas intenções. [en] This thesis is organized from three essays – Language as untranslatable, Rivers that communicate and Future of the Past – that focus in relevant questions of the writer José Luandino Vieira work. The aim is to identify, in some of his books, how language is used by the author in his fiction, as a tool to create political utopian spaces; beginning during the time of fighting for Angola s independence, in the second half of the twentieth century, till the first decades of the twenty first century. It intends also to show how his search for utopia continues through time, and has not stopped with the end of the national independence war. The search for justice and social inclusion gain life as utopias, expressed above all in the language adopted by the author. In the first chapter of this dissertation, I talk about his investment in language and how is this crucial for his literature and his world Project. In the second, I talk more broadly about how the river – that comes and goes, disappears and reaches back to existence – is a subject presente in both, Guimarães Rosa and Luandino, following a genealogy of language creators, but with more in common than just that. In the third, I talk in-depth about the political issues raised in his texts and his intentions.
155

Quel cadre théorique et pratique pour l'utilisation de la sélection génomique dans l'amélioration génétique des chevaux ?

Brard, Sophie 8 October 2015 (has links) (PDF)
La sélection génomique substitue à la connaissance de la généalogie celle des séquences d’ADN et connait un succès spectaculaire dans la sélection des bovins laitiers. En équin, le gain de précision pour les valeurs génétiques en CSO a été estimé faible entre la généalogie et la génomique, éventuellement à cause des particularités des populations d’apprentissage et de validation. L’objectif est de définir pour les races équines les conditions d’efficacité et de fonctionnement de la sélection génomique. La partie théorique de la thèse a consisté en une méta-analyse afin de comprendre le lien entre précision théorique et observée en fonction des paramètres des populations. L’étude a montré l’importance du nombre efficace de marqueurs Me. Ce paramètre spécifique de la population, de la structure génomique et de la parenté doit être évalué, au même titre que l’héritabilité en génétique classique. D’un point de vue pratique, la 1ère voie d’amélioration était de rechercher des gènes à effet majeur sur l’aptitude au concours de saut d’obstacles (CSO) ou au concours complet. Aucun gène majeur n’a été localisé malgré des détections significatives. Le 2nd levier pour améliorer l’estimation des valeurs génétiques en CSO était d’utiliser le Single-Step, méthode qui combine l’information génomique des étalons génotypés et la généalogie de l’ensemble des chevaux non génotypés utilisés pour l’indexation. L’évaluation pour le CSO a donc été revisitée. Malgré le re-calcul de l’héritabilité et l’application des points sur toute la période, le gain en précision reste faible. La sélection génomique a également été testée sur des chevaux d’endurance, mais comme pour le CSO les précisions obtenues pour le moment ne sont pas assez élevées pour justifier une utilisation de la sélection génomique. Récemment, un gène majeur agissant sur l’aptitude à trotter (DMRT3) a été identifié. Malgré l’effet très négatif d’un allèle sur la qualification et les performances précoces, le Trotteur français (TF) est polymorphe pour le gène à cause d’un effet positif de ce même allèle sur les performances tardives. La sélection classique et la sélection génomique ont été comparées en incluant ou non dans le modèle un marqueur lié à DMRT3, nous permettant d’identifier la meilleure combinaison de modèle et de méthode à utiliser pour estimer les valeurs génétiques du TF. Enfin, le paramètre Me a été estimé dans les populations de chevaux utilisées au cours de la thèse, et les résultats des évaluations génomiques ont été comparés en fonction de Me et des autres paramètres influant sur la précision de la sélection génomique. Deux nouveaux projets prévoyant de génotyper des chevaux de CSO d’une part et des TF d’autre part devraient permettre respectivement d’améliorer la précision de l’évaluation génomique en CSO et de confirmer l’intérêt de la prise en compte de DMRT3 dans l’évaluation génomique des TF.
156

Ballads, blues, and alterity

Cole, Ross 2015 (has links)
Focusing on interactions between Britain and the US in the field of popular song, this thesis explores the constitutive relationship between discourse, performance, and identity via critical and postcolonial theory. I interrogate how and why nostalgic and essentialising visions of alterity were used to resist mass consumption, global capitalism, and the changes wrought by modernity during the twentieth century. I argue that folk music does not exist outside the discourse of revivalism and is therefore best seen as an institutionalised system of knowledge animating the 'low Other'. Chapter 1, '"Dancing Puppets": Nationalism, Social Darwinism, and the Transatlantic Invention of Folksong', uncovers moments of mediation between 'primitive' cultures and metropolitan elites during the early twentieth century. Employing the idea of gatekeeping, I critique a genealogy of powerful voices including Cecil J. Sharp and John A. Lomax alongside others who persistently challenged their orthodoxies. Chapter 2, '"His Rough, Stubborn Muse": Industrial Balladry, Class, and the Politics of Realism', investigates Marxist visions of working-class culture, showing how ideas of rural authenticity were translated onto urban contexts. Focusing on the BBC 'radio ballads', I argue that industrial folksong was a form of social realism intended as a gendered bulwark against threats posed by Americanisation and postwar affluence. Chapter 3, '"Found True and Unspoiled": Blues, Performance, and the Mythology of Racial Display', explores African American culture, showing how desires written into a revivalist gaze forced artists to assume what I term 'black masks' for the benefit of white male fantasy. Focusing on televised performances, I argue that the semiotics of blues events provide a way of understanding the workings of racial identity itself. I conclude by proposing that what I term the 'folkloric imagination' is a simulacrum brought into existence by ideological fantasy - a manifestation of the colonialist Real.
157

Pierrer Baillot (1771-1842) : institutions, values and identity

Vandoros, Markella Sofia Alexandra Maria 2015 (has links)
On 12 December 1814, an unusual concert took place in Paris, one exclusively featuring chamber works. The audience gathered to listen to string quartets and quintets led by acclaimed violinist Pierre Baillot. The Séances de quatuors et de quintettes de Baillot were thus born and continued to operate until 1840. Parisian musical life was dominated by opera, a genre that the majority of modern historians working on nineteenth-century Paris tend to focus on. However, we discover that, owing to Baillot’s efforts, the public chamber music concert seemed to have a future. The central aim of my thesis is to give chamber music the place that it deserves in music history and to demonstrate that a deeper knowledge of concert culture can enhance our perception of conservatism and canon formation during the first half of the nineteenth century. I discuss the circumstances under which Baillot set up his séances and his ability to educate his audience through his programmes. The result was a genealogy of instrumental music, which represented the early stages of historization. We also look at Baillot’s status as a violinist, prompted by Paganini’s concerts in Paris, through a juxtaposition of the two performers, but also through Baillot’s own compositions. Further, Baillot’s treatises Méthode de violon du Conservatoire (1803) and L’Art du violon (1834) allow us to gain a deeper understanding of his aesthetic values, including the much-discussed beau idéal. The séances were made possible by the strong support network that Baillot had surrounded himself by, consisting of his contemporaries, as well as artists of the next generation. We acknowledge critic François-Joseph Fétis, whose writings in La revue musicale helped advance Baillot’s project, and composer George Onslow – the only French composer to have his works performed chez Baillot – whose nickname ‘le Beethoven français’ stimulates a discussion on French musical identity, or indeed frenchness. In the new generation of musicians, Eugène Sauzay and François Habeneck were both Baillot’s students at the Conservatoire; the former’s mémoires offer invaluable information on concert culture at the time, while the latter’s founding of the Société des concerts du Conservatoire in 1828, which featured Beethoven’s symphonies as the concert centrepiece for several decades running, illustrates how Baillot’s work shaped the future of Parisian instrumental music.
158

Aspects of Crown administration and society in the county of Northumberland, c.1400-c.1450

Garrett, Janette 2015 (has links)
This is a study of a local society and its interaction with central government observed through routine administrative systems. Although Northumberland has been the focus of detailed investigation during the late middle ages, a gap in scholarship remains for much of the first half of the fifteenth century. As England’s most northerly county, work on the relationship between provincial society, peripheries of the realm and the crown is critical to this study. This research tests assumptions that Northumberland was feudal, lawless, distant and difficult for the crown to administer. The research consists of two parts: the first is an evaluation of social structure; the second explores the administrative machine. It opens with a survey of feudal tenure. Chapter two examines the wealth of resident landholders. Chapter three outlines the genealogies of landed society and their relationship to one another as a ‘county community’. Chapter four expands on family connections to incorporate the bond of spiritual kinship. Chapter five charts the scope of social networks disclosed though the management of property, personal affairs and dispute. Chapter six considers the inquisitions post mortem (IPM) process and the impact of distance. Chapter seven discusses jurors and their place in county society. Original contributions to knowledge are made in a number of areas. The theme of spiritual kinship has not been developed in any county study of this period. Additional information concerning the county return for the 1435 subsidy on land is provided, which has previously been overlooked. The location of a copy of the escheator’s oath created in response to a statute of 1429, which has not been captured in recent studies, resolves the current ambiguity concerning the statutory requirement of an indented inquisition return.
159

Transmission and adaptation of the Trojan narrative in Frankish history between the sixth and tenth centuries

Yavuz, Nurgül Kıvılcım 2015 (has links)
This study involves a close examination of the story of the Trojan origin of the Franks in the following works: the Chronicle of Fredegar, the Liber historiae Francorum, the Aethici philosophi Scythae cosmographia attributed to Saint Jerome, the Historia vel gesta Francorum, the Historia de origine Francorum attributed to Dares of Phrygia, the Chronicon universale usque ad annum 741, Paul the Deacon’s Liber de episcopis Mettensibus, Frechulf of Lisieux’s Historiarum libri XII, and Aimoin of Fleury’s Historia Francorum libri IV. It traces the continuity and differences, the similarities and influences among these works that utilise the Trojan narrative in order to construct a genealogy for the Franks. The study indicates a high point in the engagement with the story between the 720s and the 770s, a period of great transformation for the Frankish world. Furthermore, not only does the analysis of the different versions of the story in these works reveal that they are heavily interconnected in terms of textuality but the manuscript evidence additionally suggests that much more complex relationships were at play as they circulated throughout the Frankish region in the ninth century. In approaching the Trojan narrative as a whole, this study not only contributes to a neglected topic in the field of medieval studies but also brings together the textual and manuscript evidence in order to reach a full understanding of its significance with regard to early Frankish history. Thus, in addition to analyses of the texts and textual comparisons among the works this study also integrates research gathered from manuscripts that include one or more of these works. In doing so, it presents interrelationships among the works that are not obvious to the modern reader and contextualises them in the broader framework of the Trojan narrative.
160

From Abraham to the 'Abrahamic religions' : Louis Massignon and the invention of a religious category

Mohd Nasir, Nazirudin 2015 (has links)
As a neologism for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, the modern construct 'Abrahamic religions' is as ubiquitous as it is contested in the study of the monotheistic religions. Some have argued against the use of the concept on both historical and theological grounds. In particular, the concept is often interpreted as ecumenically motivated in the thought of Louis Massignon. This understanding arises from a parochial interpretation of its origins, in which Massignon's reflections on the subject over time, as well as its varied uses in recent times, have not been fully considered. This thesis calls for a more extensive historical analysis of its genealogy with the aim of discussing its intellectual and cultural backgrounds. In doing so, it seeks to shed light on how the interrelationships between the three religions had been historically examined prior to Massignon, and how the birth of the concept in his thought and its subsequent uses offer a richer understanding of the concept that goes beyond ecumenical significance. To this end, this thesis unpacks the concept by probing into its antecedents, examining its birth, and reflecting on its future. The first chapter aims to show the historical basis for considering a genus for the three religions, by surveying perspectives on Abraham in historia sacra, and thereafter, discussing works in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that explore the connections between the three religions. The second and third chapters introduce Massignon and discuss his Abrahamic thought from both its socio-religious and intellectual perspectives. The main text examined here is his Les trois prières d'Abraham. The fourth chapter traces the different trajectories of the concept after Massignon and highlights its nuanced meanings as derived from these variegated uses. The fifth and concluding chapters explore the ways in which the concept can profit the study of religion.

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