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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.
111

Liquid traces : spatial practices, aesthetics and humanitarian dilemmas at the maritime borders of the EU

Pezzani, Lorenzo 2015 (has links)
This practice-based PhD critically investigates the aesthetic and spatial conditions that have turned the Mediterranean into a military-humanitarian border zone, dissecting the political anatomy of violence inflicted at and through the sea. It understands the maritime borders of the EU as a paradigmatic conflict zone in which new assemblages of power, legal arrangements and uneven patterns of mobility have emerged in relation to a vast, and yet patchy, surveillance apparatus. Contrary to the popular representation of the maritime territory as a homogeneous and empty expanse, the sea appears here as a technologically mediated space thick with events and complex relations between people, environments, and data. Recasting the notion of structural violence in aesthetic terms (i.e., as violence hidden in plain sight), this thesis further investigates documentary, humanitarian and cartographic practices that operate across this contested frontier and their role both in governmental practices of control and in migrants’ infrastructures of mobility. Part 1 (Genealogies) locates the current migration regime at sea within a longer genealogy of bordering technologies and aesthetic practices operating at sea. Part 2 (Liquid Traces) builds upon “Forensic Oceanography”, a project that I co-initiated in 2011 and which has mobilised geographic and media technologies (remote sensing, drift modelling, GIS, vessel tracking and others) to document the violence perpetrated against migrants in the Mediterranean. Here I read the maps, videos, visualisations and human right reports that I have co-produced during this project and that have been used as evidence in actual legal proceedings as attempts to challenge the regime of (in-)visibility imposed on this contested area. This thesis offers a new “cognitive mapping” of migration at sea by following my own situated encounters with the practices, policies, discourses and geographies that constitute the sea as a frontier.
112

Matthew's presentation of the Son of David : Davidic tradition and typology in the Gospel of Matthew

Zacharias, H. Daniel 2015 (has links)
This thesis is a literary-critical analysis of the Gospel of Matthew and its interaction with Davidic tradition and use of Davidic typology. Throughout the narrative, the evangelist makes pervasive use of Davidic tradition from the Old Testament in his portrayal of Jesus. This begins from the first verse and the declaration that Jesus is the Son of David, and culminates in Jesus' usage of Psalm 22's Davidic lament on the cross. The incipit and genealogy predisposes the reader to look for interaction with the Davidic tradition. Matthew's Davidic program utilizes throughout the narrative formal quotations, allusions, and echoes to the Davidic tradition found particularly in the OT prophets. In addition, Matthew makes use of Davidic typology numerous times, with David as type and Jesus as anti-type. This is done in order to present to the reader a scripturally-grounded redefinition of what it means for Jesus to be the Son of David: not as a violent militant leader, as was expected, but as a physical descendant of David, a healing shepherd, and a humble king. Within the Gospel, Matthew utilizes Davidic typology to show how the Son of David even has similar experiences as his royal predecessor. Even David's own words from the psalms are utilized as testimony to the legitimacy of Jesus as the Davidic Messiah.
113

Migratory Movements of Homo Faber: Mapping Fab Labs in Latin America

Sperling, David M., Herrera Polo, Pablo C., Scheeren, Rodrigo 8 July 2015 (has links)
Conference: 16th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2015 - "The next city". São Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, At São Paulo, Brazil., Volume: Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures. The Next City - New Technologies and the Future of the Built Environment ( Communications in Computer and Information Science, Volume 527 - 2015) The present paper is a mapping study of digital fabrication laboratories in Latin America. It presents and discusses results from a survey with 31 universities’ fab labs, studios and independent initiatives in Latin America. The objective of this study is fourfold: firstly, to draw the cultural, social and economic context of implementation of digital fabrication laboratories in the region; secondly, to synthesize relevant data from correlations between organizational structures, facilities and technologies, activities, types of prototypes, uses and areas of application; thirdly, to draw a network of people and institutions, recovering connections and the genealogy of these fab labs; and fourthly, to present some fab labs that are intertwined with local questions. The results obtained indicate a complex “homo faber” network of initiatives that embraces academic investigations, architectural developments, industry applications, artistic propositions and actions in social processes.
114

The Regime of Bio-power: Resistance and the Care of the Self in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake 生命權力下瑪格莉特愛伍特於末世男女中的抵抗與自我關注

黃嬿霖 2015 (has links)
碩士 國立高雄師範大學 英語學系 103 Abstract Margaret Atwood sketches a post-apocalyptic wasteland in her speculative fiction, Oryx and Crake. Murky and bleak as the story shows, it is to ring alarm bells. Therefore, with the work of fiction , this thesis problematises that with the banner of scientific objectivity, science or social sciences and consortia as accomplices, subjective intentions (individuals) are being manipulated and deployed. However, subjects as objects, we are all in one of the machinery under a larger context of the power mechanism without knowing the condition. The novel problematises several effects of bio-politics, such as technocracy and systems of classification, all of which seems to guarantee everyone a perfect life. A utopian plan is thought to save the tottering world. My argument is under the regime of bio-power, the subjectivity of an individual is passive and everyone acts like a docile body. However, can we see any resistance in the novel? Do we still have some hope woven in the storyline? To pursue a quality life and to lead a life of great happiness, a vigilant attitude is indispensable. Jimmy the Snowman, though wounded and traumatized, survives the human calamity. Snowman’s ability to love and reflection signals hope for future, which echoes an art of existence to the care of the self and then the others from the Greco-Roman period. Besides, Jimmy the Snowman bears a questioning attitude to reflect on lives he has lead, trying to break a passive subjectivity under the bio-power. Through the genealogy of the care of the self from the Greco-Roman period to modern times, Foucault provides us a vision to see the shaping of subjectivity. Hence, given the care of the self in ancient times, an art of existence, the ethics of life, provides us examples to draw an experience. In this way, although Oryx and Crake is an open-ended story, left with survivors and Jimmy the Snowman, I believe that Atwood does not give us an apocalypse but a world waiting for making amends. Keywords: post-apocalyptic, speculative, technocracy, the care of the self
115

Estimación de coeficientes de consaguinidad y su efecto sobre peso al nacimiento y peso de vellos en una población de alpacas

Vilela Velarde, Jorge Luis 2015 (has links)
En la actualidad, información acerca de consanguinidad e intervalo generacional en alpacas, a partir de información de registro genealógico, para el monitoreo del progreso genético de programas de selección, depresión consanguínea sobre caracteres productivos o variabilidad genética para estrategias de conservación, son escasos. El objetivo de esta investigación es determinar los coeficientes de consanguinidad, el intervalo generacional y el efecto de la consanguinidad sobre peso al nacimiento y peso de vellón, en una población de alpacas. Para determinar estos parámetros, una base de datos de 12,493 individuos nacidos entre 1999 y 2012 en el fundo Mallkini del grupo MICHELL, en Puno, Perú, fue analizado y procesado con el programa Pedigree Viewer y ENDOG 4.8. Para el análisis estadístico de los resultados, se usó el paquete estadístico SAS. El coeficiente de consanguinidad promedio fue de 0.1654%, para toda la población. Solo 1.097% de las alpacas tuvieron un coeficiente de consanguinidad mayor a 0, con un valor mínimo de 1.56% y un máximo de 25%. El intervalo generacional obtenido fue de 5.938±0.017, 6.319±0.034, y 5,606±0.034 para toda la población, los machos y las hembras, respectivamente. El efecto de 1% de consanguinidad resulta en -0.00418 Kg y -0.01107 Kg para peso al nacimiento y peso de vellón, con valores de p= 0.530 y p= 0.002, respectivamente. Además, se observó un incremento promedio del coeficiente de consanguinidad en la población menor a 1% por generación (0.23%). Estos resultados muestran que la consanguinidad en esta población es muy baja y el incremento de la consanguinidad es menor al 1%, lo cual es bajo. El intervalo generacional es el esperado considerando su fisiología y tiempo de vida productiva. No obstante, el efecto de la depresión consanguínea sobre peso al nacimiento no es estadísticamente significativo pero para peso de vellón si los es. Es importante contar con mayor información genealógica para una mejor estimación de coeficientes de consanguinidad y su efecto sobre caracteres productivos en alpacas. --- Nowadays, information about inbreeding and generation intervals in alpacas from pedigree information to monitoring genetic progress of selection programs, inbreeding depression on productive traits or genetic variability for conservations strategies, are scarce. The aim of this research is to determinate inbreeding coefficients, generation intervals and the effect of inbreeding on birth weight and fleece weight in a population of alpacas. To determinate these parameters, data from 12,493 individuals born from 1999 to 2012 in Mallkinis´ Farm - MICHELL Group, in Puno, Perú, were analyzed and processed with Pedigree Viewer and the program ENDOG 4.8. Stastistical analysis was made with SAS. Average inbreeding coefficients was 0.1654% for the whole population. Only 1.097% alpacas had inbreeding coefficients greater than 0, with a minimum value of 1.56 % and a maximum of 25%. Generation intervals obtained were 5.938±0.017, 6.319±0.034, and 5,606±0.034 for the whole population, males and females, respectively, being differences between sexes statistically significant. Furthermore, differences were found per type and color of alpacas. The effect of 1% of inbreeding results in -0.00418 Kg and -0.01107 Kg for birth weight and fleece weight, with p= 0.530 and p= 0.002, respectively. Also, the average increase of inbreeding coefficients by generation was less 1% (0.23%). The results show that the inbreeding in this population is present in a smaller extent. Nevertheless, the effect of inbreeding depression in birth weight is no statistically significant but fleece weight it is. It is important to get more genealogical information for a better estimation of inbreeding coefficients and its effect on productive traits in alpacas Key words: Inbreeding, alpaca, genealogical, inbreeding depression
116

Botched taxidermy : new animal bodies in contemporary art

Aloi, Giovanni 2015 (has links)
The past fifteen years have seen an unexpected resurgence of taxidermy in popular culture — from hip restaurants and bars to interior design and movies. However this phenomenon has been counterposed by the simultaneous dismantling of dioramas in natural history museums in light of a postcolonial critical reappraisal of the practice, predominantly contextualizing taxidermy as the negative by-product of Victorian-era colonization. It is clear that utopian positivistic visions of that time and the imperialist economies of power, subjugation, and wealth indeed contributed to the emergence of taxidermy. However, between this negative positioning of its historical past and the renewed ‘hype’ it has found in popular culture, lies the emergence of taxidermy in the contemporary exhibition space. This thesis focuses on the latter phenomenon, questioning the problematic and uncomfortable encounters with manipulated animal bodies that seemingly return, along with our shared histories, to haunt us. Taking Steve Baker’s landmark theorization of the postmodern animal as a starting point, and more specifically concentrating on the ‘botched taxidermy’ strand of his thought, this thesis focuses on a selection of works by contemporary artists Gerard Richter, Roni Horn, Jordan Baseman, and Steve Bishop. Situated across the disciplines of animal studies, Foucault studies, and visual cultures, this inquiry focuses on how the differential specificities of mediums such as photography, painting, and sculpture in some instances provide a productive opportunity to rethink human/animal relations through art. To support this analysis, and departing from the frame offered by Baker, this thesis also provides a new critique of Foucault’s fragmentary work on painting and photography. It thus expands his unfinished project to adapt genealogical and biopolitical frameworks to visual analysis. More broadly, this thesis grounds current posthumanist debates in the definitive movements of contemporary art.
117

Exhibiting the everyday : the musealization of 1950s material culture in France and Germany

Bostock, Stephanie 2015 (has links)
Over the course of the last decade, the 1950s have been transformed from little more than a historical interregnum between the Second World War and the 1960s into a powerful trope in the popular imagination. Nowhere has this shift been more significant than in France and Germany, where processes of forgetting connected to post-war nation-building and mythification are giving way to more complex reappraisals of the 1950s. The French and German museum landscapes, in particular, have seen the emergence of a large number of museums and exhibitions devoted to the period since the turn of the new millennium. Concerned with the quotidian realities of day-to-day life and the grassroots experiences of ‘normal’ people, these sites are part of a proliferation of 1950s-related remembering enacted through the lens of the everyday. Using a variety of sources, ranging from personal interpretation of exhibitions and collections to museum catalogues and press reports, this thesis examines the multifarious nature of museum representation and remembering associated with the 1950s in France and Germany. By focusing on nine different sites, it assesses the different spatio-temporal frameworks and strategies used to narrate the 1950s, and determines how ‘counter-memories’ and more hegemonic memories and histories of the period are being constructed across different regional and national contexts. Despite the significance of national myths and memorial tendencies, it finds that the 1950s are being reimagined through a plurality of local, regional, national and transnational narratives, and that ‘bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ approaches are giving way to more nuanced ways of reframing the post-war period. These findings highlight the increasing democratization of history and memory and the diverse ways in which ‘counter-memory’ and ‘genealogy’ are employed to reclaim the 1950s past. As such, the 1950s are being reworked from a simple decadal period into a semantically richer ‘time-space’.
118

Popular sovereignty in Europe

Beetz, Jan P. 2015 (has links)
This thesis proposes a realist analysis of the contemporary concept of popular sovereignty in its ability to make sense of the EU's legitimacy. Drawing upon Bernard Williams' political thought, a conception of legitimacy should make sense of hierarchical rule as a desirable civic order from within its own historical circumstances at the normative level. In addition, it should offer realistic guidance to political agents, meaning that its political fictions must therefore acquire a certain degree of practical resonance in order to act as heuristic tools. The modern concept of popular sovereignty sets appropriate criteria of legitimacy based upon the bonds created between citizens. Through a genealogical inquiry, I reconstruct conceptions of popular sovereignty which underpin defences of the EU's output, democratic, and identitarian legitimacy from canonical arguments. These justifications of the state consider the people as beneficiaries of security and economic prosperity, as a self-governing demos, and as a cultural nation, respectively. I propose a realist vindication of this multi-faceted conception of popular sovereignty at the normative level, because these different conceptions complement one another in making sense of the sovereign state's legitimacy. The thesis then discusses how the political fictions of the people could simultaneously make sense within the European polity. In short, the citizens of Europe's polities have become part of the normative systems which create judicial-economic, civic-democratic, and socio-cultural relationships within the territorial borders of the European states. In addition, the centralisation of decision-making power and implementation resources has given plausibility to the political fiction of sovereignty. European integration has, however, resulted in a reconfiguration of these normative systems and restructuring of power into a two-tier political order. In this novel context, a realist vindication of the contemporary conception of popular sovereignty is no longer possible. The thesis concludes by suggesting that a demoicratic reconceptualisation of popular sovereignty offers a constructive way to make sense of the EU's legitimacy.
119

A Moral Cartesiana no Discurso do Método

FONSECA, Cícero Laclércio Rodrigues da 25 August 2015 (has links)
O presente trabalho tem como escopo uma abordagem da moral cartesiana encontrada no Discurso Sobre o Método; pretendemos discutir o conceito de morale par provision estabelecido por Descartes como o código moral que ele pretende seguir na condução de sua vida e mostraremos que as declarações de Descartes na sexta parte do Discurso são o resultado dessa moral. Para evitar a irresolução na vida prática, esse código deveria possibilitar a Descartes tomar sempre a decisão melhor possível. Sua fundamentação, diz Descartes, está no fato de que ele tirou essas máximas do método exposto na segunda parte desse mesmo texto. Inicialmente fazemos uma breve genealogia do método, comparando-o com aquele exposto nas Regulae ad Directionem Ingenii. Mostrado que o método de Descartes não sofre alterações significativas entre as Regulae e o Discurso, o nosso texto passa então a uma análise das quatro máximas morais à luz do método, buscando verificar a possibilidade de afirmar, como quis Descartes, que esse código moral foi extraído do método. O texto segue então sua análise voltando-se agora para o conceito e significado da morale par provision. Qual teria sido a intenção de Descartes em acrescentar o par provision após decidir falar no texto sobre sua moral? A essa altura discute-se se esse termo teria o sentido de provisório/temporário, opinião muito aceita entre os ―cartesianos‖ dedicados a esse tema; ou se teria o sentido de provedor/mantenedor, opinião da qual partilhamos e que oferecemos, além de uma fundamentação sustentada em importantes comentadores, nossa interpretação a cerca do tema. Discorrer-se-á ainda, sobre o alcance dessa moral provedora na sustentação das ações de Descartes como filósofo e homem de ciência. Por fim, pretendemos mostrar que há outros momentos na obra em que encontramos um traço moral, todavia, não no mesmo sentido que encontramos na terceira parte, haja visto que lá Descartes fundamenta os preceitos de sua moral, enquanto que (principalmente) na primeira e sexta parte do Discurso ele põe-na em prática a partir da produção filosófica e científica que é o Discurso e seus textos subsequentes. Por isso sustentamos, enfim, que o Discurso tem uma moral mais bem constituída e sólida do que comumente se tem defendido.
120

Pedagogia : uma oração subordinada

Suzana Schineider 2015 (has links)
A partir de estudos que constatam uma forte presença de disciplinas de caráter psicológico e sociológico nos currículos atuais dos cursos de Pedagogia, utiliza-se a ferramenta genealógica de Michel Foucault para mostrar, ao longo da história recente brasileira, que condições históricas deram possibilidades para que o curso de Pedagogia atual apresentasse essa configuração. Ao analisar as relações da Pedagogia com os acontecimentos sociopolíticos e econômicos, e com os discursos que fundaram a ciência moderna, pode-se ver que a criação dos cursos de Pedagogia no Brasil, na década de 1930, aspirava uma educação que modernizasse o país, tal como demandava o modelo de capitalismo recém- instaurado. Uma das estratégias adotadas foi a transposição de teorias tidas como inovadoras na Europa e nos Estados Unidos, as quais atravessaram a formação de professores com vistas à constituição de sujeitos modernos. Nesse sentido, o uso das ciências sociais e da psicologia foi fundamental como estratégia de governo, ou seja, de normatização e de adequação da educação aos princípios liberais. Com todas as transformações da sociedade brasileira e com as diversas reformas curriculares por que passou o curso de Pedagogia, o cunho psicológico e sociológico continuou a ser a base da Pedagogia, sendo que a Psicologia tem assumido, nas últimas décadas, uma posição cada vez mais relevante, tornando-se hegemônica nos currículos do Curso. Essa hegemonia corresponde e atende, efetivamente, aos princípios neoliberais do Estado brasileiro, cujas políticas educacionais favoreceram, desde o final da década de 1990, a produção dos “sujeitos autônomos, auto-disciplinados e flexíveis” de que o sistema político-econômico necessita. Apesar de toda a retórica pedagógica salvacionista, que se reduz a proclamar e denunciar a má qualidade da educação, mostra-se o curso de Pedagogia como também fazendo parte de uma lógica que contribui para o fracasso escolar e, portanto, para a manutenção das desigualdades sociais, mesmo tendo sido garantida a universalização do acesso à escola. Sendo assim, o curso de Pedagogia que forma nossos professores é visto muito mais, mesmo que não somente, como um efeito do poder exercido pelas políticas educacionais neoliberais, a fim de adequar à educação aos seus princípios ultra liberal, ainda que, paradoxalmente, possa ser visto também, e simultaneamente, ao mesmo tempo, como promotor de melhorias sociais. Based on studies that indicate a strong presence of subjects with psychological and sociological content in current curriculums of Pedagogy courses, this work uses Michel Foucault’s genealogical method to demonstrate, along Brazilian recent history, that historical conditions made it possible for the Pedagogy course to present such configuration. By analyzing relationships between Pedagogy and sociopolitical, socioeconomic events, and also its connections to discourses that founded modern science, it is possible to verify that the implementation of Pedagogy courses in Brazil in the 1930s aimed an education that would modernize the country, just as it was demanded by the model of capitalism recently established at the time. One of the strategies adopted was the transposition of theories which were regarded as innovative in Europe and in the United States; such theories were part of teachers’ education having as goal the constitution of modern subjects. Thus, the use of Social Sciences and Psychology was fundamental as regulation tools, that is, tools which would provide norms and suitability of schools to liberal principles. Having in view all the transformations in Brazilian society and the several curriculum changes that the Pedagogy course has been through since then, both the psychological and the sociological contents remained being the foundation of Pedagogy; Psychology, for that matter, in recent decades, has gained an increasingly relevant position in the curriculums of the course, having a hegemonic presence. Such hegemony effectively corresponds to and serves to neoliberal principles of the Brazilian State, whose educational policies have favored, since the late 1990s, the formation of “autonomous, self-disciplined and flexible subjects” who are needed by the politicaleconomic system. Despite the entirely savior-like pedagogical rhetoric, which reduces itself in proclaiming and denouncing the poor quality of education, this work highlights the fact that the Pedagogy course is also part of a logic that contributes to the failure of school and, therefore, also contributes to the maintenance of social disparities, even when guaranteed the universal access to school. Thus, the Pedagogy course that constitutes our teachers is much more – and not only – seen as an effect of the power of neoliberal educational policies, an attempt to adequate education to ultraliberal principles. Paradoxically, the course may also be seen, simultaneously, at the same time, as an agent intended to promote social development.

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