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  • About
  • The Global ETD Search service is a free service for researchers to find electronic theses and dissertations. This service is provided by the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations.
    Our metadata is collected from universities around the world. If you manage a university/consortium/country archive and want to be added, details can be found on the NDLTD website.

Ballads, blues, and alterity

Cole, Ross 2015 (has links)
Focusing on interactions between Britain and the US in the field of popular song, this thesis explores the constitutive relationship between discourse, performance, and identity via critical and postcolonial theory. I interrogate how and why nostalgic and essentialising visions of alterity were used to resist mass consumption, global capitalism, and the changes wrought by modernity during the twentieth century. I argue that folk music does not exist outside the discourse of revivalism and is therefore best seen as an institutionalised system of knowledge animating the 'low Other'. Chapter 1, '"Dancing Puppets": Nationalism, Social Darwinism, and the Transatlantic Invention of Folksong', uncovers moments of mediation between 'primitive' cultures and metropolitan elites during the early twentieth century. Employing the idea of gatekeeping, I critique a genealogy of powerful voices including Cecil J. Sharp and John A. Lomax alongside others who persistently challenged their orthodoxies. Chapter 2, '"His Rough, Stubborn Muse": Industrial Balladry, Class, and the Politics of Realism', investigates Marxist visions of working-class culture, showing how ideas of rural authenticity were translated onto urban contexts. Focusing on the BBC 'radio ballads', I argue that industrial folksong was a form of social realism intended as a gendered bulwark against threats posed by Americanisation and postwar affluence. Chapter 3, '"Found True and Unspoiled": Blues, Performance, and the Mythology of Racial Display', explores African American culture, showing how desires written into a revivalist gaze forced artists to assume what I term 'black masks' for the benefit of white male fantasy. Focusing on televised performances, I argue that the semiotics of blues events provide a way of understanding the workings of racial identity itself. I conclude by proposing that what I term the 'folkloric imagination' is a simulacrum brought into existence by ideological fantasy - a manifestation of the colonialist Real.

Pierrer Baillot (1771-1842) : institutions, values and identity

Vandoros, Markella Sofia Alexandra Maria 2015 (has links)
On 12 December 1814, an unusual concert took place in Paris, one exclusively featuring chamber works. The audience gathered to listen to string quartets and quintets led by acclaimed violinist Pierre Baillot. The Séances de quatuors et de quintettes de Baillot were thus born and continued to operate until 1840. Parisian musical life was dominated by opera, a genre that the majority of modern historians working on nineteenth-century Paris tend to focus on. However, we discover that, owing to Baillot’s efforts, the public chamber music concert seemed to have a future. The central aim of my thesis is to give chamber music the place that it deserves in music history and to demonstrate that a deeper knowledge of concert culture can enhance our perception of conservatism and canon formation during the first half of the nineteenth century. I discuss the circumstances under which Baillot set up his séances and his ability to educate his audience through his programmes. The result was a genealogy of instrumental music, which represented the early stages of historization. We also look at Baillot’s status as a violinist, prompted by Paganini’s concerts in Paris, through a juxtaposition of the two performers, but also through Baillot’s own compositions. Further, Baillot’s treatises Méthode de violon du Conservatoire (1803) and L’Art du violon (1834) allow us to gain a deeper understanding of his aesthetic values, including the much-discussed beau idéal. The séances were made possible by the strong support network that Baillot had surrounded himself by, consisting of his contemporaries, as well as artists of the next generation. We acknowledge critic François-Joseph Fétis, whose writings in La revue musicale helped advance Baillot’s project, and composer George Onslow – the only French composer to have his works performed chez Baillot – whose nickname ‘le Beethoven français’ stimulates a discussion on French musical identity, or indeed frenchness. In the new generation of musicians, Eugène Sauzay and François Habeneck were both Baillot’s students at the Conservatoire; the former’s mémoires offer invaluable information on concert culture at the time, while the latter’s founding of the Société des concerts du Conservatoire in 1828, which featured Beethoven’s symphonies as the concert centrepiece for several decades running, illustrates how Baillot’s work shaped the future of Parisian instrumental music.

Aspects of Crown administration and society in the county of Northumberland, c.1400-c.1450

Garrett, Janette 2015 (has links)
This is a study of a local society and its interaction with central government observed through routine administrative systems. Although Northumberland has been the focus of detailed investigation during the late middle ages, a gap in scholarship remains for much of the first half of the fifteenth century. As England’s most northerly county, work on the relationship between provincial society, peripheries of the realm and the crown is critical to this study. This research tests assumptions that Northumberland was feudal, lawless, distant and difficult for the crown to administer. The research consists of two parts: the first is an evaluation of social structure; the second explores the administrative machine. It opens with a survey of feudal tenure. Chapter two examines the wealth of resident landholders. Chapter three outlines the genealogies of landed society and their relationship to one another as a ‘county community’. Chapter four expands on family connections to incorporate the bond of spiritual kinship. Chapter five charts the scope of social networks disclosed though the management of property, personal affairs and dispute. Chapter six considers the inquisitions post mortem (IPM) process and the impact of distance. Chapter seven discusses jurors and their place in county society. Original contributions to knowledge are made in a number of areas. The theme of spiritual kinship has not been developed in any county study of this period. Additional information concerning the county return for the 1435 subsidy on land is provided, which has previously been overlooked. The location of a copy of the escheator’s oath created in response to a statute of 1429, which has not been captured in recent studies, resolves the current ambiguity concerning the statutory requirement of an indented inquisition return.

Transmission and adaptation of the Trojan narrative in Frankish history between the sixth and tenth centuries

Yavuz, Nurgül Kıvılcım 2015 (has links)
This study involves a close examination of the story of the Trojan origin of the Franks in the following works: the Chronicle of Fredegar, the Liber historiae Francorum, the Aethici philosophi Scythae cosmographia attributed to Saint Jerome, the Historia vel gesta Francorum, the Historia de origine Francorum attributed to Dares of Phrygia, the Chronicon universale usque ad annum 741, Paul the Deacon’s Liber de episcopis Mettensibus, Frechulf of Lisieux’s Historiarum libri XII, and Aimoin of Fleury’s Historia Francorum libri IV. It traces the continuity and differences, the similarities and influences among these works that utilise the Trojan narrative in order to construct a genealogy for the Franks. The study indicates a high point in the engagement with the story between the 720s and the 770s, a period of great transformation for the Frankish world. Furthermore, not only does the analysis of the different versions of the story in these works reveal that they are heavily interconnected in terms of textuality but the manuscript evidence additionally suggests that much more complex relationships were at play as they circulated throughout the Frankish region in the ninth century. In approaching the Trojan narrative as a whole, this study not only contributes to a neglected topic in the field of medieval studies but also brings together the textual and manuscript evidence in order to reach a full understanding of its significance with regard to early Frankish history. Thus, in addition to analyses of the texts and textual comparisons among the works this study also integrates research gathered from manuscripts that include one or more of these works. In doing so, it presents interrelationships among the works that are not obvious to the modern reader and contextualises them in the broader framework of the Trojan narrative.

From Abraham to the 'Abrahamic religions' : Louis Massignon and the invention of a religious category

Mohd Nasir, Nazirudin 2015 (has links)
As a neologism for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, the modern construct 'Abrahamic religions' is as ubiquitous as it is contested in the study of the monotheistic religions. Some have argued against the use of the concept on both historical and theological grounds. In particular, the concept is often interpreted as ecumenically motivated in the thought of Louis Massignon. This understanding arises from a parochial interpretation of its origins, in which Massignon's reflections on the subject over time, as well as its varied uses in recent times, have not been fully considered. This thesis calls for a more extensive historical analysis of its genealogy with the aim of discussing its intellectual and cultural backgrounds. In doing so, it seeks to shed light on how the interrelationships between the three religions had been historically examined prior to Massignon, and how the birth of the concept in his thought and its subsequent uses offer a richer understanding of the concept that goes beyond ecumenical significance. To this end, this thesis unpacks the concept by probing into its antecedents, examining its birth, and reflecting on its future. The first chapter aims to show the historical basis for considering a genus for the three religions, by surveying perspectives on Abraham in historia sacra, and thereafter, discussing works in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that explore the connections between the three religions. The second and third chapters introduce Massignon and discuss his Abrahamic thought from both its socio-religious and intellectual perspectives. The main text examined here is his Les trois prières d'Abraham. The fourth chapter traces the different trajectories of the concept after Massignon and highlights its nuanced meanings as derived from these variegated uses. The fifth and concluding chapters explore the ways in which the concept can profit the study of religion.

Aspects of exchangeable coalescent processes

Pitters, Hermann-Helmut 2015 (has links)
In mathematical population genetics a multiple merger n-coalescent process, or Λ n-coalescent process, {Πn(t) t ≥ 0} models the genealogical tree of a sample of size n (e.g. of DNA sequences) drawn from a large population of haploid individuals. We study various properties of Λ coalescents. Novel in our approach is that we introduce the partition lattice as well as cumulants into the study of functionals of coalescent processes. We illustrate the success of this approach on several examples. Cumulants allow us to reveal the relation between the tree height, Tn, respectively the total branch length, Ln, of the genealogical tree of Kingman’s n-coalescent, arguably the most celebrated coalescent process, and the Riemann zeta function. Drawing on results from lattice theory, we give a spectral decomposition for the generator of both the Kingman and the Bolthausen-Sznitman n-coalescent, the latter of which emerges as a genealogy in models of populations undergoing selection. Taking mutations into account, let Mj count the number of mutations that are shared by j individuals in the sample. The random vector (M1,...,Mn-1), known as the site frequency spectrum, can be measured from genetical data and is therefore an important statistic from the point of view of applications. Fu worked out the expected value, the variance and the covariance of the marginals of the site frequency spectrum. Using the partition lattice we derive a formula for the cumulants of arbitrary order of the marginals of the site frequency spectrum. Following another line of research, we provide a law of large numbers for a family of Λ coalescents. To be more specific, we show that the process {n(t), t ≥ 0} recording the number n(t) of individuals in the coalescent at time t, coverges, after a suitable rescaling, towards a deterministic limit as the sample size n grows without bound. In the statistical physics literature this limit is known as a hydrodynamic limit. Up to date the hydrodynamic limit was known for Kingman’s coalescent, but not for other Λ coalescents. We work out the hydrodynamic limit for beta coalescents that come down from infinity, which is an important subclass of the Λ coalescents.

De madres y de expertos: Saber/poder en el discurso psi sobre el cuidado materno

Calquín Donoso, Claudia 28 October 2015 (has links)
El trabajo de investigación doctoral que presentamos a continuación se centra en la construcción socio/sexual del cuidado materno y el amor de madre, en el periodo histórico de la segunda posguerra mundial (1945-1960). La tesis que se propone es que lo materno es resultado de una serie de conexiones entre saberes y políticas, así como de múltiples tecnologías materiales y semióticas por medio de los cuales se produce, se regula y organiza una forma de domesticidad y maternidad estrechamente vinculada a la emergencia de la sociedad de consumo y que marcó una ruptura respecto a los modelos anteriores. El cuidado y el amor de madre se piensan menos como experiencias construidas por las mujeres, que resultados de intervenciones ajenas, en función de determinados intereses políticos, económicos, ideológicos o religiosos y de modo puntual en este trabajo, de un conjunto de demandas provenientes del campo psi y sus alianzas con el Estado y el mercado. La pregunta que guio el desarrollo de la investigación es ¿cuáles son las articulaciones históricas entre saber y poder que conforman la experiencia del cuidado materno realizado por las mujeres? De modo puntual, y siguiendo la tesis de Michel Foucault respecto a las relaciones entre saber y poder – saber/poder- se analiza la emergencia de un nuevo objeto de conocimiento en el campo de las disciplinas psi (psicoanálisis, psicología y psiquiatría), resultado de lo que se llamó el giro hacia la madre de la teoría psicoanalítica, impulsado por un grupo de psicoanalistas refugiados por la guerra en E.UU. Este giro supuso la emergencia de una nueva formación discursiva y por consiguiente la construcción de un nuevo objeto de conocimiento: el apego. Siguiendo el modelo genealógico propuesto por el filósofo francés, se reconstruyeron las condición de posibilidad histórica de esta nueva formación discursiva así como las transformaciones de las propias reglas de formación del discurso psi que permitieron dar un salto cualitativo en su desarrollo teórico, y una transformación sustancial de sus objetos, metodologías y explicaciones. Con este objetivo se analizó un fragmento de la historia de las mujeres occidentales así como un fragmento de la historia el campo psi vinculadas a la emergencia a partir de las guerras mundiales, de un modelo de feminidad llamado el modelo de la domesticidad, en medio de lo que Susan Sontag (2005) llamó una imaginación del desastre. Para ello se analizaron las condiciones históricas de la guerra fría, así como el nacimiento del estado de bienestar y la tecnificación y automatización de la casa y los trabajos reproductivos. El modelo occidental de la domesticidad de posguerra fue a la vez el resultado de los movimientos de la guerra fría y un locus de enunciación a través del cual se performaron sus imaginarios, especialmente el del american way of life. Esta domesticidad vinculó los múltiples deseos de las mujeres en un deseo monolítico de familia, privacidad y consumo y a través de ella se corporalizaron unas tecnologías de poder específicas dirigidas a gobernar la vida y la reproducción, construyendo cuerpos femeninos bajo lo que Rich (1986) llamó el imperativo heterosexual y Wittig (2005) la heterosexualidad obligatoria. Fueron tres los movimientos que hicieron posible la aparición de este nuevo objeto de estudio (superficie de formación) y la epistemologización de los objetos del psicoanálisis: las propias limitaciones de las reglas del discurso clínico psicoanalítico y que Bowlby modificó profundamente a partir de la introducción de la observación experimental , por otro, las condiciones históricas de la guerra fría y finalmente, la alianzas socio-técnicas del psicoanálisis con las ciencias de la información y las máquinas de guerra –que en tiempos de paz se diversificaron además como máquinas domésticas-.El campo psi sufrió todo un proceso de modificación de sus objetos, sus metodologías y su función social, al incorporar dentro de sus explicaciones las tecnologías semióticas de guerra –como la teoría cibernética y el lenguaje de códigos- erigiéndose en un dispositivo de control tanto de la normalidad como de la anormalidad, a través de un movimiento en que el mundo interior y las emociones pasaron a ocupar un lugar central en la producción y reproducción capitalistas. Finalmente se plantea que las relaciones entre la historia de la psicología y la historia de las mujeres, pueden dar las claves para comprender los nuevos modos de subjetivación que emergen con el capitalismo pos-fordista, también que el cuidado y el amor de madre caben ser comprendidas como ficciones políticas encarnadas y que es preciso comprenderlas desde un proceso de ciborgización de lo psi, pues tanto las identidades femeninas como la identidad de este campo - su visibilidad así como sus modos de existencia - no pueden ser pensado sin la participación de los animales como de las máquinas. The doctoral research we present below is focused in the socio/sexual construction of maternal care and “mother’s love”, during the postwar world II historical period (1945 – 1960). The thesis proposal is that maternity is the result of a number of connections between knowledge and politics, as well as multiple material and semiotic technologies through which domesticity and maternity are produced, regulated and organized, in a way closely linked to the rise of consumer society , breaking with previous models. Mother’s love and care are less built from women experiences that from external action of political, economic, ideological or religious interests. Specifically in this research, from the demands of “psi” field, as well as its partnership with both state and market. The research question then was: which are the historical links between knowledge and power that shape the experience of maternal care for women? Following to Michel Foucault’s thesis about the relations between knowledge and power, maternity is analyzed as a new object of knowledge in the “psi” sciences field (psychoanalysis, psychology and psychiatry), result of the so called “turn to the mother” in psychoanalytic theory, powered by a group of war refugees psychoanalists in the United States. This turn supposed the rise of a new discursive formation and therefore the construction of a new object of knowledge: attachment. According to the genealogical model proposed for the French philosopher, this new discursive formation historical conditions of possibility are rebuilt, as well as the transformation of “psi” speech rules during the postwar period. For this purpose, a fragment of the history of Western women was analyzed, as well as a fragment of the history of psi field, linked to the rise since world wars period of a domesticity model of feminity, in the middle of what Susan Santong called “imagination of disaster”. For that, historical conditions of cold war are analyzed, as well as the birth of welfare state, and reproductive work technification and automatization. The occidental postwar model of domesticity was both a result of cold war movements, and a locus of enunciation through which their imaginaries, especially the American way of life, were performed. This domesticity linked the multiplicity of women desires in the one monolithic desire of family, privacy and consume. Also through domesticity, specific power technologies directed to govern life and reproduction were embodied, building female bodies under what Rich (1986) called heterosexual imperative, and Wittig (2005) compulsory heterosexuality. There were three movements that enable both the appearance of this new research object and the episthemologyzation of psychoanalysis objects: first, the very own limitations of psychoanalysis clinical speech rules, wich Bowlby changed deeply with the introduction of experimental observation; second, the historical conditions of cold war; and finally, the socio – technical alliance of psychoanalysis with information sciences and war machines – which during peace time diversified also as domestic machines. The psi field experienced a process of modification in their objects, methodologies and social function, by the incorporation of explanations from war semiotic technologies, -such as cybernetic theory or code language-. It became then into a dispositive of control for both normality and abnormality, by positioning emotions and inner world as central places for capitalist production and reproduction. Finally, it is proposed that relationships between history of psychology and history of women could give us some clues to understand the new ways of subjectivation that rise with post fordist capitalism. Also, mother’s love and care are understood as embodied political fictions, so it would be needed to understand them as a “cyborg-ization” process of psi field, since both female identities and psi field identity cannot be throught without the participation of animals and machines.

Paul among the apocalypses? : an evaluation of the 'apocalyptic Paul' in the context of Jewish and Christian apocalyptic literature

Davies, James P. 2015 (has links)
One of the most lively and enduring debates in New Testament studies is the question of the significance of ‘apocalyptic' thought in Paul. This has recently given birth to a group of scholars, with a common theological genealogy, who share a concern to emphasise the ‘apocalyptic' nature of Paul's gospel. Leading figures of this group are J. Louis Martyn, Martinus de Boer, Beverly Gaventa and Douglas Campbell. The work of this group has not been received without criticism, drawing fire from various quarters. However, what is often lacking (on both sides) is detailed engagement with the texts of the Jewish and Christian apocalypses. This dissertation attempts to evaluate the ‘apocalyptic Paul' movement through an examination of its major theological emphases in the light of the Jewish apocalypses 1 Enoch, 4 Ezra, 2 Baruch and the Christian book of Revelation. Placing Paul in this literary and historical context confirms his place as an apocalyptic thinker, but raises important questions about how this is construed in these recent approaches. Each chapter will address one of four interrelated themes: epistemology, eschatology, cosmology and soteriology. The study intends to suggest that the ‘apocalyptic Paul' movement is characterised at key points in each area by potentially false dichotomies, strict dualisms which unnecessarily screen out what Paul's apocalyptic thought affirms.

Food aid, power and profit : an historical analysis of the relation between food aid and governance in Sudan

Jaspars, Susanne Sophia Elisabeth 2015 (has links)
Sudan represents one of the world's most severe protracted crises and the country is one of the world's longest-running and largest recipients of food aid. The recent Darfur conflict led to the World Food Programme's largest operation globally. Yet by 2014 international agencies had only limited access to war-affected populations and had decreased food aid despite ongoing conflict, and the Sudan government had come to control who received food aid. Malnutrition levels remained high. This thesis argues that the 'actually existing development' resulting from long-term food aid has benefited the Sudan government and private sector but abandons populations to become resilient to permanent emergency. Using concepts of governmentality and genealogy, the thesis explores how food aid regimes of practices have co-evolved with local governance. It analyses the links between practices, their underlying concepts and assumptions, the truths they produce, and the actual as well as intended effects. The focus is on their effects on human behaviour, power relations and political economy, and the implications for local livelihoods. Methods included examining policy documents, project reports, and interviews with government officials, aid workers, traders, transporters and beneficiaries in Khartoum and North Darfur. Shifts between regimes of practices were brought about by changes in global politics, food crises, the failures of food aid practices and reactions by the Sudan government, which led to a gradual depoliticisation and neoliberalisation of food security and nutrition. In fifty years, food aid has rarely had the effect of saving lives and supporting livelihoods, but the consequences for Sudan's political economy and its aid system have been enormous. The thesis analyses these political and economic consequences and how long-term food aid has led to the Sudan government's own food aid apparatus. The research contributes to knowledge about the political economy of aid and highlights the need for radical reform of the aid industry.

Transographic inquiry : ain't I a trans-woman?

Pyrsou, Bubukee Chloe Aggelos 2015 (has links)
This thesis investigates trans-embodiment by outlining diverse forms of understanding of what it means to become trans- through various theoretical frameworks, drawing from queer and transtheory, medical discourse, the philosophical preconditions of their emergence and their interrelation. As such it explores and discusses different discursive positions- often contradictory and conflicting - that I as a transgendering subject have found myself "in between" at various spaces and times, in order to sketch a plethora of perspectives. It offers an alternative to the current deadlock between essentialist theories of the subject and queer appropriations oftransgender experience, by showing both their limitations and their strengths in addressing transgender embodiment. This is accomplished by my writing alongside specific events and their consequences in my understanding and positionality of self. Furthermore, I juxtapose and intertwine this life -writing with an analytics of power that investigates the particularities which usually go unacknowledged, as a response to the homologous positions in which the trans-subject has been traditionally positioned. Using an authoethnographic methodology that is situated within the narrative turn in the social sciences, this project aims to address socio-political issues in relation to embodiment, as these are understood through a range of poststructuralist authors. In effect, it documents and problematises the process of transitioning between genders, by arguing that the 'I' that seems in authority in an investigation of its subject position is instead contingent on the availability of social narratives and spaces that a body transverses. In order to explore such contingency, the thesis employs diverse conceptualizations in a genealogical journey through the various discourses that together form a practice that reflects a rhizomatic sensibility of the parallel movement of entanglement between theory and embodiment. Consequently, by elevating the importance of located knowledges within a terrain monopolised by dominant abstractions, the study concludes in an open-ended manner, whilst remaining firmly situated in the value of local and specific, reflexive and performative accounts.

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